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United States

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Chapter 10 United States United States Country name: United States of America, United States Capital: Washington, DC Location: North America, bordering both the North ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: United States


1
Chapter 10
  • United States

2
United States
  • Country name United States of America, United
    States
  • Capital Washington, DC
  • Location North America, bordering both the North
    Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean,
    between Canada and Mexico
  • Border countries Canada, Mexico

3
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4
  • Government type Constitution-based federal
    republic
  • Administrative divisions 50 states and 1
    district District of Columbia
  • Population 290,342,554 (July 2003 est.)
  • Languages English, Spanish (spoken by a sizable
    minority)
  • Religions Protestant 56, Roman Catholic 28,
    Jewish 2, other 4, none 10

5
  • GDP per capita purchasing power parity -
    36,300 (2002 est.) (2nd in the world after
    Luxembourg)
  • Industries leading industrial power in the
    world, highly diversified and technologically
    advanced petroleum, steel, motor vehicles,
    aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals,
    electronics, food processing, consumer goods,
    lumber, mining
  • Currency US dollar (USD) (CIA, World Fact Book)

6
Important Facts
  • One of the top destinations in the world
  • 41,9 million international tourist arrivals (3rd
    after France and Spain)
  • 66,5 international tourism receipts (the highest
    in the world) (WTO, 2003)
  • Coastline 19,924 km
  • Terrain vast central plain, mountains in west,
    hills and low mountains in east rugged mountains
    and broad river valleys in Alaska rugged,
    volcanic topography in Hawaii

7
  • Climate mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii
    and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the
    great plains west of the Mississippi River, and
    arid in the Great Basin of the southwest low
    winter temperatures in the northwest are
    ameliorated occasionally in January and February
    by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of
    the Rocky Mountains (CIA, World Fact Book

8
Selling Points
  • Historical sites, world-class museums, Boston,
    vibrant nightlife, beaches and resorts, New York
    City, Manhattan, The Statue of Liberty, Broadway,
    Niagara Falls, country music and blues, Orlando
    and the Disney theme parks, Mardi Gras, skiing,
    Florida, Miami, Chicago, Native American history
    and culture, lakes, outdoor activities,
    spectacular scenery, Waikiki, national parks,
    mountains and deserts, casino gambling, Las
    Vegas, California.

9
Brief History
  • Britain's American colonies broke with the mother
    country in 1776 and were recognised as the new
    nation of the United States of America following
    the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
  • During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states
    were added to the original 13 as the nation
    expanded across the North American continent and
    acquired a number of overseas possessions.

10
  • The two most traumatic experiences in the
    nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65) and
    the Great Depression of the 1930s.

11
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12
New England
13
Boston
  • State capital of Massachusetts
  • one of the oldest cities in US founded in 1630
  • named as Cradle of Liberty - led the American
    colonies in their struggle for independence
  • home to many leading colleges and universities
    including Harvard university and the
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • abundance of restaurants, especially for seafood
    lovers

14
  • many theatres, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Boston
    Ballet
  • New England Aquarium
  • John F. Kennedy Library and Museum
  • Museum of Fine Arts with a rich collection of
    impressionists and Egyptian collection

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16
Washington, DC
  • A sophisticated, world-class city with top-notch
    entertainment and fine restaurants
  • Smithsonian Institutions Museums (many museums
    each devoted to a different area of interest or
    study - natural history, US history, air and
    space)
  • U. S. Capitol (towering rotunda, the Statuary
    Hall and the famous reception room of the Senate.
    Most congressional hearings are open to the
    public)

17
  • National Gallery of Art (one of the worlds
    premier art museums - surrounded by Rembrandts)
  • Lincoln Memorial (the sculpture of seated
    Lincoln, inside wall engraved with Lincolns
    speech)
  • Jefferson Memorial (a dome and colonnaded
    white-marble rotunda, the statue of Jefferson)
  • White House (visitors can take a brief free
    public tour, Oval Office or presidential living
    quarters are close to visitors)

18
New York
  • A vibrant metropolis that has something for
    everyone every hour of the day
  • It is divided into 5 parts (boroughs), most
    visitors spend all their time in Manhattan
  • Some buildings and street names are famous to
    those who never go there (e.g. Wall Street, 5th
    avenue)
  • Famous for evening entertainment and most
    trendiest clubs and discos of the nation

19
  • Times Square
  • Statue of Liberty
  • Ellis Island - Museum of Immigration
  • Wall Street
  • Brooklyn Bridge
  • Chinatown
  • Little Italy
  • Soho
  • The Empire State Building (observation deck)

20
  • The Chrysler Building (art deco architecture)
  • Grand Central Station (one of the nations great
    public spaces)
  • Rockefeller Center ( home to restaurants,
    ice-skating rink, gigantic Christmas tree)
  • Broadway (theatrical extravaganzas)
  • Carnegie Hall
  • Lincoln Center (home to the Metropolitan Opera,
    the New York Philharmonic and American Ballet
    Theater)

21
  • Museum of Modern Art
  • Central Park
  • the American Museum of Natural History (one of
    the worlds greatest museums)
  • the Guggenheim Museum
  • the Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Harlem (African-American community)
  • Manhattan Island
  • Brooklyn (Botanic Gardens, Brooklyn Museum of
    Art, Brooklyn Heights)

22
  • Yankee Stadium (in Bronx)
  • Long Island (Jones Beach - a popular recreation
    area, Hamptons - summer homes of rich and famous)

23
Niagara Falls
  • One of the worlds most famous tourist sights
  • falls are 55-m-high on the border of the U.S. and
    Canada
  • combination of natural wonder and commercial
    tackiness
  • a destination for honeymooners

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25
Florida State
  • Florida is the sunshine state and one of the top
    tourist destinations
  • the state offers hundreds of miles of gorgeous
    beaches, theme parks
  • among the most famous cities of Florida are Miami
    and Orlando

26
Miami
  • An international city, with ethnic diversity
  • Bayside Marketplace
  • Little Havana (sidewalk vendors, restaurants,
    Cuban-American atmosphere)
  • Art Deco District (hottest restaurant and clubs
    in the U.S)

27
Orlando
  • One of the top tourist destinations in the world
  • closely associated with Walt Disney World
  • Magic Kingdom (best known theme park, especially
    appealing to families with children)
  • Tomorrowland
  • Adventureland
  • Disney - MGM Studios
  • EPCOT complex (Future World, World Showcase)
  • Animal Kingdom

28
  • Universal Studios Escape
  • Jurassic Park
  • Lost Continent
  • Roller Coasters
  • Sea World
  • Splendid China
  • Kennedy Space Center (the launch site of all U.S.
    manned space flights since the early 1960s)
  • rocket displays
  • moon rock specimens

29
New Orleans
  • State of Louisiana
  • Louisianas party town
  • place for gambling on casino river boats.
  • French Quarter -Vieux Carre (a mix of clubs,
    souvenir shops, restaurants, antique stores,
    beautiful homes, bars, voodoo vendors)

30
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31
Mt. Rushmore National Memorial
  • located in the Black Hills, South Dakota
  • The likenesses of four US presidents
    Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Theodore
    Roosevelt carved into this mountain
  • 18 meter tall

32
Chicago
  • State of Illinois
  • a city at the coast of Lake Michigan
  • renown for its architecture, art, world-class
    museums
  • Chicago is where the skyscraper was born. It
    boosts some of the tallest buildings in the world
    (e.g. Sears Tower). They have observation decks
  • cruise tours on Lake Michigan or Chicago River.

33
  • Art Institute of Chicago (home to one of the best
    collections of impressionist paintings outside
    the Louvre)
  • Museum of Science (coal mine tour, submarine
    tour)
  • Field Museum of Natural History
  • Adler Planetarium
  • Astronomy Museum
  • Shedd Aquarium
  • Oceanarium
  • Theatre shows, traditional musicals, Chicago
    Symphony
  • Blues and folk-music clubs

34
  • Jay Leno and Jerry Seinfeld performed in Zanies
    comedy club
  • huge sculptures by Chagall, Picasso and Calder
    stand in the citys plazas.

35
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36
Los Angeles
  • State of California
  • city of a rich culture
  • Watts Towers (made of discarded steel, cement,
    tile and whatever else came along)
  • Chinatown, Little Tokyo, Koreatown, the Jewish
    traditions of Fairfax, South Central with an
    African-American culture, Latino flavor of Olvera
    Street
  • Malibu (for surfing and beaches, also home to
    many movie stars)

37
  • Santa Monica (haven for shoppers)
  • Venice Beach (carnival-like atmosphere, roller
    skaters, body builders and street performers)
  • Beverly Hills
  • Rodeo Drive (exclusive boutiques)
  • Getty Center (a complex with five pavilions of
    paintings, sculpture, decorative art, furniture,
    illuminated manuscripts and photography gardens)
  • Hollywood (Hollywood walk of fame with 2000
    star-shaped plaques embedded in the side-walk)
  • Universal Studios
  • Anaheim (a suburb of Los Angeles with Disneyland)

38
San Francisco
  • A physically beautiful, culturally and
    historically stimulating city with great
    restaurants
  • Golden Gate Bridge
  • Little cable car climbing, not only symbol of the
    city but also a very efficient means of
    transportation by running between several major
    attractions
  • Chinatown (city within a city, great Chinese
    restaurants, Buddhas Universal Church is the
    largest Buddhist temple in the U.S)

39
  • Fishermans Wharf
  • Alcatraz, once an impregnable fortress-style
    prison, now a very popular tourist destination,
  • Golden Gate Park, a green oasis with artificial
    lakes, Dutch windmills, museums, Japanese Tea
    Garden

40
Palm Springs
  • a giant sandbox offering adults their favorite
    games
  • golf courses
  • tennis courts
  • horseback riding
  • lavish spas
  • a lot of accommodation, affordable also for
    families

41
Yosemite National Park
  • one of the most beautiful places in the country,
  • nearby is Sequoia National Park extremely
    overcrowded
  • waterfalls
  • Half Dome
  • Cathedral Spires
  • El Capitan (the largest pure-granite outcropping
    in the world)

42
State of Hawaii
  • the daydream of resort vacations
  • four major islands are Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, Oahu
    which vary greatly in flavor, weather, population
    and natural wonders
  • an active volcano attracts outdoor lovers
  • Hawaii
  • also known as the Big Island, home to rural
    areas, deserts, volcanoes (Kilauea is the worlds
    most active volcano), rain forests

43
  • has colorful beaches - golden, green, gray, black
    and white
  • deep-sea fishing, snorkeling
  • nightlife and shopping are limited on this island
  • gorgeous flowers than one can imagine, mostly
    orchids
  • the Hilton Waikoloa Village in Kohala is a very
    expensive resort
  • Kauai
  • is the most beautiful, most tropical and most
    romantic island, known also as the Garden Isle.

44
  • Captain Cooks first landing point (in 1778) is
    on this island
  • Oahu
  • is where Honolulu and Waikiki are located
  • the island for nightlife together with other
    activities available in other islands
  • Honolulu
  • is the Hawaii State capital and the largest city
  • Pearl Harbor and the airport are located here,
    with the Arizona Memorial
  • Hawaii Maritime Center (exhibits on whaling,
    underwater archeology and Pacific Canoes)

45
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46
State of Arizona
  • Grand Canyon National Park
  • a national treasure, cut by the Colorado River,
    measures 446 km in length and averages 1.6 km in
    depth
  • draws more than 5 million visitors a year
  • hiking the canyon is only for those in good
    physical condition
  • mules, rafts, steam trains and helicopters/light
    planes are alternatives to see explore the canyon

47
  • Phoenix
  • the fastest growing metropolitan of the country
    with more than 140 golf courses, 1000 tennis
    courts and dozens of resorts
  • a magnet for both leisure travelers and
    conventions and conferences

48
State of Colorado
  • Rocky Mountain National Park
  • northwest of Denver, area of peaks, valleys and
    nature trails, among the most visited parks in
    the U.S
  • Ski Resorts
  • Aspen, Vail, Breckenridge, Telluride, Steamboat
    Springs are top-quality ski resorts
  • Aspen is the haven for the rich and famous.
  • steamboat Springs is extremely popular among
    families attracted to the kids-ski-free program

49
Las Vegas
  • State of Nevada
  • gambling and themed resorts are what underwrites
    the Las Vegas extravagance
  • Las Vegas Boulevards is known as the Strip
  • on the Strip are the miniversions of great
    cities New York, Paris, Venice
  • replicas of Empire State Building, Chrysler
    Building, Statue of Liberty are present

50
  • MGM Grand Hotel (among the top 2 or 3 largest
    hotels of the world with more than 5000 rooms)
  • The Luxor Hotel (having the shape of a pyramid,
    King Tuts Tomb and the Sphinx)
  • Caesars Palace (with pricey dining and
    entertainment shows)
  • Bellagio (with a 3 hectares lake and a collection
    of the works of Picasso, Van Gogh, Matisse,
    Monet)

51
Yellowstone National Park
  • Located in the state of Wyoming, one of the most
    popular parks in the nations
  • Steaming paint pots, hot springs and more than
    200 geysers, abundant wildlife
  • Yellowstone Lake is in the center of the park, a
    32 km long and 23 km wide lake
  • Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, formed by the
    Yellowstone River, has two waterfalls
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