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Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Orientation Training

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Title: Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Orientation Training


1
Environmental Health and Safety (EHS)
Orientation Training
  • Faculty and Staff

2
Introduction
  • The objectives for this training session are
  • To understand why environmental health and safety
    is important to everyone.
  • 2. To become familiar with Ringling Colleges
    procedures.

3
Introduction
  • This training presentation is an introduction
    to EHS. Specialized training is available from
    the department of EHS and includes
  • Hazard communication
  • Bloodborne pathogens
  • Safe lifting
  • and many other programs, see
    http//www.ringling.edu/index.php?id480

4
About EHS and Public Safety
  • The departments of
  • EHS and Public Safety
  • develop policies and procedures to ensure the
    colleges community and environment remain safe
    and healthy.

5
About EHS
  • The responsibilities of the department of EHS
    include the development, management, and
    enforcement of occupational academic
    environmental health and safety programs.

6
About EHS
  • The Colleges EHS policy provides information
    about the organization of EHS and the procedures.
  • Employees MUST read the policy which is available
    on the EHS website.

7
About Public Safety
  • Main Campus
  • The office of Public Safety is responsible for
    the safety and security of the colleges
    community.
  • Staff are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a
    year. They are trained in first aid CPR and can
    be contacted at x 359 7500.

8
EMERGENCY SERVICES
  • The Office of Public Safety is designed to handle
    emergency situations that may occur on campus and
    will contact outside agencies for support when
    needed.
  • If you need emergency police assistance pick up
    any campus telephone and dial 9-911. Ask the
    operator for the Sarasota Police Department. The
    call will be transferred to the Sarasota Police
    Station and police units will be dispatched to
    your emergency.
  • Once the police have been dispatched, call
    359-7500 to notify the Office of Public Safety.

9
EMERGENCY SERVICES
  • If you are reporting a fire or a medical
    emergency dial 9-911. Explain to the operator the
    emergency details. The Operator will transfer you
    immediately to the Sarasota County Fire
    Department.
  • After the fire department has been notified, call
    359-7500 to notify the Office of Public Safety.

10
HOW TO REPORT AN EMERGENCY
  • When calling, stay calm and carefully explain the
    problem and location. DO NOT HANG UP, UNLESS TOLD
    TO DO SO.
  • The Dispatcher will ask you questions to provide
    responding emergency units with vital
    information. EMERGENCY HELP IS NOT BEING DELAYED.
    The Dispatcher is directing emergency units by
    radio as you are providing the requested
    information. COOPERATE fully with the Dispatcher.

11
EMERGENCY TELEPHONES
  • The following telephones are available to report
    an emergency on campus
  • Blue light phone towers are located throughout
    the campus
  • Office telephones (call 7500 or 9-911)
  • Public pay telephones (911 calls are free)
  • Phones in elevators connect directly to the
    Office of Public Safety

12
Blue Light Phone Towers
  • The blue light phones provide a 24-hour direct
    phone link to the Public Safety Communication
    Center. Each tower has two activation buttons
    one for "information" and one for "emergency."
     When the VOIP phone is activated, the constantly
    burning blue light at the top of the tower
    flashes.  A security camera is focused on each
    tower, enabling the Communications Officer on
    duty to see the caller while talking to him or
    her on the phone. These call boxes are not
    restricted to emergency situations and may be
    used for non-emergency purposes.
  • For a map of the locations see
  • http//www.ringling.edu/fileadmin/content/admissio
    ns/images/CampusMap.jpg

13
EMERGENCY SERVICES
  • Longboat Key Center for the Arts
  • Englewood Art Center
  • If you need emergency assistance pick up any
    telephone and dial 911. Ask the operator for the
    appropriate department.
  • Inform the front desk of the situation by calling
    383-2345 (LBKCA) or 474-5548 (EAC)

14
First Aid Procedures
  • Do not move a seriously injured person unless
    they are in danger, such as being near falling
    objects, fire, or if a risk of explosion exists.
  • Call emergency services and request an
    ambulance for injuries that appear serious. Give
    as much information as possible about the injury
    or illness and the condition of the person.
    Follow all instructions given to you.
  • Stay with the person. Administer first aid if
    you
  • are trained and keep the person as calm as
    possible.

15
Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Bloodborne pathogens are carried by blood and
    other body fluids and may cause human diseases.
  • Examples include HIV and Hepatitis B.
  • Avoid contact with blood or body fluids.
  • Wear protective equipment, especially gloves
    safety glasses.
  • Extra training is available for at-risk
    persons.
  • You will be notified if your position places you
    at risk.

16
Temperature Stress - Heat
  • Sunburn - keep skin covered
  • Heat Cramps - drink diluted Gatorade
  • Heat Exhaustion - heavy sweating, cool skin
  • Cool victim, seek medical attention if vomiting
  • Heat Stroke - medical emergency
  • Hot, dry skin, rapid then weakening pulse
  • Move person to cool shaded area

17
Fire Emergency Procedures
  • Upon discovering a fire, close the door to the
    room where the fire is located and immediately
    sound the building fire alarm. Pull stations are
    located in hallways.
  • All students and employees must evacuate
    buildings when a fire alarm sounds.
  • Call the emergency services. Inform the
  • Office of Public Safety or the front desk and
  • give specific location and description of the
    fire.

18
Fire Emergency Procedures
  • DO NOT USE ELEVATORS - USE STAIRWAYS ONLY
  • ASSIST PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN EXITING THE
    BUILDING.
  • Warn occupants to leave the building. After
    leaving the building, warn others who may attempt
    to enter the building.
  • Close office doors and if time permits, lock
    file cabinets before leaving. If you are unable
    to move, request assistance from those nearest
    you. In the event no one renders assistance,
    proceed to the nearest stairway landing and shout
    for help and wait there until help arrives. If
    you cannot get to a stairway, stay in a room,
    shut the door, and go to a window and signal for
    help.

19
Fire Emergency Procedures
  • Evacuate to a distance of at least 300 feet
    from the building or as directed by emergency
    personnel.
  • Do not return to the building until instructed
    to do so.
  • In order to respond effectively in an emergency
    situation, be aware of the location of fire alarm
    pull stations, extinguishing equipment, stairwell
    safe areas, and exit routes. Make yourself aware
    of these details in your work or classroom area.

20
Accidents and Incidents
  • Any accident or incident however small MUST be
    reported to the Office of Public Safety.
  • Call 359-7500
  • Investigations occur to prevent accidents from
    reoccurring.

21
Accidents and Incidents
Serious accidents can be avoided if near miss
events are investigated and action taken to
remove the hazard.
Yesterdays near miss could be tomorrows serious
accident.
22
Office Safety
  • Understanding potential hazards that may be
    created in the office environment is essential in
    preventing accidents and injuries. Some of the
    well-known causes of incidents in the office are
  • Floors
  • Walkways
  • Electricity
  • Files
  • Storage
  • Equipment and Machines

23
FLOORS
  • Carpets can be trip hazards.
  • If the carpet starts to
  • Wear, Tear
  • or
  • Come loose
  • REPORT the defect to FACILITIES via the campus
    portal.

24
FLOORS
  • Clean up spills as soon as possible
  • and notify Facilities Services about any water
    leaks.
  • Wet carpets are an ideal place for mold growth.
  • Walk with special care over wet floors and when
    you have wet shoes. On rainy days, take a few
    extra minutes to wipe your shoe soles as soon as
    you enter any building on campus.

25
WALKWAYS
  • Keep trashcans, briefcases and other items out of
    walk spaces. You may know it is there, but your
    coworker may not!
  • Report to Facilities any difference in floor
    levels that could cause an accident. Brightly
    colored tape is a great warning of that sudden
    step ahead.

26
ELECTRICITY
  • Electrical cords can be a trip hazard. Keep
    cords secured away from feet, walk spaces,
    drawers and sharp edges.
  • Do not tape cords down or run them underneath
    carpet. This can cause overheating of the wire
    insulation and cord damage that cannot be seen
    until it starts a fire. If you cannot move a
    cord, have a new outlet installed (contact
    Facilities). In the meantime, secure the cord to
    the floor with cord covering strips.

27
ELECTRICITY
  • Electrical equipment should be plugged directly
    into the wall outlet. Do not use extension cords
    for permanent appliances and do not use power
    strips at all.
  • Exception Approved power strips for computer
    equipment.
  • Keep ignitable materials away from outlets.

28
ELECTRICITY
  • Space heaters can cause burns and fires. If you
    must use a space heater, follow these guidelines
  • 1. Check the heater for proper operation
  • - functioning thermostat
  • - safety tip-over switch
  • - proper grounding or double insulation, and a
  • suitable guard for heating elements
  • - If you observe arcing or unusual odors from
    the heater, unplug it and ask to have it
    rechecked
  • 2. Keep ignitable materials at least three feet
    away from the front of the heater at all times
  • 3. Never leave a heater on and unattended

29
FILES SAFELY ORGANIZED
  • Organize work at the desk. Keep items that will
    be used frequently within reach.
  • Organize file cabinets to have frequently
    accessed files at waist or chest level.
  • Place infrequently used, heavy file loads in the
    bottom levels and lighter loads in the top
    drawers.
  • Do not store files on top of the cabinet.
  • Open one drawer at a time. Opening two drawers
    at once can cause the entire cabinet to tip
    right towards you!
  • Likewise, do not put heavy items in the top
    drawer with nothing in the bottom. This can also
    cause the cabinet to tip.

30
STORAGE
  • Use the proper equipment to reach high items.
  • Step stools and ladders are small,
    inexpensive ways to make the job easier and
    safer.
  • Do not store heavy objects above the head.
  • Never stand on revolving chairs or chairs with
    castors!
  • Do not stack items so high they block smoke
    detectors and sprinklers.
  • Allow 18" clearance as required by the
    National Fire Protection Association.

31
EQUIPMENT MACHINES
  • Put equipment away properly when you are
    finished with it.
  • The first time you use a new piece of equipment,
    read the instructions and ask someone who has
    used it before.
  • Store sharp items such as pens and scissors
    pointing downward when not in use. Always carry
    scissors pointing downwards.

32
GENERAL SAFETY
  • Avoid picking up broken glass with your bare
    hands. Use a broom and a dustpan (see the
    procedure for sharp objects).
  • Do not attempt to stop an elevator door with
    your hands. Take the next elevator and avoid the
    hand crush hazard.
  • Always use handrails on the stairs.
  • Do not lean too far back in your chair. Do not
    use desk chairs with less than 5 castors. They
    tip over much more easily than 5 castor chairs.
  • Have broken equipment fixed or thrown away. If
    you leave the equipment lying around, someone may
    pick it up and try to use it.

33
GENERAL SAFETY
Try to be better than just generally safe
  1. Know and use safe working procedures
  2. Avoid obvious unsafe acts
  3. Keep work areas clean and uncluttered
  4. Report all injuries, illnesses, or near misses

34
Ergonomics
Making the work fit you!
   Currently there is no specific OSHA standard
for ergonomics. However, Ringling College is
committed to educating employees on ergonomics
and providing a workplace free of ergonomic
stressors.
35
What is Ergonomics?
Ergonomics is the scientific discipline concerned
with the understanding of interactions between
people and elements of a system (lifting/computer
use). The ergonomics profession applies theory to
optimize human well being by making alterations
to the system involved.
36
Ergonomic Stressors
  • Ergonomic stressors are parts of a job that can
    cause discomfort or even injury if exposed for
    long periods of time. The three types of
    Ergonomic Stressors to look for are
  • Repetition
  • Force
  • Postures - Awkward, Extreme, Static

37
Repetition Ergonomic Stressors
  • A repetitive task is performed over and over with
    little change in motions or muscle use.
  • Typing
  • Assembly line work
  • Sorting
  • Filing

38
Force Ergonomic Stressors
Force High force tasks generate heavy exertion
for the muscles involved.
  • Lifting
  • Grasping
  • Pinching
  • Operating power tools
  • Twisting
  • Hitting objects

39
Posture Ergonomic Stressors
Extreme/Awkward/Static Postures Holding muscles
outside of the Neutral Position or in a fixed
position for a long period of time.
Neutral Position The range of motion
that is considered reasonable for each joint.
40
Ouch Ergonomic Stressors
When we work, we are constantly putting stress on
our bodies. Small tears, strains and disorders
develop in our tissues all the time. Usually they
heal fairly quickly. This is a natural part of
the way our bodies work. However, when ergonomic
stressors overcome the bodys ability to heal and
repair itself the damage can build up until a
musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) results.
Injuries can occur in the following areas of
the body Muscles Tendons Joints Spinal
discs Nerves Ligaments Cartilage
ouch!
41
Warning Signs Ergonomic Stressors
The parts of the body susceptible to
musculoskeletal disorders do not always have
nerve endings designed to tell us that a
musculoskeletal disorder is developing. Instead,
we must rely on warning signs given to us from
nearby parts of the body. For example, in Carpal
Tunnel Syndrome, the hands often feel sore and
tingly, like they have fallen asleep. The problem
is not in the hands, however it is in the median
nerve where it passes through the wrists. The
wrists may only feel mildly sore or may feel no
pain at all. The following warning signs serve as
a signal that ergonomic stressors are present and
need to be corrected.
  • Discomfort - pain. If it wakes you up at night,
    follows you
  • Tingling - numbness home, or appears as soon
    as you get to
  • Burning work, take notice!
  • Swelling
  • Change in color
  • Tightness, loss of flexibility

42
Let the right people know! Ergonomic Stressors
  • If you are experiencing any of these warning
    signs, you should immediately.
  • Report the symptoms to your supervisor or
    department head
  • Be evaluated by EHS

43
Keeping Active Ergonomic Stressors
Your physical condition can affect your
susceptibility to MSDs
  • Lack of Exercise
  •      Our bodies adapt to our daily activities. If
    we do not exercise, our tissues get used to very
    low levels of exertion and do not respond to
    injury as well. As a result, we
  • Are easily fatigued
  • Become weaker (weaker muscles)
  • Are easily injured from light activity
  • Have reduced endurance
  • Have less resistance to illness
  • Exercise
  • By following a proper exercise program our bodies
    become more accustomed to healing and adapting.
    As a result, we
  • Have improved health
  • Have stronger bodies
  • Improve our endurance
  • Reduce stress
  • Increase the range of motion in our joints

44
Ergonomic Stressors Outside of work
Ergonomic stressors can occur outside of work as
well. Be on the lookout for too much
exposure. Be especially aware of activities that
expose you to the same kinds of ergonomic
stressors that you encounter at work.
45
Safe Lifting
46
Why lift safely? Safe Lifting
  • By age 50, approximately 85 of Americans have
    had one or more episodes of back pain. In
    working-age adults, back problems are the most
    frequent cause of activity limitations. Lifting
    incorrectly can increase the risk of developing a
    back injury.
  • Remember the section on musculoskeletal
    disorders? If small tears build up in our tissues
    faster than they can heal, an MSD can result.
    This is how many back injuries are thought to
    occur. Tiny cracks develop in the shock-absorbing
    spinal disks between vertebrae during lifting.
    Too much lifting, especially incorrect lifting,
    can cause those cracks to build up faster than
    the disk can heal until the disk starts to bulge
    or rupture. Force on the spine creates those
    tears. The more force, the more likely a tear
    will occur.

47
Pre-Lift Safe Lifting
  • If it looks heavy or awkward, it probably is ask
    someone to help you, or use a mechanical device
  • Think about the distance and height to the
    destination before lifting
  • Avoid carrying more than 30 pounds by yourself
  • Get help for objects with a width 18 inches or
    greater
  • If possible, break the load down and make several
    trips with more manageable loads

48
Lift Safe Lifting
  • Feet shoulder width apart
  • Crouch, dont stoop
  • Get a good grip on the object
  • Keep the object close to your body
  • As you grip the load, keep your back straight,
    shoulders back, and stick your buttocks out.
  • Let your legs push your body up slowly and
    smoothly, no jerking motions.

49
Carry and placement
  • Elbows close to your side and at right angles
  • Move smoothly avoiding quick movements
  • No twisting while lifting or carrying, move your
    feet to pivot
  • Set the load down
  • Squat down
  • Bending at the hips and knees
  • Keep your lower back arched inwards

50
Technique for the Occasional Lifter
TIP Keep your chin parallel to the floor.
  • Stand close to the load. Get a good handhold
    on the item.
  • Bend your knees - not your back!
  • Let your legs do the lifting!

51
The right tools for the job
OR Tip Pushing a load is better for the back and
shoulders than pulling.
Get help with heavy or awkward loads!
Use the right tools!
Sometimes you will encounter objects that are too
heavy, large, or oddly shaped for you to safely
lift unassisted. Look for tools you can use to
help you with the lift or take the time to get
someone to help with the lifting. In some
situations (reaching into a deep bin for example)
it may not be possible to use the ideal lifting
technique. In those situations it is more
important to bring the load close to you than to
bend the knees.
52
Remember!
EHS provides training for employees that
regularly perform manual handling as part of
their job. Contact EHS for details http//www.
ringling.edu/index.php?id486
53
Computer Workstation
54
Introduction
  • The following section covers the basics of how to
    set up a computer workstation. While you read
    this section think about ways you can apply these
    rules to your own workstation.
  • Most employees use a computer as part of their
    day-to-day work operation.
  • A computer takes up considerable space on the
    desktop, which pushes everything else out of
    place.

55
Rule 1 Work Forward
  • The farther you have to reach for an object, the
    harder your muscles have to work to move your
    arm. Likewise, reaching to the side adds to the
    work your muscles perform. Think about how often
    you reach for your mouse. If the mouse is at
    arm's length, that's hundreds of extra arm
    extensions you perform each day. If it's far off
    to the side, that just makes matters worse!
  • The more frequently you use an item, the closer
    it should be
  • Place the most commonly used items (keyboard and
    mouse in most cases) the length of your forearm
    away. The less often you use an item, the farther
    it can be. Some examples are shown here. However,
    if you use any of these items more/less
    frequently, move it closer/farther!
  • Keyboard - forearm's length
  • Mouse - forearm's length
  • Monitor - arm's length
  • Phone - arm's length
  • Infrequently accessed files - farther

56
Remember! Computer Workstation
  • Give your shoulder a break! Keep the mouse near
    the keyboard.
  • Special note it is important to keep the monitor
    in front of you. Constantly looking to the side
    at a monitor can contribute to pain in the neck
    and shoulders.
  • When making changes to your workstation, you
    should adjust the chair first. Don't worry about
    the height of the keyboard for the moment. Those
    can be adjusted later

57
Rule 2 Adjust your chair Computer Workstation
  • Seat Height
  • Adjust the seat height so your feet can be flat
    on the floor with your thighs parallel to the
    floor. Your feet dont have to stay flat all the
    time though, feel free to shift postures
    throughout the day.
  • Lumbar Support
  • Adjust the height of the backrest so that it
    fits into the small of your back. Add additional
    lumbar support if needed (a towel or commercially
    available pad). Make sure adding a pad wont make
    the seat pan too short!
  • Armrests
  • The armrests should be just below elbow height
    when your elbow is relaxed. If your armrests are
    too low, build them up with foam or towels or
    remove them.

58
Rule 3 Good Posture
  • There is no perfect posture. Shifting position
    frequently
  • throughout the day is perfectly acceptable and
    eliminates
  • static posture. Some elements of good postures
    are
  • Your feet should reach the floor
  • Adjust the chair height if necessary
  • Use a footrest only as a last resort. Footrests
    only allow you one place to put your feet,
    preventing frequent posture shifts.
  • In most seated postures, keep your thighs
    parallel to the floor
  • Find reasons to stand up frequently. 30 seconds
    of standing or walking every 30 minutes gives the
    body a chance to recover from prolonged sitting
    (i.e. static posture).

59
Rule 3 Good Posture Computer Workstation
  • There is more than one acceptable posture. Switch
    between postures as you work to give your body
    some variety. Some examples of acceptable
    postures are shown here.

Classic 90 degree
Forward tilt
Reclined
60
Rule 4 Keyboard and Mouse Computer Workstation
  • The best location for the keyboard and mouse is
    at or slightly below elbow height and forearms
    length from the body. This puts the muscles in
    the arm at a position where they are strongest.
  • Where possible, try to put the keyboard at the
    same angle as your forearms. This helps keep the
    wrists straight.
  • Use wrist rest sparingly. The idea behind wrist
    rests is to reduce the pressure from resting the
    wrists on a table top. An even better idea is to
    NOT rest the wrists at all while typing.

Put the mouse as close to the keyboard as
possible, at the same height and distance from
you.
61
Rule 5 Monitor Placement
  • The human eye naturally prefers to look at
    objects about 15 degrees below horizontal. In
    addition, our eyes focus better at objects about
    18-30 away, though some research indicates that
    distances greater than 30 away can work just as
    well. What this means for monitor placement is
  • Place the monitor about arms length away. Your
    eyes will tell you if it needs to be slightly
    closer or slightly farther.
  • Place the monitor so the top of screen (the
    glass part) is slightly below eye level.
  • Tilt the screen slightly away from you, like a
    book. The idea is to look straight at the monitor.

62
Rule 6 Pay Attention to Things that Bug
You Computer Workstation
  • Think back to the MSD warning signs. One of the
    signs is pain that wont go away. If there is an
    aspect of the workstation that irritates you or
    causes you discomfort when you have to deal with
    it, take note! There may be a way to improve the
    situation
  • If you transcribe documents (or are frequently
    referencing a piece of paper), keep the document
    in front of you as much as possible. Use a
    document holder.
  • If your hands or wrists frequently rest on a
    sharp edge, think about ways to avoid the edge.
    Reposition the keyboard.
  • If you have glare on your monitor screen, try to
    position the monitor away from light sources
    first.
  • Eyes, back, body sore?
  • Take a Break! For 30 seconds per 30 minutes stand
    up and look out the window
  • Perform some desk exercises

63
Desk Exercises Computer Workstation
  • Holding our bodies in an awkward posture,
    prolonged static postures, repetitive, or
    forceful activities place can cause minor
    irritation in our tissues. Enough exposure to
    this irritation (sitting too long, for example)
    causes our bodies to release chemicals that tell
    our nerves to send pain signals to the brain.
    When enough chemicals are released, the nerves
    detect them and we feel pain.
  • Standing up, shifting position,
    stretching, etc. stops the irritation from
    getting worse, however the chemicals are still
    there. As soon as we sit back down, the
    irritation starts again and the chemical release
    starts again. This time, it doesn't take as long
    for the nerves to detect the chemicals and send
    pain signals! It's a vicious cycle.

64
Desk Exercises Computer Workstation
  •   Performing exercises at your desk can help
    break this cycle. Here are a few of the exercises
    you can use to remain pain free
  • To reduce eye strain focus on something in the
    distance.
  • Head rolls side to side and front to back
  • Arms over the head stretching side to side
  • Arms over the head stretching backwards
  • Stretching legs outward off the floor
  • Ankle rolls

65
Ergo Quick Check
  • Ergo Quick Check is a review of the key elements
    to setting your computer workstation up properly.
  • 1. Work in front
  • -Monitor, mouse, keyboard arranged in front of
    you
  • 2. Adjust your chair
  • -Height, depth, backrest
  • 3. Good posture
  • -Feet on floor, thighs parallel to floor, shift
    posture occasionally
  • 4. Keyboard and mouse
  • -In lap, slightly below elbow level, same angle
    as forearm
  • 5. Monitor
  • -Arm's length, text slightly below eye level,
    angled like book with top farther than bottom.
  • 6. Pay attention to warning signs!

66
Safety Signs
There are five types of signs that are commonly
displayed
These signs are described individually.
67
Danger Signs Safety Signs
Danger Signs. Indicate an imminently hazardous
situation that, if not avoided will result in
death or serious injury. OHSA requires that all
employees be instructed that danger signs
indicate an immediate hazard exists and that
special precautions are necessary. The heading on
a danger sign must always be printed in red and
black on a white background and should be used to
indicate only the most extreme caution.
68
Warning Signs Safety Signs
Warning Signs. Indicate a potentially hazardous
situation that, if not avoided could result in
death or serious injury. These signs should be
used only in situations where the hazard is not
as extreme as the hazard which merits a danger
sign, but where adequate warning is still
required to avoid a potentially lethal accident.
Warning sign headings must always be black print
on a Safety Orange field.
69
Caution Signs Safety Signs
Caution Signs. Indicate a potentially hazardous
situation that, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury. OSHA regulations
state, employees should be instructed that
caution signs indicate a possible hazard for
which proper precaution should be taken. Caution
sign headings must always have black print on a
safety yellow heading.
70
Notice Signs Safety Signs
Notice Signs. Indicate a statement of company
policy related directly or indirectly to the
safety of personnel or the protection of
property. Notice signs must always have blue
print on a white field.
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Safety Instruction Signs Safety Signs
Safety Instruction Signs. (Think/Be
Careful/Safety First and other Safety Instruction
Signs) indicate general instructions relating to
safe work practices, reminders of proper safety
procedures, and the location of safety
equipment OSHA requires their use where there is
a need for general instructions and suggestions
relative to safety measures. General safety sign
headings should be printed green on white.
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Hazard Communication
  • The OSHA Hazard Communication standard (Right to
    know law) requires that employees be informed of
    the hazards of chemicals that they may work with
    or are present in their work area. The four
    elements of this program are
  • Labeling
  • Hazardous Inventory List
  • (M)SDS
  • Training
  • Each of these elements will be reviewed in more
    detail.

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Labeling
  •      All containers of hazardous chemicals must
    be labeled
  • with at least three items
  • the name of the chemical,
  • any hazard warnings associated with the product
    and,
  • the name and address of the manufacturer.
  •      The name of the chemical must be spelled
    out completely, no molecular formulas are allowed.

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Hazard Signs
All hazardous materials must be labeled in a
manner that warns of any hazards the chemical may
present. The signs above are the most common
labeling systems. The diamond shaped label is the
National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) sign. The
rectangular label is the Hazardous Material
Information System (HMIS) sign.
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Hazard Signs
  • The similarities are the most important aspects
    of the signs.
  • Both systems have three color-coded fields to
    indicate the hazards associated with the
    material
  • Flammability (red)
  • Health (blue)
  • Reactivity (yellow)
  • Both use a system of five numbers from 0-4 to
    indicate the severity of the hazard
  • 0 no hazard
  • 4 most hazardous

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Hazard Signs
  • There are three main differences
  • They differ in layout NFPA uses four diamonds
    HMIS uses vertically stacked bars.
  • They differ in interpretation of the fourth
    white field - specific hazard in NFPA system
    protective equipment in the HMIS system.
  • Possibly the most significant difference,
    however, has to do with the intended audience for
    each of the systems. The HMIS was devised as a
    hazard communication tool with employees who must
    handle hazardous chemicals in the workplace as
    the intended audience. The NFPA system was
    designed to alert fire fighters arriving on the
    scene of a fire to the hazards associated with
    materials. Therefore, the numbers assigned in the
    NFPA system assume that a fire is present. No
    such assumption holds in the HMIS system. For
    this reason , the numbers that are assigned to
    the flammability, health, and reactivity hazards
    may differ between the NFPA and HMIS systems,
    even for the exact same chemical.
  • BOTH systems can be used to illustrate the
    hazardous properties of a chemical, and both
    should be understood as different companies will
    use each system.

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Hazardous Inventory List
ALL applicable Departments and Program areas must
maintain a current Chemical Inventory List that
is reviewed and updated at least annually.
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(Material) Safety Data Sheets (M)SDS
(Material) Safety Data Sheets must be accessible
24 hours a day. MSDSs are prepared and
distributed by the chemical manufacturer or
distributor to provide important information
concerning the chemical in question.
(M)SDSs contain the identity of the chemical, the
manufacturers name, address, and phone number
and information regarding the physical and
chemical characteristics of the chemical such as
toxicity, flammability, corrosiveness. It also
contains information on the physical and health
hazards such as exposure hazards exposure
limits precautions and controls and emergency
and first aid treatment for exposures. A (M)SDS
must be available for every chemical in the
program area or department.
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Training
  • All employees who work with chemicals or have
    chemicals in their work area are required to have
    hazardous communication training initially upon
    employment and when any new chemicals are
    introduced in their workplace thereafter. The
    Supervisor of employees who will be working with
    hazardous material will provide more in-depth
    training.
  • The training will cover
  • The hazardous communication standard and program
  • The physical and health hazards in the workplace
  • How to detect the presence or release of
    hazardous chemicals
  • How to protect oneself from chemical hazards
  • Emergency procedures
  • This training is mandatory for all employees
    handling hazardous materials.
  • EHS is available to assist any department,
    supervisor, and/ or employee with information
    concerning the Colleges Hazard Communication
    Program, (Material) Safety Data Sheets, etc.
    Please feel free to contact EHS.

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Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • PPE is an easy way to protect users from
    hazardous materials.
  • Required when engineering or administrative
    controls are inadequate.
  • Must be properly selected, worn and maintained.
  • Training is required.

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Eye and Face Protection
  • Safety Glasses (minimum requirement)
  • Goggles - better protection for chemicals,
    splashes, dusts, or projectiles.
  • Face Shield - better for splashes or projectiles

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Head Protection
  • Hard Hats (Safety Helmets)
  • Class A - Limited voltage protection
  • Class B - High voltage protection
  • Class C - No voltage protection
  • Class D - Firefighters helmet
  • Bump Caps
  • Not recommended

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Hand and Foot Protection
  • Gloves
  • Chemical resistance
  • Ability to withstand chemical penetration
  • Many types such as latex, vinyl, nitrile or
    polyethylene
  • Physical resistance
  • Special materials to reduce the risks from heat,
    electrical, sharp objects and general hazards.
  • Made from leather, rubber, kevlar and PVC
  • Shoes / Boots
  • Steel toe
  • Compression, puncture
  • Metatarsal guards
  • Protects top of foot behind toe
  • Chemical resistant
  • Prevents contact with chemicals

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Hearing Protectors
  • Designed to prevent temporary or permanent
    hearing loss from power tools, hammering or
    drilling.
  • Ear Plugs - preferred (NRR 20-30 dB)
  • Ear Muffs - 2nd choice (NRR 15-30 dB)
  • Double Hearing Protectors (plugs and muffs) (NRR
    30-40 dB) used for levels over 115 dB
  • (NRR Noise Reduction Rating - an approximate
    decibel reduction provided by the hearing
    protector)

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Respiratory Protection
  • Air Purifying
  • -Dust masks
  • -Half face
  • -Full face
  • Respirators are required when protection from
    engineering (e.g. ventilation) or administrative
    (e.g. chemical substitution) controls do not
    protect the user.

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Employees Responsibilities
  • Each employee must comply with the Colleges EHS
    policy, procedures and rules.
  • This includes wearing required protective
    devices.
  • reporting hazards, accidents and incidents.
  • operating equipment and using materials in a
    safe manner.

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Local Procedures
  • EHS is responsible for College wide policies and
    procedures.
  • Individual departments and program areas (both
    academic and administrative) are responsible for
    their own environmental, health and safety
    procedures.
  • These procedures are provided to employees by the
    appropriate supervisor.

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Orientation Quiz and QA
You have completed the EHS orientation program.
  • Now take the quiz. The Office of Human Resources
    will record the results of the quiz in your
    personnel file.

Click on the link below to take the quiz. If the
link does not work with your browser, copy the
link below into your browser http//www.proprofs
.com/quiz-school/story.php?titleNzkyMTAyRFL3 If
you have any questions regarding environmental
health and safety, contact the Director of EHS at
941-309-0027
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