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Leadership Styles and Their Ethics

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Leadership Styles and Their Ethics Except where otherwise noted, the following material summarizes portions of Hitt, William D. (1990), Ethics and Leadership: Putting ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Leadership Styles and Their Ethics


1
Leadership Styles and Their Ethics
  • Except where otherwise noted, the following
    material summarizes portions of
  • Hitt, William D. (1990), Ethics and Leadership
    Putting Theory into Practice, Columbus, OH The
    Batelle Press.

2
There are six types of leaders.
  • The Manipulator
  • The Bureaucrat
  • The Whiz-Bang Manager
  • The Charismatic Leader
  • The Servant Leader
  • The Transforming Leader

3
The manipulator The end justifies the means.
  • Gain as much power as possible
  • Information
  • Resources
  • Support
  • Manipulate others
  • Avoid being manipulated yourself
  • Maximize your authority
  • Seek passive subordinates
  • Radiate self-confidence
  • Never commit completely and irrevocably

4
The bureaucrat Rules are rules.
  • Structure your organization around a hierarchy of
    offices
  • Give each employee a clear job description
  • Govern with fixed, exhaustive rules
  • Communicate and enforce the rules
  • Give promotions and raises based on seniority,
    achievement, or both
  • Hire employees on the basis of qualifications only

5
The whiz-bang manager Management is a profession
  • Use human, physical, and financial resources
    efficiently
  • Manage like an orchestra leader
  • Plan, organize, recruit, and develop staff
    communicate, motivate, measure
  • Measure success in results
  • Set goals and make a plan for achieving them
  • Make management your profession
  • Study management practices and principles

6
The charismatic leader
  • Leads by sheer power of personality
  • Motivates by enthusiasm, persuasiveness, and
    magic?
  • More style than content

From Solomon R. (2003), The Myth of Charisma,
in J. Ciulla (Ed.), The Ethics of Leadership
(pp.202-212), Belmont, CA Thomson Wadsworth.
7
The servant leader
  • Reversal of roles of leader and follower
  • Leadership based on altruism

From Greenleaf, R. (2003), The Servant as
Leader, in J. Ciulla (Ed.), The Ethics of
Leadership (pp.212-219), Belmont, CA Thomson
Wadsworth.
8
The transforming leader Leadership based on
relationships with followers
  • Take pleasure in growth of others
  • View others in terms of potential
  • Identify and appeal to values and motives of
    followers
  • Elevate values and motives of followers
  • Motivate through empowerment
  • Coach rather than discipline
  • Help others become leaders

See also Burns, J.M. (1978), Leadership, New
York Harper Collins Publisher, pp. 36-43.
9
Evaluating different styles
  • Which type of leader would you like to work for?
    Why?
  • If you were a CEO, which type of leader would you
    like to have working for you? Why?
  • Which leadership styles require the most
    interpersonal skills, like listening, caring,
    etc.? What does that tell you about their ethical
    content?
  • The Manipulator
  • The Bureaucrat
  • The Whiz-Bang Manager
  • The Charismatic Leader
  • The Servant Leader
  • The Transforming Leader

10
Evaluating different styles
  • Which three leadership styles do you think are
    most ethical? Why do you think so?
  • Are different styles right for different
    situations?
  • What is your definition of ethical leadership at
    this point?
  • The Manipulator
  • The Bureaucrat
  • The Whiz-Bang Manager
  • The Charismatic Leader
  • The Servant Leader
  • The Transforming Leader
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