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Study of the Book of Revelation

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Title: Study of the Book of Revelation


1
Study of the Book of Revelation
  • Chapter 1
  • Revelation of Jesus Christ

2
Revelation 11
The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave
Him to show His servants--things which must
shortly take place. And He sent and signified it
by His angel to His servant John.
Shortly Take Place
3
Revelation 12
Who bore witness to the word of God, and to the
testimony of Jesus Christ, to all things that he
saw.
Bore Witness
4
Revelation 13
Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the
words of this prophecy, and keep those things
which are written in it for the time is near.
The Time Is Near
5
Revelation of Jesus Christ
  • Revelation (GK apokalupsis)
  • to uncover
  • God revealed to Jesus Jesus revealed to John
  • Things which must shortly come to pass
  • Sent
  • Communicated by signs
  • By His angel

6
Shortly Come to Pass
  • Does shortly indicate thousands upon thousands
    of years?
  • It means what it says!
  • These things I write to you, though I hope to
    come to you shortly. (1 Timothy 314)
  • The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God
    is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.
    (Mark 115)

7
Signs
  • Signified
  • Greeksemaino
  • Means to give a sign (Strongs)
  • Revelation is a book of signs and symbols.
  • John 1232-33
  • Never forget this fact when examining and seeking
    to understand the book of Revelation.

8
Johns Witness
  • John bore witness
  • He was an eye-witness of what he saw
  • Of the word of God and testimony of Jesus
    Christ
  • No distinction between the two
  • Testimony of Jesus is part of Gods word!
  • God, Christ, and Johnthree witnesses!

9
Who is the Blessed Man?
  • Blessed (Makarios) a persons state or
    condition because of inner spiritual life
    (Matt.53-11)
  • Who reads
  • Who hears the words of this prophecy
  • Who heeds the things which are written
  • Infers that it canand must beunderstood!
  • The book contains seven references to blessed
    (13 1413 1615 199 206 227 2214)

10
Revelation 14
John, to the seven churches which are in Asia
Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who
was and who is to come, and from the seven
Spirits who are before His throne.
Seven Churches of Asia
11
Revelation 15
And from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the
firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the
kings of the earth. To Him who loved us and
washed us from our sins in His own blood.
Washed in Blood
12
Revelation 15
And has made us kings and priests to His God and
Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and
ever. Amen.
Made Kings and Priests
13
Revelation 17
Behold, He is coming with clouds, and every eye
will see Him, even they who pierced Him. And all
the tribes of the earth will mourn because of
Him. Even so, Amen.
Every eye will see Him!
14
Author
  • The author is John the Apostle.
  • John was the brother of James.
  • They were the sons of Zebedee.
  • Jesus labeled the brothers Boanerges (sons of
    thunder) (Mark 317).
  • Jesus said they would all drink from the same cup
    of suffering (Mark 1035ff).
  • James was the first to die (Acts 121,2).
  • John was the last.

15
Message Addressed
  • To the seven churches of Asia
  • Modern day western Turkey
  • There were other churches in Asia
  • Troas (Acts 205)
  • Hierapolis (Colossians 413)
  • Colossae (Colossians 12)
  • Seven, a favorite number used by John, means
    completesignifies all churches

16
Source of the Message
  • The Eternal Father
  • Is, was, and is to come (Exodus 314)
  • Seven SpiritsHoly Spirit
  • John 1526 1613
  • Two parts of the Godhead

17
Third Part of the Godhead
  • Ruling and Redeeming SonJesus Christ
  • Faithful witness (John 814,18)
  • Firstborn from the deadOccupies first place
    raised to die no more (Colossians 118 1
    Corinthians 1520 Hebrews 12,3)
  • Rules over the kings of earth (Matthew 2818)
  • Washed us in His own blood (Ephesians 17 1
    Peter 118,19 Romans 59)
  • Reigning NOW (Acts 229-35)

18
The Lords Three-Part Work
ruler over the kings (Ps. 8927 Rev. 1916)
faithful witness who faithfully declared that He
had seen God and was God (John 118)
firstborn from the dead gives him preeminence
and was critical in his priesthood (Heb. 923-28)
19
Vital Point
  • Premillennialists miss this point about the
    rejection of Christ!
  • Jesus rejection and death fulfilled prophecy
    (John 1227)
  • Led to remission of sins (Hebrews 922)
  • Death and rejection were foreknown (Isaiah 53)
  • Kingdom is preceded by rejection (Luke 1720-25
    Revelation 138)
  • Jesus had power to not die (John 1017,18)

20
His Love
  • Cleansed us and made us kings and priests (1
    Peter 29,10)
  • Allowed us to sit in heavenly placesin Christ
    (Ephesians 26)
  • Made us a kingdom (collectively)
  • Made us priests (individually)
  • For His God and Father

21
His Return
  • Comfort for the persecuted Christians
  • Will it occur in the immediate future?
  • Because this is an apocalyptic book, it does not
    mean that EVERY single bit is figurative or
    literal.
  • Comes in judgment has some reference to the
    impending doom of Rome.
  • Context of Revelation
  • Reference to Isaiah 191

22
His Return
  • Jesus will come again (Acts 19-11).
  • Judgment will be universal (Romans 1410-12).
  • Even the infidels who killed him
  • All nations will be gathered (Matthew 2532).
  • All will behold him (1 Thessalonians 413-18).

23
Revelation 18
I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and
the End," says the Lord, "who is and who was and
who is to come, the Almighty.
Alpha and Omega
24
Revelation 19
I, John, both your brother and companion in the
tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus
Christ, was on the island that is called Patmos
for the word of God and for the testimony of
Jesus Christ.
In the Kingdom
25
Alpha and Omega
  • The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet
  • Absolute completenessnothing lacking He has
    complete control
  • He wills lifes beginning and its end.
  • Our Savior is the beginning, and the end, and
    everything in between!
  • Has all the attributes of the Father and the
    SonHe is Deity!

26
Alpha and Omega
  • The Lord GodWho is and who was and who is to
    come
  • Deity is Almighty.
  • Comfort for the persecuted Christians
  • Any doubt who will win this conflict?

27
John in the Kingdom!
  • Johns positionbrother and fellow partaker
    (companion)
  • Why not as an apostle?
  • In the tribulation
  • In the kingdom
  • Perseverance and steadfastness
  • Suggests a close, personal relationship with the
    letters immediate recipients

28
John in the Kingdom!
  • On the island called Patmos
  • A small rocky island in the Aegean Sea
  • About ten miles long and five or six miles wide
  • Closest to the church in Ephesus
  • Used by the Roman government as a place to
    banish criminals.

29
John in the Kingdom!
  • Why is John there?
  • For the testimony of the Lord
  • Because he was a Christianspreading the gospel
    of Christ
  • 1 Peter 416
  • Others had been killed for the same type of
    conduct!

30
Revelation 110
I was in the Spirit on the Lord's Day, and I
heard behind me a loud voice, as of a trumpet.
In the Spirit
31
In the Spirit
  • More than likely, John is in some sort of
    trance.
  • Acts 1010
  • 2 Corinthians 122-4
  • Ezekiel 312
  • Empowered and directed by the Holy Spiritfor the
    visions he would be seeing
  • Lords Dayfirst day of the week (only occurs
    here in the New Testament)

32
Revelation 111
Saying, I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First
and the Last, and, What you see, write in a
book and send it to the seven churches which are
in Asia to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to
Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to
Laodicea.
Write in a Book
33
Write in a Book
  • Loud voice, as a trumpet, being of such quality
    as to be of great volume and penetratingsuch a
    voice demands ATTENTION!
  • Commanded to write in a book what you see
  • Write
  • 119 21,8,12,18 31,7,14 1413 199
  • John to send it to the seven churches of Asia

34
Churches Identified
  • Ephesus (nearest to Patmos in the Aegean Sea)
  • Smyrna (Northwest of Smyrna)
  • Pergamos (North of Smyrna)
  • Thyatira (Southwest of Pergamos)
  • Sardis (Southeast of Thyatira)
  • Philadelphia (Southeast of Sardis)
  • Laodicea (Southeast of Philadelphia)

35
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36
Revelation 112
Then I turned to see the voice that spoke with
me. And having turned I saw seven golden
lampstands.
Seven Golden Lampstands
37
Revelation 113
And in the midst of the seven lampstands One
like the Son of Man, clothed with a garment down
to the feet and girded about the chest with a
golden band.
Like the Son of Man
38
Seven Golden Lampstands
  • One to represent each church (120)
  • Lampstandgiver of light
  • Sevenperfection
  • Goldenprecious
  • The Church is to be the bearer of the light of
    Jesus Christ
  • Matthew 514-16
  • Philippians 214-16

39
One Like the Son of Man
  • The word means a man.
  • Ezekiel was given this name in Ezekiel 2to
    indicate that a prophet was among them
  • God is not man He is a Spirit (John 424)
  • Jesus, the Messiah, was the suffering servant
    because He was also man.
  • It was comforting to know Christ was in their
    midst.
  • Should also motivate fear!

40
The God-Man
  • Son of Man (v. 13)
  • Son of God (218)
  • Speaks of his Humanity and Divinity
  • Romans 95. Of whom are the fathers and from
    whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is
    over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen

41
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42
Symbols and Attire of Son of Man
  • A robe reaching to the feet. The garment of a
    high priest.
  • Girded across His breast with golden band. The
    royal/golden girdle of a king.

43
Revelation 114, 15
His head and hair were white like wool, as white
as snow, and His eyes like a flame of fire His
feet were like fine brass, as if refined in a
furnace, and His voice as the sound of many
waters.
His Appearance
44
Revelation 116
He had in His right hand seven stars, out of His
mouth went a sharp two-edged sword, and His
countenance was like the sun shining in its
strength.
His Appearance
45
Symbols and Attire of Son of Man
  • Head and hair were like white wool or snow.
    Symbols of purity and wisdom (Isaiah 118).
  • His eyes were like a flame of fire. All-seeing
    everything became visible (Hebrews 413).
  • His feet were like fine brass, refined in a
    furnace. Strength in judgment (1915).
  • His voice was like the sound of many waters.
    Powerfulbreakers on the shore of Patmos (142).

46
Symbols and Attire of Son of Man
  • His right hand. Seven stars/angels of the
    churches right is the hand of favor.
  • Out of His mouth came a two-edged sword. Not a
    short sword in the scabbard attached to a belt,
    but a great, long sword. (Isaiah 114 Ephesians
    617)
  • His countenance was like the sun shining in its
    strength. Brilliant splendor and radiance!
    (Matthew 172)

47
Revelation 117
And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead.
But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me,
Do not be afraid I am the First and the Last.
Effect on John
48
Revelation 118
I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I
am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys
of Hades and of Death.
Keys of Death and Hades
49
Revelation 119
Write the things which you have seen, and the
things which are, and the things which will take
place after this.
Write What He Sees
50
Revelation 120
The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in
My right hand, and the seven golden lampstands
The seven stars are the angels of the seven
churches, and the seven lampstands which you saw
are the seven churches.
The Mystery Revealed
51
Effect on John
  • Overwhelmed at the sight of Him
  • John had experienced this before. (Matthew
    171-5)
  • Fell at his feet as if dead
  • He is then encouraged with compassion and
    comfort.
  • First and the Last mentioned three times in
    this chapter. (vs.8,11,17)

52
Do Not Be Afraid!
  • First and Last
  • Jesus is GodDeity
  • Alpha and Omega
  • Beginning and the End
  • All revelation
  • All human history
  • All work and plan for the kingdom
  • He lives evermore!

53
Keys of Death and Hades
  • Keys of deathJesus conquered death and now has
    authority (keys) over it.
  • Hebrews 214,15 John 1125 Romans 81,2
  • Keys of HadesThe victorious Christ of the
    lampstand also overcame that realm!
  • Psalm 168-10 John 528, 29
  • All power and authority is in His hands!

54
Vision Explained
  • Write down the vision and its explanation.
  • The things which you have seen
  • The things which areseven churches
  • The things which will take place after these
    things
  • Visions of judgment and redemption
  • Not things from Johns imaginationbut what he
    saw!

55
Mystery Revealed
  • Seven starsangels of the seven churches
  • Messengers sent by God
  • Seven lampstandsthe seven churches
  • In the next two chapters, the messengers will
    give a message for each of the churches.

56
Mystery Revealed
  • Seven lampstandsare the seven churches.
  • The light bearers.
  • Christ is still alive and everything is in His
    control.
  • The destinies of the churches are in His right
    hand, and He walks in their midst!

57
Conclusion
  • The Revelation message is vital to Christians in
    every generation it answers the question, Is
    the struggle worth the effort?.
  • Even when the wicked prosper and appear to have
    more power?
  • The Revelation answer is that even when the
    world, or the church, is in turmoil, Jesus is in
    control!
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