Religion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Religion

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Religion South Asia, East Asia and South East Asia Hinduism Hinduism is one of the world s oldest religions with 900 million The religion began in India about 4000 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religion


1
Religion
  • South Asia, East Asia and South East Asia

2
Hinduism
  • Hinduism is one of the worlds oldest religions
    with 900 million
  • The religion began in India about 4000 years ago.
  • Hinduism is a polytheistic religion with
    thousands of gods and goddesses
  • Most important gods are
  • Bhrahma-the creator
  • Vishnu-the preserver
  • Shiva-the destroyer
  • Can also be seen as monotheism
  • God, Bhrahma and all living creatures are one in
    the world spirit

3
Hindu Beliefs
  • They believe that rivers (like the Ganges) and
    animals (like cows) are sacred.
  • They believe in reincarnation (a persons soul
    never dies)...a person can be reborn many times
    until their soul reaches their final resting
    place
  • Dharma, performance and fulfillment of ones
    moral and social duties in life, move the soul
    towards deliverance from sorrow and pain
  • Karma, belief that present condition reflects
    what the person did or did not do during a
    previous life

4
Caste System
Brahmins-Priests
  • The Caste system is very rigid, you cannot move
    up in social class
  • The Indian Constitution has outlawed caste based
    discrimination
  • The Caste System is declining in urban areas as
    education improves
  • The Caste System is still prominent in many rural
    areas

Kshatriya-nobles
Vaisya-traders, artisans, farmers, herders
Sudra-laborers
Untouchables
5
Buddhism
  • The religion started in India more than 2500
    years ago as a result of Prince Siddhartha
    Gautamas quest for Enlightenment.
  • After Gautama saw the truth about life he became
    known as Buddha, Enlightened One
  • Buddhists do not believe in a personal god.
  • A pagoda is the house of worship (Buddhist
    temple).
  • Found mainly in China, Tibet, Japan, SE Asia.
  • Four Noble Truths
  • Pathway to enlightenment
  • Buddhists believe one is reborn until one reaches
    enlightenment or nirvana, you must follow the
    middle path

6
Major Religions in India
  • Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism
  • Other regions
  • Jainism
  • 4.2 million followers
  • believe in extreme nonviolence
  • everything has a soul
  • Strict vegetarians
  • Do not believe in gods or spiritual beings, more
    a religion of self-help
  • Sikhism
  • Founded in the early 1500s,
  • a mixture of Islam and Hinduism,
  • monotheistic and believe in karma and
    reincarnation

7
Major Religions of Japan
  • Buddhism
  • Shinto
  • Japanese devotion to invisible spiritual beings
    and powers called kami
  • Kami are not gods but if treated properly they
    will intervene in our lives to bring benefits
  • Not seen as a religion but a way of life
  • An ethnic religion, rarely practiced outside
    Japan
  • Has no scriptures, no founder, no God
  • Teaches ethical practices
  • Does not require members to follow Shinto as
    their only religion, coexists with Buddhism

8
Daoism/TaoismChina
  • Ancient tradition of philosophy and religious
    belief
  • The Tao, the Way, is the ultimate creative
    principle of the universe
  • All things are unified and connected in the Tao
  • The Tao is not God, but Taoists worship many
    deities in temples
  • Taoism promotes, harmony, being virtuous, and
    self development
  • Taoism practices, meditation, feng shui, fortune
    telling
  • Before the Communist revolution, Taoism was the
    strongest religion in China
  • After the government began destroying any
    non-communist religions its numbers have
    significantly reduced

9
Confucianism
  • A belief system based on the teaching of Kong Fu
    Zi (Confucius) (551-479 BC)
  • Violence, poverty, and crime was increasing in
    China
  • Confucius thought people should return to the
    customs of the past so that society could be
    stable again
  • Confucius suggested a set of rules for behaving
    based on strict moral ideas (li)
  • Respect, loyalty, honesty, hard work, politeness
    and generosity
  • Emphasized family relationships and devotion to
    or respect for ones elders
  • Filial piety
  • Today, most families in China still follow the
    teaching of Confucius
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