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The Spread of Christian Ideas

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Title: The Spread of Christian Ideas


1
The Spread of Christian Ideas
  • Chapter 10
  • Section 3

2
The Byzantine Church
  • The Church of Rome survived the fall of the Roman
    Empire.
  • Under the Pope, the Latin Church in the west
    became known as the Roman Catholic Church.
  • In the east, Christianity was based on Greek
    heritage and the Byzantine Church was known as
    the Eastern Orthodox Church.

3
Byzantine Churches
4
Church and State
  • The leading church official in the Byzantine
    Empire was the emperor.
  • He chose the patriarch of Constantinople.
  • The Byzantines believed their emperor represented
    Jesus Christ on Earth.

5
Religious Arguments.
  • In the A.D. 700s, a major dispute divided the
    Church in the Byzantine Empire.
  • The argument was over the use of icons. Which
    are pictures or images of Jesus, Mary, or the
    saints.
  • Many Byzantines honored icons, while others felt
    that honoring them was a form of idol worship.

6
Byzantine Icons
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7
Ban of Icons
  • Emperor Leo III ordered that all icons be removed
    from the churches in A.D. 726.
  • His government officials who carried this out,
    were known as iconoclasts.
  • This dispute over the icons damaged the
    relationship between the churches of Rome and
    Constantinople.

8
Conflicts Between the Churches
  • A more serious argument between the churches was
    how they were to run.
  • The pope claimed he was the head of all of the
    Christian churches.
  • The Byzantines did not accept the popes claim of
    authority. They believed the patriarch of
    Constantinople and the emperor were equal to the
    pope.
  • Sometimes the churches would even refuse to help
    each other when attacked by invaders.

9
The Pope
10
  • When Italy was invaded, the pope asked for help
    from a Frankish warrior named Charlemagne.
  • When he drove out the invaders, the pope was so
    grateful that he crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman
    Emperor.
  • This angered the Byzantines even more.

Charlemagne
11
The Schism
  • After centuries of conflicts the pope and the
    patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each
    other.
  • This began the schism or separation of the two
    most important branches of Christianity.
  • The separation of the Roman Catholic Church and
    the Eastern Orthodox Church lasts even until
    today.

12
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13
Roman Catholic Church
14
Spread of Christianity
  • After the fall of the Roman Empire, Christianity
    was spread rapidly into western Europe by
  • new kinds of religious groups
  • that developed.
  • Men called monks 1.banded together in religious
    communities called monasteries.
  • 2. tried to live a spiritual life away from
    the temptations of the world.

15
Monks at Work
16
  • Women soon followed the monks example and formed
    communities of their own.
  • These women were called nuns and lived in
    convents.

Nuns
17
Rules for Monks
  • A bishop called Basil in the East wrote a list of
    rules for monks and nuns to live by. This list
    was known as the Basilian Rule.

18
Rules for Monks
  • In the West, another set of rules was followed.
  • It was written by Benedict and known as the
    Benedictine Rule.
  • These monks gave up their belongings, lived
    simply, and spent their time working.

19
Christianity Spreads North
  • Two Byzantine monks named Cyril and Methodius
    helped to spread Christianity to the Slavs, a
    people of Russia in Eastern Europe.
  • Cyril invented an alphabet to help the Slavs
    understand the Christian message.
  • This alphabet is still used today.

20
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21
Christianity Spreads West
  • In the West, Christian missionaries looked to the
    islands of Britain and Ireland.
  • A priest named Patrick brought Christianity to
    Ireland.
  • In A.D. 597 Pope Gregory I sent missionaries to
    England to spread the word of Christianity.

22
St. Patrick' s Day
23
St. Patrick' s Day
24
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