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Hinduism

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Hinduism The Beginnings of Hinduism Hinduism is a general term for a wide variety of beliefs and ritual practices that have developed in the Indian subcontinent since ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism


1
Hinduism
2
The Beginnings of Hinduism
  • Hinduism is a general term for a wide variety of
    beliefs and ritual practices that have developed
    in the Indian subcontinent since antiquity.
  • Hinduism originated near the Indus River over
    3000 years ago.
  • There is no individual founder of this religion
    because the people of India took on the name of
    their land, Hindu, to distinguish themselves as
    non-Muslims.
  • Hinduism is believed to be the oldest religion
    that was organized in one fashion.

3
Growth Over Time
  • Hinduism Started in India and remains prominent
    in India today.
  • 80 of Indias population practices Hinduism.
  • People who follow Hinduism are called Hindu.
  • Hinduism has not spread as rapidly as other
    religions because they have never taken over any
    lad, or forced their religion on foreign lands.

4
Spread Of Hinduism
  • Hinduism is the third most popular religion in
    the world.
  • 750 million people follow Hinduism today.
  • Most places that Hinduism has spread to has come
    directly from India.
  • Over time, there has become strong Hindu
    populations in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan.
  • There are smaller populations in Europe, Canada,
    and the United States.
  • Interesting fact One in every 7 people in the
    world, is a Hindu living in India.

5
The Sects of Hinduism
  • When a person is born into the Hindu religion,
    they usually follow the sect they were born to
    for their entire life.
  • Shaivism The god of dance. This part of Hinduism
    focuses on yoga and devotional activities.
  • VaishavismThe protector of the sustainer. They
    place emphasis on the temple and mantras.
  • Shaktism stick to the basics of Hinduism, but
    focus on the female aspect of god.
  • Smartism This is deeply mystical, and leaves the
    choice of the deity up to each individual.

6
Major Beliefs
  • Hindu people believe in a god known as as
    Brahman.
  • There are gods below Brahman that stand for all
    of Brahmans expressions. The main gods are
    Vishnu and Shiva, followed by Indra, Agni, and
    Varuna.
  • Brahma- ultimate god who created the universe.
  • Vishnu- preserves the universe for mankind.
  • Shiva- is the god responsible for destroying the
    universe.
  • Hinduism as henotheistic and polytheistic.
  • Hindus believe in the caste system, and the cycle
    of life
  • Interesting Fact Hinduism is a syncretic
    religion, welcoming and incorporating a variety
    of outside influences.

7
Caste System And Cycle Of Life
  • Hinduism focuses on thousands of castes, such as
    the Brahmins, the Kshatriyas, the Vaishyas, and
    the Shudras.
  • The life cycle of a Hindu is as follows birth,
    coming of age, marriage, illness, old age, and
    death.
  • Hindus believe in reincarnation
  • Once a Hindu dies, they are born into another
    life, hopefully one on a higher laver than the
    last. This placement relies on the Karma.
  • The process of being born, growing, dying, and
    being born again is called samsara.
  • The ultimate goal is to achieve union with
    Brahman, the ultimate soul. This is called moksa.

8
Books
  • Vedas
  • The Vedas are text of hymns written by the
    Aryans. They are used for prayers and worship
  • There are other books that are devoted to each
    aim of life.
  • Code of Manu
  • The Prince
  • The Kamasutras
  • Sacred texts
  • Upanishads
  • Sutras
  • Bhagavad-Gita
  • Two great epics are part of the Hindu religion
  • The Mahabarata which tells a story of princes who
    had to fight to regain their kingdom after it was
    taken from them.
  • The Ramayana which tells a story of the ideal
    Hindu man.
  • Prayer"O Lord lead me, from untruth to Truth,
    from darkness to Light and death to Immortality."

9
Symbols
  • The Omkar is made up of three Sanskrit letters,
    aa, au and ma, which sound like om when they are
    combined. The om represents all sounds, thus the
    universe. The om appears at the beginnings of
    almost all scripture in the Hindu religion.
  • The Bindu is a symbol that women wear in the
    middle of their foreheads. This dot represents a
    third eye, that can see what a physical eye
    cannot.

10
Swami Vivekananda
  • Swami Vivekananda was a significant person in the
    development of Hinduism.
  • He was Hindu
  • He was born in 1863, and died in 1902
  • Founded the Ramakrishna Order in 1897
  • A mission which is committed to social service in
    India and the teaching of Ramakrishnas ideas in
    its many centers abroad.
  • He revived the religion be preaching new insights
    for the eternal religion.
  • He will be remembered by Hindus because he
    brought people together by spreading the word
    that all religions were directed toward the same
    God along different paths.

11
Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi
  • Gandhi was born in 1869, and assassinated in 1948
  • Gandhi was the president of India up until his
    death during a major anti partition sentiment.
  • His goal was to promote unity among Indias
    Hindus and Muslims
  • He fought for the emancipation of women, and the
    removal of the untouchables, the lowest caste
    status.
  • He liked simplicity,lived a simple life. He
    promoted simplicity to all people
  • His lasting effect on Hindu people was to find
    self realization, and come to ultimate truth
    between oneself and reality.
  • Interesting fact Gandhi was assassinated by a
    Hindu who thought his political actions at the
    time were pro Muslim, and pro Pakistan, when they
    were not at all.

12
Special Days
  • Celebrations
  • Holi a spring festival in early March. It is
    like a carnival with its bright colors,
    bonfires, and people who come from all over. Holi
    is dedicated to Krishna or Karma, the God of
    pleasure.
  • Diwali This is the Hindu new year. They call it
    a festival of lights, and celebrate it every
    November. It comes from the early Hindu stories
    of struggles between a Goddess and a demon.

13
Holy Days
  • Holidays/ Holy days
  • Gudi Padva This holiday is in March and April of
    each year. It celebrates the start of The
    Maharashtria New Year. The advise from
    astrologers on this day is highly sought because
    it is the start of a new solar year.
  • Ram Navami this holiday celebrates the birth of
    Rama. On this day, people present fruit and
    flowers to the gods and fast all day long.
  • Interesting fact Hinduism is one religion where
    they celebrate everything! From a new moon, to a
    new crop, Hindus always love to dance, sing, and
    celebrate!

14
Worship
  • Home
  • Almost all Hindus worship at home
  • They worship to a shrine, which can be anything
    such as a room, object, or picture.
  • Hindus worship icons by repeating their favorite
    gods and goddesses names and giving them
    offerings.
  • Temples
  • When Hindus are not worshiping at home or with
    their family, they worship in temples
  • Temples are separated into different sections
    that represent spiritual and symbolic meaning.
  • The tower of the temple represents the flight of
    the spirit to heaven.

15
Culture traditions
  • Birth customs
  • Hindus use Samskaras in order to have a good
    baby.
  • Samskaras are activities that help achieve
    purity as a result of which the personality of
    the individual is developed to the full, from
    conception to the grave
  • Each Sacrament has a specific prayer that is
    spoken during the pregnancy and during birth.

16
Marriage Ceremonies
  • Marriage union ceremonies
  • A Hindu marriage/ wedding is not simply a union
    of bride and bridegroom and an exchange of vows
    and rings, but a start of a bond between two
    families and their cultures. During the wedding
    a number of religious rites are preformed in the
    presence of family deities to take their
    blessings.
  • Interesting Fact Many men in Hinduism acquire
    many wives throughout their lives.

17
Death Rituals
  • Death rituals
  • One of the reasons they burn their dead, and not
    bury them, is so that the soul does not feel the
    pull of the physical association and does not
    remain bound to its previous life.
  • There is usually a feast in honor of the dead
    person and all the friends and family are
    invited. This is to say that both the alive and
    the dead should continue on living their life.

18
Bibliography
  • http//www.religioustolerance.org/hinduism.htm
  • http//hinduism.iskcon.com/lifestyle/806.htm
  • http//www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/i
    ndex.shtml
  • http//www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/people/features/
    world_religions/hinduism.shtml
  • http//www.asia.si.edu/pujaonline/puja/facts.html
  • http//www.hinduweb.org/home/general_sites/kogee/h
    induism.htmlhtml13
  • http//www.beyondbooks.com/wcu91/3c.asp
  • http//www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/cycle.htm
  • http//www.bangalorenet.com/system1/pooch/early1.h
    tml
  • http//festivals.iloveindia.com/hindu-festivals.ht
    ml
  • http//www.faithnet.org.uk/KS4/Matters20of20Life
    20and20Death/hindulifeafterdeath.htm
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