Empowering Women and SMEs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Empowering Women and SMEs PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4e4438-ZjA3Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Empowering Women and SMEs

Description:

Empowering Women and SMEs Dr. Caroline Freund Chief Economist Middle East and North Africa Region The World Bank AIWF Conference, Sharjah, UAE May 15, 2012 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:517
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: Francesc122
Learn more at: http://www.aiwfonline.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Empowering Women and SMEs


1
Empowering Women and SMEs
  • Dr. Caroline Freund
  • Chief Economist
  • Middle East and North Africa Region
  • The World Bank
  • AIWF Conference, Sharjah, UAE
  • May 15, 2012

2
Overview
  • MENAs Twin Development Challenge
  • Weak Private Sector
  • Bigger firms create better jobs
  • In MENA, most firms are SMEs
  • SMEs dont grow
  • A lack of female empowerment
  • High female unemployment, especially amongst the
    educated
  • Low rates of female ownership, especially in SMEs
  • The Solution Empowering Women
  • Womens Entrepreneurship
  • Women create more jobs for women
  • Women create better jobs for women

3
Bigger Firms Create Better Jobs
More jobs higher paying jobs and greater value
added
4
But Most Firms are SMEs
5
Very few SMEs Grow
6
The private sector is underdeveloped
  • Relatively few firms per capita
  • Low entry rates competitive pressure of entrants
    is low
  • Many old firms competition does not weed out the
    weak

7
What does this mean for todays discussion?
8
Female unemployment is higher than male
unemployment.and especially high amongst the
educated
Source World Bank WDI, latest years available
9
The Solution Empowering Women Through the
Private Sector
10
First and foremost, improve incentives for
hiring women and for women to look for work
  • Jordan New Opportunities for Women (NOW) pilot
    1400 young female community college graduates
    participated in a pilot
  • Soft skills and employability skills training
  • Short term incentive for firms to hire young
    women (Voucher). Women given voucher find own
    employer!
  • While the vouchers were in place, employment
    increased from 16 to 38
  • Vouchers increased labor force participation by
    10 percentage points more participants are
    continuing to look for work even after the
    vouchers expired

11
Second, promote female entrepreneurship
female ownership in MENA about half the world
average
12
but encouragingthose who make it over the
barriers succeed as well as male-owned
firms and a high share of medium to large
female firms
Source Enterprise Surveys
13
similarity in size holds true at the country
levels
except Libya and Yemen Hence, women-owned
firms can grow and perform similar to male-owned
firms.
14
  • Female-owned firms hire more women
  • Worldwide, female-owned firms hire more women
    than male owned firms..but the bulk of jobs go to
    men.
  • However, in MENA female owned firms hire far
    fewer women than the female-owned firms in other
    regions (18 in MENA vs 44 in AFR, 49 in ECA,
    42 in LAC and 21 in SAR)

15
and female-owned firms hire slightly more women
professional and managerial positions
Share of non-production workers in male and
female owned firms
Source World Bank Enterprise Surveys
16
but, firms managed by women in MENA hire
considerably more women in professional and
supervisory positions
17
Main conclusions
  • Promoting women owned firms in MENA achieves
    three goals
  • Increasing a more dynamic private sector by
    bringing new players and ideas
  • More entry fosters competition
  • Creating MORE JOBS for women
  • Providing BETTER JOBS for women
  • thereby providing jobs for highly educated women
    whose skills are currently underutilized
About PowerShow.com