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Renaissance and Reformation Review

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Title: Renaissance and Reformation Review


1
Renaissance and Reformation Review
  • A little R R

2
European Renaissance
3
What does the term renaissance mean?
  • Rebirth

Why was the renaissance significant?
4
What two main events ended that allowed the
Renaissance to take place?
  • The Bubonic Plague
  • End of the 100 years war
  • While not a specific event, the location of Italy
    played a large role in the beginning of the
    Renaissance. The increased trade let to a stable
    economy which enabled patrons to spend money on
    the arts.

5
How did Middle Eastern civilizations aid in
Renaissance efforts?
  • They had preserved Greek and Roman ideals
  • These works were rediscovered and translated into
    vernacular language.

6
What was the name for focus on human potential
and achievements?
  • Humanism

Why was this significant during this time?
7
The Renaissances emphasis on reason placed high
priorities on using which methods to explain
events?
  • Scientific Observation

8
What term describes being worldly and concerned
with the here and now?
  • Secular

Is secularism a good thing or a bad thing? Why?
9
What was the name for supporters of the arts?
  • Patrons

10
The addition of dimensions (3) in paintings was
known as?
  • Perspective

11
What is the term for someones native language?
  • Vernacular

12
Who wrote The Prince which was more concerned
with what was politically effective rather than
what was morally right?
  • Niccolo Machiavelli

13
Which other books played a significant role in
the Renaissance?
  • The Divine Comedy
  • Daunte
  • The Canterburry Tales
  • Geoffery Chauncer
  • These books were written in vernacular language
    which helped in spreading knowledge throughout
    Europe and aided in developing modern language.

14
Which family played a major role in the Italian
Renaissance?
  • Medicis
  • They took control of one of the Italian
    city-states and were consistent patrons of the
    arts.

15
What Renaissance artist painted the Sistine
Chapel?
  • Michelangelo

16
What famous artist painted the School of Athens
for the Pope?
  • Raphael

17
What artist painted the Mona Lisa and The Last
Supper?
  • Leonardo da Vinci

18
Christian Humanist Thomas Moore wrote a book
called?
  • Utopia

What does this term mean?
19
What English writer wrote classics such as Hamlet
and Macbeth?
  • William Shakespeare

20
What is the name of the machine that presses
paper against a tray of inked moveable type?
  • Printing Press

21
What was the first full-size book to be printed
with moveable type?
  • The Gutenberg Bible

22
Womens education in the Renaissance revolved
around which concepts?
  • Religion
  • Morality
  • The desire was to produce good wives and mothers,
    little emphasis was put genuine education.

23
  • The Reformation

24
What was the Reformation?
  • The Reformation was a movement for religious
    reform.

25
What were some of the causes of the Reformation?
  • Renaissance emphasis on secular.
  • Printing press helped to spread secular ideas.
  • Rulers resented Popes attempt to demonstrate
    power.
  • Resentment of paying church taxes.
  • Corruption in Catholic church
  • Spending on the arts
  • Lot living by church standards
  • Gambling
  • Drinking
  • Marrying
  • Poor education

26
Name the main character in the story of the
European Reformation.
  • Martin Luther

long lost brothers?
27
What was Luthers primary religious teaching?
  • Justification by Faith

28
Luther first rebelled against a friar who was
selling pardons called?
  • Indulgences

29
What document did Luther compose that formally
listed his complaints against the church?
  • The 95 Theses
  • Salvation by Faith vs. by good works
  • Authority in Bible vs. authority in Pope
  • Believers were equal vs. need for leaders to
    interpret Biblical meanings.

30
Luthers followers eventually became known as?
  • Lutherans

31
Princes who supported Luther, who signed a
protest, were known as?
  • Protestants

32
Charles (HRE) called for peace, and ordered that
the religion of each German state would be
determined by its rulerwhat was it called?
  • Peace of Augsburg.

33
King Henry of England challenged the churches
authority by asking the Pope to do what?
  • Annul (set aside)
  • his marriage.
  • This event lead to the creation of a church and
    increased conflict between Catholics and
    Protestants.
  • This revolution was rooted in political power and
    change, not religion

34
Henrys daughter Elizabeth was eventually name
the head of the Church of England also known as?
  • The Anglican Church

35
What religious leader took over the Reformation
after Luther?
  • John Calvin

36
Calvins book Institutes of the Christian
Religion talked about the elect, how they had
been chosen by God, an idea called?
  • Predestination

37
Eventually Calvins teachings became known as?
  • Calvinism

38
Name the system in which the government is
controlled by religious leaders.
  • Theocracy

39
Followers of Knox became known as?
  • Presbyterians

40
One of the Protestant divisions taught that only
people old enough should be baptized known as?
  • Anabaptists
  • (baptize again)

41
Those who stayed loyal to the Catholic religion
experienced their own reform known as?
  • The Catholic Reformation

42
Ignatius eventually created a religious order
called the Society of Jesusfollowers were
known as?
  • Jesuits

43
From 1545 to 1563 Catholic bishops and cardinals
agreed on doctrines at an event known as?
  • The Council of Trent
  • They decided
  • Churchs interpretation of the Bible was final.
  • Bible and church authority were both legitimate
    authorities for guiding Christian life.
  • Indulgences were valid expressions of faith.

44
What were the lasting effects of the Reformation?
  • Protestant churches flourish (set foundation for
    modern day Christianity).
  • Religion no longer united Europe (led the way to
    modern nation states).
  • Reformers successful revolt set the stage for
    later rebellions (especially in Western culture).
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