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Getting Ready for the EOG

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Title: Getting Ready for the EOG


1
Getting Ready for the EOG
  • Review and Test Taking Strategies

2
Test Tips
  • Read all directions carefully.
  • Be sure you understand the directions.
  • Read all choices before choosing one.
  • Highlight or underline the words or phrases that
    are clues to the correct answer.
  • Look for Key words in the directions.
  • Skip difficult items, and come back to them
  • Read back over your test to be sure that you have
    answered all questions.
  • If you arent sure which is the best answer, try
    to disprove each answer choice then take your
    best guess.

3
Reading Strategies
  • When reading comprehension is tested, the
    questions are testing your ability to read for
    details and find meaning in the text, not your
    memory.
  • When the directions say choose the most important
    idea or the main problems, that usually means
    that there will be more than one right answer.
    Choose the one that is the best answer.
  • Watch out for negatives. Some questions say,
    Which is not true? You are then looking for the
    one that is wrong from the answer choices.

4
Main Idea
  • The main idea is what the reading selection is
    mainly about. The most important idea in the
    selection.
  • The main idea is usually in the first or last
    sentence or in the title.
  • Sometimes the main idea is not stated, then you
    must ask yourself, What is this reading
    selections mainly about?
  • Some typical main idea question stems include
  • A. What is the main idea of
  • B. Which of the following would be a good title
    for this selections?
  • C. Which of the following best summarizes the
    reading selection?

5
Main Idea
  • Al was not looking forward to his summer
    vacation. Even though all the girls in his class
    had squealed, Oh youre going to Europe this
    summer! Thats so exciting, Al knew better. He
    knew that he was not going to relaxing at
    sidewalk cafés. Nor would he be touring at the
    attractions in France or Italy. He was going to
    be spending time in Poland visiting his
    grandparents. Al knew he would be paraded in
    front of numerous relatives, none of whom hed
    ever met. Everyone would sit around jabbering in
    a language he did not understand, while listening
    to polka music. His mother would kick him under
    the table if he did not eat his grandmothers
    cooking. And his grandfather, who for some
    reason thought that all Americans were mechanical
    geniuses, would hand him a wrench and tell him
    to fix the tractor. All expected to come back in
    September hungry, black and blue, and greasy.

6
Question
  • What is this story Mainly about?
  • A. A boys grandparents live in Poland.
  • B. All the girls in a boys class think a trip
    to Europe is exciting
  • C. A boy is going away for the summer.
  • D. A boy dreads his upcoming summer vacation.

7
Proving the Answer
  • A. is telling about only one detail, not state
    the most important detail in the story
  • B. is telling about only one detail, not state
    the most important detail in the story
  • C. is telling about only one detail, not the most
    important detail in the story.
  • D. States the most important detail. The entire
    story explains why he is not looking forward to
    his summer vacation.

8
Your Turn A Career in Music
  • If you like to sing or play an instrument, you
    might want to consider a career in music. Not
    everyone can become a famous singer or rock star.
    However, there are other possibilities. Music
    therapist, for example, use music to help some
    people overcome emotional or physical
    difficulties. You could also consider a career
    as a music librarian. A music librarian is
    responsible for the music resources of a library.
    Some people have careers either building or
    repairing musical instruments. Piano tuners
    travel to homes and concert halls to make sure
    pianos are in tune and sound their best. Then
    there are careers in teaching music. You might
    teach others how to sing or how to play a musical
    instrument. The possibilities for a career in
    music are endless.

9
Question
  • What is the main idea of this paragraph?
  • A. If you like to sing or play an instrument,
    you might want to consider a career in music.
  • B. Some people have careers either building or
    repairing musical instruments.
  • C. Not everyone can become a famous singer or
    rock star.
  • D. The possibilities for a career in music are
    endless.

10
Answer
  • D

11
Sequence
  • The order in which things happen is called
    sequence.
  • Clue words for sequence first, next, then, last,
    finally, before, and after.
  • Time of day, day of the week, month, the season,
    the year can also suggest sequence

12
Sequence Practice
  • Every time people have a cup of coffee, a
    chocolate bar, a can of soda or iced tea, they
    are consuming caffeine. Caffeine, which is found
    in each of these foods, is considered a drug
    because of its effects on the human body.
  • Even if you do not use any products with
    caffeine, you are probably aware of caffeines
    reputation for keeping people awake. Too much
    coffee often makes one feel nervous or jittery.
    How does this happen?
  • First, caffeine enters the body through the
    intestinal system. It then passes into the
    blood. Next, the caffeine-filled blood passes
    through the liver. Here, the caffeine is broken
    down into other chemicals. These chemicals act
    as stimulants on the bodys nervous system. This
    stimulation is responsible for providing a
    feeling of alertness.

13
Question
  • Which of these happens just after caffeine enters
    the intestinal system?
  • A. The liver breaks the caffeine down into
    other chemicals
  • B. The body becomes more alert.
  • C. Caffeine-filled blood passes through the
    liver.
  • D. Caffeine passes into the blood.

14
Proving the Answer
  • A. No, it enters through the intestinal system,
    then the blood and then the liver.
  • B. No, the body does not become more alert
    until the caffeine is broken down into other
    chemicals. This is the last step acting on the
    nervous system
  • C. No, this describes what happens after the
    caffeine passes into the blood.
  • D. Yes, enters intestinal system, then into the
    blood.

15
Your Turn
  • Mehndi is the art of body decorating. Using a
    paste made from henna, an herbal dye, mehndi is
    traditionally practiced in India and Pakistan.
    In these countries, women decorate their hands
    and feet of the bride the day before they are
    married. While the hands and feet of the bride
    are getting painted, the mothers and grandmothers
    of the bride and groom sing traditional mehndi
    songs. According to tradition, the name of the
    groom is inserted within the mehndi design.
    Most of the designs are delicate, lacelike
    patterns. Mehndi is not permanent, but it can
    last for weeks.
  • First, the henna is mixed into a special
    paste with lemon juice and cold tea. Then the
    women use a hairpin or other device to paint the
    designs. They might paint a pattern of
    crisscrossed lines, dots, or small ovals, working
    their future husbands initials into the design.
    One the design is finished, it must be left to
    dry completely. Then another mixture of lemon
    juice and sugar is applied over the mehndi. This
    mixture sets the dye, making it last longer

16
Answer
  • B

17
Cause and Effect
  • A cause is the reason why something happens.
  • An effect is the result of the cause
  • Clue words such as so, so that, since, because,
    therefore, as a result of, due to, consequently,
    then, in order to,

18
Cause and effect Practice
  • On Tuesday, December 16, 1997, hundreds of
    Japanese children all experienced the same
    symptoms, including seizures, nausea, and
    dizziness. Had they all eaten tainted food or
    been exposed to the same virus? No, these
    children had all been watching the popular
    cartoon Pokemon.
  • On this particular day, the episode of
    Pokemon featured a bright explosion of light.
    The explosion was immediately followed by rapidly
    flashing lights. Watching this kind of bright
    lights can cause reactions in certain sensitive
    individuals. According to doctors, nerve cells
    in the brain overreact to the stimulation of
    light. When lights flash quickly, nerve cells
    react. When too many nerve cells react, a person
    could have a seizure. These reactions to
    flashing lights can also occur while playing
    video games.
  • This sensitivity to light is found more
    commonly in children than in adults. To prevent
    this reaction, doctors recommended that viewers
    sit at least six feet away from a t.v. and keep a
    light on in the room while watching t.v. or while
    playing video games.

19
Question
  • Which sentence contains an example of cause and
    effect?
  • A. According to doctors, nerve cells in the
    brain overreact to the stimulation of light.
  • B. When too many nerve cells react, a person
    could have a seizure
  • C. The explosion was immediately followed by
    rapidly flashing lights.
  • D. This sensitivity to light is found more
    commonly in children j than in adults.

20
Proving the Answer
  • A. No, does not indicate the result of the over
    reaction of nerve cells in the brain.
  • B. Yes, Cause/Nerve cells react
    Effect/seizure
  • C. No, does not indicate the state the effect
    of the explosion was necessarily the flashing
    lights.
  • D. No, it merely states a fact from the article.

21
Your Turn
  • No matter what you call it, the zapper, the
    clicker, the channel changer- you probably use
    your t.v. remote control every day. But have you
    ever stopped and wondered what makes it work? Why
    does the simple action of clicking the buttons
    make the t.v. switch from one channel to another,
    and well, you know how it works. Or do you?
  • When you push a button on the remote
    control, a microchip inside the control produces
    a vibration. The vibration then generates waves
    with frequencies of 100 billion to 100 trillion
    cycles per second. These waves are called
    infrared rays.
  • Inside your t.v. set is a device known as a
    photo detector. The photo detector receives the
    infrared rays from the remote control and
    converts them into electronic signals. Depending
    on the signal, the t.v. will go on or off, the
    volumn will change or the channel will change.
    Infrared rays must travel in a straight line,
    with nothing in the way to block the waves, to be
    received by the photo detector. This explains
    why a remote control will not work if there is
    something is in front of the photo detector

22
The Question
  • What causes the photo detector to make the volume
    of the t.v. to be changed from lower to higher?
  • A. A microchip
  • B. A signal
  • C. An infrared Ray
  • D. A vibration

23
Answer
  • B

24
Comparing and contrasting Practice
  • Ricky switched off the TV. Why is my family so
    different from the ones I see on TV he wondered.
    None of the families on TV seem even to watch TV.
    No did it appear that they even owned a TV set.
    That was suprising to Ricky because TV families
    seem to own everything. Both of Rickys parents
    worked, but they were able to afford few material
    things. Rickys family didnt even own a
    computer.
  • And how come TV families never seemed to
    have any real problems? Families on TV shows,
    especially brothers and sisters, always spent
    time together and got along. Ricky hardly even
    spent time with his sister. She was interested
    in fashion and a part time job. Ricky used his
    money to buy some of the things his parents
    couldnt afford. Kids on television didnt have
    to do that!

25
The Question
  • Which of these tells one way that TV families are
    different from Rickys family?
  • A. TV families watch TV more than Rickys family
  • B. TV families have more material possions that
    Rickys family
  • C. TV families do not get along as well as
    Rickys family.
  • D. TV families have more problems than Rickys
    family.

26
Proving the Answer
  • A.) no, TV families doesnt even seem to watch
    television.
  • B.) yes,according to Ricky, TV families seem to
    own everything and his family does not even own
    a computer.
  • C.) no, TV families show bothers and sisters
    spending time together and getting along, and
    he does not hardly spend any time with his
    sister.
  • D.) no, according to Ricky, TV families never
    seem to have any real problems.

27
Your Turn
  • A ship is considered the most beautiful ship
    sailing on the seas. Artist have decorated the
    ship with lavish interiors. She has been built
    with the most modern technology available and has
    all the newest safety equipment. She is
    considered unsinkable. Still, while crossing the
    Atlantic, the ship suffers a terrible collision
    and sinks. The loss of life is tragic. Does
    this story sound familiar?
  • You may think this is the story of the
    Titanic which sank in the North Atlantic on April
    15 1912. But it is the story of the Andrea
    Doria, which collided with the Swedish ocean
    liner Stockholm on July 25, 1956. The Andrea
    Doria sank the next day. Over 1,000 passengers
    perished as a result of the Titanics collision
    with an iceburg, whereas the loss of life aboard
    the Andrea Doria was much lower. Unlike the
    Titanic disaster, a nearby ship was able to
    assist in rescue efforts, preventing a greater
    loss of life.

28
Question
  • How were rescue efforts different for the Andrea
    Doria than for the Titanic?
  • More Titanic passengers were rescued than Andrea
    Doria passengers.
  • A nearby ship was able to assist the Andrea Doria
  • The Titanics passenger were rescued by a French
    Ship
  • No attempts were made to rescue the Passengers of
    the Andrea Doria

29
Answer
  • B

30
Drawing Conclusions and Making Inferences
  • To draw a conclusion or make an inference, you
    must reach a decision by using your reasoning
    abilities.
  • Look for connections between statements. Use
    these details as well as what you know from your
    own life to draw conclusions or make inferences.
  • these are not always directly stated.
  • Pay attention to details describing how a
    character looks, acts, thinks, feels, speaks.
    Think about how people with similar qualities
    behave.

31
Drawing Conclusions
  • Call me Ishmael. Some years ago-never mind how
    long precisely-having little or no money in my
    pocket, and nothing particular to interest me on
    shore, I thought I would go sail about a little
    and see the watery part of the world. It is a way
    I have a driving off the spleen, and regulating
    the circulation. Whenever I find myself growing
    grim about the mouth whenever it is a damp,
    drizzly November in my soul whenever I find
    myself involuntarily pausing before coffin
    warehouses, and bringing up the rear of every
    funeral I meet and especially whenever my hypos
    get such an upper hand of me, that it requires a
    strong moral principle to prevent me from
    deliberately stepping into the street, and
    methodically knocking peoples hats off- then, I
    account it high time to get to sea as soon as I
    can. This is my substitute for pistol and ball.
    With a philosophical flourish Cato throws himself
    upon his sword I quietly take to the ship.
    There is nothing surprising in this, all men at
    some time cherish very nearly the same feelings
    toward the ocean with me.

32
Question
  • From the paragraph, you can infer that the
    speaker
  • A. Feels abandoned by friends and family
  • B. Finds relief from his troubles when he is at
    sea.
  • C. Treasures the ocean more than most men do.
  • D. Prefers a life on land to a life at sea.

33
Proving the Answer
  • A.) no, no detail about friends or family
  • B.) yes, Whenever I find myself growing grim
    about the mouth. . . Pistol and ball I take to
    the sea.
  • C.) no, states that all men at some times feels
    the same way about the sea.
  • D.) no, he makes it clear that he prefers life at
    sea. It calms him

34
Your Turn to draw conclusions
  • All matter is made up of atoms, Atoms are too
    small to be seen with the eye or even under a
    microscope. Atoms are the smallest unit of an
    element. All atoms of one element are alike, and
    they are all different from the atoms of other
    elements. Atoms and molecules are always in
    motion. Increased temperature means a greater
    energy of motion, so most substances expand when
    heated. In solids, atoms are closely locked in
    position and can only vibrate. This is called
    melting. In liquids, the atoms or molecules have
    higher energy, are more loosely connected, and
    can slide past one another. When heated, liquids
    get enough energy to escape into a gas. The
    atoms or molecules of gases are free to move away
    from one another except during occasional
    collisions

35
Question
  • If a substance has tightly packed particles, you
    can infer that the substance is most likely a?
  • A. A gas
  • B. an atom
  • C. a molecule
  • D. a solid

36
Answer
  • D

37
Authors Purpose
  • If a reading selection contains many details
    about a person, place or thing, the authors
    purpose is to describe.
  • If a reading selection is enjoyable to read,
    tells a personal story or uses a story to teach a
    lesson, the authors purpose is to entertain
  • If a reading selection provides facts about a
    particular subject or tell the reader how to do
    something, the authors purpose is to explain or
    inform.
  • If a reading selection contains many opinions or
    tries to convince the reader to do something, buy
    something, or believe something, the authors
    purpose is to persuade.

38
Authors Purpose Practice
  • That man over there say that women needs to be
    helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches,
    and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody
    ever helps me into carriages, or over
    mud-puddles, or give me any best place! And
    aint I a woman? Look at me! Look at my arms! I
    have ploughed, and planted, and gathered into
    barns, and no man could head me! And aint I a
    woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a
    man-when I could get it-and bear the lash as
    well! And aint Ia woman?

39
Question
  • What was Sojourner Truths purpose in this part
    of her speech?
  • A.) to describe the physical strain of her daily
    life
  • B.) to entertain listeners with an amusing story
  • C.) To persuade listeners that women are mens
    equal
  • D.) To inform listeners about the injustice of
    slavery

40
Proving the answer
  • A.) no, it does not describe the pain the of her
    daily life
  • B.) no, She does not tell any story to her
    listeners.
  • C.) Yes, she is comparing her abilities to those
    of any man.
  • D.) No, she does not mention the injustices of
    slavery.

41
Your Turn
  • Do you think curling is something that
    people do to their hair? When you hear the word
    sweeping, do you think of the kitchen floor? If
    you answered yes, you have a lot to learn about
    one of the latest sports to hit the winter
    Olympics.
  • jWurling make its Olympics debut at the 1998
    Winter Games. Athletes, however, have been
    curling for over 400 years. The first time in
    Scotland, on frozen ponds.
  • Curling is played on a 146 foot long court
    of ice. Two to four team player take turns
    sliding flat-bottomed rocks. Rocks closets to
    the target earns points. Rocks can also be used
    to block other teams rocks from scoring. This is
    a physically demanding sport when you consider
    each rock is about 44 pounds of solid granite.
  • The game begins with one team sending their
    rock spinning down the ice toward the target.
    Other team members sweeps away ice in front of
    the rock to. The sweeping causes the top of the
    ice to melt, which lets the stone glide closer to
    the target.

42
Question
  • The article was written mainly to. . .
  • A. Entertain the reader with an exciting stories
    of great curling matches.
  • B. Persuade readers to attend a curling game
  • C. Inform readers about the sport of curling
  • D. Explain the kind of training that athletes
    must undergo to become a curler.

43
Figurative Language
  • Authors use figurative language to help readers
    form pictures in their mind.
  • Similes, metaphors, personification, imagery,
    idioms, irony, etc are all forms of figurative
    language.
  • Look for things being compared to find similes
    and metaphors
  • Look for things that have human qualities to find
    personification
  • Look for words whose meaning is different from
    their usual meaning to find idioms.
  • Look for places where the speak says the opposite
    of what they mean to find irony.
  • Look for places where the author uses words to
    describe to find imagery

44
Figurative Language practice
  • Star Date 256.89
  • Although our voyage has lasted longer than
    anticipated and our starship has experienced
    numerous mechanical failures, my crew and I are
    determined to continue. I am proud of the way
    the men and women on board have weathered this
    long and arduous mission. They have never
    faltered or disappointed me, especially during
    times of battle with those who wish no part of
    our peaceful mission. Truly , all my crew have
    nerves of steel. If the remainder of the mission
    goes as planned, we will arrive at our next
    destination soon. There I will reward my crew
    with a universe of praise.

45
Question
  • What does the phrase, Nerves of Steel mean?
  • A. Metal and machinery
  • B. No feelings or emotions
  • C. Strength enough to withstand any fear
  • D. The ability to succeed at any task.

46
Proving the Answer
  • A.) No, this would be a literal meaning and
    nerves are not made of real metal.
  • B.) No, through out this statement, the speaker
    mentions emotions.
  • C.) yes, steel is a very strong metal. The
    speaker indicates that the crew has proven
    themselves worth of praise.
  • D.) No, this speaks of their ability, not the
    nerve or courage.

47
Your Turn
  • When Mai was checking the spelling of
    Channel in the dictionary, she came across the
    word changeling. She had never heard of this
    word before, but she was instantly convinced that
    its definition explained everything.
    Changeling, Mai read. A child secretly
    exchanged for another. Mai had always had her
    doubts, but now she was certain that she had been
    exchanged for another baby when she was born.
    After all, she did not resemble anyone else in
    her family. While her brother looked like father
    and her younger sister was a photocopy of her
    mother, Mai bore no resemblance to either parent.
    Being a changeling would certainly explain that!
    It would also explain why Mai was the only one
    in her family to be left-handed and to have
    amazing athletic ability.
  • Mai wondered if she should tell her parents
    of her discovery. Should she even still cal them
    her parents, or should she refer to them as Mr.
    and Mrs. Yang? Would her news come as a shock to
    them? Or had her parents been in on the deal
    from the start.

48
Question
  • The words, her sister was a photocopy of her
    mother is an example of?
  • A. A metaphor
  • B. A simile
  • C. An Idiom
  • D. personification

49
Answer
  • A

50
Credits
  • Curriculum Associates, Inc Strategies To Achieve
    Reading Success 2000 North Billerica, MA
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