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Hazard Communication Training: Annual Refresher Course

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Hazard Communication Training: Annual Refresher Course for the Division of Math and Sciences revised August 2007 Science Safety Committee: www.austincc.edu/sci_safe – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hazard Communication Training: Annual Refresher Course


1
Hazard Communication Training Annual Refresher
Course
  • for the Division of Math and Sciences
  • revised August 2007
  • Science Safety Committee
  • www.austincc.edu/sci_safe

2
The Texas Hazard Communication Act also know has
HAZCOM
  • is a law established to keep you informed about
    chemicals and other hazards in the workplace
  • says that you, as an employee, have the "right to
    know" about chemicals that you may come in
    contact with while performing your job.

3
Definition of a hazardous chemical
  • a chemical is hazardous, or dangerous, if it can
    cause any of these
  • injury to you
  • damage to your workplace
  • damage to the environment
  • here are some examples of what hazardous
    chemicals can do to you

4
CausticBurn
5
Chemical Burn
6
ACCs Responsibilities as an employer
  • to understand the HAZCOM standard
  • to develop and implement a HAZCOM plan
  • http//www.austincc.edu/ehs/Hazcom.php
  • to identify and list all workplace hazardous
    chemicals
  • to maintain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
  • to label all hazardous chemicals
  • to train employees in the safe handling and
    storage of hazardous chemicals

7
Your Responsibilities as an ACC employee
  • 1. Ask your supervisor
  • which chemicals stored or used in your workplace
    could cause damage or exposure
  • how to detect over exposure to a chemical
    (symptoms)
  • what to do in the event of a spill

8
Your Responsibilities as an ACC employee
  • 2. Complete annual HAZCOM training.
  • 3. Know how to use MSDSs.
  • 4. Know how to read chemical labels.
  • 5. Know when and how to use personal protective
    equipment (PPE) to protect yourself from
    chemicals.

9
As an ACC employee, you have the right to
  • 1. know the locations of hazardous chemicals
  • 2. know the location of and how to access
  • the written ACC hazard communication program
  • a printed copy of the workplace chemical list
  • printed MSDSs
  • 3. receive training
  • prior to your initial assignment
  • when changes occur in your assignment (for
    example, when you teach or prepare for a
    different course)

10
The ACC HAZCOM Program applies to
  • 1. all ACC employees including
  • hourly employees
  • work-study students
  • 2. all ACC students

11
The ACC HAZCOM Program
  • Details duties and responsibilities of employees
    and students
  • Requires reporting of chemical incidents
  • Requires each area to maintain an inventory of
    hazardous chemicals
  • Describes labeling requirements for containers
    of hazardous chemicals

12
Duties and Responsibilities of ACC Science
Safety Coordinators
  • 1. Keep records of safety incidents and
    corrective actions.
  • 2. Provide to the office of Environmental
    Health, Safety and Insurance Office by November
    01 of each year
  • a. a Work Area Chemical Inventory (WACI) for
    each work area
  • b. annual notice of training completion for all
    employees.
  • 3. Approve the purchase of any chemicals not
    already on the WACI.

13
Duties and Responsibilities of ACC Science
Safety Coordinators
  • 4. Retain safety records for at least 5 years.
  • 5. Ensure that MSDSs are available for all
    chemicals purchased.
  • 6. Ensure that the requirements of the ACC
    HAZCOM Program and area implementation plan
    are fulfilled within their departments.
  • 7. Ensure that all employees have received
    appropriate training before working with or
    working in an area containing hazardous
    chemicals.

14
Duties Responsibilities of ACC Employees
and Students
  • 1. Report ALL incidents (for example spills and
    minor injuries) to the Science Safety
    Coordinator using the appropriate form (covered
    later in this program).
  • 2. Immediately report serious chemical incidents
    and incidents requiring outside medical
    assistance to the Environmental Health, Safety
    and Insurance Office by completing the
    appropriate form
  • http//accweb.austincc.edu/accforms/forms/HZCM003
    injuryrep.pdf

15
HAZCOM Training is Required for
  • all employees
  • all students enrolled in laboratory courses and
    courses involving field activities.

16
HAZCOM Training is Required
  • prior to beginning work in an area that contains
    hazardous chemicals
  • annually
  • whenever new hazards are introduced into the
    workplace
  • when new or significant information is received
    on the hazards of chemicals
  • when the potential for exposure increases.

17
HAZCOM Training must include
  • how to find and interpret MSDSs
  • how to interpret hazard labels (type and level of
    hazard)
  • location of hazardous chemicals the employee or
    student will handle
  • how to safely handle and store hazardous
    chemicals
  • how to find, select, use and care for appropriate
    PPE
  • first aid treatment for chemicals the employee or
    student will use
  • how to clean up spills.

18
Using Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
  • 1. Where do we get MSDSs?
  • Chemical manufacturers or distributors who
    supply hazardous chemicals to ACC must
  • provide a MSDS with the initial shipment
  • provide a new MSDS with first shipment after an
    MSDS is updated

19
Using Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)2.
What is on a MSDS?
  • Reactivity Data
  • Spill and Leak Procedures
  • Special Protection Information
  • Special Precautions
  • Company Info
  • Hazardous Ingredients
  • Physical Data
  • Fire and Explosion Data
  • Health Hazard Data

20
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21
Hazard CommunicationsMaterial Safety Data Sheet
22
MSDS Information Sections
  • Section 1. Chemical product and company
    identification
  • Section 2. Composition/ information on
    ingredients
  • Section 3. Hazards identification, including
    emergency overview
  • Section 4. First aid measures
  • Section 5. Fire fighting measures
  • Section 6. Accidental release measures
  • Section 7. Handling and storage
  • Section 8. Exposure controls/ personal protection
  • Section 9. Physical and chemical properties
  • Section 10. Stability and reactivity
  • Section 11. Toxicological information
  • Section 12. Ecological information
  • Section 13. Disposal considerations
  • Section 14. Transport information
  • Section 15. Regulatory information
  • Section 16. Other information

23
Work Area Chemical Inventory (WACI)
  • Each work area will maintain an inventory list
    (WACI) of all chemicals present in the work
    area regardless of quantity
  • WACIs will be updated by the designated person
    annually and when new chemicals are added
  • WACIs will be provided to the Science Safety
    Coordinator annually and when updated

24
The WACI contains this information
  • name and phone number of the person responsible
    for the work area and the name and signature of
    the person responsible for compiling the
    inventory
  • area name
  • location of the hazardous chemicals (building and
    room)
  • chemical name or the common name of the product
    and its ingredients
  • CAS numbers
  • container types
  • hazards associated with the chemical
  • maximum quantity that would be on hand at any time

25
Categories of Hazardous Chemicals
  • physical hazards - produce dangerous
    situations such as fires and explosions
  • health hazards - harm your body from the inside

26
Types of physical hazards
  • combustible liquids
  • compressed gases
  • explosives
  • flammables
  • organic peroxides

27
Types of health hazards
  • carcinogens
  • toxins
  • irritants
  • sensitizers
  • target organ effects
  • Health hazards can have either acute (immediate)
    or chronic effects (occurring over a period of
    time).

28
Health hazards can enter your body through
these routes
  • absorption through skin or mucous membranes
  • ingestion by eating or drinking
  • inhaling / breathing in
  • puncture / injection

29
Evaluating and Controlling the Risk of Chemical
Exposures
  • The chemicals we use have been tested (on
    animals) to establish estimates of how much of
    the chemical we can be exposed to OR how long we
    can be exposed to it before it has deleterious
    effects on us.
  • There are many terms used to describe these
    limits TLV, PEL, TWA, STEL, and ceiling limits

30
Threshold limit value (TLV)
  • is the airborne concentration limit of a
    substance under which nearly all workers may be
    repeatedly exposed without adverse effect.

31
Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
  • is the maximum amount or concentration of a
    chemical that a worker can be exposed to.
  • PELs are measured in different ways
  • 1. Ceiling limits are amounts or concentrations
    of a chemical that should never be exceeded even
    for very brief periods of time.
  • 2. A time weighted average (TWA) is the upper
    limit of exposure for a normal 8-hour work day.
  • 3. A short term exposure limit (STEL) is the
    concentration of a chemical that a worker can be
    exposed to for a short period of time without
    suffering irritation, chronic or irreversible
    tissue damage.

32
Guidelines for Labeling Hazardous Chemicals
  • 1. Primary container labels should contain
  • identity of chemicals
  • physical and health hazards, including target
    organs
  • manufacturers name and address
  • 2. Secondary container labels must contain all
    of the
  • above except the manufacturers information.
  • 3. Replace labels if they dont meet standards
    or are illegible.
  • 4. NEVER have any unlabeled, unattended
    containers in your work area.

33
Container Label
Chemical name
Hazard warnings
Manufacturer
34
HAZCOM Labeling and Marking Systems
  • NFPA Diamonds
  • HMIS Labels

35
NFPA Diamonds
  • color coded, numerical rating system
  • located near main entrances, fire alarm panels,
    on outside entrance doors or cabinets
  • provide at-a-glance hazard information

36
Color Coding for NFPA Labels
  • Red Flammability
  • Blue Health/Toxicity
  • Yellow reactivity/stability
  • White special hazard information (NFPA)

37
Number Coding for NFPA Labels
  • 4 Deadly Hazard
  • 3 Severe Hazard
  • 2 Moderate Hazard
  • 1 Slight Hazard
  • 0 No Hazard

38
HMIS Labels
  • designed to go on individual containers of
    products that dont have manufacturers labels
  • same color code/numerical rating system as the
    NFPA diamonds with one exception
  • white personal protective equipment or special
    protection information

39
Storing Chemicals Safely
  • all chemicals are stored according to hazard
    categories
  • incompatible chemicals are stored separately
  • This is an example of improperly stored chemicals!

40
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • The most important thing to remember about PPE is
    that it only protects you if you wear it!

41
Instructors must
  • Wear the required PPE for the lab activity
  • Ensure that students wear the required PPE
  • Ensure that the PPE is worn by all students
    during the entire lab activity

42
PPE Conditions Requiring Safety Eyewear
  • Eye protection must be worn when any of these is
    present
  • chemicals
  • physical hazards
  • biohazards

43
PPE Types of Safety Eyewear
  • There are two categories of safety eyewear
  • Safety glasses must have permanently attached
    side shields.
  • Goggles
  • Both types must meet the Z87 standard.

44
PPE Choosing Safety Eyewear
  • Goggles provide the best all around protection.
  • If it is necessary to wear contact lenses in the
    lab, wear protective goggles rather than safety
    glasses.
  • Regular eyeglasses do not provide adequate
    protection when working with chemical or
    physical hazards

45
PPE Choosing Gloves
  • any glove can be permeated by chemicals
  • nitrile gloves are more resistant to most
    chemicals than latex gloves
  • special gloves must be worn when handling
    materials that are hot, very cold, or sharp

46
PPE Using and Changing Gloves
  • check gloves for cracks, tears and holes before
    use
  • to remove gloves
  • grasp outside of one glove and pull it off
  • hold that glove with your gloved hand
  • insert your fingers under the cuff of the other
    glove
  • turn that glove inside out over the first glove

47
PPE Other Protective Clothing
  • Lab coat primary purpose is to protect against
    splashes and spills they should be
    non-flammable and easily removed.
  • Rubber-coated apron can be worn to protect
    against chemical splashes and be worn over a lab
    coat for additional protection.
  • Shoes must fully cover the feet and should
    always be worn when chemicals are in use.
  • Hard hat must be worn when there is a hazard
    from falling rock debris.

48
First Aid
  • Only minor injuries will be treated in the lab.
  • Do not give or recommend oral medications to
    students.
  • Note use of supplies on form in first aid kit.

49
Universal Precautions
  • are designed to prevent transmission of human
    immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus
    (HBV), and other blood borne pathogens
  • Assume that all body fluids are infectious.
  • Do not come into contact with anyones body
    fluids.
  • For cleanup of body fluids (blood, vomit),
    contact the campus administration office for
    assistance.

50
Chemical Spill Procedure
  • ACCs written chemical spill procedures can be
    found at
  • http//www.austincc.edu/ehs/pdf/Hazardous_Material
    s_Spill_Procedure.pdf

51
CHEMICAL SPILLS
UNKNOWN CHEMICAL?
NO
YES
SECTION I OF SPILL PROCEDURE
HAZARD RATING /gt 2 IN ANY SECTION?
NO

YES
OVER 1 LITER ?
YES
CONTACT SUPERVISOR
NO
NO
HAVE YOU BEEN TRAINED?
NO
SECTION 2 OF SPILL PROCEDURE
DO YOU HAVE RIGHT PPE?
YES
YES
52
Follow the directions in Section One of the
Chemical Spill Procedure if ANY of these
conditions exists
  • the spill volume is over one liter (quart)
  • it contains chemicals that have a hazard rating
    of 2 or above
  • it contains any UNKNOWN chemical/material
  • you are the only person present and you have not
    been trained
  • you do not have adequate PPE

53
What you need to do for a Section 1 Spill
  • evacuate the immediate area
  • close doors to area of spill
  • restrict access to area of spill
  • contact ACC Police at 222 or 223-7999 and report
    this information
  • 1. identity and quantity of chemical spilled
  • 2. exact location of spill
  • 3. hazard ratings for chemicals spilled (from
    container label or MSDS either HMIS or NFPA is
    OK)
  • 4. any injuries or exposure to employees or
    students
  • Campus Police will contact EHS to make a clean
    up assessment.

54
Follow the directions in Section Two of the
Chemical Spill Procedure if ALL of these
conditions exists
  • the spill volume is less than one liter (quart)
  • it contains chemicals that have a hazard rating
    below 2 in all hazard categories
  • you have been trained in spill clean up
    procedures
  • you have adequate PPE

55
What you need to do for a Section 2 Spill
  • restrict access to area of spill
  • immediately notify your supervisor and others in
    area of the spill
  • mark the area to prevent others from coming in
    contact with the spill
  • obtain the MSDSs and refer to the spill clean up
    instructions
  • report the spill to EHS (M-F 8am to 5 pm) or
    Campus Police (any other time)
  • 1. identity and quantity of chemical spilled
  • 2. exact location of spill
  • Campus Police will contact EHS.

56
Reporting Incidents
  • All lab incidents need to be reported so that if
    a problem in equipment or procedures exists, it
    can be fixed to prevent further problems.
  • Incidents are categorized as
  • non-injury
  • injury (to an employee or student)
  • minor - treated by using materials from the first
    aid kit)
  • major eye injuries, head injuries or anything
    requiring treatment by EMS or a physician
  • Follow these procedures to report incidents

57
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58
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59
ACC Safety Web Sites
  • Science Safety www.austincc.edu/sci_safe
  • Environmental Health, Safety and Insurance
    http//www.austincc.edu/ehs/
  • Environmental Health and Safety Task Force
    http//www.austincc.edu/ehs/EHSTF/EHSTF_index.html
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