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SEAMANSHIP CHAPTER 10 DUTIES AND MANNERS

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Title: SEAMANSHIP CHAPTER 10 DUTIES AND MANNERS


1
SEAMANSHIP CHAPTER 10 DUTIES AND MANNERS
2
FOREWORD
THE AVERAGE USCG AUXILIARY VESSEL CARRIES ONE
COXSWAIN AND A CREW OF TWO. UNDER CERTAIN
CIRCUMSTANCES, A PATROL BOAT CAN GO OUT WITH A
CREW OF ONE COXSWAIN AND ONE CREW. Due to the
small size of the vessel involved, an operating
crew of only two people precludes individual
positions of DECK HAND, RADIO WATCH, NAVIGATOR,
ENGINEER, HELMSMAN and RADAR WATCH. These duties
are absorbed by and distributed between the two
crew people and the Coxswain as these
responsibilities arise on a patrol. For that
reason, with the exception of the LOOKOUT AND
TOWING WATCH, the other individual duties will
only briefly be referred to in this course,
because they are covered in detail in other
specific Auxiliary training courses. The duties
listed in this chapter are NOT ALL INCLUSIVE.
.
3
INTRODUCTION
  • The text for this chapter is found throughout the
    USCG AUXILIARY training manuals, especially those
    dealing with Boat Crew Training, Crew
    Qualification and Coxswain qualification.

4
Coxswain
  • Without getting into the specific duties required
    of the Coxswain, suffice it to say, at this
    point, the Coxswain must be able to perform ALL
    OF THE DUTIES ARISING through demand, or those
    required for certification, including but not
    limited to
  • Deck Hand Lookout
  • Radio person Helm person
  • Navigator Radar person
  • Engineer Towing person

5
LOOK - OUT
RULE NO. 5 of the Rules of the Road specifies the
duties of the LOOK-OUT in complete detail Every
vessel is required to maintain a PROPER look-out
at ALL TIMES, using eyes/ears and any other means
available. This includes radar when and if you
have one and when it is in working condition. A
lookout is a person assigned TO DO NOTHING EXCEPT
BE AN EXTRA SET OF EYES AND EARS FOR THE
CAPTAIN. Chipping paint on the bow OR ANY OTHER
DUTY shall not be considered as part of the
duties of a look-out.
6
LOOK OUT CONTD
The rule is crystal clear. The LOOK OUT does
absolutely NOTHING but serve as the eyes and
ears of the Coxswain You normally need two one
covering from the bow to the beam. The second
covering from the beam aft to the stern. On large
vessels there may be 8 12 or more look-outs on
duty at a given time. They do not handle the
anchor, lines, get the sandwiches, listen for
radio transmissions or anything else EXCEPT those
items belonging to the lookouts position. The
Look - out is to look out for all other traffic
and potential collision items and immediately
notify the Coxswain of what he sees.
7
PROPER LOOK - OUT
  1. Note that the rule uses the term proper
    look-out.
  2. The entire purpose of the Rules is to PREVENT
    COLLISION S AT SEA.
  3. Whenever a collision does occur, then the first
    WATCH that is looked at is the LOOK-OUT(s) Watch.
    Obviously, since a collision did occur, the
    look-out watch was IMPROPER. The look-out failed
    to see what the vessel collided with in time to
    avoid the collision.
  4. Admiralty Courts have held such a decision of
    IMPROPER performance of duty since these courts
    came into existence.
  5. Thus, the definition of a PROPER LOOK-OUT WATCH
    is one in which NO COLLISION OCCURRED.

8
TOWING WATCH
  1. Once the tow has been established and set, one of
    the crew members will be assigned as the TOW
    WATCH.
  2. This means ALL THE TOW WATCH HAS TO DO IS WATCH
    THE TOW and report anything out of the ordinary
    or any changes, directly to the Coxswain.
  3. The TOW WATCH does NOT handle lines, place
    fenders, steer the boat, work on the engine or
    straighten up the after deck working area.
  4. The tow watch keeps their eyes glued to the tow
    both the tow line and where it is attached to the
    tow boat and also to the tow itself reporting
    any departures to the Coxswain, immediately.

9
DUTIES OF A DECKHAND
  1. The primary duty of the deckhand is to handle
    lines.
  2. In addition, they keep the working area clean,
    organized and shipshape.
  3. Make certain all gear is ready for immediate use.
  4. Keeping an eye on all fittings and fixtures for
    possible breakage or loose fastenings.
  5. Keep the Coxswain advised of the status of the
    working area.

10
RADIO WATCH
  • Under normal circumstances, the Coxswain will
    usually handle the radio(s).
  • OTHERWISE
  • You must be able to efficiently operate a
    handheld VHF or a console.
  • You must know the Phonetic alphabet and how it is
    used
  • You must be proficient in all USCG communications
    procedures for vessels.
  • You should be certified as a RADIO WATCHSTANDER,
    but this is not required.
  • You should have completed the AUXCOM course.

11
NAVIGATOR
  • Read and be able to efficiently use all
    navigation charts.
  • Perform compass course calculations.
  • Fix positions and plot courses, headings,
    bearings and tracks.
  • Compute ETAs, ETDs, Running Fixes, Course
    corrections, SET and DRIFT calculations.
  • Know and understand the complete buoy systems for
    your waters.
  • Be a Master of the Rules of the Road.
  • Be proficient in both Navigation and Pilotage

12
ENGINEER
  1. Realistically, most Auxiliary vessels are either
    outboards or unsophisticated inboards and do not
    utilize the Engineers position fully. However,
    every crew member needs to be ready to assume
    these duties.
  2. The engineer should be competent to operate the
    engine(s) and to maintain them in operating order
    throughout the mission.
  3. You should be able to make necessary repairs,
    within reason, underway.
  4. You must be able to make proper diagnoses of
    malfunctions or potential engine failures.
  5. Adequately keep the Coxswain informed and advised
    as to the status of the power plants onboard.

13
HELMSPERSON
  1. Primary duty is to man the helm under the
    direction of the Coxswain or owner or Captain.
  2. Must be proficient in maneuvering the vessel
    safely in the performance of the necessary duties
    of the mission, under all weather sea conditions.
  3. The helmsperson steers the boat. They are NOT in
    command and they DO NOT act independently of the
    Coxswain or Captain. They carry out the orders of
    the Coxswain or Captain.
  4. You must be thoroughly familiar with the vessel,
    its power plant(s) and its behavior under
    almost every kind of situation.

14
RADAR WATCH
  1. A HIGHLY SPECIALIZED WATCH requiring specialized
    training and experience.
  2. Be able to efficiently operate the particular
    radar on the vessel.
  3. Possess the necessary technical training and
    knowledge to enable you to intelligently and
    correctly interpret the PPI scope.
  4. Possess the necessary technical training and
    experience in making proper use of the radar as
    an aid to navigation and COLLISION AVOIDANCE.
  5. You should be prepared, technically, to render
    testimony as to your actions and competence, in
    the event of an accident or incident under the
    jurisdiction of the Admiralty Courts involving
    your operation of radar.

15
BOATING MANNERS
  • Some of the things you can do to make life a
    little easier for your fellow boaters
  • WATCH YOUR WAKE continuously
  • Keep the noise level down
  • Keep a close eye on your anchor, when it is in
    use.
  • Inform your guests of the use and location of all
    emergency gear.
  • Assure proper clothing/ uniform
  • Keep your vessel clean and in ship-shape

16
POLLUTION
  1. Be certain your OIL DISCHARGE PLACARD is properly
    displayed at all times.
  2. Be certain your GARBAGE PLACARD is properly
    displayed at all times.
  3. Be certain your TRASH DISPOSAL PLAN is properly
    displayed at all times.
  4. Be certain the HEAD(S) and HOLDING tank(s) are in
    good operating condition and meet the current
    USCG specifications and requirements.
  5. Make certain everyone onboard understands the
    proper use of and proper disposition of all
    pollution controlled waste products on the vessel.

17
BOARDING PROCEDURES USCG VESSELS
  1. Stop at the onboard end of the gangway.
  2. Face the stern.
  3. Smartly render the hand salute to the National
    Ensign.
  4. Turn and smartly salute the Officer of the Deck.
  5. Request permission to come aboard.
  6. Exactly reverse this procedure when departing.

18
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • The primary duty of a deckhand is_______________
  • a. to serve as the navigator
  • b. line handling
  • c. to supervise engine maintenance
  • d. to stand radio watch
  • .

19
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • The primary duty of a deckhand is_________________
    __
  • b. line handling

20
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. The navigator must be able to
________________ a. stand radio watch b. serve
as the aft lookout c. fix position and plot
course d. give docking commands to the Coxswain
21
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. The navigator must be able to
_________________ c. fix positions and plot
course
22
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. When boarding a Coast Guard vessel, you should
render the hand salute to the OOD
_______________ a. as you take the first step
onto the gangway. b. only when departing the
vessel. c. only if you are part of the ships
complement d. immediately after you have
rendered your salute to the National Ensign.
23
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. When boarding a Coast Guard vessel, you should
render the hand salute to the OOD____________ d.
immediately after you have rendered your salute
to the National Ensign.
24
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. Close to the top of the GOOD MANNERS list
should be______ a. CHECKING THE ANCHOR b.
WATCHING YOUR WAKE. c. PROPER UNIFORM. d.
WATCHING NOISE.
25
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. Close to the top of the GOOD MANNERS LIST
list should be___________ b. WATCH YOUR
WAKE
26
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. Every vessel shall maintain a proper lookout
________ a. from sunrise to sunset b. at all
times c. by all crew members d. in close
quarters situations
27
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. Every vessel shall maintain a proper
lookout____________ b. at all times
28
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. The helmsperson is always______________ a. in
charge of the vessel b. the COXSWAIN c. the
person assigned to steer the vessel d. the
lookout
29
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. The helmsperson is always ______________ b.
the person assigned to steer the vessel.
30
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. When assigned the towing watch, with a vessel
in tow, you shall_____________ a. assist the
other crew in their duties. b. keep the Coxswain
advised as to the status of the tow at
all times. c. continuously scan the entire
horizon d. clean your area when things have
settled down
31
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. When assigned the towing watch, with a vessel
in tow, you shall_____ b. keep the Coxswain
advised of the status of the tow at all
times.
32
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. If you are working as the RADIO watchstander
onboard a patrol vessel on patrol, you
should___________ a. voluntarily help other crew
members with their duties b. remember that
anyone can grab the mike c. unless re-assigned
by the Coxswain, maintain your watch d. monitor
the other crew members for compliance
33
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. If you are working as the radio watchstander
onboard a patrol vessel on patrol, you
should______________ c. unless re-assigned by
the Coxswain, maintain your watch
34
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. If you are assigned to the NAVIGATORS WATCH
, you are expected to be able to__________________
a. plot courses, bearings and headings b.
calculate True, Magnetic and Compass courses and
bearings c. compute speed through the
water and across the bottom d. perform
(a), (b) and ( c )
35
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. If you are assigned to the NAVIGATORS WATCH,
you are expected to be able to_____________. d.
perform ( a ) , ( b ) , and ( c )
36
END OF CHAPTER 10
37
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • A sloop is a sailboat with _______
  • a. a single mast, with a mainsail and a jib
  • b. two masts, the aftermast being shorter
  • than the foreword mast.
  • c. a single mast rigged to hoist only one sail.
  • d. two or more masts the aftermast taller than
  • the foreword mast.

38
REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. A sloop is a sailboat with________ a. a
single mast with a mainsail and jib
39
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
  • A fiberglass hull is constructed of strands and
    layers of fiberglass ______________
  • a. bonded with hydraulic cement.
  • b. saturated with latex cement.
  • c. saturated with resin.
  • d. reinforced with steel mesh.

40
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. A fiberglass hull is constructed of strands
and layers of fiberglass ________________ c.
saturated with resin
41
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. On a strength-to-weight ratio, sheet steel
is_________________ a. stronger than
fiberglass b. equal to wood c. weaker than
aluminum d. equal to fiberglass
42
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. On a strength-to-weight ratio, sheet steel
is ____________________ a. stronger than
fiberglass
43
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. Steel boat hulls___________________ a.
require considerable maintenance b. require no
protective painting for growths c. have a higher
strength-to-weight ratio than wood and
aluminum but not fiberglass. d. are less noisy
than all other boat building materials.
44
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. Steel boat hulls ___________________ a.
require considerable maintenance
45
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. The simplest type of steering mechanism for a
boat is the____________________ a. rack and
pinion b. drum and cable c. sprocket and
chain d. tiller
46
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. The simplest type of steering mechanism for a
boat is the ________________________ d. tiller
47
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. Limber holes____________________ a. permit
water to pass through a boats frame. b.
provide finger holds for lifting floor
boards. c. provide ventilation in holds. d. are
used to inspect the bilges.
48
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. Limber Holes ________________ a. permit
water to pass through a boats frame
49
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. The curve or sweep of a vessel, as viewed from
the side is called the ______ a. freeboard b
boot top c. sheer d. tumble home
50
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. The curve or sweep of a vessel, as viewed from
the side, is called the ____ c. sheer
51
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. The outward curvature of the sides of the
hull, near the bow, that is used to keep the
deck drier, is called the_________________ a.
sheer b. freeboard c. trunk d. flare
52
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. The outward curvature of the sides of the hull
near the bow, that is used to keep the deck
drier, is called the________________ d. flair
53
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. The use of two or more different materials,
when constructing the hull, is called_____construc
tion. a. layered b. multiple c. composite d.
feathered
54
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. The use of two or more different materials,
when constructing the hull, is called
_____ construction. c. composite
55
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. The top advantage of a steel hull
is_______ a. its weight b. it is quieter c.
it is easier to maintain d. it is fire proof
56
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. The top advantage of a steel hull is____ b.
it is quieter
57
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • The condition of dry rot is usually_______
  • a. very slow to spread.
  • b. eliminated by soaking affected areas with
  • turpentine and then coating with spar
  • varnish.
  • c. first indicated by a distinctive odor.
  • d. produced by an excessively dry
  • environment.

58
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • The condition of dry rot is usually_______
  • c. first indicated by a distinctive
  • odor.

59
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. Galvanic action_____________________ a. is of
most concern when there are stray electrical
currents in the area. b. effects ferrous
materials only c. is caused by two dissimilar
metals being electrically connected
and immersed, either totally or partially, in
sea water. d. is always located where the shaft
is attached to the inboard engine.
60
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. Galvanic action is_________________ a. is
caused by two dissimilar metals in salt
water, electrically connected.
61
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. The strut bearing____________________ a.
relies on water for lubrication. b. is stuffed
with oakum and grease. c. is located inside the
hull. d, is located where the shaft is attached
to the engine .
62
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. The strut bearing _________________ a. relies
on water for lubrication
63
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. The most effective way to combat dry rot
when it is found is to ______ a. soak the
affected area with turpentine then coat
with spar varnish. b. dig out the soft spots
with a knife and paint the entire area c.
cut out the affected wood plus some good
wood. d. keep affected areas dampened with fresh
water.
64
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. The most effective way to treat dry rot when
it is found is to_______________ c. cut out the
affected wood plus some good wood.
65
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. A good method to combat galvanic action is to
________ a. use the same metal throughout the
boat. b. electrically connect dissimilar metals
immersed in sea water. c. eliminate all
stray electrical currents d. add a sacrificial
metal.
66
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. A good method to combat galvanic action is to
_________________ d. Add a sacrificial metal
67
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. What is used to keep the propeller on the
shaft? a. locking ring b. a lock nut c. a
slot d. a collar
68
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. What is used to keep the propeller on the
shaft? b. a lock nut
69
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. The two types of marine growth are__ a.
barnacles and moss b. oysters and grass c.
worms and oysters d. vegetable and animal
70
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. The two types of marine growth are___ d.
vegetable and animal
71
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO.8
8. The primary effect of marine growth on the
hull is ________________ a. to slow its
speed b. little or none c, not well known d.
negligible
72
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. The primary effect of marine growth on the
hull is________________ a. slow its speed
73
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. The proper way to store a boat is to__ a.
always let the weight rest on the
shoring. b. never let the weight rest on the
shoring c. never shore the boat d.
never cover the boat
74
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. The proper way to store a boat is to___ b.
never let the weight rest on the shoring.
75
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. In galvanic action, the current flows from
the _____ to the ____metal. a. less noble/more
noble b. more noble/less noble c.
negative/positive d. positive/negative
76
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. In galvanic action the current flows from the
____to the ____metal. a. less noble/more noble
77
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • All reciprocating engines have a definite cycle
    of operation and ________________
  • a. operate on either a 2-stroke or 4-stroke
    cycle.

78
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. The cam shaft_____________________ a. drives
the propeller. b. carries cams that are usually
square in shape. c. is used to rotate the cams
that open the valves. d. changes reciprocating
motion to rotary motion .
79
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. The cam shaft ______________________ c. is
used to rotate the cams that open the valves.
80
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. Diesel engines have high compression ratios,
in the range of 161 to 201, in order
to_________ a. easily exhaust heavy diesel
fuel. b. provide maximum power in the intake
stroke. c. compress air to generate heat for
fuel ignition. d. assist the entrance of fuel
from the carburetor.
81
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. Diesel engines have high compression ratios,
in the range of 161 to 201 in order
to______________ c. compress air to generate
heat for fuel ignition
82
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. A 2-stroke engine______________ a. has a
compression and a power stroke. b. is only used
in diesel engines c. has twice the power in very
large gasoline engines d. is so designated
because there is a cycle of 2-strokes
between the opening and closing of the exhaust
valves of each cylinder.
83
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. A 2-stroke engine________________ a. has a
compression and a power stroke.
84
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. In a diesel engine, fuel__________________ a.
is injected directly into the cylinder or
combustion chamber b. is mixed with air, then
injected into the cylinder c. is also used for
lubrication d. consumption is constant at all
speeds
85
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. In a diesel engine, fuel ________________ a.
is injected directly into the cylinder or
combustion chamber.
86
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. In a gasoline engine the fuel-air mixture
ratio is controlled by the _________ a.
throttle b. carburetor c. intake valve d. fuel
pump
87
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. In a gasoline engine the fuel-air mixture
ratio is controlled by the ____________________
b. carburetor
88
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. Lubricating oil in engines_______ a. is used
for ignition and for friction reduction b. is
used only to lubricate the bearings and
bushings c. is always under constant
pressure d. is used to reduce friction and
increase cooling.
89
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. Lubricating oil in engines ______________ d.
is used to reduce friction and increase cooling
90
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. Which of the following groups of items are
common to both diesel and 4-cycle gasoline
engines? a. valves, carburetor and fuel
pumps b. valves, pistons and spark plugs c.
valves, cylinders and fuel pumps d. valves,
distributor and carburetor
91
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. Which of the following groups of items are
common to both the diesel and 4-cycle gasoline
engine? c. valves, cylinders and fuel pump
92
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. The primary circuit of the ignition system for
gasoline engines includes the ________ a.
distributor and breaker points b. battery and
spark plugs c. ignition coil and breaker
points d. ignition coil and distributor
93
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. The primary circuit of the ignition system for
gasoline engines includes the _____________ c.
ignition coil and breaker points
94
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. The high voltage that produces the spark in
the spark plug in a gasoline engine is produced
in the _____________________ a. battery b.
condenser c. breaker points d. ignition coil
95
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. The high voltage that produces the spark in
spark plug in a gasoline engine is produced in
the ___________________ d. ignition coil
96
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • The clove hitch is used to tie a line to a pile
    or bollard when_______
  • a. a permanent fastening is required
  • b. when dipping your line is required
  • c. securing hemp lines only
  • d. a temporary fastening is desired

97
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • The clove hitch is used to tie a line to a pile
    or bollard when______
  • d. a temporary fastening is desired

98
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO.2
2. Which knot is most useful to temporarily join
the ends of different diameter lines? The
_________ a. Fishermans bend b. Square or Reef
knot c. Sheet or Becket Bend d. Sheepshank
99
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. Which knot is most useful to temporarily join
the ends of different diameter lines?
The___________ c. Sheet or Becket bend
100
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. The preferred method of joining rope ends
permanently is by use of a ___________ a.
knot b. splice c. marlinspike d. turnbuckle
101
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. The preferred method of joining line ends
permanently is by use of a _________________ b.
splice
102
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. Which of the following types of line has the
highest elasticity? a. Manila b. Dacron c.
Cotton d. Nylon
103
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. Which of the following types of line has the
highest elasticity? d. Nylon
104
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. The most popular and durable of natural fibers
used in the manufacture of rope for marine
applications is ______ a. flax b. sisal c.
cotton d. manila hemp
105
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. The most popular and durable of natural fibers
used in the manufacture of rope for marine
applications is ________ d. manila hemp
106
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. The bowline is a knot which is relatively
easy to tie and is ______ a. especially useful
for forming a temporary loop in the end of a
line. b. difficult to untie and tends to
slip c. most useful for reefing sails d. never
used to tie sheets to the clew of the jib sail
107
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. The bowline is a knot which is relatively
easy to tie and is ______ a. especially
useful for forming a loop
108
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. Cotton rope has about _____ as much strength
as compared to manila? a. ¼ b. ½ c. ¾ d. equal
109
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. Cotton rope has about _____as much strength as
compared to manila? b. 1/2
110
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. Rope made of the synthetics Polypropylene and
Polyethylene_____ a. are more supple than Dacron
and Nylon b. will float c. have a higher
abrasion resistance than Dacron or
Nylon d. are stronger when wet than when dry
111
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. Rope made of the synthetics Polypropylene and
Polyethylene _____ b. will float
112
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. When laying down a long line on deck for
possible full length use, the line should be
______ a. flemished b. faked c. coiled or
wrapped d. braided
113
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. When laying down a long line on deck for
possible full length use, the line should be
________ b. Faked
114
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. Where is Nylon sometimes dangerous? a. in
the open sun b. in dark, damp storage c. when
tightly spliced d. under a heavy towing load
115
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. Where is Nylon sometimes dangerous ? d.
under a heavy load
116
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • The part of the current that flows into the
    propeller is called the ___ _____ _____.
  • a. back lash current
  • b. back tide current
  • c. suction screw current
  • d. post screw current

117
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • The part of the current that flows into the
    propeller is called the ____ ____ ____
  • c. suction screw current

118
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. When a right-handed propeller is turning
clockwise, the boat will go _________. a.
forward b. backward c. to the right d. to the
left
119
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. When a right handed propeller is turning
clockwise, the boat will go_________ a.
forward
120
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. The stern of a single screw boat with a left
hand propeller tends to go _______when the
propeller is reversing. a. to starboard b. to
port c. ahead d. up
121
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. The stern of a single screw boat with a left
handed propeller tends to go_______________ when
the propeller is reversing. a. to starboard
122
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. When the rudder is put over, the stern is
_____ the direction the rudder moves. a. kicked
toward b. kicked away from c. kicked in d. not
affected by
123
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. When the rudder is put over, the stern is
_________ the direction the rudder moves. b.
kicked away from
124
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. When backing a single screw inboard with a
right-handed propeller and rudder amidship, the
stern will___________ a. go to starboard b.
track straight back c. drift to starboard d.
move to port
125
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. When backing a single screw inboard with a
right hand propeller and rudder amidship, the
stern will ___________ d. move to port
126
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. The mooring line that keeps the boat from
going ahead is the _____ a. Bow line b.
Forward spring c. Breast d. after bow spring
127
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. The mooring line that keeps the boat from
going ahead is the ____ d. after bow spring
128
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. By going ahead on one engine while reversing
the other enables a twin screw vessel
to_______ a. turn in a much wider area b. turn
within its own length c. turn within 1/3 of
its own length d. back easier
129
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. By going ahead on one engine while reversing
the other enables a twin screw vessel
to_____________ b. turn within its own
length
130
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. Getting away from a dock, when the boat is
being set into it by the wind, generally
requires using_____________. a. an after bow
spring line b. a breast line c. a boat hook d.
a stern line
131
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. Getting away from the dock, when the boat is
being set into it by the wind, generally
requires using _______ a. an after bow spring
line
132
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. Breast lines are set ________ the boats
hull. a. parallel to b. next to c.
perpendicular to d. at 45 deg. angles to
133
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. Breast lines are set____________the boats
hull. c. perpendicular to.
134
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. The discharge current of the propeller is
always located on _______ a. the down current
side of the propeller b. the up current side
of the propeller c. behind the propeller d.
ahead of the propeller
135
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. The discharge current of the propeller is
always located on the ____ a. down current
side of the propeller
136
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • The time it takes two wave crests to pass the
    same point is known as the___________
  • a. scan
  • b. second trip
  • c. period
  • d. span

137
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • The time it takes two wave crests to pass the
    same point is known as the _______________
  • c. period.

138
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. The uninterrupted expanse of water over which
the wind blows is called the _______ a.
stretch b. fetch c. path d. trof
139
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO.
2. The uninterrupted expanse of water over which
the wind blows is called the _______ b.
fetch
140
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. A sea anchor___________ a. is a heavy anchor
for use in open water b. is highly effective
regardless of method or skill employed in
its use. c. is usually cone-shaped of canvas
or other cloth material and prevents
excessive yawing when properly
deployed. d. is easily handled.
141
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. A sea anchor _________________ c. is
usually cone-shaped of canvas or other
cloth material and prevents excessive
yawing when properly deployed.
142
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. The angular measure from the trough to the
crest of the wave is the____ a. pitch b.
slope c. spill d. swell
143
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. The angular measure from the trough to the
crest of the wave is the _______ b. slope
144
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. Nearly all waves are caused by______ a.
cycloidal action b. the wind blowing across the
surface c. earthquakes d. swell over changing
bottom conditions
145
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO.
5. Nearly all waves are caused by__________ b.
wind blowing over the surface
146
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. If forced to operate a power boat in heavy
seas, _____ a. alter course to run in the
trough or the waves where the sea is
calm. b. alter course to run just ahead of the
crest of a very high wave since waves are
always spaced farthest apart there. c. alter
course to run broadside to wind and waves since
rolling motion is more comfortable than
pitching motion d. slow speed and alter course
to run into wind and waves at approximately
45 degree angles.
147
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. If forced to operate a power boat in heavy
seas_______ d. slow speed and alter course to
run into the wind and waves at approximately 45
degree angles.
148
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. A warp is____________ a. used in place of a
drogue b. used when running abeam of the
seas c. streamed from the bow d. usually made
of heavy planking so that it will float.
149
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. A warp is ______________ a. used in place
of a drogue
150
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. Running with high seas abeam is most likely to
cause a vessel to____ a. hog b. jibe c.
pitchpole d. broach
151
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. Running with seas abeam is most likely to
cause a vessel to_____ d. broach
152
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. Of the waves caused by boats, which is the
most dangerous? a. Bow wave b. Beam wave c.
Mid-ship wave d. Stern wave
153
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. Of the waves caused by boats, which is the
most dangerous? d. Stern wave
154
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. When you have too much weight aft, your
vessel will tend to____ a. roll b. slew c.
yaw d. pitch
155
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. With too much weight aft, your vessel will
tend to_______ c. yaw
156
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • A small hole of rounded shape, if located below
    the water line_____
  • can be temporarily closed to water leakage with a
  • tapered round plug.
  • can be closed with a simple soft material patch
    placed
  • over the opening, on the inside of the
    hull.
  • c. can only be closed with a patch applied to
    both outside
  • and inside surfaces of the hull.
  • d. is best left unattended until the boat can be
    hoisted out of
  • the water.

157
REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. A small hole of rounded shape if located below
the water line ______ a. Can be temporarily
closed to water leakage with a tapered
round plug inserted small end first.
158
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. Before you start dewatering with a portable
pump________ a. be sure all leakage has been
stopped b. have your boat completely stopped c.
use only a hand-operated pump. d. be sure the
pump outlet is over the side and downwind.
159
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. Before you start dewatering with a portable
pump________ d. be sure the pump outlet is
over the side and downwind.
160
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. To right a capsized sailboat________
a. tow it at a slow speed, stern first. b. it
is not necessary to lower the sails c. push on
the top of the mast with the bow of your
boat. d. have the crew stand on the keel,
holding on to the gunwales.
161
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. To right a capsized sailboat________ d. Have
the crew stand on the keel, holding on to
the gunwales.
162
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. When assisting a stranded boat, the assisting
vessel should first_____ a. come in under power,
bow on, pass a line and back out. b.
consider water depth, your backing ability,
wind, current and tide, before taking
action. c. attach a tow line to the most
convenient bitt or cleat. d. never anchor while
attempting to get a line over.
163
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. When assisting a stranded boat the assisting
vessel should first______ b. consider water
depth, your backing ability, wind, current,
and tide before taking action.
164
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. The four elements of the fire tetrahedron
are_________ a. oxygen, gasoline, heat and
ignition b. air, fuel, chemical reaction and
spark c. oil, electricity, heat and combustible
material d. heat, oxygen, fuel and chemical
reaction
165
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. The four elements of the fire tetrahedron
are________________ d. heat, oxygen, fuel and
chemical reaction
166
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. Fires that take place in ordinary combustible
materials such as bedding, wood, and paper are
Class____ fires. a. A b. B c. C d. D
167
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. Fires that take place in ordinary combustible
materials such as bedding, wood and paper are
Class _____fires. a. A
168
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. When attempting to remove the crew from a
burning vessel, the proper procedure is to
___. a. come up on the leeward side of the
burning vessel b. back down to the nearest open
deck side of the burning vessel. c.
make ready your gear and assist equipment then
slowly and carefully come down on the
windward side of the burning
vessel d.stand off from the burning vessel and
send a volunteer aboard her with a towing
line.
169
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. When attempting to remove the crew from a
burning vessel, the proper procedure is
to__________. c. make ready your gear and assist
equipment, then slowly and carefully come
down on the windward side of of the burning
vessel.
170
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. Fires that take place in inflammable liquids
such as gasoline, oils and paints are Class____
fires. a. A b. B c. II d. C
171
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. Fires that take place in inflammable liquids
such as gasoline, oils and paints are Class______
fires. b. B
172
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. Water is the extinguishing agent of choice for
Class ____ fires. a. I b. B c. A d.C
173
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. Water is the extinguishing agent of choice for
Class____ fires. c. A
174
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. Approach a burning boat from________. a.
upwind b. downwind c. crosswind d. the nearest
open deck
175
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. Approach a burning boat from
_____________. a. upwind
176
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • Under the Inland Rules, two power driven vessels
    meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal
    headings as to involve risk of collision, shall,
    at a distance within half a mile of each other
    signal to pass each other with_____ .
  • a. one short blast to mean I intend to leave you
    on my port side.
  • b. two short blasts to mean I intend to leave
    you on my starboard side.
  • c. three short blasts to meanstay as you are do
    not alter course or speed.
  • d. One short blast and one prolonged blast to
    mean which way will you
  • alter course?

177
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • Under the Inland Navigation Rules Act of 1980,
    two power driven vessels on a reciprocal or
    nearly reciprocal headings so as to involve the
    risk of collision, shall at a distance within
    half a mile of each other signal to pass each
    other with_______
  • One short blast to mean I intend to leave you on
    my
  • port. side.

178
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. Risk of collision can be ascertained by
carefully watching the compass bearing of an
approaching vessel. Such risk should be
considered to exist if_______________ a. the
bearing remains constant b. the bearing draws
rapidly aft c. the bearing draws rapidly
foreword d. the bearing in terms of the angular
measurement from your bow peak is rapidly
increasing.
179
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. Risk of collision can be ascertained by
carefully watching the compass bearing of an
approaching vessel. Such risk should be
considered to exist if_______________________ a.
the bearing remains constant.
180
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 3
3. Which of the following factors shall be taken
into account when determining safe speed? a.
vessels fuel consumption b. vessels
maneuverability c. vessels top speed d.
vessels length
181
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. Which of the following factors should be taken
into account when determining safe speed? b.
vessels maneuverability
182
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. The 1980 Inland Navigation Rules and the
International Rules define a power driven
vessel as_________ a. any vessel propelled by
machinery b. documented vessels only c. a
sailing vessel provided with propelling
machinery that is not being used d. large
seagoing vessels only
183
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. The 1980 Inland Navigation Rules and the
International Rules define a power
driven vessel as _______________ a. any vessel
propelled by machinery
184
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. In an overtaking situation, which of the
following statements is NOT correct? a. A
vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when
coming up with another vessel from a
direction more than 22 ½ degrees abaft the
beam. b. A vessel shall be deemed to be
overtaking, if in such a position to the
other vessel that at night, it is able to see one
of the sidelights of that other vessel. c.
Any vessel overtaking any other shall keep out of
the way of the vessel being overtaken. d.
When a vessel is in doubt as to whether it is
overtaking another, it shall assume that
this is the case and act accordingly.
185
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. In an overtaking situation, which of the
following statements is NOT true? b. A vessel
shall be deemed to be overtaking, if in such
a position to the other vessel that at night,
it is possible to see one of the sidelights of
that other vessel.
186
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. The 1980 Inland Navigation Rules state, that
in a crossing situation_________ a. on a river,
the power driven vessel ascending or
descending the river shall keep out of the way of
a vessel crossing the river. b. the vessel
which has the other on its starboard side
shall keep out of the way and shall, if the
circumstances of the case admit, avoid
crossing ahead of the other vessel. c. the
vessel which has the other on its starboard side
shall maintain course and speed. d. both
vessels can maneuver in any manner desired.
187
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. The Inland Navigation Rules state, that in a
crossing situation_________ b. the vessel which
has the other on its starboard side shall
keep out of the way and shall, if the
circumstances of the case admit, avoid
crossing ahead of the other vessel.
188
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. Under the 1980 Inland Navigational Rules and
the International Rules, while in fog you hear a
ships bell being rung rapidly for about 5
seconds at intervals of not more than 1 minute,
the vessel you hear is probably _________________.
a. towing another vessel b. aground c.
pushing another vessel d. anchored
189
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. Under the 1980 Inland Rules and International
Rules, while in fog you hear a ships bell being
rung rapidly for about 5 seconds at intervals of
not more than 1 minute, the vessel you hear is
probably___________ d. anchored
190
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. Under the International Rules and the 1980
Inland Navigational Rules, a vessel under oars
_______ a. shall exhibit only a stern light b.
shall exhibit only a bow light d. shall exhibit
only combination lights d. may exhibit the
lights prescribe in the rules for sailing
vessels or shall show a lighted lantern in
sufficient time to prevent collision.
191
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. Under the International Rules and the 1980
Inland Navigational Rules, a vessel under
oars_______________ d. may exhibit the lights
prescribed in the rules for sailing vessels
or shall show a lighted lantern in
sufficient time to prevent collision.
192
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. Side lights are defined as________________ a
. a green light on the starboard side and red
light on the port side. b. any colored
light displayed on the side of a vessel c.
lights at the side of a vessel which can only be
seen when approaching the side of the
vessel. d. a red light on the starboard side and
green light on the port side.
193
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. Side lights are defined as___________ a. a
green light on the starboard side and red light
on the port side.
194
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. The prescribed whistle signal for the Pilot
Boat is__________ a. one short blast b. two
short blasts c. three short blasts d. four
short blasts
195
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. The prescribed whistle signal for the Pilot
Boat is_______ d. four short blasts
196
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 1
  • The most widely used material for the anchor line
    is_________
  • a. polypropylene
  • b. polystyrene
  • c. nylon
  • d. rayon

197
REVIEW QUESTIONS
  • The most widely used material for the anchor line
    is__________
  • c. nylon

198
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 2
2. All gear, taken collectively, that lies
between the boat and its anchor is called the
_________. a. line b. mooring c. rode d. cast
199
REVIEW QUESTIONS
2. All the gear, taken collectively, that lies
between the boat its anchor is called the
____________ c. rode
200
REVIEW QUESTIONS N O. 3
3. The lightweight type anchor is excellent on
______ and sand bottoms. a. rock b.hard c.
gravel d. mud
201
REVIEW QUESTIONS
3. The lightweight anchor is excellent in _____
and sand bottoms. d. mud
202
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 4
4. Chain is designated by the __________ of the
material in the links. a. length b. weight c.
metal d. diameter
203
REVIEW QUESTIONS
4. Chain is designated by the _______ of the
material in the links. d. diameter
204
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 5
5. The ideal rode for most average conditions is
a combination of _________ and a short length,
less than 1 fathom of chain. a. cable b.
nylon c. rayon d. polypropylene
205
REVIEW QUESTIONS
5. The ideal rode for most average conditions is
a combination of ____ and a short length, less
than 1 fathom of chain. b. nylon
206
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 6
6. When anchoring under favorable weather and sea
conditions and using nylon line, a scope of
________ might be considered a minimum. a. 5
3 b. 4 8 c. 5 1 d. 5 1
207
REVIEW QUESTIONS
6. When anchoring under favorable weather and sea
conditions and using nylon line, a scope of
_________ might be considered a minimum. d. 5
1
208
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 7
7. When anchoring, the anchor should _____ be
lowered when the boat has any way on. a.
always b. never c. probably d. must
209
REVIEW QUESTIONS
7. When anchoring, the anchor should____ be
lowered when the boat has any way on. b.
never
210
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 8
8. If an anchor drags, the first step in trying
to get it to hold is to_______. a. pay out more
scope b. take in scope c. change anchor
size d. try another spot
211
REVIEW QUESTIONS
8. If an anchor drags, the first step in trying
to get it to hold is to_____. a. pay out more
scope
212
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 9
9. When chocks, cleats and other fittings are
used on deck, they must be _________ and
reinforced with a strong backing plate. a.
heavily screwed b. through-bolted c.
screwed d. stopped
213
REVIEW QUESTIONS
9. When chocks, cleats and other fittings are
used on deck, they must be _________ and
reinforced with a strong backing plate. b.
through-bolted
214
REVIEW QUESTIONS NO. 10
10. The type of anchor traditionally used for
permanent moorings is the _______. a. pan b.
mushroom c. folding d. navy
215
REVIEW QUESTIONS
10. The type of anchor traditionally used for
permanent moorings is the ________ b.
mushroom
216
END OF AUXSEA COURSE
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