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Animal Husbandry

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Animal Husbandry Giacomini Mattia Inglese 3 A What is it ? It is the branch of agriculture concerned with the breeding of farm animals: Cattle Pigs Sheep Horses ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Husbandry


1
Animal Husbandry
  • Giacomini Mattia
  • Inglese
  • 3A

2
What is it ?
  • It is the branch of agriculture concerned with
    the breeding of farm animals
  • Cattle
  • Pigs
  • Sheep
  • Horses
  • Poultry

3
History of Husbandry
  • Domestication of wild animals started in the
    Prehistoric period, and they were
  • Sheep (northern Iraq)
  • Goats (same region)

4
Modern Development
  • Selective breeding
  • Advances in animal nutrition
  • Vet medicine
  • Artificial insemination
  • Embryo transfer

5
Farm Specialists
  • Breeders
  • Milkers
  • Feeders
  • Health specialists
  • Vets

6
Cattle Raising
  • Cattle have been domesticated since the Neolithic
    period

7
Breeds of Cattle
  • A breed is a group of animals of common descent,
    possessing distinctive characteristics that
    distinguish them from other groups within the
    same species

8
The Cattle Family
  • Cow
  • Milking cow
  • Heifer
  • Milker
  • Calf
  • Ox
  • Steer
  • Bull

9
Cattle raising
  • It is divided into two types

Dairy cattle
Beef Cattle
10
Breeds of Cattle
  • Dairy cattle

Pezzata rossa
Holstein Black/White
Brown Swiss
11
Breeds of Cattle
  • Beef cattle

Chianina
Limousine
Simmenthal
Charolais
12
Cows are Ruminants
They have a digestive system that allows them to
regurgitate and rechew food
The cud is digested by specialized microorganisms
that live in the rumen
13
Stomach
  • Rumen (fermentation vat)
  • Reticulum (rumens assistant)
  • Omasum (dehydrator)
  • Abomasum (true stomach)

14
Cows Life
  • Gestation period is 9 months
  • Newborn calf weighs 35-40 kg
  • Dairy cows are slaughtered when they are 5 years
    old
  • Dairy cows provide 90 of worlds milk
    production
  • Farmers use machines to milk 100 cows for 1 hour
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