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OSHA

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OSHA Regulations The OSHA regulations are located under 29 CFR in the Code of Federal Regulations ... There are periodic inspections of the workplace, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OSHA


1
OSHA
  • FEDERAL OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA)
    OF 1970

George Mason University College of Nursing and
Health Science Regulatory Requirements for Health
Systems Summer 2004
2
The Occupational Safety and Health Act
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
    was passed to assure safe and healthful working
    conditions for men and women
  • Authorizes enforcement of the standards developed
    under the Act
  • Assists and encourages the States in their
    efforts to assure safe and healthful working
    conditions by providing for research,
    information, education, and training in the field
    of occupational safety and health
  • Can be used for other purposes relating to the
    work environment.

3
Scope of Regulations
  • Regulations apply to occupational safety and
    health research and related activities,
  • Approval of respiratory protective devices, and
  • Requests for health hazard evaluations and
    investigations of places of employment, including
    how to go about requesting a health hazard
    evaluation and what needs to be in the request,
    advance notice of visits, how the investigation
    is conducted, and notification of findings.

4
Enforcement
  • Occupational Safety and Health investigations of
    places of employment are conducted by
  • - The National Institute For Occupational Safety
    and Health (NIOSH) of the Center For Disease
    Control,
  • - Public Health Service,
  • - Department of Health and Human Services .

5
OSHA Mission
  • The mission of OSHA is to "save lives, prevent
    injuries and protect the health of America's
    workers. To accomplish this, federal and state
    governments must work in partnership with the
    more than I00 million working men and women and
    their six and a half million employers who are
    covered by the Act."

6
OSHA Regulations
  • The OSHA regulations are located under 29 CFR in
    the Code of Federal Regulations
  • Regulations apply to
  • Production or disclosure of information or
    materials
  • Protection of individual privacy in records
  • Procedures for state agreements
  • State plans for the development and enforcement
    of state standards
  • Inspections, citations and proposed penalties

7
OSHA Regulations
  • Recording and reporting occupational injuries and
    illness
  • Occupational Safety and Health Standards
  • Rules concerning OSHA access to employee medical
    records.
  • Approved state plans for enforcement of state
    standards
  • Procedures for the evaluation and monitoring of
    approved state plans

8
OSHA Regulations
  • Plans for state and local government employees
    without approved plans
  • OSHA Review Commission
  • Regulations implementing the Freedom of
    Information Act
  • Rules of ethics and conduct of Review Commission
    employees Regulations implementing the Privacy
    Act

9
PROVISIONS
  • The Federal Occupational Safety and Health Act
    (OSHA) of 1970 provided law and subsequent
    regulation requiring employers to establish
    occupational safety and health programs and
    ensure safe and healthful working conditions for
    employees.
  • The provisions may vary by state.

10
Standards Related To Employee Rights
  • Safe and healthful working conditions
  • General training in safe work practices
  • Specific training in hazards unique to the job,
    e.g.
  • Equipment operation
  • Hazardous substances handling
  • Emergency procedures
  • Self-contained breathing apparatus use
  • Training in potential health hazards of
    chemicals/materials
  • Refuse to perform work violating the Labor Code

11
Standards Related To Employee Rights
  • Observe employer monitoring of harmful
    substances
  • Notification of exposure to harmful substances
  • See and copy records of exposure to toxic
    substances and harmful physical agents
  • Access any medical records
  • Request an inspection
  • See any citations
  • Request and take part in making changes to
    occupational safety and health standards
  • Take part in appeal proceedings

12
Standards Related To Employee Responsibilities
  • Obey all occupational safety and health
    standards, rules, regulations, and orders issued
    according to the law
  • Use safety equipment, safety devices, and methods
    or processes adopted for employee protection
  • Not to remove, displace, damage, destroy, tamper
    with, or carry off safety devices, safeguards,
    notices, or warnings
  • Not interfere with the use of safeguards by
    others.

13
Standards Related To Employer Rights
  • Request free education and training, including
    onsite consultation
  • Petition for changes in standards or rules
  • Assist in development, modification, or
    revocation of standards and rules
  • Apply for variances from requirements if
    equivalent safety can be maintained
  • Participate in inspections

14
Standards Related To Employer Rights
  • Contest any citations, penalties, and correction
    requirements
  • Be protected by law against disclosure of trade
    secrets
  • Be given a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) by
    the manufacturer for any substance listed on the
    List of Hazardous Substances

15
Standards Related To Employer Responsibilities
  • Maintain a safe and healthful place of
    employment
  • Comply with occupational safety and health
    standards, rules, regulations,and orders
  • Provide employees with general training in safe
    work practices
  • Provide employees with specific training re.
    unique job hazards
  • Allow employee access to medical and exposure
    records

16
Standards Related To Employer Responsibilities
  • Post prominently any citation (or copy) issued
    for safety and health violations near the
    location of occurrence
  • Allow employees to observe monitoring or
    measuring for exposure
  • Notify all exposed to toxic substances or harmful
    physical agents when prescribed levels exceeded
  • Prepare and maintain all records and reports
    required

17
Standards Related To Employer Responsibilities
  • Provide an effective injury and illness
    prevention program
  • Allow access to log of occupational injuries and
    illnesses
  • Provide workers with information and training on
    substances on List of Hazardous Substances
  • Provide and ensure that safety devices and safety
    guards are used.

18
Enforcement of Standards
  • Most states enforce the standards through a
    separate board or through a department of health
    and/or occupational safety.
  • There are periodic inspections of the workplace,
    checking for compliance with applicable law and
    regulation or with necessary corrections.
  • There must be provision for receipt and
    processing of complaints, as well as for appeal
    of citations, orders, grievances, etc., by either
    employees or employers.

19
Inspections
  • Inspections are based on
  • Imminent danger
  • Fatality or serious accident
  • Employee complaint
  • Investigations of serious injuries or illnesses
  • Scheduled inspections
  • By law, no advance notice is given to the
    employer.

20
State Administration
  • Some states, including California, administer
    their own occupational health and safety programs
    in accordance with provisions of the Federal
    OSHA.
  • OSHA establishes program structure and operations
    requirements, but permits the state to manage the
    program, with federal monitoring.
  • These states receive part of program funding from
    the federal OSHA agency.
  • Most OSHA programs provide for free consultation
    and training in key safety and illness-prevention
    issues pertinent to the workplace.
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