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Safety

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Title: Safety


1
Safety Health Management System Training
  • Lesson 3 Worksite Analysis

2
Safety Health Management System (SHMS) Webinar
Series
  • In this series of webinars developed under the
    Susan Harwood Grant, you will learn
  • Lesson 1 - OSHA and the Importance of Having a
    Safety Health Management System (SHMS)
  • Lesson 2 Management Commitment Leadership
  • Lesson 3 Worksite Analysis
  • Lesson 4 Hazard Prevention Control
  • Lesson 5 Safety Health Training

3
Lesson 3 Contents
  1. Objectives
  2. Accident Investigation
  3. Self-Inspection
  4. Comprehensive Survey
  5. Legal Requirements
  6. Job Hazard Analysis

4
Objectives
  • Learn the four methods of worksite analysis
  • Accident/ Investigation System
  • Routine self-inspections
  • Comprehensive Surveys
  • Job Hazard Analysis, or Other Pre-Use Analysis
  • Learn how to effectively conduct each method
    within your organization.

5
  • Poll Question 1

6
Accident Investigation
  • Accident is defined as an unplanned event that
    results in personal injury or property damage.
  • Accident is an indication of a deficiency in the
    SHMS.

7
Accident Investigation
  • Incident
  • An unplanned event that does not result in
    personal injury but may result in property damage
    or is worthy of recording.
  • Near-Miss
  • An event that does not result in an injury or
    damage. It is important to record and investigate
    near-misses to identify weaknesses in the SHMS
    that could possibly lead to an injury or damage.

8
Accident Investigation
  • The primary goals of an accident investigation
    are
  • To identify the root cause of the accident or
    incident
  • To prevent the accident or incident from
    occurring again.
  • Accident investigations and reports help identify
    these deficiencies.
  • Must be conducted and written according to your
    organization's established documented procedures.

9
Accident Investigation
  • The investigation process is "fact-finding" not
    "fault-finding". Not to place blame.
  • When interviewing witnesses, ask open-ended
    questions, listen carefully and be courteous.
  • For more guidance on accident investigation,
    visit the OSHA website Accident Investigation.

10
Accident Investigation
  • Accident history records
  • Another way to discover potential workplace
    hazards.
  • Helps you identify past trends.
  • To establish focused interventions that will
    prevent similar accidents from re-occurring.
  • Also known as loss reports/runs.

11
Accident Investigation
  • Elements of an accident investigation.
  • A documented procedure is in place when an
    employee reports an accident, incident or near
    miss.
  • Procedures include instructions for medical
    treatment of employees for all shifts.
  • Employees are trained to report accidents
    immediately to their immediate supervisor.
  • The investigation process may include a team of
    employees to ensure that the root cause of the
    accident or incident is identified.

12
  • Poll Question 2

13
  • Poll Question 3

14
Accident Investigation Exercise 1
  • Identify Cause of CHC Accident
  • Jim South, the Sales Manager at CHC, was in his
    office when he received a phone call from Mark
    Rebell. Mark reported that his hand had been
    injured and that he needed medical attention. He
    told Jim that he had been walking onto a job site
    while calling a client on his cell phone. He
    failed to notice a pile of debris stored near the
    sidewalk and accidentally tripped on a broken
    piece of pallet. He put his hands out to stop his
    fall and his right hand landed on a corner of the
    broken pallet, slicing a deep cut into his hand.
    He wanted to know what he should do next.

15
Accident Investigation Exercise 1 Answers
  • Question 1
  • Answer
  • Jim South should immediately arrange proper
    medical care for Mark. While the injury is not
    life-threatening, it should be evaluated to
    determine if sutures are needed.
  • Question 2
  • Answer
  • Absolutely. This injury may very likely require
    sutures, which would make it be recordable on the
    OSHA Form 300 (discussed on next page). In
    addition, the root cause of the accident should
    be identified so that future, similar accidents
    can be prevented.

16
Accident Investigation Exercise 1 Answers
  • Question 3
  • Answer
  • Root causes of the accident were (1)
    inappropriate storage of debris near sidewalk
    used by employees to access the job site (poor
    housekeeping) and (2) distraction of employee as
    he dialed his cell phone.
  • Preventive measures include (1) an action plan
    for communicating the importance of contractor
    housekeeping at all job sites, (2) routine
    inspection of all job sites for improper storage
    of debris and (3) prohibition against use of cell
    phones on job sites unless employees are in a
    safe place.

17
Self Inspection
  • Reviewing injury and accident data is important,
    but visually inspecting your facility is the only
    way to know for sure if hazardous conditions are
  • Present
  • To determine if they are adequately being
    controlled.
  • Self-inspections should be conducted on a regular
    basis because conditions can change.

18
Self Inspection
  • Self-inspections promote employee participation
    by getting many employees involved.
  • Those who conduct self-inspections can include,
    but are not limited to
  • Top management, members of safety committees,
    departmental employees and safety and health
    staff.
  • Rotating the employees who participate on the
    inspection team allows more employees to become
    involved with the SHMS.

19
  • Poll Question 4

20
Self Inspection What are you looking for?
  • Keep areas for potential hazards in mind when
    inspecting the following
  • Housekeeping
  • Cleanliness of work area leakage or spillage
    and cleaning methods
  • Building Conditions
  • Exit lights functional exits, stairs, and aisles
    free of obstruction

21
Self Inspection
  • Electricity
  • Electrical circuits labeled and unused openings
    closed.
  • Machinery
  • Effective guarding of point of operation and
    Lockout/tag out
  • Chemicals
  • Proper storage and labeling and protective
    equipment available and used properly.

22
Self Inspection
  • Fire Protection
  • Fire extinguishers free of obstruction fire
    alarms and sprinklers functional and evacuations
    routes posted.
  • Material Handling
  • Forklifts, cranes, and hoists properly inspected
    and operated.
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • PPE is available and maintained properly and
    proper use of PPE.

23
Self Inspection
  • Personnel
  • Proper use of equipment and safe work practices.
  • Examples of Self-Inspection Checklists
  • OSHA Checklist
  • OSHA Handbook for small businesses - Provides a
    good overview of self-inspection techniques. (See
    p. 24 for Checklist.)
  • General Safety Audit Checklist (Word Format)

24
Self Inspection - Assignment
  • Below are ideas to consider when conducting your
    self-inspection
  • Train your employees on how to identify hazards
    prior to starting the self-inspection.
  • Develop and utilize helpful checklists so that
    you don't forget anything when you're conducting
    the walk-through. Add extra blank spaces so that
    you can fill in items that are not yet included
    on the checklist. Later, you can modify your
    checklist to accommodate your particular
    workplace.
  • Wear necessary PPE that may be defined by your
    organization. The safety inspection team should
    not be violating safety policies!
  • Have necessary tools such as a tape measure,
    camera or electrical measuring devices to perform
    quick measurements of the workplace conditions.
  • Don't forget to communicate and distribute the
    results of the completed self-inspection to
    appropriate departments.
  • Similarly, don't forget to assign
    responsibilities and due dates for completing
    corrective actions.

25
Comprehensive Survey
  • A comprehensive survey thorough investigation of
    the specific hazards in work environment.
  • Investigates possible harmful conditions,
    conducts scientific measurements to determine
    potential personnel exposure, and helps to
    identify legal requirements where necessary.
  • Different from a self-inspection in that it
    systematically identifies and documents common
    hazards common to your work environment

26
Comprehensive Survey
  • Comparison of Results Comprehensive Survey vs.
    Self-Inspection

Comprehensive Survey Self-Inspection
Asbestos ceiling tiles are present in the building being renovated. Develop a plan to ensure compliance with the OSHA Asbestos standard 29 CFR 1910.1001, which includes but is not limited to employee training, installation of signs and Labels, and personal protective equipment. The asbestos sign has been removed and must be replaced.
The compressor room is a high noise area. Conduct sound level monitoring in the area to determine if employees must wear hearing protection when entering or working in the room according to the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.95. The box of hearing protection is empty and needs to be replaced.
27
Comprehensive Survey
  • A comprehensive survey should be performed by
    professionals trained in occupational safety and
    health, industrial hygiene, ergonomics, or other
    specific areas.
  • Your workers' compensation insurance carrier,
    private safety consultants, or even your local
    OSHA consultation office may be able to serve as
    resources.

28
  • Poll Question 5

29
Legal Requirements
  • Purpose of your comprehensive survey is to
    identify and understand the legal requirements
    with which you must comply

30
Legal Requirements
  • According to the Occupational Safety and Health
    (OSH) Act
  • employers are subject to the General Duty Clause
    at Section 5(a)(1),
  • Employer shall furnish to each of his employees
    employment and a place of employment which are
    free from recognized hazards that are causing or
    are likely to cause death or serious physical
    harm to his employees.

31
Legal Requirements
  • States are allowed to develop their own OSH plans
    but they must establish standards that are at
    least as stringent as those of federal OSHA.
  • To determine if your state has its own plan with
    which you must comply, see State Occupational
    Safety and Health Plans (OSHA website).

32
Legal Requirements
  • Legal requirements are grouped into these
    categories
  • Industrial Hygiene
  • Workplace Conditions
  • Emergency Planning
  • We will indicate whether or not the standards
    associated with the hazards in each category
    require a written program or training.

33
Legal Requirements
  • Keep in mind that this section is not
    exhaustivemany hazards are not covered. What
    follows are the most commonly found hazards in
    general industry.

34
  • Poll Question 6

35
Legal Requirements
  • Industrial Hygiene Chemical Hazards
  • Do your employees handle chemicals or dusty
    materials in your workplace?
  • If so, it is your responsibility to provide
    information on these hazards and to determine if
    your employees' exposure exceeds permissible
    levels.

36
  • Poll Question 7

37
Legal Requirements
  • Industrial Hygiene Other Hazards
  • Are your employees exposed to loud noise,
    repetitive motions or bloodborne pathogens? If
    so, it is your responsibility to provide
    information on these hazards and to determine if
    the exposure to your employees exceeds acceptable
    levels

38
Legal Requirements
  • Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP)
  • Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in
    human blood and can cause disease in humans.
    These pathogens include, but are not limited to,
    Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Human
    Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
  • Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM)
  • The following fluids semen, vaginal secretions,
    cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid,
    pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal
    fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental
    procedures, any body fluid that is visibly
    contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in
    situations where it is difficult or impossible to
    differentiate between body fluids

39
  • Poll Question 8

40
  • Poll Question 9

41
Legal Requirements
  • Emergency Planning
  • OSHA requires you to develop written emergency
    plans and to train your employees appropriately
    in case of emergencies, such as fires, chemical
    spills, medical emergencies and weather events.
  • Exit Routes
  • Emergency Action
  • Fire Safety
  • Medical and First Aid

42
Legal Requirements
  • Required Written Programs and Plans
  • Following your comprehensive survey, you may be
    subject to developing and implementing some
    written programs.
  • A written program documents how your company will
    comply with the legal requirement, and OSHA will
    request to see them if your facility is inspected.

43
Legal Requirements
  • OSHA has templates for some written plans and
    programs that you may customize for your specific
    worksite (check your state too).
  • The following list of plans and programs are
    often implemented by small businesses (not an
    exhaustive list).

44
Legal Requirements
  • Bloodborne Pathogen (BBP) Exposure Control Plan
  • Chemical Hygiene Plan
  • Confined Space Entry
  • Emergency Action Plan
  • Hazard Communication Program
  • Lockout/Tagout - Mechanical and/or Electrical
  • PPE Hazard Assessments
  • Respiratory Protection Program

45
Legal Requirements
  • The following plans are not required to be
    written but are certainly recommended
  • Forklift Safety
  • Hearing Conservation
  • Hot Work Permit (required for Process Safety
    Management)
  • Templates http//www.osha.gov/dcsp/compliance_ass
    istance/sampleprograms.html

46
  • Poll Question 10

47
Job Hazard Analysis
  • Job Hazard Analysis (or JHA) is a valuable
    technique, utilized in companies of all sizes, to
    routinely examine and analyze safety and health
    hazards associated with individual jobs or
    processes.
  • Note Some companies use the terms "Job Safety
    Analysis" and "JSA" instead of "Job Hazard
    Analysis".

48
Job Hazard Analysis
  • JHA can be used to identify, analyze and record
  • the steps involved in performing a specific job.
  • the existing or potential safety and health
    hazards associated with each step.
  • the recommended action(s) / procedure(s) that
    will eliminate or reduce these hazards and the
    risk of a workplace injury or illness.

49
Job Hazard Analysis
  • JHA is useful for jobs that have high injury and
    illness rates.
  • Jobs with the potential to cause severe or
    disabling injuries.
  • Jobs that are new to your operation, or complex
    jobs that require written instructions.

50
Job Hazard Analysis
  • Tip How to start a JHA
  • Select the job to be analyzed.
  • Define the specific steps or tasks to do the job.
  • Define the hazards associated with each task.
  • Make recommendations to minimize or eliminate the
    hazard.
  • When conducting a JHA, involve employees whose
    jobs or tasks are being analyzed.

51
Job Hazard Analysis Exercise 1
  • Conduct a Job Hazard Analysis
  • To give you practice conducting a JHA, do one for
    changing the oil in your car.
  • Identify the steps or tasks in changing the oil
    in your car.
  • For each task, identify the associated hazards
    and then make recommendations to minimize or
    eliminate the hazard.

52
Job Hazard Analysis Assignment
  • Remember to involve your employees when
    conducting a JHA at your workplace.
  • Review your accident history or jobs that are
    complex to identify jobs that will benefit from a
    JHA.
  • Develop a team of employees and/or Supervisors to
    conduct the JHA and provide training prior to
    starting the JHA.
  • Outline the job into specific tasks or steps. It
    may be helpful to observe or videotape the job
    being analyzed to ensure all tasks or steps are
    included.
  • Develop and utilize your own form to record the
    JHA.

53
Conclusion
  • This is the end of Lesson 3, please take the
    post-test and complete the lesson evaluation
    form.
  • Sign up for Lesson 4 and subsequent lessons.
  • In order to get your certificate of completion
    for this series, you must complete all 5 lessons.

54
  • This course, funded by an OSHA-sponsored Susan
    Harwood grant, is designed to assist small and
    medium sized businesses in developing and
    implementing an effective safety and health
    management system.
  • This material was produced under grant
    SH-17814-08-60-F-24 from the Occupational Safety
    Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.
    It does not necessarily reflect the views and
    policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor
    does mention of trade names, commercial products,
    or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S.
    Government.

55
Legal Requirements Reference
  • Specific OSHA Standards and
  • Legal Requirements

56
Legal Requirements
  • Industrial Hygiene Chemical Hazards
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.1200.
  • Hazard Communication standards ensure that the
    hazards of chemicals are evaluated and that this
    information is communicated to employers and
    employees.
  • Requires the employer to provide chemical
    labeling, MSDS and employee training.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. Hazard
    Communication Program.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and when
    a new hazard is introduced
  • For More Info Hazard Communication (OSHA site).

57
Legal Requirements
  • Air Contaminants for Toxic and Hazardous
    Substances
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.1000.If you have hazardous
    chemicals in the workplace, you must determine if
    there is a legal limit of exposure that is
    allowed for your employees and if the levels in
    your workplace exceed the legal limit. There are
    3 tables in 29 CFR 1910.1000 that list legally
    enforceable limits for chemical exposure
  • Table Z-1 - Limits for Air Contaminants
  • Table Z-2 - Toxic and Hazardous Substances
  • Table Z-3 - Mineral Dusts

58
Legal Requirements
  • Written Program Required? No, but you must
    document any air monitoring results, even if the
    monitoring reports that there is no employee
    exposure.
  • Training Required? No.
  • For More Info Hazardous Toxic Substances (OSHA
    site).

59
Legal Requirements
  • Hazardous Chemicals in laboratories
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.1450.If you have
    laboratories in your facility where you handle
    hazardous chemicals, you may be subject to the
    regulations of this standard.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. Chemical Hygiene
    Plan
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and when
    a new hazard is introduced.
  • For More Info Laboratories (OSHA site)

60
Legal Requirements
  • Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous
    Chemicals
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.119.If your company
    handles or stores highly hazardous chemicals in a
    quantity that exceeds the threshold quantity that
    is defined in this OSHA standard, you may be
    subject to implementing a Process Safety
    Management (PSM) Program. This is a comprehensive
    program that is designed to prevent catastrophic
    releases of highly hazardous chemicals.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. This standard
    actually requires several written documents such
    as written process safety information, process
    hazard analysis, written operating procedures,
    and more.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and when
    modifications are made to the system. If your
    employees respond to emergency releases of
    hazardous chemicals, initial and annual refresher
    training is required.

61
Legal Requirements
  • Noise
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.95.You must provide
    protection against the effects of noise exposure
    when the sound levels exceed those indicated by
    the OSHA standard. Hearing loss can occur if
    employees are exposed to continuous or
    intermittent loud noise. If noise levels exceed
    85 dBA over a time-weighted average of 8 hours, a
    hearing conservation program must be implemented
    that includes engineering and administrative
    controls, hearing protection, audiometric testing
    and training.
  • Written Program Required? No. A written hearing
    conservation program is not required, although
    you must document sound level monitoring results
    and employee audiometric testing. It is certainly
    beneficial to develop a written program even
    though it is not required.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial and annual
    training for employees in the hearing
    conservation program
  • For More Info Noise Hearing Conservation (OSHA
    site).

62
Legal Requirements
  • Ergonomics
  • OSHA STD None.While there is currently no OSHA
    Ergonomics standard, OSHA recognizes the value of
    implementing ergonomics programs to prevent
    musculoskeletal disorders as well as increase
    employee comfort and productivity.
  • Training Required? No, not required but certainly
    recommended.
  • For More Info OSHA has developed numerous
    industry guidelines and other resources to assist
    you.
  • See Ergonomics website.

63
Legal Requirements
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.1030.If your employees
    have exposure or potential exposure to blood,
    bloodborne pathogens or other potentially
    infectious materials, OSHA requires you to
    implement an Exposure Control Plan. Jobs where
    this potential exposure may occur include but are
    not limited to healthcare professionals (nurses,
    doctors, surgeons, dentists, etc.), morticians,
    lifeguards, tattoo and body piercing.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. Exposure Control
    Plan.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial and annual
    training.
  • For More Info See Bloodborne Pathogens and
    Needlestick Prevention (OSHA website)

64
Legal Requirements
  • PPE Hazard Assessment
  • OSHA STD OSHA website for PPE Standards.You
    must assess the hazards in the workplace and
    properly select the PPE for the hazard and
    document this in a written PPE Hazard Assessment
    (see links to sample form below). Employees must
    be trained on how to use, maintain and replace
    worn PPE.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. The PPE Hazard
    Assessment shall have a written certification.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training on how
    to properly wear and maintain the PPE

65
Legal Requirements
  • Industrial Hygiene PPE
  • To protect employees against environmental
    hazards, you must provide personal protective
    equipment (PPE).
  • Eye /Face Protection - OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.133.
  • Eye and face protection shall be provided when
    employees are exposed to hazards such as flying
    particles, molten metal or liquid chemicals.
    Examples of eye and face protection include
    safety glasses, goggles and face shields.
  • Written Program Required? Yes, included in the
    PPE Hazard Assessment.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training on how
    to properly wear and maintain the eye and face
    protection.

66
Legal Requirements
  • Respiratory Protection
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.134.Respirators shall be
    provided when necessary to protect the health of
    your employees against atmospheric contamination
    such as harmful dusts, fumes, mists, gases, or
    vapors. Examples of respiratory protection
    include dust masks, cartridge respirators and
    self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
  • Written Program Required? Yes, Respiratory
    Protection Program.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training
    refresher training is required annually and when
    a new hazard is introduced.

67
Legal Requirements
  • Head Protection
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.135.
  • Head protection is required when working in areas
    where there is a potential for injury to the head
    from falling objects. Examples of head protection
    are hard hats and bump caps.
  • Written Program Required? Yes, included in the
    PPE Hazard Assessment.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training on how
    to properly wear and maintain the head
    protection.

68
Legal Requirements
  • Foot Protection
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.136.
  • Foot protection is required when working in areas
    where there is a danger of foot injuries.
    Steel-toed safety shoes are an example of foot
    protection.
  • Written Program Required? Yes, included in the
    PPE Hazard Assessment.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training on how
    to properly wear and maintain the foot
    protection.

69
Legal Requirements
  • Hand / Body Protection
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.138.
  • Hand and body protection is required when
    employees are exposed to hazards such as harmful
    substances, severe cuts or lacerations, chemical
    or thermal burns, or harmful temperature
    extremes. Examples of hand protection include
    gloves and gauntlets.
  • Written Program Required? Yes, included in the
    PPE Hazard Assessment.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training on how
    to properly wear and maintain the hand and/or
    body protection.

70
Legal Requirements
  • Work place conditions - What process-related
    hazards are present in your workplace?
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.22 - 1910.30. Walking /
    Working Surfaces - Your workplace should be
    designed to prevent employee slips, trips or
    falls. This includes your housekeeping practices,
    the protection provided for floor and wall
    openings, and the use and design of stairs,
    ladders, platforms, and other walking or working
    surfaces.
  • Written Program Required? No.
  • Training Required? Not specifically to this OSHA
    standard, although your employees should know the
    importance of proper housekeeping, the safe use
    of ladders and methods of fall protection

71
Legal Requirements
  • Confined Space
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.146
  • Does your workplace contain spaces that are
    considered "confined" because their
    configurations hinder the activities of employees
    who must enter, work in and exit them?
  • OSHA defines a "confined space" as a space that
    can be bodily entered, has limited means for
    entry or exit, and is not designed for employee
    occupancy.

72
Legal Requirements
  • Confined Space
  • When a confined space poses additional hazards,
    such as entrapment, asphyxiating atmospheres, or
    the moving parts of machinery, the space is
    defined by OSHA as a Permit-Required Confined
    Space.
  • Ensure safe entry into Permit-Required Confined
    Spaces by implementing a written permit space
    program and properly training your employees.
  • If you decide that you will not train or
    authorize your employees to enter confined
    spaces, be sure to label the spaces appropriately
    to prevent unauthorized entry.
  • Written Program Required? Yes, for
    Permit-Required Confined Spaces (the
    Permit-Required Confined Space Entry Program).
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and when
    a new hazard is introduced for entrants,
    attendants and entry supervisors. If employees
    are trained to perform rescue duties, they must
    practice permit space rescues at least once every
    12 months

73
Legal Requirements
  • Machine Guarding
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.211 - 1910.219.Moving
    machine parts have the potential for causing
    severe workplace injuries, such as crushed
    fingers or hands, amputations, burns, or
    blindness.
  • Any machine part, function or process that may
    cause injury must be safeguarded.
  • Types of equipment such as abrasive wheels
    (grinding wheels), punch presses, woodworking
    equipment and others must be protected.
  • Written Program Required? No.
  • Training Required? Yes, training is required
    specifically for mechanical power presses
    however, all employees should know guards are not
    to be bypassed

74
Legal Requirements
  • Electrical Safety
  • Too many standards to list here. Please see OSHA
    "Electrical" Employees who service electrical
    equipment must know how to do so safely. Working
    with electricity can be dangerous and you should
    know how to protect your employees against
    electrical hazards.
  • Written Program Required? Yes, if your employees
    work on or near exposed de-energized parts. The
    Lockout/Tagout Energy Control Program may meet
    this requirement.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and when
    a new hazard is introduced.

75
Legal Requirements
  • Lockout / Tagout
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.147. If your employees
    maintain or service equipment, appropriate
    precautions must be taken to prevent potential
    exposure to energy.
  • Energy sources should be isolated, locked out and
    tagged to ensure that the equipment does not
    start during the servicing or maintenance.
  • You must develop a written program and provide
    training to your employees to protect them from
    hazardous energy during equipment servicing.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. Lockout/Tagout
    Energy Control Program.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and when
    a new hazard is introduced. Employees authorized
    to lock out or tag out machines or equipment must
    have an annual review of the employee's
    responsibilities under the energy control
    procedure and an annual periodic inspection

76
Legal Requirements
  • Powered Industrial Trucks
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.178. Powered industrial
    trucks must be maintained and operated safely.
  • Each year in the U.S., nearly 100 workers are
    killed and another 20,000 are seriously injured
    in forklift-related incidents BLS 1997, 1998.
  • Forklift overturns are the leading cause of
    fatalities involving forklifts they represent
    about 25 of all forklift-related deaths
  • Written Program Required? No. Although not
    required, it is beneficial to develop a written
    procedure that describes your internal policies
    for operating powered industrial trucks in your
    facility. Therefore, your employees can easily
    read the rules.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and an
    Operator Performance Evaluation every 3 years.
    Refresher training may be required if an operator
    operates a vehicle unsafely, is involved in an
    accident or near-miss or meets other criteria as
    indicated in the OSHA standard

77
Legal Requirements
  • Exit Routes
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.34 - 1910.37 You must
    comply with the requirements for exit routes in
    the workplace to minimize dangers to employees
    during an evacuation.
  • Written Program Required? No.
  • Training Required? No.
  • Emergency Action
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.38.An Emergency Action
    Plan is required by some OSHA standards and is
    generally recommended by OSHA. This plan
    describes the actions that employees will take to
    ensure their safety in a fire or other emergency.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. Emergency Action
    Plan.
  • Training Required? Yes. Initial training and when
    a new plan is introduced

78
Legal Requirements
  • Fire Safety
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.39.A Fire Prevention Plan
    is required by some OSHA standards, although it
    is generally recommended to implement one. In
    addition, there are several fire safety issues to
    address in your facility such as the storage of
    flammable liquids, welding and paint spray
    finishing.
  • Written Program Required? Yes. Fire Prevention
    Plan.
  • Training Required? Yes, initial training and when
    a new hazard is introduced.

79
Legal Requirements
  • Medical and First Aid
  • OSHA STD 29 CFR 1910.151.While it is your
    ultimate goal to keep your workplace free from
    recognized hazards, it is appropriate to plan for
    responding to employee injuries. This can include
    providing access to medical personnel, providing
    first aid supplies and providing first aid
    training to employees.
  • Written Program Required? No.
  • Training Required? Yes, if you choose to train
    your employees in CPR and First Aid. Don't forget
    to include Bloodborne Pathogens training if these
    employees have exposure to blood or other
    potentially infectious materials.
  • For More Info Medical and First Aid (OSHA site)
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