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HAZARD COMMUNICATIONS

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... * * * *Hazard Communication Hazard Communication - * Division of Safety & Hygiene Safety Works for Industry Module 3 Revised: July 2003 DEPARTMENT PRODUCT ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HAZARD COMMUNICATIONS


1
HAZARD COMMUNICATIONS
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200

2
HISTORY
  • Late 1970s-- Right to Know
  • Early 1980s--City Ordinances/State Laws
  • Late 1980s--Federal Law

3
Goals of Standard
  • Requires development of information on hazardous
    materials
  • Requires a written program addressing employee
    exposures to hazardous materials

4
Key Points
  • Communication
  • Hazardous Materials vs. Hazardous Chemicals
  • Performance Standard

5
Purpose
  • OSHA CFR29 1910.1200 (a)(1)

6
Scope
  • OSHA CFR29 1910.1200 (b)(2)

7
Costs and Benefits
  • Costs
  • Requires time and effort to start
  • Must be maintained
  • Benefits
  • Safer work practices
  • Hazard reduction

8
How Important is HCS
  • Latest information on OSHA citations indicates
    Haz Com-- MOST commonly cited standard.

9
Requirements of theStandard
  • MSDS Labeling
  • Written
  • Program
  • Inventory Training

10
HOW TO CONDUCT A WORKPLACE INVENTORY
  • Identify Materials By Department.
  • Note Operations Performed Dept. By Dept.
  • Look at Labeling.
  • Identify Material by Processes.
  • Look at materials use by other Contractors.
  • Look at materials on site and in storage.
  • Look in all areas.

11
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL INVENTORY
12
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
  • Purpose
  • What Information they provide
  • Readily accessible/complete/retain
  • Someone responsible

13
Labeling
  • Purpose
  • What information is required
  • Accessible/Legible/in English
  • Types Mfg.s, HMIS, NFPA
  • Someone responsible

Zip Cleaner
14
Manufacturers Label
  • Mfg.s Name/Address
  • Product Name
  • Physical Warnings
  • Health Hazard Warnings
  • Including Target Organs

Zip Cleaner XYZ Company PO Box 1 Anytown,
OH Flammable, Avoid Prolong Breathing
15
In House Label
  • Product Name
  • Physical Hazards
  • Health Hazard Warnings
  • Including Target Organs

Zip Cleaner Flammable, Avoid prolonged breathing.
16
Chemical Name
Health Hazard
Fire Hazard
Flash Points 4-Below 73 F 3-Below 100 F 2-Below
200 F 1-Above 200 F 0-Will not burn
4-Deadly 3-Extremely Hazardous 2-Hazardous 1-Sligh
tly Hazardous 0-Normal material
(red)
(blue)
Specific Hazard
Reactivity
4-May detonate 3-Shock and heat may
detonate 2-Violent chemical change 1-Unstable if
heated 0-Stable
Oxidizer OXY Acid
ACID Alkali
ALK Corrosive COR Use NO WATER
W Radiation Hazard
(yellow)
(white)
NFPA Label
17
HMIS LABEL
(blue)
Health
Flammability
(red)
(yellow)
Reactivity
(white)
Personal Protective Equipment
Chemical Name______________________________
18
Employee Training
  • General Training
  • Specific Training

19
General Training
  • Hazard Communication Standard
  • Employers Written Program
  • Location/Availability Of Written Program MSDS
  • How to read labels MSDSs

20
Specific Training
  • Characteristics - How to detect
  • Health Safety Hazards
  • Work practices or SOPs
  • Emergency action plans
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Non-routine tasks
  • Industrial Hygiene monitoring results

21
Written Program
  • Must be developed, implemented maintained
  • A blueprint for how the requirements will be met
  • Readily accessible

HazComm Program
22
Written Program
  • Develop, implement, and maintain at each
    workplace, a written program that describes
  • Labels and other forms of warning
  • MSDSs
  • Employee Training and Information
  • and includes

23
Miscellaneous
  • Chemical Inventory
  • Non-Routine Tasks
  • Piping Systems
  • Contractors/
  • Multi-Employer Worksites

24
Multi-Employer Workplaces
  • Use hazardous materials in such a way other
    employers are exposed
  • Methods to provide access to MSDS and Written
    Program
  • Methods to inform of precautionary measures and
    labeling system
  • Intent is met when information on haz. materials
    at the worksite is available to all

25
Other Exemptions
  • By Size? No
  • By Type of Substance? Does not apply to
    substances covered by other laws i.e.-- tobacco,
    wood/wood products, articles
  • By Extent of Use? Does not apply if substance is
    used in manner, duration, frequency as a
    consumer product

26
Summary
  • What is Hazcom?
  • Why was the Hazcom Standard implemented?
  • What are the 4 major elements of our written
    Hazcom program?
  • Why is a workplace inventory important?
  • What is the purpose of an MSDS?

27
Summary (continued)
  • Where do we keep MSDSs Written Program?
  • Who is responsible for maintaining MSDS in your
    area?
  • What labeling system do we use?
  • Why do we need MSDS and labeling?
  • Why do we train on Hazcom?
  • Whats the difference between General and
    Specific training?
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