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Residential Roofing Safety

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Residential Roofing Safety MRCA 4840 Bob Billings Parkway Lawrence, KS 66049 800/497-6722 2006 This presentation will cover the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Residential Roofing Safety


1
Residential Roofing Safety
MRCA ? 4840 Bob Billings Parkway Lawrence, KS
66049 ? 800/497-6722 ?2006
2

Residential Roofing Safety
  • This presentation will cover the following
    aspects of Residential Roofing Safety
  • Company policies and procedures
  • Clothing and PPE
  • Ladder Safety
  • Scaffold Safety
  • Fall Protection
  • Vehicle Safety
  • Hazard Communication
  • Electrical Safety
  • Fire Safety
  • Material Handling

3
Company Policies and Procedures
  • Policies
  • Team Effort
  • Safe Practices

4
Drug/Alcohol/Prohibited Articles Policy
  • Never bring drugs or alcohol to work, or come to
    work while under the influence
  • Do not bring weapons, hazardous or other
    prohibited items to work
  • Refer to your companys written policy for
    specifics

5
Proper Work Clothing
  • Long-sleeved cotton shirts (considered best
    practice but not required unless doing Hot
    work)
  • Full-length cotton pants without cuffs
    (considered best practice but not required unless
    doing Hot work)
  • Leather work boots or shows that are
    slip-resistant

6
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
7
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
8
Ladder Safety
  • Inspect ladder frequently
  • Get help standing ladder
  • Use the 4 to 1 Rule
  • Leave at least 36 of ladder above roof
  • 1 person should stabilize the ladder as another
    climbs 1 at a time!
  • Maintain 3 points of contact while climbing
    ladder
  • 1st person to the top must tie off ladder

9
Ladder Use Donts
  • Never stand on the top or next to the top
    rung of a ladder
  • Do not use ladders that have broken or
    missing parts.
  • Do not carry materials or tools in one or
    both hands as you climb a ladder safely hoist
    items to the roof instead

10
Scaffold Systems
  • If a scaffold is used and there is a chance you
    may fall more than 10 feet, you must also use
    guardrails and/or a Personal Fall Arrest System
    (PFAS). Scaffolds may only be erected b trained
    personnel

11
Fall Protection
  • Be aware of the crews fall protection plan
  • Fall protection must be utilized if there is a
    fall hazard of 6 feet or more
  • OSHA allows alternative procedures for
    residential fall protection

12
Slide Guards
  • Slide guards are required if the roof slope is
    over 4 in 12
  • Conventional fall protection must be used
    anytime the slope is more than 8 in 12, or if the
    eave height exceeds 25 feet.
  • When working on tile or metal roofs up to and
    including 8 in 12, the safety monitoring system
    may be used, but slide guards alone may not.
  • All slide guards must be constructed of 2x6
    (nominal) stock, mounted on roof jacks or similar
    supports, using nails long enough to withstand a
    roofer sliding into the guards.

ADD PHOTO HERE
13
Slide Guards
  • No more than 3 rows of roofing material installed
    across the lower eave may be applied before
    installing the slide guards.
  • The face of each slide guard must be
    perpendicular about 90 degrees to the surface
    of the roof.
  • To use slide guards properly, you must install
    continuous slide guards along the entire eave on
    the surface that any roofer will work in.

ADD PHOTO HERE
14
Safety Monitor Systems
  • The safety monitor must be able to observe and
    communicate verbally with all of the roofers he
    or she is responsible for monitoring, when they
    are not able to use other forms of fall
    protection.
  • The safety monitors responsibility is to warn
    any worker who appears to be in danger, and to
    maintain any and all fall protection systems that
    are in use.
  • Only qualified persons who have completed the
    Safety Monitor Training will be utilized as a
    Safety Monitor.
  • If you have been trained as a Safety Monitor, you
    have the authority to stop any ongoing work of
    those you are monitoring. If you feel you cannot
    effectively provide protection for the workers,
    stop the work, have the worker(s) move away from
    the roof edge and consult your foreman.

15
Slip Hazards
  • Always wear appropriate footwear to reduce the
    potential for slipping.
  • Inspect all roof surfaces for slipping hazards.
    Either eliminate any hazards or take effective
    measures to avoid them.

16
Good Housekeeping
  • Keep the worksite as neat as possible. Be careful
    that debris does not fall from the roof, and
    designate a specific area where tear-off and
    other waste will be dumped.
  • Place a warning line around dumpsters and areas
    where debris will be lowered from the roof, to
    warn workers, pedestrians and children of danger.
  • Always keep the area below the eaves and rakes
    clear of materials around other objects that
    could pose impalement or other hazards. Pick up
    trash around the jobsite every night.
  • Any time there is the possibility of objects
    falling from above, especially when you are below
    the rake edge of a roof, always wear a hardhat.
    Your foreman may require you to wear a hardhat at
    other times, or at all times.

17
Bad Weather
  • When high winds, rain, lightning, snow or sleet
    create hazardous conditions, stop all roofing
    operations until the hazardous conditions no
    longer exist.
  • Extreme caution and fall protection must be used
    if you need to clear sleet or snow from a sloped
    roof.

18
Roof Holes and Openings
  • Inspect the roof deck for weaknesses, and repair
    any damaged portions as soon as possible.
  • Securely cover and mark skylights and holes in
    the roof that are two inches or more in their
    least dimension.
  • Holes must be covered with a material that will
    be capable of supporting, without failure, at
    least twice the weight of employees, equipment,
    and materials that may be imposed on the cover at
    any given time.
  • Secure hole covers to prevent accidental
    displacement by the wind, equipment or employees.
  • Hole covers must be color coded or marked with
    the word hole or cover to provide warning of
    the hazard.

REPLACE PHOTO HERE
19
Company Vehicles and Equipment
  • Seatbelts must be worn at all times by anyone who
    is in a company vehicle.
  • Drivers must have a valid drivers license that
    is appropriate for the class of vehicle you will
    operate.

20
Company Vehicles and Equipment
  • The driver must inspect each vehicle and any
    attached equipment prior to each use. Pay close
    attention to vital items such as tires and
    trailer hitches. Your company may require you to
    fill out paperwork every time you drive a
    vehicle.
  • Also, note any potential hazards or obstacles
    around the vehicle. If you will be backing the
    vehicle up, especially with a trailer, look
    around and plan where you will back up BEFORE you
    get behind the wheel.
  • Operating company equipment, such as heavy
    equipment, may require certain training and/or
    certification. Consult your foreman before
    operating company trucks and equipment.

21
Hazard Communications
  • Never remove labels from these products or change
    the contents of a labeled container.
  • The company maintains an inventory list of all
    chemicals used, with corresponding Material
    Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) of the products that
    contain hazardous materials.
  • Make sure you understand the risk posed by every
    chemical you use by reviewing the containers
    label or MSDS.
  • If a chemical you use for work is not on the
    companys list, advise your foreman.

22
Hazard Communication
  • If you are not sure of the risks of a particular
    chemical that you encounter at work, please ask.
  • Some roofing systems include hazardous chemicals
    that may require special PPE or emit fumes that
    can be ignited at low temperatures. Consult your
    foreman for the designated smoking area or if you
    have questions concerning the chemicals you are
    working with.
  • DO NOT SMOKE around flammable materials or
    chemicals. Chemicals and smoking do not mix!

23
Extension Cords and Power Tools
  • Extension cords and power tools must always be
    protected by Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters or
    GFCI.
  • Electrocution results in internal and external
    injury, often resulting death. Internal or
    external burns may result from contact with
    electricity.
  • 12 of young workers die from electrocution on
    jobsites. About 5 workers are electrocuted every
    week in the U.S.

24
Electrocution
  • After receiving a jolt of electricity all or
    part of the body may be temporarily paralyzed,
    resulting in loss of grip or stability. You may
    also involuntarily move as a result of receiving
    an electrical shock, resulting in a fall.
  • Overhead power lines are especially hazardous for
    roofers. Fatal electrocution is the main risk,
    but burns and falls from elevation are also
    hazards.
  • Electricity may arc or jump right out of the
    power line if even if you dont touch it. Keep
    your body and all others items at least 10 feet
    from overhead lines.
  • Get the owner or operator of the lines to
    de-energize and ground them if you will need to
    work near them. Other protective measures include
    guarding or insulating the lines.

25
Electrocution
  • Use non-conductive wood or fiberglass ladders
    when working near power lines.
  • Tools and equipment such as ladders, cranes,
    scaffolds, backhoes, scissor lifts and raised
    dump truck beds can increases the risk caused by
    overhead lines.
  • Electrical hazards may result from too many
    devices plugged into a circuit, causing heated
    wires and possibly a fire.

26
Electrocution
  • Damaged tools may overheat, or wire insulation
    may melt, which may cause a fire sometimes even
    inside a wall or elsewhere down the electrical
    line.
  • Frequently inspect cords and electric tools for
    worn or broken parts. Remove from service any
    extension cords or power tools that require
    repair, and report them to your supervisor.
  • Strain relief boots must remain intact where
    cords meet power tools.

27
Electrocution
  • Wet clothing, high humidity, and perspiration
    increase your chances of being electrocuted.
  • Dont use electrical tools in wet or damp
    conditions. Store tools in a dry place.
  • Nail guns may be very dangerous. Construction
    workers have been killed by nails fired through
    plywood by power actuated tools.

28
Electrocution
  • Never carry a tool by the cord, or yank the cord
    to disconnect it.
  • If voltage polarity or other aspects of your
    power source are incorrect, OSHA may site you
    with a safety violation even if you did not
    install the electrical drop that you are using. A
    plug-in receptacle analyzer is an inexpensive
    tool that checks polarity and grounding. Use it
    to diagnose wiring problems such as reversed
    polarity, open neutrals, or missing grounds.
  • Do not attempt to correct electrical problems
    yourself notify your foreman of the problem.

DO NOT CARRY TOOLS OVER YOUR SHOULDER
29
Fire Hazards
  • Inspect fire extinguishers annually and prior to
    using them on the roof
  • Immediately recharge discharged extinguishers, or
    replace them with a charged extinguisher.
  • If your application involves torch applied
    roofing, refer to CERTA training.

30
Material Handling
  • Supplies and materials must never be stored
    within 6 feet of the rake edge, or within 3 feet
    if tile roof systems are being installed.
  • If your supplier will load material to the roof,
    make sure he complied with this OSHA rule
    otherwise, YOU may be the one receiving the
    citation.
  • Its important to remember when lifting heavy
    objects to ask a co-worker to help you.
  • When lifting, always keep your back straight,
    bend at the knees, keep the object close to you,
    and lift with your legs DO NOT LIFT WITH YOUR
    BACK!

ADD PHOTO HERE
31
Stay Safe!
32
(No Transcript)
33
Written Quiz
  • Do we want test questions on the actual
    presentation or will this be a separate hand-out?
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