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2013 SPRING/Summer SAFETY CAMPAIGN

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Title: 2013 SPRING/Summer SAFETY CAMPAIGN


1
2013 SPRING/Summer SAFETY CAMPAIGN
Safety Is An ATTITUDE
April-September
https//irwin.army.mil
Garrison Safety Office
2
SUMMER SAFETY MESSAGE
Summer is a time when people enjoy many outdoor
activities such as swimming, boating, water
skiing, hiking, barbequing, baseball, basketball
and a host of other fun activities. It's a time
when Soldiers and civilians alike take leave from
the stresses of their jobs to spend time with
their families and friends for extended periods.
Many people take to the open roads to go visit
family and friends spend vacation time in
pristine mountains and deserts or bask in the
sun at beaches and lakes. Whatever their vacation
plans, all too often preventable mishaps increase
during these critical days of summer.
3
Why Safety Belts?
To understand the value of safety belt use,
it's important to understand some of the dynamics
of a crash. Every motor vehicle crash is actually
comprised of three collisions. The Car's
CollisionThe first collision is known as the
car's collision, which causes the car to buckle
and bend as it hits something and comes to an
abrupt stop. This occurs in approximately
one-tenth of a second. The crushing of the front
end absorbs some of the force of the crash and
cushions the rest of the car. As a result, the
passenger compartment comes to a more gradual
stop than the front of the car. The Human
CollisionThe second collision occurs as the
car's occupants hit some part of the vehicle. At
the moment of impact, unbelted occupants are
still traveling at the vehicle's original speed.
Just after the vehicle comes to a complete stop,
these unbelted occupants will slam into the
steering wheel, the windshield, or some other
part of the vehicle interior. This is the human
collision.
4
Why Safety Belts?-cont
Another form of human collision is the
person-to-person impact. Many serious injuries
are caused by unbelted occupants colliding with
each other. In a crash, occupants tend to move
toward the point of impact, not away from it.
People in the front seat are often struck by
unbelted rear-seat passengers who have become
high-speed projectiles. The Internal
CollisionEven after the occupant's body comes to
a complete stop, the internal organs are still
moving forward. Suddenly, these organs hit other
organs or the skeletal system. This third
collision is the internal collision and often
causes serious or fatal injuries. So, Why Safety
Belts?During a crash, properly fastened safety
belts distribute the forces of rapid deceleration
over larger and stronger parts of the person's
body, such as the chest, hips and shoulders. The
safety belt stretches slightly to slow your body
down and to increase its stopping distance. The
difference between the belted person's stopping
distance and the unbelted person's stopping
distance is significant. It's often the
difference between life and death.
5
Drinking and Driving
Alcohol and driving are like water and oil. They
don't mix! Alcohol accounts for as many as 24,000
deaths each year and 3 out of 10 people will be
involved in an alcohol related accident sometime
in their lives. You can avoid becoming a
statistic by being able to recognize a hazardous
driver. Being able to spot a drunk driver may
help you avoid an accident. The following is a
list of warning signs to look for while you are
driving.
  • Warning signs of a drunk driver
  • Drifting or weaving
  • Speeding or driving too slowly
  • Giving inconsistent signals
  • Braking erratically
  • Stopping without apparent cause
  • Accelerating or slowing down rapidly
  • Driving with their head out of the window or with
    the window down in cold weather

6
Water Safety
Drowning claims the lives of over 4,000 people
every year. Although all age groups are
represented, children 0-4 have the highest death
rate due to drowning. In 2008, 500 children under
the age of five drowned. Most drowning and
near-drowning happen when a child falls into a
pool or is left alone in the bathtub. The
National Safety Council encourages adults to
establish and adhere to strict water safety
rules.
  • Safety Tips
  • Never leave a child alone near waterat the
    pool, the beach or in the tuba tragedy can occur
    in seconds. If you must leave, take your child
    with you.
  • Always use approved personal floatation devices
    (life jackets.) The U.S. Coast Guard estimates
    nearly 9 of 10 drowning victims were not wearing
    one.
  • Beware of neighborhood poolsbe it your own or
    your neighbors. Remove toys from in and around
    the pool when not in use. Toys can attract
    children to the pool.
  • For pools, barriers can offer added protection
    against drowning. Power or manual covers will
    completely cover a pool and block access to the
    water, however, be sure to drain any standing
    water from the surface of the pool cover as a
    child can drown in very small amounts of water.

7
Water Safety-cont
  • Enroll children over age three in swimming
    lessons taught by qualified instructors.
  • but keep in mind that lessons don't make your
    child "drown-proof."
  • Older children risk drowning when they
    overestimate
  • their swimming ability or underestimate the water
    depth.
  • Teach your children these five key swimming
    rules
  • Always swim with a buddy.
  • Don't dive into unknown bodies of water.
  • Don't push or jump on others.
  • Be prepared for an emergency.
  • Jump feet first to avoid hitting your head on a
    shallow bottom.
  • Never consume alcohol when operating a boat.
  • Always have a first-aid kit and emergency phone
    contacts handy. Parents should be trained in CPR
    (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and a First Aid
    class.

8
  • Safety Rules from The All-Terrain Vehicle Safety
    Institute
  • Wear proper protective clothing. This includes an
    approved motorcycle helmet, over-the-ankle boots,
    gloves, eye protection, a long-sleeved shirt, and
    long pants.
  • Inspect your ATV before you begin.
  • Consult your owners manual.
  • Check the practice area for potential hazards.
  • Bring along an experienced friend to help if
  • anything goes wrong, and to critique your
    progress.
  • Do not mix alcohol or other drugs with ATV
    riding.
  • Dont carry passengers.

9
Safe Boating Tips
  • Learn to swim. Sooner or later, you're going in,
    and you don't want to have to rely on a life
    preserver or a passenger.
  • Don't drink while boating. It leaves you tipsy,
    both mentally and physically. More than half of
    the people who drown in boating accidents had
    been drinking. As far as drinking goes, boats are
    just cars on the water.
  • Wear an approved life jacket, and make sure your
    passengers do, too.
  • Before you launch, tell someone where you're
    headed and when you'll be back at the dock. In an
    emergency, rescuers will need to know where to
    start looking.
  • Keep learning about boats and the water. Groups
    including the U.S. Power Squadron and the Coast
    Guard Auxiliary teach classes in navigation,
    weather and emergency procedures.
  • Check the forecast and watch the weather while
    you're underway. If you see or hear a storm, get
    back to land.

10
Sun and Heat Exposure
  • During late spring and summer many people like to
    spend time outside in the sun for fun or work.
    But overexposure to the sun can damage the skin
    and could cause skin cancer. Heat stroke, heat
    exhaustion, heat cramps and heat rash are
    possible when your become overexerted in the
    heat. Put your health first in order to enjoy the
    summer.
  • Wear a wide-brimmed hat to keep your head and
    face cool. This will also provide added
    protection from damaging sun exposure. Baseball
    caps provide little protection except to the
    face. A hat should protect the neck, face and
    ears.
  • Wear a long-sleeved shirt at all times. It
    should be light colored and loose fitting except
    when working around machinery.
  • Carry a source of water with you. Take drinks
    frequentlyevery 15 minutes.
  • Take frequent breaks in the shade or in a cool
    environment during the hottest times of the day.
  • Adjust gradually to working in the heat over a
    period of 10-20 days.
  • Someone suffering from heat exhaustion or heat
    stroke should be moved to a cool environment,
    offered sips of water, if conscious, and provided
    with attention from emergency medical personnel.
  • Wear sunscreen that has an SPF of at least 15.
    Make sure children are also adequately protected.

11
  • Hydration Drink plenty of fluid 30 - 45 minutes
    before exercise and then a cupful every 10 - 15
    minutes while exercising. After exercise drink
    more fluid than you think you need. Especially if
    you are over 40. Drinking fluid, while exercising
    and after completion will help speed your
    recovery. Sport replacement drinks are superior
    to water at longer distances and times (over 60 -
    90 minutes). The electrolytes and carbohydrates
    in them will also help speed your recovery from
    the stress of fluid loss and your long distance
    run. Somehow they do seem to taste great in the
    heat and the good taste encourages you to drink
    more and replace your fluids.
  • Acclimatization Gradually build up your
    tolerance for running in warmer weather.
  • Watch your health Make sure you are aware of
    both medical conditions that you have and
    medications that can affect your tolerance of
    exercise in the heat. Medical conditions
    affecting your heat tolerance include diabetes,
    high blood pressure, anorexia nervosa, bulimia,
    obesity and fever.
  • Dress Cool Wear light weight shorts and a
    singlet rather than a tee shirt, to permit
    evaporation of perspiration.

AVOIDING HEAT STRESS INJURY
12
KIDS-N-CARS
  • According to SAFE KIDS, an average of 25
    American children die each year as the result of
    being left in a car on a warm day.
  • On a 93-degree day, the inside of a car can
    exceed 125 degree Fahrenheit in about 20 minutes.
    The temperature inside of a car is hotter than
    outside temperatures, and can climb rapidly.
  • Heat stroke occurs rapidly in infants who are
    ill or have other predisposed health conditions -
    but even healthy infants are at high risk when
    left in a hot car.
  • Heat stroke can occur in a matter of minutes
    for young children and infants.
  • With heat stroke, children's skin become red
    and dry, and they are unable to produce sweat to
    reduce their core body temperature. Children's
    heart rates then quicken, and they eventually
    become confused and lose consciousness before
    their organ systems begin to fail.
  • Keep cars locked at all times, even in the
    garage or driveway.
  • Teach children not to play in or around cars.
  • Never leave a child unattended in a car, even
    with the windows open.
  • When leaving a vehicle, make sure all child
    passengers are out of the car.

13
Driving Trip Preparations
  • If you are taking a vacation road trip check out
    all belts, hoses and tires on the car.
  • Its a good idea to have a spare tire, tools, a
    cellular phone, a first aid kit, a flashlight, an
    AAA card, fire extinguisher, water and snacks
    just in case the car breaks down.
  • Keep the doors locked especially at stop signs
    and traffic lights to prevent someone jumping in
    to hijack the car or worse, to attack you or your
    family.
  • Make sure you have enough gas and money.
    Remember bring health insurance cards and
    allergy bracelets for everyone.
  • Let relatives and trusted friends know when you
    are leaving, when youll get back and what route
    youll be taking.

14
Driving Trip Preparations-cont
  • If you are traveling by bus, rail or air, dont
    bring along magazines with your name and address
    on them. Tear your address label off. The last
    thing you need is for a bunch of people who know
    that you are away from home to know where you
    live. They just might know some criminal type
    that lives near you.
  • Shine a flashlight into the parked car to check
    it out before entering at night. Make sure no one
    is lurking inside. Keychain lights are perfect
    for this, they attach to your keys so they are
    handy when going up to your car.
  • Leave room in front of the vehicle when stopped
    in traffic so if you need to you can get out
    quickly. Dont trap yourself.
  • Figure out which side of a rental car the gas
    cap is on before you stop for fuel.
  • Set your car alarm when you stop, even if just
    for a moment. It really takes no time at all for
    someone to grab a bag or suitcase and disappear.
    If you dont have an alarm get an easy to
    install car alarm.

15
Weather safety
  • When traveling, check the weather conditions for
    the route you are taking and for your final
    destination. Be Prepared!!!!!!!

16
Barbecuing Safety
  • Cooking On Charcoal Grills
  • Place grill in well-ventilated area and away
    from children's
  • play area.
  • Wear tight fitting clothing, heat resistant
    gloves, and eye protection. 
  • Stand up wind when lighting the fire. 
  • Do not use flammable liquids (Such as Gas) to
    start the fire or to relight the coals.
  • Be in attendance at all times. 
  • Before disposing coals, make sure they are
    cold.
  • Cooking With Propane Grills 
  • Place grill in well-ventilated area and away
    from children's play area.
  • Check valves and hoses for leaking gas. 
  • Read manufacturer's instructions when lighting
    grill. 
  • Raise hood before turning on gas. 
  • Transport and store gas cylinders in an upright
    position. 

17
Preventing Snake Bites Watching where you
step, put your hands, or sit down is one of the
best ways to prevent snake bites. Poisonous
snakes live on or near the ground and often like
rocks, wood piles and other spots that offer both
a place to sun and a place to hide. Snakes avoid
your huge body, but will definitely bite if
stepped on or otherwise trapped. Most bites occur
in and around the ankle. About 99 percent of all
bites occur below the knee, except when someone
accidentally picks up or falls on the snake.
18
Insect bites and stings are common, and most
are considered minor. It is only when the insect
is poisonous or when the patient has an allergic
reaction and runs the risk of developing
anaphylactic shock that the situation becomes an
emergency. Even under those conditions, accurate
diagnosis and prompt treatment can save lives and
prevent permanent tissue damage.
Insect bites
  • Preventive measures
  • Destroy all nests around your living place
  • Keep your feet covered outdoors
  • Avoid bright colored clothing/perfumery products
  • Prefer to wear tight rather than loose clothing
  • When you encounter the insect, stand still or
    retreat slowly. If it lands on skin, quickly
    brush it off. 
  • Use a personal first aid kit in individuals with
    a history of allergy

19
Many families will head to our national
parks and forests this summer to enjoy the great
outdoors. But if you're not prepared to rough it
in the woods, hiking or camping can be a rough
experience. The best way to help guarantee a good
time for all is to plan ahead carefully and
follow common sense safety precautions.
Hiking and camping safety
If you have any medical conditions, discuss your
plans with your health care provider and get
approval before departing. Review the equipment,
supplies and skills that you'll need. Consider
what emergencies could arise and how you would
deal with those situations. What if you got lost,
or were unexpectedly confronted by an animal?
What if someone became ill or injured? What kind
of weather might you encounter? Make sure you
have the skills you need for your camping or
hiking adventure. You may need to know how to
read a compass, erect a temporary shelter or give
first aid. Practice your skills in advance. If
you'll be going into an area that is unfamiliar
to you, take along someone who knows the area or
at least speak with those who do before you set
out.
20
FIREWORKS! Follow all Local and Base Regulations
  • Never allow children to play with or ignite
    fireworks.
  • Read and follow all warnings and instructions.
  • Be sure other people are out of range before
    lighting fireworks.
  • Only light fireworks on a smooth, flat surface
    away from the house, dry leaves, and
    flammable materials.
  • Never try to relight fireworks that have not
    fully functioned.
  • Have a bucket of water and fire extinguisher in
    case of a malfunction or fire.
  • Fireworks should be used only with extreme
    caution. Older children should be closely
    supervised, and younger children should not be
    allowed to play with fireworks.

21
Final Thoughts
We all have a responsibility to ourselves, our
friends, and family to keep Safety a priority in
everything that we do while at work, at home or
at play. Remember, you always have a choice,
but only you can decide to do it the safest way.
Army Safe Army Strong!
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