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2012 U.S Presidential Election days to go

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2012 U.S Presidential Election days to go Presidential Inauguration Presentation Outline Background on U.S political system Differences between UK and US The parties ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2012 U.S Presidential Election days to go


1
2012 U.S Presidential Electiondays to go
Presidential Inauguration
2
Presentation Outline
  • Background on U.S political system
  • Differences between UK and US
  • The parties
  • The election process
  • Primaries
  • Electoral College
  • The main issues
  • The candidates

3
Why is this important for us?
  • UK has special relationship with the U.S.
  • U.S President described as the most powerful man
    in the world
  • Economic superpower
  • Foreign policy
  • Afghanistan

4
UK/US differences
  • UK
  • Queen Head of State
  • Prime Minister Head of Government
  • Cabinet executive powers shared e.g. Foreign
    Minister
  • US
  • President
  • Head of State
  • Head of Government,
  • Holds all executive power
  • Chief Diplomat
  • Commander-in-Chief

5
UK/US differences
  • UK
  • Fusion of powers-govern through and in parliament
  • Social democracy
  • Strong government culture
  • Unitary system of government
  • US
  • Separation of Powers Congress has its own
    powers
  • Rugged individualism
  • Limited government culture
  • Federalist system of government

6
The Republicans
7
The Republicans
  • Low taxes, low spending, tough law and order,
    support death penalty, pro-life, strong
    immigration policies
  • White, male, Christian, rural or suburban,
  • Tea party, conservative, right wing, patriotic

8
The Democrats
9
The Democrats
  • Increased government spending, gun control,
    pro-choice, softer on immigration
  • Female, ethnic, African-American, city-based,
    low-income earner, high income social liberals
  • Occupy Wall Street
  • Liberal/left wing

10
The primaries
  • A state-based election to choose a partys
    candidate for the presidency.
  • Invisible primaries - I got a crush on Obama
  • Delegates are chosen to attend the national
    convention.
  • Primaries (caucuses) begin in January (Iowa, New
    Hampshire, South Carolina)
  • Super Tuesday (21 states in 2008, 10 states in
    2012)

11
Party Conventions
  • Held in August before the election where
    candidates are formally nominated.
  • Winning candidate picks a running-mate for
    vice-president.
  • Presidential candidate gives inspirational
    speech to rouse support e.g. Obama 2008

12
The election campaign
  • Massive spending on advertising 2008 was first
    1 billion campaign.
  • Swing states get all the attention
  • Televised presidential debates
  • Big Bird
  • Obama responds with Big Bird Ad
  • Romney/Big Bird
  • SNL mocks Obama debate performance

13
The election
  • Always held on first Tuesday after first Monday
    in November
  • It is not technically a direct election of the
    president
  • The election elects The Electoral College which
    elects the President
  • Electing a US President in Plain English - YouTube

14
The Electoral College
  • Electors are chosen from each state depending
    on which candidate receives the most votes in the
    state
  • Winner-takes-all
  • The amount of electors for each state depends on
    population 3 in Wyoming, 55 in California.
  • There are 538 electors need 270 to be
    president.

15
  • In 2000 Al Gore won 48.38 of national votes,
    Bush 47.87.
  • However Bush won 271 electoral college votes
    therefore becoming President.
  • In 2008 Obama won 365 electoral college votes
    with 52.9 of votes.
  • John McCain lost with 173 electoral college votes
    45.7 of votes

16
(No Transcript)
17
Why is this system used?
  • It usually does reflect the popular vote.
  • To give small states a greater chance to
    influence the outcome of the election.
  • A candidate must get a spread of votes across the
    country - cannot just rely on big cities.

18
The issues
  • The Economy
  • Unemployment 7.8, 23 million
  • National Debt - 16 trillion 100 of GDP
  • Budget deficit - 1.1 trillion
  • Taxes and government spending

19
The issues
  • Obamacare and social security
  • Foreign Policy - Afghanistan
  • Immigration
  • Social Issues abortion, gay marriage
  • Climate Change

20
Mitt Romney
  • Former governor of Massachusetts and successful
    (wealthy) businessman
  • Mr Flipflop
  • Introduced state compulsory health insurance
    while governor model for Obamacare he now
    opposes
  • Was pro-choice, now pro-life
  • Mormon

21
Barack Obama
  • Previous one term Illinois Senator
  • Had very liberal record as Senator
  • Not hated but many are disillusioned after
    Hope and Change campaign in 08
  • Great at set piece speeches not so good at
    debating or connecting with people
  • Stimulus Bill, Obamacare, killed Osama Bin Laden,
    ended war in Iraq

22
Vice-President
  • Joe Biden current VP
  • Paul Ryan - Republican
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