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The emergence of the Olympic games

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Title: The emergence of the Olympic games


1
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  • ????????? ???????? ?????
  • ??????? 11? ??????
  • ???? ??? ? 19
  • ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????

2
The emergence of the Olympic games
3
There is nothing nobler than the sun,giving so
much light and heat. Soand people glorify those
meetings,greater than which there is nothing, "
the Olympic games.??????These words of the
ancient Greek poet of Pindar, written by two of
the Millenniumago, not forgotten on this day.
Not forgotten, because the Olympicthe contest,
held at the dawn of civilization, continue to
live in memoryof humanity.No number of myths -
one beautiful than the other. - about the origin
of the Olympicgames. .
4
The Olympics since the ancient times was held in
776 BC.Every Olympic games turned into a holiday
for the people, a kind ofCongress for the rulers
and philosophers, competition for sculptors and
poets. The days of Olympic celebrations - the
days of the world. For the ancient Greeks
gameswere an instrument of the world,
negotiations between the citiescontributing to
the mutual understanding and communication
between States.Olympics exalted man, for
Olympics reflect Outlook,the cornerstone of
which was the cult of the perfection of the
spirit and the body,the idealization of the
harmoniously developed human - thinker and the
athlete.Olimpionik - winner of the games -
compatriots paid homage, nowere the gods, in
their honor were created monuments in life,made
laudatory odes of feasts. Olympic hero entered
thenative city in the chariot, dressed in
purple, crowned with the wreath comenot through
the usual gate, and through the hole in the wall,
who in the same dayappeared to be rebuilding, to
the Olympic victory, went into the city and never
leftit
5
The center of the Olympic world of antiquity was
the sacred district of Zeus inOlympia - grove
along the river Alpheus at the confluence into it
of the stream Kladey. In thiswonderful town of
Greece almost three hundred times arranged
traditionalGreek competitions in honor of the
God's. The winds of the Ioniansea bothered
mighty pines and oak trees on the top of the hill
Kronos. At histhe foot of the stretches the
preserved territory, the silence which time in
fouryear violated the Olympic triumph.
6
But during the Olympic games here simmering.
Tens of thousands ofarriving athletes and guests
to the refusal filled with grandiose on thethe
times of sports facilities. Their ensemble of his
own composition on the basis oflittle different
from the modern sports complexes.
7
Their ensemble of his own composition on the
basis oflittle different from the modern sports
complexes. In those distantthe days of the
Competitions was revealed only the winner in the
individual types ofthe competitions - Olympic.
Speaking in modern language, no onefixed the
absolute achievements of the athletes. The
perfection of the competition areaso few people
interested. All the more popular ritual
aspectthe festival dedicated to Zeus.
8
Some trace in the history of the left local games
organized in Greece in 1859, 1870, 1875 and 1879
years.Although they did not give a tangible
practical results in the development of the
international Olympic movement, but the impetus
for the the formation of the modern Olympic
games, which are obliged to its rebirth the
French public figure, educator, historian Pierre
De Coubertin. Growth of economic and cultural
communication between States, which emerged in
the end of 18 in., the emergence of modern types
oftransport, prepared the ground for the revival
of the Olympic games in the international scale.
That is why the appeal of Pierre De courbetin
we Need to make sport of international, need to
revive the Olympic games!, found a proper
response in many countries.
9
on 23 June 1894 in Paris in the Great hall of the
Sorbonne gathered Commission on the revival of
the Olympic games. Its Secretary General was
Pierre De Kubirten. Then formed the international
Olympic Committee, IOC, in which includes the
most authoritative and independent citizens of
different countries. By the decision of the IOC
games the first Olympic games were held in April
1896 in the capital of Greece on Panafiski
stadium. Energy courbetin and enthusiasm the
Greeks have overcome many of the obstacles and
allowed to perform a due the program of the first
games of the modern world.
10

The center of the Olympic world of antiquity was
the sacred district of Zeus at Olympia - grove
along the river Alpheus at the confluence into it
of the stream Kladey. In this beautiful town of
Greece almost three hundred times arranged
traditional ????????????? competitions in honor
of the God's. The winds of the Ionian sea
bothered mighty pines and oak trees on the top of
the hill Kronos. At its foot lay a buffer area,
the silence which once in four years violated the
Olympic triumph.This is the Olympia, the cradle
of the games. Of its former grandeur reminiscent
of the now is not the silent ruins. Evidence of
ancient authors, statues and pickce on vases and
coins recreate the picture of the Olympic
spectacle.Near the sacred Olympia rose
subsequently eponymous town surrounded by orange
and olive groves. Now Olympia is a typical
provincial town, living tourists that flock to
the Olympic ruins from all over the world. It
strongly all the Olympic venues from the names
of the streets and the hotels and meals in the
taverns and Souvenirs in countless lavchenkach.

11
Remarkable as it its museums - the
archaeological and Olympic. If not for these
treasures of the deep antiquity, you can have
without regret to leave the town, cross the stone
bridge across the stream Kladey, on the other
side of which is reserved Olympia. Is not
remarkable input in the sacred grove. Under the
feet of black marble steps Yes plate of the Holy
limestone. It is worth to reach out, and touch
the branches of the wild olive-trees, which were
crowned head Olimpionnika. Ovkaer his head
stretched their crown mighty pines and oaks. And
the above is the blue of the sky, under the
canopy of which there were erected magnificent
structures. Alas, they spared neither
earthquakes, or floods of the rivers, or time.
But how amazing these remains of the former
greatness!!! Its still preserved the glory of
Olympia entirely obliged to the Olympic games,
although they were there only once in four years
and lasted for a few days. In the breaks between
games was empty huge stadium, located nearby, in
the hollow of on the hill Kronos.
12
As is known, in the ancient Greek history, with a
degree of reliability of the displays mythology.
One of the poetry of the myths of ancient Greece
narrates that when the Olympic stadium. If you
listen to this legend, the founder was Hercules
from Crete. Approximately in 17 century BC. He
and his four brothers landed on ??????????????
Peninsula. There on the hill with the tomb of
Titan Kronos, according to the legend the loser
in the fight against the son of Zeus and Hercules
in honor of the victory of his father over his
grandfather organized a competition with his
brothers in the running. For this purpose on a
site at the foot of the hill he measured the
distance in 11 stages, which corresponded to 600
his ???????. improvised Jogging track long 192 m
27 cm and served as the basis of the future
Olympic stadium. For three centuries it was on
this primitive arena not regularly passed the
game, called later the Olympic games.Gradually
Olympics won the recognition of all States
located on Peninsula, and to 776 g B.C. purchased
????????????? character. Since that date began
the tradition of commemorating the names of the
winners.The eve of the Grand opening of the
Games near the stadium on the Bank of the river
Alpheus ???????????? the ancient town of tents.
Here also many sports fans swarmed and traders of
various goods, the owners of entertainment
establishments. So even in ancient times, the
care of the preparation for the games involved in
the organizational works of the most different
social layers of the population of Greece. Five
days officially lasted Greek festival, dedicated
to the glorification of physical strength and
unity of the nation, with domain of deified human
beauty. The Olympic games in process of growth of
their popularity had an impact at the center
Olympia - Alytisa. More than 11 centuries in
Olympia held greek game. Similar games were held
in other centres of the country, but none of them
could not be equal to the Olympics.
13
Among the Olympic rituals special emotionality is
painted by the ceremony of lighting the fire in
Olympia and its delivery to the main arena games.
This is one of the traditions of the modern
Olympic movement. The exciting journey of fire
through the country, and even, sometimes,
continents, with the help of television can
observe millions of people.For the first time
the Olympic flame flared at the Amsterdam stadium
in the first day of the games, 1928. This is an
undisputed fact. However, until recently the
majority of researchers in the field of Olympic
history find no confirmation of the fact that
this fire was delivered, according to the
tradition, the messenger of Olympia.
14
The First Olympic GamesAthens (Greece), 6-15
April 1896. In the first Olympic games took part
311 athletes from 13 countries (Australia,
Austria, Bulgaria, great Britain, Hungary,
Germany, Greece, Denmark, USA, France, Chile,
Sweden, Switzerland). Competitions among women
were not conducted. Became the first Olympic
champion American athlete J.. Connolly, the
winner of the competitions of the triple jump (13
m 71 cm). The greatest interest was aroused by
the marathon running (42 km 195 m, 17
participants from 5 countries), which was won by
postal employee Spyridon Louis, who became a
national hero of Greece. Among the numerous
awards he received 10 centners of chocolate, 10
cows and 30 sheep, and also the life-long right
to free of charge services of a tailor and a
hairdresser. Competition swimmers took place in
the open sea, with water temperatures of 13
Degrees. The hero of competitions on swimming
became the Hungarian Dolphin (as it was called
journalists) Alfred ?????, who won two gold
medals (100 m 1200 m) in swimming freestyle. All
the winners were awarded in the last day of
competitions. According to ancient tradition the
head of the champion crowned a Laurel wreath, he
was awarded an olive branch, cut in the sacred
grove Olympia, a medal and a diploma. The first
Olympiad was established tradition of raising of
the national flags of the national hymn in honor
of the winner.

15
The Second ContestParis (France), may 20, 28
October 1900. Participated over 1,300 athletes
from 21 countries (in T. h. For the first time
was presented Asia India). The Olympiad was timed
to coincide with the world of the exhibition,
that too ????????? its timeframe. For the first
time participated women (in competitions on
tennis and Golf). The first Olympic champion was
an Englishwoman Sheila Cooper, who won in
competitions on tennis. All has been won 88 gold
medals, of which 26 were sportsmen of France, 20
U.S. and 17 of the UK. Heroes of competitions
steel American athletes Raymond Juri the winner
of competitions on jumps from a place in length
(3 m 21 cm), the height of (1 m 65 cm) and in the
triple jump (10 m 58 cm), received the nickname
man-rubber, and ?????? ????????? the winner of
four kinds of the program, two with an Olympic
record in run on 110 m with barriers (15,4) and
200 m with barriers (25,4 C) and two and a world
record in run on 60 m and in the long jump (7 m
18 cm).
16
A Third OlympiadSaint Louis (the us), July 1,
November 23, 1904. Participated St. 600 athletes
from 12 countries. These games were also timed to
the world of the exhibition. Because of the high
cost of tickets from Europe have arrived only 39
athletes in the team of the USA was Holy. 500
participants). A major success achieved a
brilliant Cuban swordsman Ramon ?????, who won
three gold medals in competitions ?????????? and
?????????. Again out of competition was American
jumper from the place of the R. Juri, like four
years ago won three gold awards, but only in the
long jump surpassed its Paris result (3 m 48 cm).
In total on the account of the American athletes
have been 70 gold (out of 89), 75 silver and 65
bronze medals.
17
The Fourth OlympiadLondon (UK), April 27, 31
October 1908. Participated St. 2 thousand
sportsmen from 22 countries. Among the debutants
of the team of Russia, Turkey, Australasia (joint
team of New Zealand and Australia). In the
program for the first time entered the winter
sport of figure skating on skates, which has
successfully made by the representative of Russia
Mr. Panin-Kolomenkin, who won the first gold
medal in Olympic history of their country. It was
during the London Olympics Pennsylvania Bishop
during a sermon in the Cathedral of STS. Paul
July 19, 1908 said the famous words At the
Olympics the main thing is not victory, but
participation.
18
The Fifth OlympiadStockholm (Sweden), on may 5,
July 22, 1912. Participated OK. 3 thousand
athletes from 28 countries. Among the debutants
of Japan, Egypt, Portugal. The outstanding
success achieved the American athlete, an Indian
by origin, Jim Thorpe, the winner of the
competitions in pentathlon and ???????????. It
results in the decathlon appeared to be one of
the most durable in the Olympic history, and even
after 44 years at the Olympics 1956 he could go
with them to the final eight of the winners.
Shortly after the Olympic games of NOC of the
United States accused of Thorpe in the fact that
he violated the status of an athlete Amateur, as
in his youth, working, playing baseball. As a
result of talented athlete was disqualified. In
Stockholm at the initiative of the courbetin was
held the first Contest of art on sections of
architecture, painting, literature, music and
sculpture. Its purpose was to restore relations
of art to sports, typical for the ancient Olympic
games. In section literature the first place
was awarded to the famous Ode sports (the
author of which was ????????, speaking under the
double pseudonym Well. ????? and M. ?????).
Competitions of art were held in 1912-48
19
Sixth OlympicsBerlin (Germany), 1916. Did not
take place because of the First world war.
20
Seventh OlympicsAntwerp (Belgium), 20 April 12
September 1920. Participated St. 2600 sportsmen
from 29 countries. Among the debutants of
Argentina, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia. By
a special decision of the IOC Germany and its
allies in the war were excluded from
participation in the games, was not invited and
Soviet Russia. For the first time at the games
was raised Olympic flag, the participants of the
competitions took the Olympic oath. The best
sportsman was recognized as the Finnish runner
Paavo Nurmi, who won three gold medals (cross
8000 meters in the individual and team
Championships and running at 10,000 m) and one
silver in the sprint at 5000 m.
21
Eighth OlympicsParis (France), may 4, July 27,
1924. Participated more than 3 thousand athletes
from 44 countries. Among the debutants Mexico,
Poland, Romania, Uruguay, Zambia. Again not
admitted to the competitions sportsmen of
Germany. The competitions were held in 19 sports.
Heroes of games have become Finnish Stier Item.
Nurmi (5 gold medals) and the American swimmer
johnny Weissmueller (3 gold medals) in the
future, the famous performer of the role of
Tarzan. American athletes won 45 gold medals out
of 126.
22
Ninth OlympicsAmsterdam (the Netherlands), on
may 17, August 12, 1928. Participated more than 3
thousand athletes from 46 countries. For the
first time participated sportsmen from Malta,
Panama, Rhodesia and 16 years after the break of
Germany. For the first time as a symbol of the
world at the opening ceremony released pigeons,
for the first time women have participated in
competitions in gymnastics (team all-round) and
in athletics, where all five types of programs
have been set world records. His last Olympic
gold award won Nurmi in running at 10,000 m.
23
The Tenth Olympic GamesLos-Angeles (USA), July
30, August 14, 1932. Participated over 1,400
athletes from 37 countries. Country-debutants
China and Colombia. For the first time specially
for the participants was built the Olympic
village. Went down in history as the Olympics of
records. It was found 41 Olympic and 18 world
records. The sensation was the performance of the
Japanese swimmers who have won five of the six
types of programs.
24
The Eleventh OlympicsBerlin (Germany), 1-16
August 1936. Participated more than 4 thousand of
athletes from 49 countries. Among the debutants
of Afghanistan, Bermuda, Bolivia, Costa Rica,
Liechtenstein, Peru. The hero of the Games became
black athlete J.. Owens, who has established four
Olympic record in run on 100 m, 200 m, relay race
4x100 m and the first in the history of track and
field athletics exceeded 8 m in the long jump (8
m 06 cm). In the unofficial team standings for
the first time won sportsmen of Germany 33 gold
medals, 26 silver and 30 bronze. For the first
time the torch lit by the rays of the sun in the
Greek Olympia, was delivered by messenger to the
Olympic stadium in Berlin.
25
Twelfth OlympicsHelsinki (Finland), 1940. Did
not take place because of the Second world war.
26
The Thirteenth OlympicsLondon (great Britain),
1944. Did not take place because of the Second
world war.
27
The Fourteenth OlympicsLondon (UK), July 29,
August 14, 1948. Participated more than 4
thousand athletes from 59 countries. Among the
debutants of Burma, Venezuela, Iraq, Iran,
Pakistan, Syria, Sudan, South Korea, Jamaica.
Were not admitted to the competitions Germany and
Japan. The heroine of the Game recognized by the
comfort woman Francine ????????-kun, which
?????????????? in all four kinds of athletics
running program in women (100 m, 200 m, 80 m
hurdles and in relay race 4x100 m). the
22-year-old Hungarian boxer Laszlo Papp became
the champion in the average weight, he had no
equal in the first average weight and the next
two Olympiads (1952 and 1956). In the national
team event outside of the competition were the
sportsmen of the United States and Sweden.
28

Fifteenth OlympicsHelsinki (Finland), 19 July-3
August 1952. Was attended by about 5 thousand
athletes from 69 countries. For the first time
participated teams of the USSR (about 300
people), a number of African countries, Israel,
Indonesia, separate team of Germany. Heroes of
games have become Czechoslovak runner Emil
Zatopek, the winning ?????????? 5000M and 10,000
m and in marathon (everywhere with an Olympic
record), and the Soviet gymnast Viktor Chukarin
(4 gold and 2 silver awards). Unexpectedly for
the sports world athletes of the USSR shared with
team USA team championship in informal offset.
29
Sixteenth OlympicsMelbourne (Australia),
November, 22, 8 December 1956. Participated more
than 3 thousand athletes from 68 countries. In
connection with the law of the Australian Union
of the six-month quarantine for imported animals,
competitions for equestrian sport took place in
Stockholm (11-17 June, 1956). Among the debutants
of Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Vanuatu. German
athletes were in the United German team (GDR and
FRG). The Soviet athlete Vladimir Kuts won the
5000M and 10,000 m (with an Olympic record) and
was recognized as the best athlete. The Soviet
sportsmen won the largest number of gold (37),
silver (29) and bronze (32) medals.
30
Seventeenth OlympicsRome (Italy), August 25,
September 11, 1960. Participated more than 5
thousand athletes from 84 countries. Among the
debutants of Morocco, the United Arab Republic
(UAR), San Marino, Tunisia. The Roman Olympiad
became the Olympics surprises and records (76
Olympics, including 30 of the world). The best
athletes of the games are recognized by the
Soviet heavyweight Yuri Vlasov, American runner
Wilma Rudolph (three gold medals), Ethiopian
marathon runner Ababa ??????. For the first time
at the Olympic games was killed athlete from the
use of doping (cyclist from Denmark To. E.
Jensen). Once again the team of the USSR bypassed
the command of the USA in informal command offset.
31
Eighteenth OlympicsTokyo (Japan), 10-24 October
1964. Participated more than 5 thousand of
athletes. Among the debutants of the former
colony of Algeria, Cameroon, Congo, Senegal and
others, as well as Libya, Malaysia, Mongolia,
Nepal. The first Olympic games in Asia. It was
established 35 world records. Ababa ?????? became
the first athlete in history of the Olympic
games, twice winning the marathon. The Soviet
rower Vyacheslav Ivanov won the gold medal at the
third Olympic games in a row. The most technical
boxer Games was recognized Valery Popenchenko
(2nd average weight). For the first time was
carried out ?????????????? with the Olympic
arenas on other continents, and over the course
of the competitions was able to watch more than 1
billion people.
32
Nineteenth OlympicsMexico city (Mexico), 12-27
October 1968. Participated more than 5.5 thousand
athletes from 112 countries. Among the debutants
of a number of African and Asian States, as well
as Paraguay, El Salvador, etc. Number of rooms of
the program increased up to 172 (from 163 in
1964). Leap into the 21st century committed
American athlete Bob ????? (8 m 90 cm), while his
compatriot Richard ???????, the winner of the
competition in the high jump, put the beginning
of a new school jump. Golden letters written his
name in the Olympic history also such outstanding
athletes as a gymnast Vera ?????????
(Czechoslovakia, 4 gold medals), athlete Viktor
Saneev (the USSR, the world record in the women's
triple jump, 17 m-39 cm), swimmer Roland Matthes
(GDR, 2 gold medals in swimming at the back on
the 100 m and 200 m) and others. The largest
number of gold medals was won by sportsmen of the
United States (45).
33
Twentieth OlympicsMunich (Germany), August 26,
September 11, 1972. Participated more than 7
thousand athletes from 121 countries. Among the
debutants Albania, North Korea, Lesotho, Saudi
Arabia, Togo and etc. Sportsmen played medals in
195 species. For the first time the results of
the competitions on track and field athletics and
swimming were recorded with accuracy to 0.01.
Total, there were 46 of world records. The most
sensational results of the victory of the players
in the USSR in the final of the above have not
previously ????????????? at the Olympic games the
team of the United States two gold medals of the
Soviet Sprinter Valeriy Borzov at distances of
100 m and 200 m three of the victory of the
Cuban boxers, including heavyweight Teofilo
Stevenson. One of the main characters of Munich
became an American swimmer mark Spokes, won seven
gold medals, setting seven world records. The
Soviet team won a record number of gold medals
50! For the first time host the Olympic games was
overshadowed by the terrorist act of capture of a
hostage members of the Israeli delegation ended
human victims.
34
The twenty-first OlympicsMontreal (Canada),
July 17, August 1, 1976. Participated more than 6
thousand of athletes from 88 countries. Among the
debutants of Andorra, the Cayman Islands, Papua
New Guinea. One of the newcomers and became a
space satellite, through which with the help of
laser fire Olympia was transferred from Athens
to Ottawa, where he was taken in Montreal with
the help of the traditional flare of the relay
race. Among the heroes of the games of the Soviet
gymnast Nikolai Andrianov, who broke the hegemony
of the Japanese in the absolute primacy, the
strongest man of the planet in the 70-ies.,
weightlifter-heavyweight Vasily Alekseev, Cuban
boxer Teofilo Stevenson. Surprise was powerful
performance of the team of the GDR, was able in
informal General team classification bypass the
command of the U.S. and take the second place
after the Olympians of the USSR.
35
The twenty-second OlympicsMoscow (USSR), 19
July-3 August 1980. Participated 5.5 thousand
athletes from 81 countries. In connection with
the introduction of Soviet troops in Afghanistan,
a group of countries at the initiative of the USA
announced a boycott of the games in Moscow, and
not sent their teams. For the first time in the
history of the Olympics specially for the Games
it was built six major sports centers of the
sports complex Olympic in the prospectus of the
World, a cycle track in Krylatskoe, equestrian
sport base in'll, Universal sports hall in
Izmailovo, gym Friendship in Luzhniki stadium,
football-track and field Manege in CSKA on the
Leningrad prospectus, as well as comfortable
residential area in the South-West of the city
Olympic village. All has been won 203 sets of
medals in 21 sports. It was found 74 Olympic and
36 world records. 24 athlete won by two or three
gold medals. Heroes of games became the Soviet
gymnast Alexander Dityatin (3 gold, 4 silver and
one bronze awards), with three gold have also won
the Soviet ??????????? Vladimir Parfenovich (such
a result in the history of the Olympics did not
seek no ???????????), the swimmer Vladimir
Salnikov and three swimmer's from the GDR Rica
??????, Barbara Krause, Karen ?????. One of the
most memorable of steel and two victorious finish
the Ethiopian ??????? ?????? ?????? at a distance
of 5000 and 10,000 m.
36
Twenty-third OlympicsLos-Angeles (USA), July
28, August 12, 1984. Was attended by about 7
thousand of athletes from 140 countries. On the
initiative of the government of the USSR the
Soviet Union, a number of socialist and other
countries refused to take part in the games.
Outside of the competition was the team of the
USA (83 gold medals) at the head with the
23-year-old leader of the athletes, great
Sprinter and ???????? Carl Lewis, to win 4 gold
medals (100 m, 200 m, relay race 4x100 m and long
jump). Finnish athlete (rowing) Pertti ?????????
won his third gold medal in the race for singles
37
The twenty-fourth OlympiadSeoul (South Korea),
September 17, 2 October 1988. Participated OK.
8,5 thousand of athletes from 159 countries. The
Olympics was marred by doping scandal in
connection with the performance of the canadian
Sprinter Ben Johnson, convincingly won the final
race at 100 m, but subsequently disqualified.
Among the heroes of the games American runner
Florence Griffith-Joyner, which has set world
records in both the 100 and 200 meters, her
compatriot swimmer Matt Biondi (5 gold medals),
the swimmer from the GDR Kristin Otto (6 gold
medals). In informal command offset the first
place was won by sportsmen of the USSR.
38
The twenty-fifth OlympicsBarcelona (Spain),
July 25, 9 August 1992. Participated more than 9
thousand of athletes from 169 countries,
including the United command of the CIS
(Commonwealth of independent States). For the
first time in the program of the games was
included baseball. CIS team managed to win the
largest number of medals 111 (45 gold, silver 38,
bronze 29), and the national team ahead of the
United States (37, 34, 37). Heroes of games have
become a gymnast Vitaly ????? (Ukraine, 6 gold),
the Russian swimmers Evgeny Yard seated (3 gold)
and Alexander Popov (2 gold), American athlete
Carl Lewis brought by his victories at the
Olympic games up to 8 (in Barcelona won 2 gold).
For the first time in Barcelona acted team of
American professional basketball Dream team
(dream Team), confidently won the Olympic gold.
39
Twenty-sixth OlympicsWas held in Atlanta (USA),
July 19, 4 August 1996. Participated about 10
thousand athletes from 197 countries. For the
first time independent teams were Russia,
Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and
other former Union republics of the USSR. For the
first time the program included competitions in
beach volleyball. For the third time in a row the
champion of the games became a Russian wrestler
Alexander Karelin. Heroes games runner Svetlana
Masterkova, swimmers Alexander Popov and Denis
Pankratov, fencer Stanislav Pozdnyakov (all 2
gold medals). His ninth gold medal won the
outstanding American athlete Carl Lewis (long
jump). The us team confidently took the first
place in the team event (44 gold, 32 silver and
25 bronze).
40
The twenty-seventh Olympics In Sydney September
15 to October 1, 2000. Was raffled 300 sets of
medals in 28 kinds of sports (38 with a view of
subspecies). For the second time in the history
of the summer Olympic games were held in
Australia. In 1956 Olympic games were held in
Melbourne.
41
The official name of " the Games of the XXVIII
Olympiad 2004) held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to
29 August. Took part in the competitions 10 625
athletes from 201 countries. Just been awarded
301 sets of medals in 28 sports. The Olympic
games were visited by 3 875 479 people.
Twenty eighth Olympic games
42
Twenty-ninth Olympiad



Beijing was elected the capital of
the XXIX Olympic games on July 13, 2001 on the
112-th session of the IOC in Moscow, ahead of the
voting results, Toronto, Paris, Istanbul and
Osaka. After the first round of voting Beijing
significantly ahead of other candidates. Osaka
gained only 6 votes and was excluded from the
list of candidates. In the second round of
Beijing was supported by an overwhelming majority
of votes, so the need for subsequent rounds fell.
43
Thirtieth Of The Olympiad
Olympic games, held in London, capital of
Britain, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. London
was the first city, which took the game for the
third time (before that they were there in 1908
and 1948). Talismans game - Venlon and Mandevily
.
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