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SAFETY CULTURE

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SAFETY CULTURE Viera Rusn kov Context EU strategic goals To raise awareness of occupational safety and health risks and their prevention To promote risk prevention ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SAFETY CULTURE


1
SAFETY CULTURE
  • Viera Rusnáková

2
Context
  • EU strategic goals
  • To raise awareness of occupational safety and
    health risks and their prevention
  • To promote risk prevention or safety culture

3
Why do we need to understandSafety Culture?
  • Recently, the focus has shifted by the
  • awareness of organizational, managerial
  • and human factors rather than technical
  • issues.
  • Safety Culture is a mean to predict safety
  • performance

4
Origin of the Importance of Safety Culture
The investigation into the Chernobyl disaster
concluded that a poor safety culture at the
facility was a significant causal factor
Medvedev G. The truth about Chernobyl. New York
Basic Books, 1991.
5
Expanding focus of safety concern across
industries
1955
2005
6
Role of Safety Culture
  • 80 of accidents are caused by unsafe acts.
  • However, the problem is also at the
  • organizational policies and standards.
  • Therefore, health and safety practitioners
  • now focus on the organizational values
  • that might enhance risk and crisis
  • management and safe performance in
  • complex and hazardous condition.

7
What is Culture?
  • The way we do things around here

1 attitude Opinion Everyones Attitude
Culture
8
The safety culture of an organization
  • is the product of
  • individual and group values, attitudes,
    perceptions
  • competencies and
  • patters of behavior
  • that determine the commitment to, and the style
    and
  • proficiency of an organizations health and
    safety management 88
  • (UK Health and Safety Commission, 1993)

9
Important variables
  • The amount of training the organization received,
  • Good relations between management and workers,
  • Monitoring of unsafe work behaviors
  • Low turnover of staff, and
  • Safety controls on machinery
  • (Shannon et al., 1997 p. 213)

10
Organizations with a positive safety culture are
characterized by
  • communications founded on mutual trust,
  • by shared perceptions of the importance of safe
    and
  • by confidence in the efficacy of preventive
    measures.

11
Emergent Themes in Safety Culture
  1. Management commitment to safety
  2. Safety system
  3. Risk
  4. Work pressure
  5. Competence
  6. Procedure

12
1.Management Commitment to Safety
  • Senior management
  • Support safety through indirect means
  • Establishing safety policies and procedures
  • Setting production goals
  • How workers perceived management actions
  • for safety?
  • Consideration must also be given to the
  • middle management level.

13
1.Management Commitment to Safety cont.
  • Supervisors
  • The link between senior management and job
  • floor
  • Monitor worker compliance safety and provide
  • feedback to workers concerning their behavior
  • It is measured by respondents perception of
  • supervisors behavior and attitudes with
  • respect to safety.

14
2.Safety System
  • Encompasses aspects of SMS which
  • includes
  • safety committee
  • safety work procedure
  • safety officer,
  • safety equipment
  • safety policies.

15
3.Risk
  • Perception of risks on workplace
  • This may contribute to the workers
  • involvement or responsibility for safety
  • Attitudes toward risk and safety
  • Why workers continue to take risk?

16
4.Work Pressure
  • Balance between safety and production
  • Work pressure is becoming greater
  • because of global issues such as cost
  • reduction, organization restructuring etc

17
5.Competence
  • Competence factor
  • Technical worker skill, qualification and
  • knowledge
  • Non-technical leadership and decision
  • making
  • Multi-skilling must be properly applied
  • otherwise it is risky

18
6. Procedures and Rules
  • Perception of safety rules
  • Attitudes to safety rules
  • Compliance or violation of procedures
  • The three factors are influenced by
  • supervisor behavior and work pressure

19
Subculture
  • Subcultures present in an organization
  • because of an absence of cohesive
  • culture.
  • Workers and management might think
  • differently to make the workplace safer

20
Example from practices
  • Implementation in HC industry
  • AHRQ Patient Safety Culture Survey for Hospitals
  • Internationally used tool
  • Part of JCI accreditation system

21
Conclusion
T
  • Risk prevention
  • Technology
  • System
  • Culture

S
Adverse events
C
time
22
Safety Culture in Organization
  • People Process Value

23
HC Safety Culture Chain
24
QuestionsTop Management Role
  • The importance that management places on safety
  • Is safety a strategic concern to the company?
  • How effective does management communicate
    safety goals to employees in the field?
  • How often management attend safety training?
  • Does management assign safety accountability to
    somebody?

25
Questions Field Personnel
  • The level of importance field personnel and site
    managers place on safety
  • Whether field personnel is empowered to
  • change or improve safety conditions?
  • Is a dedicated safety personnel used in the
  • field?
  • Is reporting system in the place and used ?
  • Significance during the planning and
    organization ?
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