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The Cherokee Indians

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The Cherokee Indians The Cherokee were one of the Five Civilized Tribes . The other tribes included in this group were the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Natchez. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cherokee Indians


1
The Cherokee Indians
  • The Cherokee were one of the Five Civilized
    Tribes. The other tribes included in this group
    were the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Natchez.

2
Where they lived.
  • Location The original location of the Cherokee
    was the southern Appalachian Mountains, including
    western North and South Carolina, northern
    Georgia and Alabama, southwest Virginia, and the
    Cumberland Basin of Tennessee, Kentucky, and
    northern Alabama. Currently, the Cherokee live in
    eastern Oklahoma. There are also Cherokee in
    North Carolina, Missouri, Arkansas, Georgia and
    Alabama.

3
Cherokee Shelters
Homes were usually a circular framework
interwoven with branches and plastered with mud.
These were called wickiups. They also lived in
log houses which looked like cabins.
4
Food and Agriculture
  • Agriculture relied heavily on corn, beans and
    squash supplemented by hunting and gathering of
    wild plants.
  • Many Cherokee became prosperous farmers with
    comfortable houses, beautiful cultivated fields
    and large herds of livestock.

5
Language
  • Language Iroquian, but Cherokee differs
    significantly from other Iroquian languages.

6
Interesting Facts
An interesting fact was the invention of written
language by Sequoyah (George Gist) in 1821.
Utilizing an ingenious alphabet of 86 characters,
almost the entire Cherokee Nation became literate
within a few years. A Cherokee newspaper, the
Phoenix, began publication in the native language
in February, 1828.
7
Cherokee Clothing
The women made clothing from deerskins and
plants that were woven into material. The women
wore short skirts. The men wore breechcloths,
leggings, and moccasins. The men liked to paint
and tattoo their bodies. During the winter the
Indians wore capes for warmth. These were made
from rabbit fur or turkey feathers. The capes
were tied over the left shoulder. The clothing
was decorated with dyed porcupine quills. The
Cherokee also wore jewelry made of bones and
teeth.
8
Government
  • The clan system of government was replaced by an
    elected tribal council. A written constitution
    modeled after that of the United States was added
    in 1827.

9
Map of United States
10
  • Resources
  • The Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians
  • http//www.charweb.org/neighbors/na/cherokee.htm
  • http//www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports1/cherokee
    2.htmfood
  • http//www.dickshovel.com/up.html
  • http//www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/reports1/cherokee
    .htmdress
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