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The Louisiana Purchase

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The Louisiana Purchase Mrs. Eason 4th Grade What was it? The Louisiana Purchase was the purchase of land by the United States from France in 1803. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Louisiana Purchase


1
The Louisiana Purchase
  • Mrs. Eason
  • 4th Grade

2
What was it?
  • The Louisiana Purchase was the purchase of land
    by the United States from France in 1803.
  • It was one of the most important land
    acquisitions in the history of the country.
  • Many say that it allowed the United States to
    expand even further westward and to become the
    nation it is today.

3
What was included?
  • The Purchase contained what now equates to
    portions of 15 states in the US and 2 Canadian
    provinces.
  • The land that was bought enclosed all of
    Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas,
    Nebraska and parts of Minnesota, North Dakota,
    South Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana,
    Wyoming, Colorado, and of course Louisiana. The
    land purchased also included parts of what is now
    Alberta and Saskachewan in Canada.
  • The land that was purchased in the Louisiana
    Purchase now makes up about 23 of the territory
    of the United States.

4
The Louisiana Purchase!!!
5
What did the French want?
  • The Frenchs financial situation was in a wreck
    and Napoleon Bonaparte realized that opportunity
    was fading in the New World.
  • His attempts at maintaining the territories in
    the Caribbean were failing and he wanted a
    presence in the West for the lucrative sugar
    trade.
  • After his failed attempts at maintaining order
    there, he decided that keeping all the territory
    in North America simply wasnt worth the trouble.

6
What did the U.S. Want?
  • The U.S. understood the importance of the port of
    New Orleans and had already made previous
    negotiations to use the port and not be harassed
    there.
  • The desire of the U.S. was to purchase the port
    outright so that they could control this very
    important marketplace.
  • The U.S. went to Paris to negotiate the purchase
    of the port of New Orleans but was unsuccessful
    the first time.

7
The President at the time
  • As President of the United States, Thomas
    Jefferson faced much opposition to the purchase
    of the land.
  • Many said that it was unconstitutional and
    undermined the authority of the states in the
    government.
  • Jefferson was exploring new bounds of
    governmental control. He didnt want France and
    Spain to have the ability to block American trade
    across the port of New Orleans.

8
Napoleon recognized it was an important move
  • While Napoleon Bonaparte didnt want to just give
    away his conquered territories, the rivalry
    between France and England was still very strong.
  • Bonaparte saw selling the land to the U.S. as an
    opportunity to block the power of England.

9
Negotiations
  • The negotiation took place in Paris in 1803 by
    James Monroe and Robert Livingston
  • They only wanted the port at the time and didnt
    imagine how much land they would really end up
    getting.

10
How much?
  • The U.S. negotiators were prepared to spend 10
    million on the port of New Orleans.
  • They were pleasantly surprised when the entire
    region was offered to them for only 15 million.
  • At the time, purchasing the territory meant
    doubling the size of the United State.
  • The price of the land included in the purchase
    was less than 3 cents per acre.

11
The Ceremonial Transfer of the Louisiana Purchase
in New Orleans in 1803
12
Financing
  • The American government made a down payment on
    the land in gold totaling 3 million.
  • The rest was financed in bonds by some of the
    most important banks in Europe at the time.

13
Click on the link below to play the game scroll
down to bottom of page
  • http//jtlawson.tripod.com/
  • This game is a review of the Louisiana Purchase
    AND some of the past lessons taught!
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