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Career Counseling

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Career Counseling Traditional and Online Approaches Career Counseling Defined Vocational/career counseling consists of those activities performed or coordinated by ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Career Counseling


1
Career Counseling
  • Traditional and Online Approaches

2
Career Counseling Defined
  • Vocational/career counseling consists of those
    activities performed or coordinated by
    individuals who have credentials to work with
    other individuals or groups of individuals about
    occupations, life/career, career decision making,
    career planning, career pathing. Or other career
    development related questions or conflicts.
    (NCDA, 1988, p. 3)

3
  • Rapprochment Career CounselingPersonal
    Counseling

4
Career Counseling Process
  • Client Goal or Problem Identification
  • Establishing a working relationship and defining
    roles
  • Developing understanding of the clients
    characteristics and environment
  • Lack of cognitive clarity
  • Lack of motivation
  • Making a diagnosis of the clients problem
  • Undecidedness
  • Indecisivenss
  • Work performance
  • Incongruence person/work role
  • Poor integration work role/life roles

5
  • Crites Diagnostic System
  • Adjusted in a field with appropriate interests
    and aptitudes seeking assurance
  • Maladjusted neither in a field of interest nor
    in one commensurate with aptitudes
  • Multipotential interested in many fields for
    which they have the aptitude

6
  • Unrealistic field of interest not commensurate
    with aptitudes
  • Unfulfilled in a field of interest with
    potential higher
  • Coerced successful in an occupation but not
    interested

7
  • Browns Diagnostic Model
  • Cognitive clarity
  • Informational deficits
  • Client motivation
  • Suitability of work environment
  • Work/life roles
  • Health
  • Flexibility of significant others

8
  • Resolution of the Problem
  • Making an intervention
  • Evaluating the impact of the intervention
  • Terminating the intervention if it is successful

9
Career Assessment
  • 1. Work experience (part/full-time, paid/unpaid
  • Last job
  • Liked best about
  • Disliked most about
  • Supervision
  • Liked best about
  • Disliked most about
  • Same procedure with another job

10
  • 2. Education or training progress and concerns
  • General appraisal
  • Liked best about school/learning
  • Disliked most about school/learning
  • Subject preference
  • Liked
  • Disliked
  • Teacher or instructor characteristics (for
    example, closeness, authority)
  • Liked
  • Disliked
  • Classroom or training condition preferences
  • Liked
  • Disliked
  • Repeat for levels or types

11
  • 3. Recreation
  • Leisure-time activities
  • Social life (within leisure context)
  • Friends (within leisure context)
  • Weekends/weekdays, evenings

12
Typical Day
  • 1. Dependent-independent
  • Relies on others
  • Insists on someone else making decisions
  • 2. Systematic-spontaneous
  • Stable routine
  • Persistent and attentive

13
Strengths and Obstacles
  • 1. Three main strengths
  • Resources at own disposal
  • What do resources do for clients
  • 2. Three main obstacles
  • Related to strengths
  • Related to themes

14
Summary
  • 1. Agree on life themes
  • 2. Use clients own words
  • 3. Relate to goal setting

15
Career Counseling and Philosophical Issues
  • Logical Positivism
  • Postmodern

16
Developing Your Own Theory
  • Human Nature
  • Human Development
  • Development of Interests and Values
  • Indications of Abnormal Behavior
  • Life roles/Work roles

17
  • Relationship in Counseling
  • Use of test information
  • Assessment of work satisfaction
  • Motivating the unmotivated
  • Diversity considerations
  • Accountability

18
The Career Counseling Process
  • Establishing and structuring the relationship
  • Diagnosing the problem
  • Goal setting

19
  • Intervention
  • Gathering occupational information
  • Identifying transferable skills
  • Multicultural Considerations
  • Facilitating Decision Making
  • Evaluation

20
Six Thinking Hats
  • White Looks at only facts about self and career
  • Red Relies on intuition follows unjustified
    hunches
  • Black Figures how/why things do not work is
    pessimistic and critical
  • Yellow Is optimistic figures out why things
    will work
  • Blue Is rational

21
Career Counseling Online
  • Counselors
  • Websites
  • Last update
  • Developer
  • Reputable sources cited
  • Easy access
  • Hyperlinks available

22
Assessment Devices Online
  • The Career Key
  • The Kiersey Temperament Sorter

23
Credentialing Career Counselors and Career
Development Specialists
  • National Career Development Association (NCDA)
  • Master Career Counselor (MCC)
  • Master Career Development Professional (MCDP)
  • Global Career Development Facilitator (GCDF)

24
  • Resolution of the problem that is identified
  • Making an intervention
  • Evaluating the impact of the intervention
  • Terminating the intervention if it is successful
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