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gustar with infinitives

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gustar with infinitives Unidad 1 leccion 1 Gramatica WHAT IS AN INFINITIVE? An infinitive is the basic form of a verb, a word that expresses action or a state of being. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: gustar with infinitives


1
gustar with infinitives
  • Unidad 1 leccion 1
  • Gramatica

2
WHAT IS AN INFINITIVE?
  • An infinitive is the basic form of a verb, a word
    that expresses action or a state of being.

3
En inglés
  • In English, infinitives do not have any special
    endings, but they almost always have the word to
    in front of them.
  • Examples
  • to play,  to run,  to write
  • In Spanish, infinitives always end in -ar,-er, or
    ir
  • jugar   correr   escribir

4
An infinitive tells the meaning of the verb
without naming any subject or tense. There are
three kinds of infinitives in Spanish those
ending in -ar, those ending in -er, and those
ending in -ir.
  • -ar infinitives
  • -er infinitives
  • -ir infinitives
  • cantar to sing
  • comer to eat
  • escribir to write

5
Just like nouns, infinitives can be used after a
verb like gustar to say what you and others like
to do.
  • Me gusta la música.
  • I like music.
  • Me gusta cantar.
  • I like to sing.

6
Always use gusta (not gustan) with infinitives.
  • Me gustan los deportes.
  • I like sports.
  •  Me gusta jugar al tenis.
  • I like to play tennis.

7
Gustar infinitives
  • Me gusta I like
  • Te gusta You (fam/sing)
  • Le gustaYou (formal/sing),He/She
  • Nos gustaWe like
  • Os gustaYou (fam/plural)
  • Les gustaYou (plural), They

8
For exampleI like to talk Me gusta hablarYou
like to talkTe gusta hablar
  • You (f/s) like to talkLe gusta hablar.
  • We like to talkNos gusta hablar
  • You (f/p)like to talkOs gusta hablar
  • You (pl) like to talkLes gusta hablar

9
When you want to really emphasize or identify the
person that you are talking about, add a
noun/pronoun
  • A Sonia le gusta hablarSonia likes to talk.
  • A ella le gusta hablarShe likes to talk.

10
Prounouns that follow the personal a
  • A mi me gusta hablar
  • A ti te gusta hablar
  • A usted le gusta hablar
  • A el, ella le gusta hablar
  • A nosotros(as) nos gusta hablar
  • A vosotros(as) os gusta hablar
  • A ustedes les gusta dibujar
  • A ellos(as) les gust dibujar

11
Vamos a practicas
           Gustos
          Hablemos (lets talk) Ex. 14 p.43 1-6 work w/a student and say what the students in the picture like to do.
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