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An Integrated English Course Book 4

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Title: An Integrated English Course Book 4


1
An Integrated English Course Book 4
  • Unit Six
  • A French Fourth

2
Background the Fourth
  • What date is it? How particular is this day?
  • Independence Day
  • In the United States, Independence Day (commonly
    known as the Fourth of July or simply the
    Fourth) is a federal holiday celebrating the
    adoption of the Declaration of Independence on
    July 4th, 1776, declaring independence from the
    Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • How to celebrate Independence Day?
  • Ways of celebration a picnic or barbecue
    morning parades, baseball games, evening displays
    of fireworks at public parks

3
How do you understand the title?
  • A French Fourth?
  • When is French national holiday?
  • Bastille Day is the French national holiday,
    celebrated on 14 July each year. It is called
    Fête Nationale (National Holiday) in France. It
    commemorates the 1790 Fête de la Fédération, held
    on the first anniversary of the storming of the
    Bastilleon 14 July 1789 the Fête de la
    Fédération was seen as a symbol of the uprising
    of the modern French "nation", and of the
    reconciliation of all the French inside the
    constitutional monarchy which preceded the First
    Republic, during the French Revolution.
  • 1789?????,??????????????????,????????1880?,7?14???
    ??????????,????????????????????????

4
Background the French Revolution
  • The French Revolution (17891799) was a period of
    political and social upheaval (??) in the history
    of France, during which the French governmental
    structure, previously an absolute monarchy(???)
    with feudal privileges for the aristocracy (??)
    and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to
    forms based on Enlightenment principles of
    nationalism, citizenship, and inalienable (?????)
    rights.
  • These changes were accompanied by violent turmoil
    which included the trial and execution of the
    king, vast bloodshed and repression during the
    Reign of Terror, and warfare involving every
    other major European power. Subsequent events
    that can be traced to the Revolution include the
    Napoleonic Wars, two separate restorations of the
    monarchy, and two additional revolutions as
    modern France took shape.

5
Background the Enlightenment
  • The Age of Enlightenment or The Enlightenment is
    a term used to describe a phase in Western
    philosophy and cultural life centered upon the
    eighteenth century, in which Reason was advocated
    as the primary source and basis of authority.
    Developing in Germany, France, Britain, the
    Netherlands, and Italy, the movement spread
    through much of Europe, including Russia and
    Scandinavia. The signatories of the American
    Declaration of Independence, the United States
    Bill of Rights and the French Declaration of the
    Rights of Man and of the Citizen were motivated
    by "Enlightenment" principles.
  • The intellectual and philosophical developments
    of that age (and their impact in moral and social
    reform) aspired towards governmental
    consolidation, centralization and primacy of the
    nation-state (??????), and greater rights for
    common people. There was also a strong attempt to
    supplant the authority of aristocracy and
    established churches in social and political
    life forces that were viewed as reactionary,
    oppressive and superstitious.

6
La Fontaines fables
  • Jean de La Fontaine (July 8, 1621 April 13,
    1695) was the most famous French fabulist (???)
    and one of the most widely read French poets of
    the 17th century.
  • According to Flaubert (???), he was the only
    French poet to understand and master the texture
    of the French language before Hugo. A set of
    postage stamps celebrating La Fontaine and the
    Fables was issued by France in 1995. A film of
    his life has been released in France in April
    2007 (Jean de La Fontaine).

7
  • The Wolf and the Lamb
  • "Might makes right." That's true and always was
    Now let us see just how it does. A thirsty lamb
    bent down its head To sip at a clear-running
    brook. A wolf was watching, with a growling
    stomach, Drawn by hunger out to prowl the
    neighborhood. "How dare you have the gall to foul
    my drinking water!" He snarled in utter fury at
    her. "A punishment must follow such
    audacity." "Sire," replied the lamb, "His
    Gracious Majesty Ought not to get so mad at
    me, For if he would consider first That as I
    stand to slake my thirst I'm twenty paces, at
    the least, Downstream of His Highness, he would
    see There is no way that I could foul his
    drinking water." "You foul it anywhere you
    stand," replied the beast. "And last year you
    insulted me! I don't forget." "But no," replied
    the lamb. "I wasn't born as yet. I'm small, and
    I still suckle at my mother." "Well, if not you
    it was your brother." "But I don't have one."
    "Then it was another Just like you. None of your
    race Speaks well of me, not you, your shepherds
    or your dogs! So, since you are not nice To me
    you have to pay the price!" And thereupon he
    drags Her off into the forest, there to chaw And
    swallow her, without restraint by any law.

8
A French Fourth
  1. What does the text mainly talk about?
  2. Whats the authors purpose of writing? P. 86
  3. How is the text organized?

9
The text A general understanding
  • Main idea
  • This text talks about the influence of a foreign
    culture on expatriated families.
  • Purpose of writing
  • To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of
    rearing children in a foreign culture.

10
Text structure
  • It can be divided into three parts.
  • In Part I (Paragraphs 1 -3), the author starts
    with a way of celebrating his home countrys
    National Day, i.e. the Independence Day of the
    United States.
  • In Part II (Paragraphs 4-9), he makes a
    contrastive analysis of the costs and benefits of
    the expatriated people.
  • In Part III (Paragraphs 10-12), he talks about
    the effect of globalization.

11
Part I Paragraphs 1-3
  • In this part, the author tells us the way that he
    celebrated his National Day in another country.
    He then reminds people like him of their native
    country and culture.
  • Q How did the author celebrate Independence Day
    in another country?
  • By hanging an old flag from a fourth-floor
    balcony in Paris.
  • 1) Why does the author hang the American flag
    from his fourth-floor balcony in Paris?
  • 2) The author has kept the old flag for a long
    time. Why didnt he get a new one?
  • 3) Why do some American families go back home for
    the summer?

12
Language work
  • 1. fold away make something into a smaller,
    neater shape by folding it, usually several times
  • These camping chairs can be folded away and put
    in the trunk.
  • The piece of paper was folded away carefully and
    tucked into her purse.
  • 2. regulation adj. conforming to regulations or
    rules ???,???,???
  • As we walked along the street, we could see the
    noisy cheerful group of people in regulation
    black parade tunics (????).
  • Christians usually decorate their houses with the
    regulation decorations as Christmas approaches.

13
  • 3. ... but in my minds eye an American tourist
    may notice it and smile ... -- ... but I imagine
    that an American tourist may notice it and show
    his appreciation of my action with a smile ...
  • mind's eye n. ??, ??(?)
  • in ones minds eye ??, ??
  • a bird's eye view the apple of sb's eye catch
    sbs eye an eye for an eye the eye of the
    storm see eye to eye with sb
  • 4. the date and the occasion that prompt its
    appearance
  • prompt v. to give rise to to bring about
  • Paraphrase The event of the thirteen states of
    British colonies declaring their independence on
    July 4, 1776 brought about the appearance of this
    flag.

14
  • 5. suppress such outward signs of their heritage
    -- do not give manifestations of their
    traditional culture handed down from their
    ancestors
  • 6. refuel
  • refuel (original meaning) to fill with more fuel
    for a vehicle ?????
  • Oil tankers will accompany the containers for
    trans-ocean refuelling.
  • refuel (contextual meaning) to fill someones
    mind with more knowledge of their native culture.
  • In a society of intense competition, people have
    to refuel every year to catch up with the rapid
    renewal of knowledge.

15
  • 7. cool (1)calm, unexcited unemotional in a
    difficult situation ???,??? keep/stay/remain cool
  • She looks efficient and as cool as a cucumber .
  • She always remains cool, calm and collected in a
    crisis.
  • ?????????????????.
  • Cool (2) Slang Excellent ???
  • 'I'm thinking of studying abroad.' 'Really?
    Cool.'
  • 8. the American in me -- the feeling of being
    American which is deeply rooted in my mind

16
Sentence 1
  • Para. 3
  • July 4 is one of the times when the American in
    me feels
  • Paraphrase July 4 is one of the times I, as a
    native American, feel instinctively uneasy about
    the great gaps in our childrens understanding of
    their American identity, and thus I am motivated
    to do something to fill the gaps.

17
Questions for discussion
  • 1) Why does the author hang the American flag
    from his fourth-floor balcony in Paris?
  • He does it for two reasons. First, as an American
    living in Paris, he does not want to forget his
    native heritage and flag-hanging is the only
    thing he can do to celebrate the Independence
    Day. Second, he wants to use the flag-hanging as
    a special means to teach his children about the
    American history and as a reminder of their
    American identity.

18
  • 2) The author has kept the old flag for a long
    time. Why didnt he get a new one?
  • The text does not tell us explicitly, but it is
    very likely that this flag was brought to Paris
    from the U. S. a long time ago. To the author,
    the old flag is a better reminder of his home
    country than a new one.
  • The wedding custom in the west Something old,
    something new, something borrowed, something blue
    and a silver sixpence in your shoe.

19
  • 3) Why do some American families go back home for
    the summer?
  • As expatriates, they are not used to the custom
    and cultural traditions in France, but they have
    little access to the traditional culture of their
    motherland. So they go back home to trace the
    heritage of Americans. In addition, because their
    children are reared up in a completely foreign
    culture, they have the obligation to teach their
    children the culture and history of their
    motherland.

20
  • Whats the thesis statement that the author
    introduces?
  • A Raising children in a foreign culture has its
    costs and benefits.

21
Part II Paragraphs 4-9
  • This part is the main body of the essay, in which
    the author tells us the costs and benefits of
    living in a foreign country.
  • 1) What are the costs and benefits of raising
    children in a foreign culture?
  • 2) How does the author support his argument?
  • 3) What is the authors purpose of telling the
    story of his own children in Paragraphs 4 and 5?
    How is the story related to his argument?
  • 4) Did the author achieve the purpose of his
    summer travel in the U. S. (Para. 6) ? Why or why
    not?

22
not much of a (Para. 4)
  • not much of a idiom not a good (sth) ??
    ??????, ???....
  • Im not much of a correspondent, i.e. I rarely
    write letters. ?????.
  • Im not much of a chef, so wed better dine out.

23
object lesson
  • object lesson practical illustration of some
    principle, often given or used as a warning
    punishment intended as a warning to others
    ??????
  • Their faultless performance was an object lesson
    in how to dance the tango.
  • ??????????????????
  • Let this accident be an object lesson in the
    dangers of drinking and driving.
  • ???????????????????.

24
pride n. v. proud adj.
  • take pride in v. ?...?? pride v (phr v) pride
    oneself on sth/doing sth be proud of sth ???????
  • take pride in being American -- have a feeling
    of great pleasure or satisfaction of being a
    native American
  • The team has achieved unprecedented success this
    season. All the players take pride in being a
    member of this team.

25
convey
  • convey cause information or feelings to be known
    or understood by someone ??,??
  • Please convey my good wishes to your mother.
  • Words cannot convey how delighted I was.
  • ????????????.

26
The American Revolution
  • The American Revolution refers to the
    political upheaval (big change) during the last
    half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen
    Colonies of North America overthrew the
    governance of the British Empire and collectively
    became the nation of the United States of
    America.
  • In this period, the colonies first formed
    self-governing independent states, and then
    united against the British to defend that
    self-governance from 1775 to 1783 in the armed
    conflict known as the American Revolutionary War
    (or the American War of Independence).
  • This resulted in the states breaking away
    from the empire with the Declaration of
    Independence in 1776, effective victory on the
    battlefield in October 1781, and British
    recognition of United States sovereignty (??) and
    independence in 1783.

27
Battles of Lexington and Concord
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the
    first military engagements of the American
    Revolutionary War. They were fought on April 19,
    1775. The battles marked the outbreak of open
    armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great
    Britain and its thirteen colonies in the mainland
    of British North America.
  • About 700 British Army regulars (???), under
    Colonel Francis Smith, were given secret orders
    to capture and destroy military supplies that
    were reportedly stored by the Massachusetts
    militia (??) at Concord.

28
  • Through effective intelligence gathering, Patriot
    colonials had received word weeks before the
    expedition that their supplies were at risk, and
    had moved most of them to safety. They also
    received details about British plans on the night
    before the battle, and were able to rapidly
    notify the area militias of the military
    movement.
  • The first shots were fired just as the sun was
    rising at Lexington. The militia were outnumbered
    and fell back, and the regulars proceeded on to
    Concord, where they searched for the supplies. At
    the North Bridge in Concord, several hundred
    militiamen fought and defeated three companies of
    the Kings troops. The outnumbered regulars fell
    back from the Minutemen after a pitched battle
    (??) in open territory.

29
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30
Margaret Kemble Gage, the wife of General Thomas
Gage, who led the British Army during the
American Revolutionary War. Margaret may have
given the leaders of the rebellion military
intelligence (patriot spy)
Francis Smith British commander of the military
expedition, in 1775
31
  • confirm prove something definitely true ??,??
  • These statistics confirm our worst fears about
    the depth of the recession.
  • make-believe
  • adj. ???, ???
  • a make-believe world ?????
  • n. ??, ??, ??(??)
  • He seems to be living in a world of make-believe
    .
  • make believe v. ??, ??
  • Let' s make believe we are doctors.

32
(No Transcript)
33
  • bring up
  • Her parents died when she was a baby and she was
    brought up by her aunt.
  • (1) To take care of and educate (a child) rear
    ??,??(??)??
  • In my day, children were brought up to respect
    the law.
  • These are matters that you can bring up in
    committee.
  • (2) To introduce into discussion mention
    ???????
  • I had a sandwich for lunch and promptly brought
    it up again.
  • (3) BrE To vomit ??

34
  • frame of reference a particular set of beliefs,
    ideas, or observations on which one bases his
    judgment ???,???????????? ???????)??, ??, ??
  • sociological studies conducted within a Marxist
    frame of reference
  • ????????????????.
  • The observer interprets what he sees in terms of
    his own cultural frame of reference.

35
Questions for discussion
  • 1) What are the costs and benefits of raising
    children in a foreign culture?
  • 2) How does the author support his argument?
  • 3) What is the authors purpose of telling the
    story of his own children in Paragraphs 4 and 5?
    How is the story related to his argument?
  • 4) Did the author achieve the purpose of his
    summer travel in the U. S. (Para. 6) ? Why or why
    not?

36
Questions for discussion
  • 1) What are the costs and benefits of raising
    children in a foreign culture?
  • According to the author, it is difficult for
    children to understand and identify the virtues
    of their native culture without living in it so
    they need to go back to their native country to
    compensate for the ineffective family education.
    But the practice of raising children in a foreign
    culture has its merits. For example, it helps the
    children to acquire the new culture without being
    exposed to the disadvantages of their native
    culture.

37
  • 2) How does the author support his argument?
  • He supports his argument with the experience of
    his own family and the difference between his
    generation and the generation of his own children
    (a contrastive analysis).

38
  • 3) What is the authors purpose of telling the
    story of his own children in Paragraphs 4 and 5?
    How is the story related to his argument?
  • The story of his children is typical of American
    expatriates in France. It tells us that the
    children can learn a lot about a new culture
    without losing completely their own language or
    being exposed to the follies of their own
    culture. But at the same time, the story also
    shows that it is rather difficult for the
    children to understand the historical heritages
    of their motherland as their peer groups in the
    U. S.

39
  • 4) Did the author achieve the purpose of his
    summer travel in the U. S. ?
  • Not really.
  • During the summer vacation, the author visited
    his brothers family in Massachusetts. In one
    weeks time, they took the children to learn
    details of the American Revolution. They hope
    that the reenactment of the war will help the
    innocent children to understand the great
    historical event that led to the foundation of
    the nation. But to his disappointment, the result
    is not quite satisfactory because the children
    cannot completely grasp the gist of what they saw
    or heard.

40
Part III Conclusion (Paragraphs 10-12)
  • After a contrastive analysis of the costs and
    benefits of raising children in a foreign
    culture, the author touches upon the effect of
    globalization.
  • 1) Why does the author recall his own experience
    as a child in Paragraph 10?
  • 2) What are the differences between the author
    and his children as expatriates at about the same
    time in their lives? What causes the differences?
  • 3) Why does the author say the development is sad?

41
(No Transcript)
42
Language work
  • square dancing a traditional American dance in
    which sets of four couples dance together in a
    square formation

43
  • surreys with fringe on top -- old-fashioned
    horse-drawn carriages with fancy decorations on
    top
  • surrey AmE a light carriage with two seats,
    which was pulled by a horse and was used in the
    past
  • fringe decorative edge consisting of loose or
    hanging threads or cords ??, ??, ??.

44
(No Transcript)
45
(No Transcript)
46
  • live out
  • (1) To live outside one's place of domestic
    employment ?????????,????
  • household servants who live out ??????????
  • (2) live out sth to experience or do something
    that you have planned or hoped for realize
  • The money enabled them to live out their dreams.
  • (3) live out your life to continue to live in a
    particular way or place until you die
  • He lived out his life in solitude.

47
Question for discussion
  • Why does the author recall his own experience as
    a child?
  • Because he wants to illustrate that as a child he
    had a particular way of viewing the world around
    him, which was quite different from that of the
    adults. Haste makes waste (?????). So the
    knowledge of his native land should be
    accumulated gradually.

48
  • What are the differences between the author and
    his children as expatriates at about the same
    time in their lives? What causes the differences?
  • They are different in both behavior and
    mentality. His children are quite like their
    French peers in behavior and dress style, while
    the author was quite different from his French
    peers when he was a child.
  • These differences are due to the rapid social
    changes and cultural merging all over the world.
    The world is becoming a huge melting pot in which
    different cultures of the world are mixing up.

49
Sentence 3
  • Para. 11
  • In my day little French kids looked like nothing
    other than little French kid.
  • Paraphrase
  • When I lived in France as an expatriated child,
    the French kids were dressed in the unique French
    style, thus looking quite different from their
    counterparts in other countries.

50
  • a much less jarring cultural divide -- a much
    less unsuitable cultural divergence
  • Re-entry ... is likely to be smoother. -- It
    seems to be easier for the children to restart
    the acquisition of their native culture.

51
  • Why does the author say the development is sad?
  • Because globalization becomes the keynote
    (???,??) of life in the world today. Cultures are
    also merging with each other. Children cannot
    tell the exact differences between two cultures
    and it is impossible for them to relive the
    authors experience of living in a foreign
    culture. So this kind of development is sad to
    the author.

52
Structural analysis of the text
  • The author of this text follows a
    specific-general pattern in his discussion,
    i.e. he first talks about what it means to his
    children to hang the national flag of their
    native land in a foreign country on July 4th
    every year and then expresses his view on the
    importance for expatriated people in general to
    keep their cultural identity, especially when the
    whole world is undergoing a process of
    globalization. The specific points can be found
    in his discussion of the costs and benefits of
    raising children in a foreign culture in
    Paragraphs 4-9 while the general conclusion can
    be found in Paragraphs 10-12, especially
    Paragraph 12.

53
Rhetorical features of the text
  • Sentences containing but or on the other hand
  • Ive never seen anyone look up, but in my minds
    eye an American tourist may notice it and smile,
    and a French passerby may be reminded of the date
    and the occasion that prompt its appearance.
    (Paragraph 1) The function of but here is to
    express the authors good wish that American
    tourists and other expatriated families may
    notice the flag and be reminded of their national
    identity.

54
  • The particular narratives of American history
    aside, American culture is not theirs alone but
    that of their French classmates, too. The music
    they listen to is either American or
    European, but it is often hard to tell the
    difference. In my day little French kids looked
    like nothing other than little French kids but
    Louise and Henry and their classmates dress much
    as their peers in the United States do, though
    with perhaps less Lands End fleeciness.
    (Paragraph 11) The function of the three buts
    here is to show the diminishing difference
    between American culture and European culture.
  • On the other hand, they are less than fully
    immersed in a truly foreign world. (Paragraph 12)
    The function of on the other hand here is to tell
    the reader the possible disadvantage if the
    existing cultural differences all disappear as a
    consequence of the ongoing globalization.

55
Text Comprehension -II
  • 1. F. Refer to Paragraph 1. It is true that the
    flag the narrator hangs draws little attention in
    Paris, but the reason is not that Parisians or
    Frenchmen are not interested in flag-hanging in
    general. Rather, the Independence Day is an
    occasion special for Americans only and,
    understandably, the French show little interest
    in the day or the celebrating flag.
  • 2. T. Refer to Paragraph 2.

56
  • 3. F. Refer to Paragraph 3. The authors
    children have had little chance of learning the
    history of the U. S. at school, and the parents
    as native Americans are the only ones who could
    have taught them about it. This, however, is not
    true of children in general in France.
  • 4. F. Refer to Paragraph 4. They do not conceal
    the dark side of the American society but try to
    keep their children from the follies of the
    American society like school shootings.
  • 5. T. Refer to Paragraph 9-11.
  • 6. F. Refer to Paragraph 12. Globalization is
    both beneficial and detrimental. It helps to blur
    the clear-cut divide between cultures on the one
    hand but makes children less than fully immersed
    in a foreign world on the other.

57
III. Answer the following questions. p. 86
  • 1. For one thing, flag-hanging is the only thing
    he can do in Paris to celebrate the Independence
    Day, which is part of his national heritage. For
    another, he intends to use it as a special
    occasion for teaching his children about the
    American history and as a reminder of their
    native American identity.
  • 2. The children seldom mix languages up because
    they have acquired French through the school
    instructions and English through their family
    life with English-speaking parents. And they seem
    to know when to use which.

58
  • 3. Refer to Paragraphs 4 and 8. The benefits of
    raising children in a foreign culture, as the
    writer suggests, include acquiring a foreign
    language and culture and avoiding being exposed
    to the problems/follies/evils of the native
    culture.
  • 4. It is difficult, according to the author, to
    make the children understand and identify the
    virtues of their native culture without living in
    it. Family instructions are not satisfactorily
    effective and have to be complemented by other
    means such as re-entering into the native culture
    and taking children to historical places.

59
  • 5. Because he grew up in a foreign culture and he
    knows it is quite an issue to know how to raise
    children in a foreign culture without losing
    their native identity. He understands that the
    issue involves the efforts on the part of the
    parents.
  • 6. Globalization is like a double-edged sword to
    the growth of children in a foreign culture. On
    the one hand, it helps to reduce differences
    between the foreign culture and the native
    culture, and facilitates the physical and
    spiritual re-entry into the native culture. On
    the other hand, it unfortunately makes it more
    difficult than ever for children to be fully
    immersed in the foreign culture.

60
Vocabulary exercises
  • I. Replace the underlined words in the sentences
    with appropriate forms of words chosen from the
    text.
  • 1. pursue
  • 2. resonates
  • 3. confronted
  • 4. clichés
  • 5. had suppressed
  • 6. has confirmed

61
II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms
of the given words.
  • 1. fluency
  • 2. enrollment
  • 3. accessible
  • 4. obtainable
  • 5. personification
  • 6. enlightened
  • 7. globalization
  • 8. prompting

62
III. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a
phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form.
  • 1. took pride in
  • 2. was immersed in
  • 3. resonating with
  • 4. had ... been exposed to
  • 5. in his minds eye
  • 6. a glimpse of
  • 7. convey... to
  • 8. turned... to

63
IV. Explain the meaning of the underlined word or
phrase in each sentence.
  • 1. literature
  • 2. joined
  • 3. motionless
  • 4. more than
  • 5. quickly
  • 6. desires

64
Grammar exercises
  • I. Note the use of the words in italics.
  • Where and when are relative adverbs, introducing
    relative clauses.
  • 2. where

65
II. Complete the following sentences, using
where, when or why.
  • 1. why
  • 3. when
  • 4. where
  • 5. where
  • 6. where
  • 7. why
  • 8. when

66
III. Rewrite the following sentences. omitting
either the antecedent or the relative adverb if
possible.
  • 1. Sam knows where we are meeting.
  • 2. / (The omission of the village may cause a
    loss of information since it carries specific
    message. If we omit where, then we need to insert
    in after born.)
  • 3. Four in the afternoon is the time he always
    reads. / Four in the afternoon is when he always
    reads.
  • 4. / (Similar to Sentence 2)
  • 5. I dont know the exact time I should meet him.
  • 6. Why he resigned is still unknown.

67
IV. Rank the following sentences according to
their degree of formality.
  • More formal ? Less formal 2 3 1

68
V. Make sentences of your own after the sentences
given below.
  • Can you suggest a time when it will be convenient
    to meet?
  • The beaten enemy had no other choice than to
    surrender.
  • Its none other than the principal himself.
  • The truth was known to no one other than herself.

69
Translation -I
  • 1. The hall resonated with the notes of the
    trumpet solo.
  • 2. I saw, in my minds eye, the pale face of the
    mother when she heard the news of her sons
    death.
  • 3. His walk reminds me of the way his father used
    to walk.
  • 4. I mixed the dates up and arrived on a wrong
    day.

70
  • 5. Her heart swelled with pride when she learned
    that her daughter was accepted by Oxford
    University.
  • 6. Theoretically speaking, the whole population
    should have direct access to information without
    waiting for being filtered by the government or
    the media.
  • 7. The Democrats have launched a campaign to win
    women voters over in this presidential
    election. win sb over/round (to sth) gain sbs
    support or favour, esp by persuasion
    ??????????(??????)
  • 8. After he inherited his fathers estate, he was
    immersed in all kinds of pleasure.

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II. Translate the following passage into Chinese.
  • ???????,??????????????????????????????????????????
    ???????????,???????????????????????,??????????????
    ???,??????????????????,???????????????????,?????
    ??,?????????,???????????????????????????,?????????
    ????????,??????????,????????????,?????

72
II. Cloze
  • 1. by 2. but
  • 3. on 4. for
  • 5. although 6. avoid
  • 7. ones 8. celebrations

73
Text II Stuck in the Middle
  • Questions for discussion
  • 1. He was faced with racial discrimination. The
    American law prohibited him from owning any
    property or becoming a naturalized citizen, to
    name only a few examples.
  • 2. No. Although she inherited some rituals from
    her Chinese ancestors such as being thrifty and
    polite, she is also influenced by the Caucasian
    culture and the American culture.

74
  • 3. It is good for people like her because it is
    easier for them to merge themselves with the
    local people and get equal opportunities in
    education, employment and other things.
  • 4. It depends on how you define a Chinese. If we
    look at the blood relationship, no matter whether
    they are 1/2, 1/4 1/8, or 1/32 Chinese, they are
    unquestionably Chinese in origin. But they need
    to have much more to be a Chinese in a broader
    sense. Language is one of the many things they
    must possess. Without being able to speak or read
    the Chinese language, it is simply impossible for
    them to know, to feel or to sense what a Chinese
    really is or what the Chinese culture really
    means.

75
Quiz -Voc
  • 1. ???,??? 2. ???,???
  • 3. ??,??? 4. ??
  • 5. ??,?? 6. ????
  • 7. ??,?? 8. ?????
  • 9. ?? 10. ??,??
  • 11. ???? 12. ????
  • 13. ???,??? 14. ???,????

76
Key -Voc
  • 1. regulation 2. immersed
  • 3. heritage 4. barbecue
  • 5. enlightenment 6. cliché
  • 7. resonate 8. personify
  • 9. swell 10. launch
  • 11. suppress 12. expatriate
  • 13. sinister 14. jarring

77
Writing assignment 4 (TEM4-2005)
  • SECTION A COMPOSITION The students' Union of
    your university is planning to hold an arts
    festival next semester, and you are inviting
    students to contribute their ideas and
    suggestions as to how it should be organized or
    what should be included.
  • Write a composition of about 200 words on the
    following topic My Idea of A University Arts
    Festival
  • SECTION B NOTE-WRITING Write a note of about
    50-60 words based on the following situation
    You have got two tickets to a concert given by a
    famous pop band/orchestra. Write a note to your
    friend, Hilda/Mike, describing briefly what it is
    and inviting her/him to come with you. 

78
TEM4-2007
  • Advertising
  • Advertising has already become a specialized
    activity in modern times. In todays business
    world, supply is usually greater than demand.
    There is great competition between manufacturers
    of the same kind of product because they want to
    persuade customers to buy their particular brand.
    They always have to remind their customers of the
    name and qualities of their products by
    advertising. The manufacture advertises in
    newspapers and on the radio. He sometimes employs
    sales girls to distribute samples of their
    products. He sometimes advertises on the Internet
    as well. In addition, he always has
    advertisements put into television programs that
    will accept them. Manufactures often spend huge
    sums of money on advertisements. We buy a
    particular product because we think that is the
    best. We usually think so because the
    advertisements say so. People often dont ask
    themselves if the advertisements are telling the
    truth when they buy advertised products from
    shops.
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