Suicide and Depression - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Suicide and Depression PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3f996c-ZTIxN


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Suicide and Depression


Suicide and Depression Rebecca Mataya Clayton Johnson Adam Bibbs Why is suicide an important topic? Over the past 60 years, the overall rate of suicide among 15-24 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:66
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: Bec4155
Learn more at:


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Suicide and Depression

Suicide and Depression
  • Rebecca Mataya
  • Clayton Johnson
  • Adam Bibbs

Why is suicide an important topic?
  • Over the past 60 years, the overall rate of
    suicide among 15-24 year olds has tripled, making
    it the the third leading cause of death
  • Among college age students (18-24 years), it is
    the second leading cause of death
  • The suicide rate peaks among young adults
  • One in 7 college students contemplate suicide,
    and one in 12 students make a plan
  • Every 2 hours and 2.5 minutes, a person under the
    age of 25 completes suicide

Suicide Statistics
  • Among 20-24 year olds, for every female who
    completes suicide, 6.2 males complete suicide
  • Firearms are the most commonly used method
    accounting for about three out of five completed
  • White suicide rates are approximately twice those
    of non-whites
  • Risk of attempted(nonfatal) suicide is greatest
    among females
  • Females have been found to make 3 to 4 times as
    many attempts as males
  • 8 out of 10 individuals who are suicidal often
    display warning signs

Why do People Commit Suicide?
  • A suicide attempt is a clear indication
    that something is gravely wrong in a persons
    life. It is true that most people who commit
    suicide have a mental or emotional disorder.
  • People who kill themselves see this as
    the only remaining solution to their problems.
    People differ in their ability to handle the
    troubles that cause such desperate feelings.
  • Some suicides are the result of
    impulsive decisions based on a situation that
    seems hopeless
  • Reasons for suicide are not the actual
    causes of suicide, rather they are triggers.

Warning Signs
  • Emotional, behavioral, physical, and verbal
  • Verbal suicide threats
  • Expressions of hopelessness and helplessness
  • Previous suicide attempts
  • Risk-taking behavior
  • Personality changes
  • Aggressive behavior or frequent expressions of
  • Withdrawal from friends, family, and regular
  • Unusual neglect of personal appearance
  • Presence of a psychiatric disorder or a mental
    health condition

Types of Depression
  • Major Depression- most serious type, do not fell
    suicidal, dont have a history of
  • Dysthymic- low moderate level of depression,
    persists for 2 years and often longer, symptoms
    not severe as major depression
  • Unspecified- this includes people chronic,
    moderate depression, which has not been present
    long enough to diagnosis of a Dysthymic disorder
  • Adjustment disorder, with Depression- this occurs
    in response to a major life stressor or crisis
  • Bipolar Depression- includes both high and low
    mood swings, also a variety of other significant
    symptoms not present in other depressions

Clinical Depression
  • Symptoms
  • Persistent sad, anxious, or empty mood
  • Sleeping to little or sleeping to much
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss, or increase
    appetite and weight gain
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once
  • Restlessness or irritability
  • Persistent physical symptoms that dont respond
    to treatment such as headaches, chronic pain, or
    constipation and other disorders
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making

Contd symptoms
  • Fatigue or loss energy
  • Feeling guilty, hopeless or worthless
  • Thoughts of death or suicide
  • Clinical depression is one of most treatable of
    all medical illnesses. In fact, more than 80
    percent of people with depression can be treated
    successfully with medication, psychotherapy or a
    combination of both.

The National Center for Injury Prevention and
Controls 8 Suicide Prevention Strategies
  • School Gatekeeper Training
  • Community Gatekeeper Training
  • General Suicide Education
  • Screening Programs
  • Peer Support Programs
  • Crisis Centers and Hotlines
  • Restriction of Access to Lethal Means
  • Intervention After a Suicide

Recommendations for Suicide Programs
  • Ensure that suicide prevention programs are
    linked as closely as possible with professional
    mental health resources in the community.
  • Avoid reliance on one prevention strategy.
  • Incorporate promising, but underused, strategies
    into current programs where ever possible.
  • Expand suicide prevention efforts for young
  • Incorporate evaluation efforts into suicide
    prevention programs.
  • ( The effectiveness of suicide prevention
    programs has not been demonstrated. The lack of
    evaluation research is the single greatest
    obstacle to improving current efforts to prevent
    suicide among adolescents and young adults.
    Without evidence to support the potential of a
    program for reducing suicidal behavior,
    recommending one approach over another for any
    given population is difficult.)

Treatments for Suicide
  • Hospitalization
  • Treatment at Home
  • Antidepressants
  • Therapeutic contract for safety
  • Anti-anxiety and anti-psychotic agents

Someone you know
  • Stigma associated with depressive illnesses can
    prevent people from getting help. Your
    willingness to talk about depression and suicide
    with a friend, family member, or co-worker can be
    the first step in getting help and preventing
  • Never keep a plan for suicide a secret
  • Dont try to minimize problems or shame a person
    into changing their mind.

Where to get help
  • Brainerd - St. Josephs Medical Center, 523 N.
    3rd St.Mary Stegora 218-829-25614th Thursday
    each month, 700-830 p.m.
  • Burnsville - Mary Mother of the Church, 3333
    Cliff Rd., Rm. 12Toni Wetzel 952-890-01222nd
    Tuesday of each month, 700-830 p.m.
  • Coon - Rapids Mercy Hospital, 4050 Coon Rapids
    Blvd.Gail Noller 763-785-8111, ext. 10Mondays,
    7-900 p.m.
  • Duluth - St. Marys Medical Center, 407 E. 3rd
    St.Ben Wolfe, Jane Hovland or Mary Alice
    Carlson 217-786-44023rd Monday each month,
    730-900 p.m.
  • Edina - Mens Breakfast Group _at_ Pearsons
    Restaurant, 3808 W. 50th St., EdinaLarry Turner
    612-922-5830, Don Sandberg 763-544-73152nd
    Saturday each month, 830 a.m.
  • Golden Valley Oak Grove Church, 5920 Golden
    Valley RoadMary Sodergren 763-682-9073, Bev
    Chipman 763-323-3178 1st 3rd Tuesday each
    month, 700-830 p.m.
  • Mankato - Immanual St. Josephs-Mayo Health
    System, 360 Pierce Plaza, Rm. 372Tom or Marilyn
    Tiggelaar 507-387-63702nd 4th Tuesday each
    month, 700 p.m.

Where to get help
  • Minneapolis - Lutheran Church of Christ the
    Redeemer, 5440 Penn Ave. S., Larry Turner
    612-922-5830, JoAnne Dunstan 952-944-2478, Faye
    Bland2nd 4th Tuesday each month, 700-900
  • New Prague - The Catholic Workman Building, 1201
    1st St. NESally Schmid 952-758-47354th Tuesday
    each month, 700 p.m.
  • Princeton - Fairview Northland Hospital, 919
    Northland Dr.Lisa Dentz 320-493-8518Every
    Monday, 700-830 p.m.
  • Rochester Evangel United Methodist Church, 2645
    N. Broadway, Rm. 221Nancy Clarey 507-281-5588,
    Cally Vinz 507-287-82673rd Thursday each month,
    700 p.m.
  • Sauk Rapids - Suicide Loss Support Group, 201 2nd
    Ave. N.Roxann Storms 320-529-04272nd 4th
    Tuesday each month, 700-830 p.m.
  • Center for Grief - 1133 Grand Ave., St. Paul -
    651-641-0177 Grief therapy for individuals and
    families and consultation and critical
    incidentresponse for schools, organizations and

Group DiscussionQuestions
  • Why do men commit suicide more often than women
  • Is suicide related to impulsiveness?
  • Is there such things as rational suicide?
  • How does depression increase the risk for
  • Is it possible to predict suicide?

  • Assignment
  • Write a 2-3 page paper applying this model to a
    suicide intervention in the St. Peter area.
    Include all the stages in detail.