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The Underground Railroad

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The Underground Railroad Quilts This quilt symbolized a crossroads The Underground Railroad * The Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad was actually an above ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Underground Railroad


1
The Underground Railroad
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The Underground Railroad
  • The Underground Railroad was actually an
    above-ground series of escape routes for slaves
    traveling from the South to the North trying to
    gain their freedom.
  • Slaves traveled by foot, wagons, boats, and
    trains.
  • Slave runaways would usually travel by the light
    of night and hide during the day in places known
    as stations. These were safe houses owned by
    abolitionists.

4
Abolitionist
  • Abolition-The movement to end slavery
  • Slaves would hide in various places.
  • Abolitionist a person who believed and worked
    for the abolishment of slavery.

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Henry Box Brown
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Henry Box Brown
  • Henry Brown convinced Samuel A. Smith to pack him
    in a box and ship him to Philadelphia,
    Pennsylvania.
  • Henry Box Browns trip to Philadelphia was
    grueling, in tight quarters.
  • Brown was set free in Philadelphia and eventually
    made his way to Boston, where he helped fellow
    escapees on the Underground Railroad.

8
Would you take the risk???
  • If the slaves were caught, they were sold or
    beaten with a whip sometimes they were lynched.

9
Conductors
  • Conductors were the people who led the runaways
    to freedom.

10
Harriett Tubman
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  • Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland.
  • When she learned that her owner was going to sell
    her, she decided to escape.
  • Tubman made 19 journeys from the South to the
    North as a Conductor on the Underground Railroad.

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Harriet Tubman
  • Southern Plantation owners offered 40,000 for
    the capture of Harriet Tubman.
  • Plantation Owners also offered rewards for the
    return of runaway slaves.

14
Sojourner Truth
  • Sojourner Truth was born a slave in New York, and
    she fled to live with Quakers.
  • Truth spoke for abolition and womens rights.

15
William Lloyd Garrison
  • Abolitionist
  • Published an antislavery newspaper The Liberator

16
Jermain Loguen
  • Abolitionist and Religious Leader
  • Station master of Underground Railroad
  • Estimated 1500 Fugitive slaves passed through his
    home

17
Mary Ann Shadd
  • Educated black children in free and slave states
  • Fled to Canada
  • Spoke out against Slavery
  • Educated fugitive slave children in Canada

18
Lucretia Mott
  • Lucretia and her husband boycotted all goods
    produced by slave labor.
  • Abolitionist
  • Womens Rights
  • Spoke at Quaker meetings against slavery
  • Attended World Antislavery Convention in London
    in 1840

19
Fredrick Douglass
  • Abolitionist Speaker
  • Published an autobiography

20
William Still
  • Member of the Pennsylvania Antislavery Society
  • Established a number of safe houses

21
Susan B. Anthony
  • Fought for womens suffrage in the 20th Century
  • She worked for temperance and anti-slavery
    movements

22
John Whittier
  • American Abolitionist Poet
  • Quaker Poet of freedom

23
Jonathan Walker
  • Jonathan Walker became a national hero in 1844
    when he was tried and sentenced as a slave
    stealer following an attempt to assist seven
    runaway slaves find freedom.  He was branded on
    the right hand with the letters SS signifying
    "Slave Stealer".

24
Josiah Henson
  • Josiah Henson was one of the first slaves to
    write his memoirs after escaping to freedom.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe acknowledged that Henson's
    writings were the inspiration for her 1852 novel,
    Uncle Tom's Cabin

25
Routes to Freedom
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THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
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THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
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Spirituals
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Spirituals
  • Spirituals like Wade in the Water, The Gospel
    Train and Swing Low, Sweet Chariot directly
    refer to the Underground Railroad.
  • Spirituals gradually evolved to serve a variety
    of purposes in the fight for freedom
  • 1) Singing as an expression of values
  • 2) Singing as a source of inspiration or
    motivation
  • 3) Singing as an expression of protest
  • 4) Singing as a communication tool

30
Quilts
  • During the time of the Underground Railroad
    fugitive slaves would use quilts as a means of
    communication.
  • Quilts were used by conductors to help fugitive
    slaves flee the South and arrive safely in the
    North.

31
Quilt Usage in the Underground Railroad
  • This Quilt represented the NORTH STAR

32
Quilts
  • This quilt was the symbol for the wagon wheel

33
Quilts
  • This Quilt symbolized a log cabin

34
Quilts
  • This quilt symbolized a crossroads

35
The Underground Railroad
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