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New Imperialism

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New Imperialism Colonization in 1945 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * % of territories belonging to Europe/U.S. in 1900 Africa 90.4% Polynesia 98.9% Asia 56.5% ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Imperialism


1
New Imperialism
Colonization in 1945
2
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3
of territories belonging to Europe/U.S. in 1900
Africa 90.4
Polynesia 98.9
Asia 56.5
Australia 100
Americas 27.2
4
Imperialism, 1816-1880 Economic Influence
  • China
  • Britain
  • opium wars (1839-42, 1856-60)
  • spheres of influence
  • Japan
  • US
  • Commodore Matthew Perry (1853)
  • Egypt
  • Britain and France
  • Muhammad Alis modernization
  • Ismails debt

5
Opium use in China
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  • French cartoon, late 1890s
  • While a Mandarin official helplessly looks on,
    "China" as a pie is about to be "carved up" by
  • Queen Victoria (GB)
  • Wilhelm II (Germany)
  • Nicholas II (Russia)
  • Marieanne (France)
  • Meiji Emperor (Japan)

8
Commodore Matthew Perry forced the Japanese to
end isolationism
9
New Imperialism (1880-1914)
  • by western powers
  • formal political control
  • in Africa and Asia

10
Scramble for Africa
11
Scramble for Africa
  • Kick-started by
  • Egypt Britain, 1882
  • Congo Leopold II of Belgium, 1878
  • Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
  • Bismarck Jules Ferry
  • 90 taken all but Ethiopia Liberia

12
Leopold II in the Congo
13
Scramble for Africa
  • Europeans blew away native peoples w/ superior
    technology (machine gun)
  • Omdurman (Sudan, 1898)

Death toll 11,000 Muslim tribesmen, 28 Brits
General Horatio H. Kitchener
14
Scramble for Africa
  • conflicts b/t European powers
  • Anglo-Boer War (South Africa, 1899-1902)
  • Fashoda (Britain vs. France, Sudan, 1898)

15
AFRICAN POLITICAL ENTITIES BEFORE THE SCRAMBLE
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Imperialism in Africa, 1914
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of Africa controlled by European countries in
1913
18
Imperialism in Asia
  • Dutch East Indies (1815 forward)
  • French Indochina (1880s)
  • British India (1858)
  • Philippines Spain, then USA (1898)

19
Imperialism in Asia, 1914
20
Motives
  • economic
  • raw materials, markets, outlets for capital
  • political
  • national glory, national security

21
More Motives Justifications
  • religion
  • ideological
  • Social Darwinism
  • White Mans Burden (Rudyard Kipling)

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Additional Causes
  • technological military superiority
  • machine gun
  • quinine
  • steamship
  • telegraph
  • ease domestic turmoil
  • special-interest groups

25
Forms of Imperial Rule
  • colony
  • direct rule
  • indirect rule
  • protectorate
  • sphere of influence

26
Whats up with other major countries/continents?
  • Latin America Monroe Doctrine (1823)
  • Ottoman Empire Sick Man of Europe

27
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
28
Definitions
  • colonialism one countrys domination of another
    country or people
  • formal political control
  • imperialism similar to colonialism but used more
    broadly
  • political or economic control exercised formally
    or informally
  • new imperialism
  • by western powers
  • formal political control
  • in Africa and Asia
  • 1880-1914

29
1st World / 2nd World / 3rd World
30
Post-Cold War World Developed and Developing
Nations
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