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Festivals

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Unit 14 Festivals Festivals Chinese Festivals Lantern Festival The Dragon Boat Festival Tomb Sweeping Day Mid-Autumn Day New Year s Day Double-ninth National Day ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Festivals


1
Unit 14
Festivals
2
Spring Festival
3
Festivals
  • Chinese Festivals
  • Lantern Festival
  • The Dragon Boat Festival
  • Tomb Sweeping Day
  • Mid-Autumn Day
  • New Years Day
  • Double-ninth
  • National Day
  • May 1st
  • Foreign Festivals
  • Christmas Day
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • Mothers Day
  • April Fools Day
  • Valentines Day
  • Easter

4
Pumpkin head
Halloween
The night of October 31st, when it was believed
that the spirits of dead people appeared, and
which is now celebrated in the US by children,
who dress as witches and ghosts.
Halloween Masks
5
Obon
in Japan
6
Obon
  • A traditional Buddhist festival which takes place
    throughout Japan around August 15. At this time,
    people visit their ancestors' graves, welcome the
    ancestors' spirits home with food and offerings
    and then see the spirits off.
  • In this picture we can see some Japanese women
    are floating paper lanterns to welcome their
    past ancestors back home.

7
The Day of the Dead
In Mexico
8
The Day of the Dead in Mexico
  • The best way to describe this Mexican holiday is
    to say that it is a time when Mexican families
    remember their dead, and the continuity of life.
    The celebration usually begins as early as
    October 18 and continues until November 9.
  • In this picture, we can see a lady is visiting
    the resting place of the dead. She has lit some
    candles and is now placing a bunch of flowers in
    front of the monument to show her respect for and
    memory of the dead.

9
Compare a Chinese festival with a foreign one
  • Tomb Sweeping Day
  • April 5th
  • All Chinese around the world
  • Visit their family graves, pull weeds, sweep away
    dirt and set off offerings of food and spirit
    money
  • To honor past ancestors, celebrate the rebirth of
    nature, marking the beginning of the planting
    season and other outdoor activities
  • Family, nature
  • From the Spring and Autumn Period
  • Name
  • When
  • Who
  • How
  • Why
  • Themes
  • How old

10
Compare a Chinese festival with a foreign one
  • Name
  • When
  • Who
  • How
  • Why
  • Themes
  • How old
  • Halloween
  • October 31
  • Americans
  • Hold fancy balls, dress up in all manner of
    ghoulish costumes noisily parade around the
    neighborhood
  • To keep the living body away from being possessed
    by spirits of all those who died throughout the
    preceding year
  • Superstition, safety, religion
  • From the 1840s

11
Speaking
12
Sample discussion
A OK, I will begin. We need to decide what the
new holiday will be. I think that the new holiday
should be a Peace Day. On this day, no fighting
or conflicts are allowed. People learn and talk
about peace. The holiday will be celebrated on
the second Sunday in January. I think this is the
best idea because nothing is more important than
peace.
13
B Thats a good idea, but I think we should
create a Happiness Day instead. If people are
happy, there wont be any wars or fights. We
should celebrate Happiness Day on the shortest,
darkest day of the winter, because many people
feel unhappy when its cold and the sun doesnt
shine. People will celebrate by doing something
that makes another person happy, for example
helping them do something or giving them a card
or a small gift. Most important, people should
smile and laugh a lot on Happiness Day.
14
C I like your ideas, but I would like to suggest
something different. Why dont we have a
Friendship to each other, they will be happy and
they wont fight. I think that we should
celebrate Friendship Day the first day of every
month. If we do this, we will start each month in
a friendly way. We can learn about how to make
and keep friends and how to solve problems
together. People will celebrate Friendship Day by
making new friends and spending the day together
with their friends.

15
D Well, perhaps we shouldnt be so selfish.
Peace, happiness and friendship are important to
us, to human beings, but what about the rest of
the planet? We mustnt forget about nature, the
environment and the animals. On this day, which
we will celebrate on the first day of spring,
people will not pollute and they will learn more
about nature. We should also plant trees and do
something for our animal friends. I think that we
will be happier, friendlier and more peaceful if
we learn to take better care of our planet. Why
not have a Nature Day?

16
Talking
17
Listening
18
Summary of the festival
  • Mardi Gras
  • A horn player in the Mardi Gras. In New Orleans,
    USA, Mardi Gras is celebrated with parades and
    marching bands playing jazz music. Mardi Gras, or
    Shrove Tuesday, is the last day before Lent, a
    period of fasting.

19
People celebrate Mardi Gras by dressing up in
costumes
  • dress up ????,??
  • You dont need to for this dinner. I dont want
    to go to their wedding because I hate dressing
    up.
  • dress up in ?????
  • I just love the fun of dressing up in ancient
    clothing.
  • dress up as ???
  • The little girl dressed herself up as an angle.
  • be dressed in ?
  • She is always dressed in white.

20
Summary of the festival
  • Ramadan is a time of fasting. During this month,
    Muslims may not eat food during daylight hours.
    Ramadan is an important month for Muslims.

Ramadan
21
Summary of the festival
Easter A Christian holy day in March or April
when Christians remember the death of Christ and
his return to life.
22
  • Make the best of sth.
  • -- to accept an unsatisfactory situation and do
    whatever you can to make it less bad
    (?????)????,????
  • We have to the situation.
  • One must learn to a bad job.
  • The girl did not like to wash dishes, but she
    made the best of it.
  • Make the worst of
  • Dave was now changing over from making the worst
    of the affair to making the best of it.
  • (??????)??????, ?????

23
Sample dialogue
A OK, lets begin . We are going on a holiday
together and we have to decide where to go and
what to do . Let each of us tell the group where
we want to go and why . Can you start, please
? B Yes . I think that the best way to celebrate
is to have dinner at a restaurant and then go
singing because we should have some fun. A
holiday is a good time to eat together and we all
24
like singing, so I think this is what we should
do. And, if we eat at a restaurant, we dont have
to cook or wash dishes. D I agree that we
should have fun, but Im not so sure that going
to a restaurant is such a good idea. I think we
should stay home and invite our friends and
family to dinner. We should spend our holiday at
home, with the people we love, not go out to some
restaurant. Besides, cooking together is fun and
we can make
25
dumplings and help each other do the dishes. C
Well, I think we should go on a trip to Mt
Taishan and go hiking in the mountain. We dont
have that many chances to go on a trip, so I
think we should go now. We would get some
exercise and some fresh air, and we would see all
the wonderful sights. A But thats too
expensive. I like the idea of spending the
holiday outdoors, but we dont have to travel
that far. The buses
26
and trains are going to be crowded, anyway, and
we wont be able to enjoy the trip. Why dont we
go to the park and have a picnic. If we have a
picnic, we can enjoy a good meal and nature at
the same time, and we may meet some interesting
people. Its not as expensive as traveling or
going to a restaurant, and its more fun than
staying at home. B Well, lets see. I want to
go to a restaurant, you want to have dinner at
home, you want to go on a trip and you want to
have a picnic in the park. So, we all want to
eat, right?
27
Reading
28
Fast reading
  • 1. What is the text about?
  • The title of the text THE BIRTH OF A FESTIVAL, so
    we can guess that the text will describe how the
    festival was created and explain how, why and
    when it is celebrated.
  • We know that festivals are usually celebrated at
    a certain time of the year and that people
    usually do special things (like giving gifts,
    lighting candles, eating certain foods, etc), so
    I can guess that the text will tell us about such
    things.

29
  • 2. What is the festival described in the passage
    ?
  • Kwanzaa. It is a seven-day festival celebrating
    the culture and history of African Americans.
  • 3. How can African Americans have a long history
    while the country itself is a young one?
  • The British brought slaves from West Africa into
    the American colonies in the early 17th century,
    more than a century before those colonies gained
    their independence from Britain.

30
Read and do the following exercises
  • 1. From the first paragraph, we know Kwanzaa is
    different from Christmas because ____.
  • A. Kwanzaa is younger and less known
  • B. Kwanzaa has a longer history
  • C. Kwanzaa comes after Christmas Day
  • D. Kwanzaa is celebrated only in Africa
  • 2. They chose the word because there are
    (para.2) The underlined part refers to _______
  • A. Kwanzaa B. a festival
  • C. Swahili D. a language

v
v
31
  • 3. In African first-fruit festivals, people used
    to do the following except _____
  • A. give thanks B. harvest their crops
  • C. try to be with their family
  • D. celebrate their history and culture.
  • 4. According to the seven principles mention-ed
    in the text, people should not _______.
  • A. be independent
  • B. respect their ancestors
  • C. change any of the old traditions
  • D. help to develop their own industry

v
v
32
  • 5. Why did people choose to celebrate Kwanzaa
    between Christmas and New Years Day?
  • A. Its just a coincidence (??)
  • B. Because they didnt celebrate
    Christmas.
  • C. Because people wanted to make it free from
    business.
  • D. Because they wanted to combine the three
    holidays into a longer festival

v
33
  • 6. in that way we keep our culture alive (the
    last paragraph). What does the underlined part
    refer to?
  • A. to create a new festival
  • B. to celebrate history and culture
  • C. to create new festivals every year
  • D. to celebrate a festival and change it a
    bit

v
34
Read again and do Exx(BD, P11)
  • 1. Why did people create Kwanzaa?
  • People created the holiday so African Americans
    could celebrate their history and culture.
  • 2. Many festivals around the world are celebrated
    around the same time. Why do we celebrate these
    festivals at these times?
  • Many holidays celebrate the arrival of a new
    season or a new harvest.

35
  • 3. Compare Kwanzaa with the Chinese Spring
    Festival and Christmas. In which way are they
    similar and in which way are they different?
  • All three reunite families. Christmas and
    Kwanzaa also bring together friends and members
    of the community. Spring Festival is tied to the
    lunar calendar while Christmas and Kwanzaa are
    fixed dates. Christmas is both a religious and
    popular celebration while Kwanzaa also honors a
    specific group of people.

36
Main idea of each paragraph
  • Para.1
  • Kwanzaa is a festival of reflection and
    anticipation for African Americans.
  • Para.2
  • Kwanzaa is a young holiday. In a popular African
    language, it means first fruit and celebrates the
    new year.

37
  • Para. 3
  • The festival is based on seven important
    principles, or ideas.
  • Para. 4
  • When and how is the festival celebrated.
  • (From Dec.26 to Jan.1st. People celebrate it by
    lighting a candle each day and discussing one of
    the seven principles.)
  • Para. 5
  • Festivals not only celebrate history but also add
    to our cultural traditions for future generations.

38
Kwanzaa
39
  • Most harvest festivals are______. Kwanzaa is a
    new one _________ ancient traditions. This
    seven-day festival was ______ in the 1960s by
    _________________ in the ______ _________.
    Kwanzaa __________ the year's harvest in Africa.
    Fruit, vegetables, and corn cobs are placed on a
    special mat. This is a time for the
    African-American family to learn about the
    __________ of their African __________ and about
    their _________ and ____________. ____________ ,
    black, green, and red, are lit during the Kwanzaa
    festival

ancient.
honoring
started
African Americans
United
States
celebrates
traditions
ancestors
languages
ways of life
Seven candles
40
Language Points
  • 1. Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival celebrating
    the culture and history of African Americans.
  • 1) seven-day (compound adj.)
  • the tenth five-year plan
  • a three-leg table
  • 2) celebrating
  • which celebrates
  • Similar structure
  • the week following Christmas Day

41
  • 2. The African first-fruit festivals had many
    things in common
  • If two or more things have something in common,
    they have the same characteristic or feature.
  • If two or more people have something in common,
    they share the same interests or experiences.
  • To my surprise, I found I had a lot in common
    with this stranger.
  • Their methods have a lot in common (with each
    other).

42
  • 3. People would get together to celebrate their
    harvest people used to give thanks for their
    harvest and for life,
  • Would used to
  • Would ????? ????, ?used to ????,?????would????
    ?????,?used to?????????
  • He would come to my home for help when he had any
    trouble. ( He used to come )
  • But He used to be a worker.
  • He would be a worker.

43
  • 4. The festivals were a way to celebrate history
    and culture, as well as the new year.
  • Note ---
  • No articles are used before history and culture
    ???, ???????????????????. ???????????????,???????.
  • American history
  • The history of America

44
  • 5. as well as
  • The structure is used when we want to mention
    another item connected with the subject we are
    discussing.
  • She published historical novels, a non-fiction
    study of women in Britain.
  • It is in his best interests yours.
  • Wearing the right shoes and clothes being fit
    can make all the difference.

45
  • 6. We must do as much as we can to make our
    community better and more beautiful.
  • as as one can(asas possible) ?????
  • He will drive as carefully as he can to avoid any
    accidents.
  • He ran as fast as he could in the race and
    finally got the 2nd place.
  • Will you please be back as soon as possible so
    that you will have more time to exchange views
    with the experts?

46
  • 7. Since Kwanzaa is a time for learning as well
    as joy, people celebrate it by lighting a candle
    each day and discussing one of
  • Light lit lighted
  • Lighted is used especially as an attributive adj.
  • e.g. a lighted candle/lamp/match
  • But He lit the candle.
  • The candles were lit.

47
  • As soon as the ____ candle was brought in, it
    soon ____ up the little room.
  • A. lighted lit B. lighting lighted
  • C. lit lighted D. lit lit
  • Each day every day
  • Each day ????????????, ???
  • Every day ??????????????,???
  • Such things do not happen every day.
  • It rains each day this month.

v
48
  • 8. Each time we celebrate a festival it changes a
    little and in that way we keep our culture alive.
  • Each time / Every time clause ??
  • Dont look up the word in the dictionary every
    time you come to a word or phrase you dont know.
  • Each time he came back to his hometown, he found
    it changed a little.
  • The moment clause ?? ( as soon as)
  • I promise you can have the magazine the moment I
    finish reading it.

49
Harvest Festivals
Onam in India
50
Chu Suk in Korea
51
The Mid-Autumn Festival
52
What is each paragraph about?
  • Para.1 Harvest festivals in Africa
  • Para.2 Harvest festival in India Onam
  • Para.3. Chu Suk is a kind of harvest festival in
    Korea
  • Para.4. Chinese harvest festival The Mid-Autumn
    Festival
  • Para.5. Harvest festivals are still popular all
    over the world

53
  • Read and answer the following questions
  • 1. Why do people celebrate harvest festivals?
  • To give thanks for the year that has passed and
    for the harvest and to welcome the new season.
  • Different festivals have different themes, such
    as the Onam festival with its flowers and the
    story about the king and Chu Suk which also
    celebrates our ancestors.

54
  • What is the story behind Onam?
  • An ancient king was so beloved by his people that
    the gods became jealous and sent him away. To
    keepthe people from being too angry, the gods
    allowed the king to return once a year to
    celebrate Onam with his people.

55
Compare the festivals described in the text. What
are some similarities and differences?
  • Similarities
  • They are all harvest festivals they all
    celebrate life and they all have special foods
    and ways to celebrate.
  • Differences
  • They are celebrated at different times Onam is
    based on a story during Chu Suk, people visit
    their ancestors graves.

56
Language points
  • 1. It is likely that people have celebrated
  • Likely adj. ????
  • 1) be likely to
  • John is likely to go to the beach tomorrow.
  • It is therefore possible to say not only what
    the weather is like at present, but also what is
    likely to happen in the next day or two.
  • 2) It is likely that
  • It is likely that he is in trouble now.
  • Its quite likely that a decision will be made
    before the end of the year.

57
  • Likely /possible /probable
  • ?? ????
  • ?????, likely????????possible?,??probable?,
    ????????????????????.
  • The sky is clear, so its not ______ to rain this
    afternoon.
  • A. doubtful B. likely
  • C. certain D. rarely

v
58
  • 2. Almost every culture has some kind of harvest
    festival.
  • Some used to mean a person or thing, when you
    do not know or say exactly which (??,??)
  • She was hunting for some book that she had lost.
  • There must be some mistake.
  • Some day he will get his scholarship.
  • For some reason, they didnt come.

59
  • 3. All across Africa, get together for festivals
    around harvest time.
  • 4. , people celebrate a new harvest with days of
    dancing and offering fruit to their ancestors and
    gods.
  • 5. The boats used are beautifully painted and
    decorated with flowers of all colours.
  • 6. ,there is a similar festival in May.
  • John and I have similar taste in sport.
  • My computer is similar to Toms.
  • A is similar to B.

60
  • 7. People arrange races, games and dances to give
    thanks to the rice gods.
  • give thanks to sb. for sth.
  • Please give my thanks to your father for his kind
    help.
  • 8. People visit the graves of their ancestors to
    show their respect.
  • Show respect/ love for
  • Show interest in
  • 9. When the visit to the graves is over,

61
  • 10. , on the fifteenth day of the eighth month
    of the lunar calendar
  • 11. From Thanksgiving in the West to the
    Mid-Autumn Festival in the East, the yearly
    festivals represent our love for family, friends
    and life.

62
  • Symbol, signal sign
  • Symbol sign,mark,object etc looked upon as
    representing sth.????
  • Blue is a symbol of peace.
  • The Cross is the symbol of Christianity.
  • Signal ??,??,??
  • Traffic signals (????)
  • A red light is usually a signal of danger.
  • Sign ??,?? Mathematical signs ?
    ??,??,????????????????????????
  • Dark clouds are usually a sign of rain.

63
Why are these festivals spreading around the
world?
  • Festival
  • Where
  • Why
  • Who
  • Christmas
  • Europe, the US, also sometimes in China
  • People like the story about Santa Claus
    businesses like to make money by selling
    Christmas things
  • Christians, mainly, but also people who simply
    enjoy the festival

64
Why are these festivals spreading around the
world?
  • Festival
  • Where
  • Why
  • Who
  • Spring Festival
  • China, other Asian countries, also Europe and the
    US
  • People like the colorful celebration and the rich
    tradition Chinese people live all around the
    world
  • Chinese people, mainly, but also people who
    simply enjoy the festival

65
Why are these festivals spreading around the
world?
  • Ramadan
  • The Middle East, Northern Africa, also Europe,
    Asia and the US
  • People like the ideas behind the festival people
    are interested in Islamic culture
  • Mainly Muslims, but also people who simply enjoy
    the festival
  • Festival
  • Where
  • Why
  • Who

66
Integrating skills(1)
  • Questions on page 13
  • 1. We can do a lot of things or organize some
    activities that improve or protect the
    environment, for example cleaning up the school
    yard, picking up trash, planting trees etc.
  • There are several similar festivals or days in
    China that are devoted to the environment and
    helping people in the community, e.g.
    tree-planting day and Lei-Feng Day

67
  • 5. What do you think A Day On, Not A Day Off!
    means?
  • To have a day off means to stay at home from
    work for a day, usually to relax. A day on
    means that although an American doesnt work that
    day, they should do something serious to honour
    the man for whom the holiday is given.
  • It is not a time for us to rest, but a time to
    think about and do something important and great.

68
  • 1. Earth Day is a celebration of life and our
    planet. It is a reminder that we need to care
    about the world we live in and that we should
    learn to respect life and nature.
  • ???????????????,???????????????????, ???????????.

69
  • 2. The festival honours both the living and the
    dead.
  • the adj. used to talk about a class of people
    or things
  • The old/young/rich/poor/wounded
  • Jim is like his father both in appearance and in
    character.
  • The young should respect the old and the old
    should care about the young.

70
3. People give sugar skeletons to each other as
gifts.
71
  • 4. It is not a sad day, but rather a time to
    celebrate the cycle of life.
  • not but rather used to say that someone does
    not do something but does something else instead
    (??)
  • ??????????,?????????????.
  • The committee does not deal with opening up the
    village, but rather discusses the problem of
    pollution.

72
  • 5. Our friends will play tricks on us and try to
    fool us.
  • Play tricks on sb./ play a trick on sb.
  • Dont play tricks on me -- I want to know the
    truth.
  • That was an unfair trick to play on her.
  • 6. If a person is taken in,
  • take in ????,??,??????,??
  • Hes a clever talker and good at taking people
    in.

73
  • Dont be taken in by products claiming to help
    you lose weight in a week.
  • Mrs. Brown is considering taking in students next
    year.
  • We could hardly take in what was be being said.
  • The study of physics takes in many different
    subject.
  • I take in a daily paper and a monthly magazine.
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