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Steve Edlefsen,Chair


Steve Edlefsen,Chair Audrey C. DiFiore Agenda Chair Introduction IEEE Organization Chapter Organization RCICC Scope RCICC Vision Chair Introduction '79 B.S. Computer ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Steve Edlefsen,Chair

Steve Edlefsen,Chair Audrey C. DiFiore
  • Chair Introduction
  • IEEE Organization
  • Chapter Organization
  • RCICC Scope
  • RCICC Vision

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Chair Introduction
  • '79 B.S. Computer Engineering University of
    Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
  • '79 - '82 Hughes Aircraft Digital Signal
    Processing Department and VHSIC project.
  • '82 - present TRW/Northrop Grumman Currently a
    staff engineer in the Digital Products Center of
    the Space and Technology Sector.
  • Main technical interests Digital signal
    processing, specifically, wavelets, neural nets
    and fuzzy logic. Also interested in
    communications, computer architecture, Perl and
    Java programming and computer graphics.
  • Current position FPGA/ASIC design for our
    satellite digital communication payloads.
  • IEEE positions CLAS Vice-Chair, Student
    Activities Chair, RCICC Chair
  • IEEE societies Signal Processing,
    Communications, Computational Intelligence
  • Personal Grew up in Champaign, Illinois. My
    father was a music professor at the U. of I.
    Actually saw John Bardeen once. Married in '82.
    Wife Jo-Ann who also works at Northrop Grumman,
    in the same building in fact, so I must behave
    myself. Three kids Kirsten (24), Alexander (21)
    and (Na)Tasha, 15. Four dogs Pixel, Chimere,
    Gizmo and Topaz all shelties. Was president of
    the local residents association for 10 years.
    Served on the General Plan Advisory Committee and
    the Senior Housing Board. Formed the high school
    wrestling booster club.
  • Other interests Music, weightlifting, movies.
  • Family home page

Chair Introduction
  • Inspiration
  • Don Meyer, Mike Briggs, et al of CLAS
  • Tony Laviano, CLANN
  • Greg Shreve, Jim Anderson, TRW
  • Bart Kosko
  • Chapters can provide closer contact with section
  • Interest in R, CI and C, especially CI.
  • R, CI and C
  • P.V. High School DARPA Challenge
  • Dana Middle School underwater robotics
  • FIRST Robotics
  • IEEE CLAS student branches UCLA, CSULB, LMU,
  • CalTech
  • Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering
  • USC
  • USC Information Sciences Institute, Marina del
    Rey, CA
  • Bart Kosko
  • TRW/NGC unmanned vehicles
  • Terrahawk

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IEEE Organization
  • The IEEE has more than 370,000 members,
    including more than 80,000 students, in over 160
    countries. 319 sections in ten geographic
    regions worldwide. 1676 chapters that unite
    local members with similar technical interests. 
       more than 1,526 student branches at colleges
    and universities in 80 countries. 39 societies
    and 5 technical councils representing the wide
    range of technical interests. 132 transactions,
    journals and magazines. more than 450 IEEE
    sponsored or cosponsored  conferences worldwide
    each year. over 900 active IEEE standards and
    more than 400 in development.

IEEE Organization Societies
  • Aerospace and Electronic Systems
  • Antennas and Propagation
  • Broadcast Technology
  • Circuits and Systems
  • Communications
  • Components Packaging, and Manufacturing
  • Computational Intelligence
  • Computer
  • Consumer Electronics
  • Control Systems
  • Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
  • Education
  • Electromagnetic Compatibility
  • Electron Devices
  • Engineering Management
  • Engineering in Medicine and Biology
  • Geoscience Remote Sensing
  • Industrial Electronics

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IEEE Organization
Chapter Organization Officers, Reporting
  • Officers
  • Chair
  • Treasurer
  • Reporting Requirements
  • Chapters are required to report meeting activity,
    financial activity and current officers. 
  • Meeting reports should be submitted using the
    form L31 (  There is a field
    available to add additional email addresses so a
    copy can be provided to the Section Secretary.
    This form should be completed after each meeting.
    Two technical meetings per year are required.
  • A list of current officers , or change of
    officers during the year, should be submitted to
    the Section Secretary as soon as that information
    is available.
  • Financial information (income and expenses)
    should be submitted to the Section Treasurer at
    the end of each year. If your Chapter has a bank
    account, then bank account information and a copy
    of the year end bank statement should be
    included. In addition, you should be familiar
    with the bank signature card requirements (see
  • Additional reporting may be required from the
    Society.   For more information, see Chapter
    Reporting Requirements.

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Chapter Organization Financial, Operations,
  • Financial
  • separate bank account
  • CLAS funds
  • Society rebates
  • Operations, Bylaws
  • elections
  • officers duties
  • executive committee meetings
  • committees
  • Chapter Meetings
  • proprietary information

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RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation
  • Designing and implementing intelligent machines
    and systems which can do work too dirty, too
    dangerous, too precise or too tedious for humans.
  • space exploration
  • human services and industries
  • manufacturing
  • medicine
  • defense
  • space and underwater exploration
  • service industries
  • disaster relief
  • manufacturing and assembly
  • entertainment
  • etc.
  • Automation includes the use of automated methods
    in various applications, for example, factory,
    office, home, laboratory automation, or
    transportation systems to improve performance and
  • Pushes the boundary on the level of intelligence
    and capability for many forms of autonomous,
    semi-autonomous and teleoperated machines.

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation History
  • One of the first robots was the clepsydra or
    water clock, which was made in 250 B.C.  It was
    created by Ctesibius of Alexandria, a Greek
    physicist and inventor.
  • The automata of Ancient Greece were intended as
    toys or tools for demonstrating basic scientific
    principles, including those built by Hero of
    Alexandria (sometimes known as Heron). When his
    writings on hydraulics, pneumatics, and mechanics
    were translated into Latin in the sixteenth
    century, Heros readers initiated reconstruction
    of his machines, which included siphons, a fire
    engine, a water organ, and various steam-powered

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation History
  • Al-Jazari is credited for the first recorded
    designs of a programmable automaton in the 13th
    century as well as a set of humanoid automata.2
  • Villard de Honnecourt, in his 1230s sketchbook,
    show plans for animal automata and an angel that
    perpetually turns to face the sun.
  • Leonardo da Vinci sketched a more complex
    automaton around the year 1495.
  • The Renaissance witnessed a considerable revival
    of interest in automata.
  • Descartes when he suggested that the bodies of
    animals are nothing more than complex machines
  • Seventeenth-century France was the birthplace of
    those ingenious mechanical toys that were to
    become prototypes for the engines of the
    industrial revolution.
  • The period 1860 to 1910 is known as "The Golden
    Age of Automata". During this period many small
    family based companies of Automata makers thrived
    in Paris.

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation History
  • The earliest remote control vehicles were built
    by Nikola Tesla in the 1890's.  Tesla is best
    known as the inventor of AC electric power, radio
    (before Marconi), induction motors, Tesla coils,
    and other electrical devices.
  • Other early robots (1940's - 50's) were Grey
    Walter's "Elsie the tortoise" ("Machina
    speculatrix") and the Johns Hopkins "beast.

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation History
  • "Shakey" was a small unstable box on wheels that
    used memory and logical reasoning to solve
    problems and navigate in its environment.  It was
    developed by the Stanford Research Institute
    (SRI) in Palo Alto, California in the 1960s.

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation History
  • The General Electric Walking Truck was a large
    (3,000 pounds) four legged robot that could walk
    up to four miles a hour.  The walking truck was
    the first legged vehicle with a computer-brain,
    developed by Ralph Moser at General Electric
    Corp. in the 1960s.

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation History
  • The first modern industrial robots were probably
    the "Unimates", created by George Devol and Joe
    Engleberger in the 1950's and 60's.  Engleberger
    started the first robotics company, called
    "Unimation", and has been called the "father of

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation
  • Chris von Alt, developer of Jason, the underwater
    robot that gave the world the first peek inside
    the Titanic

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation
  • NGC Global Hawk

RCICC Scope Robotics And Automation
RCICC Scope Computational Intelligence
  • Developing the theory, design, application, and
    development of biologically and linguistically
    motivated computational paradigms emphasizing
  • neural networks
  • connectionist systems
  • genetic algorithms
  • evolutionary programming
  • fuzzy systems
  • hybrid intelligent systems in which these
    paradigms are contained.

RCICC Scope Computational Intelligence History
The Antikythera mechanismis believed by many to
be an ancient mechanical analog computer (as
opposed to most computers today which are digital
computers) designed to calculate astronomical
positions. It was discovered in the Antikythera
wreck off the Greek island of Antikythera,
between Kythera and Crete, and has been dated to
about 150-100 BC.
RCICC Scope Computational Intelligence History
  • Possibly the first person in the history of
    formal logic to use a mechanical device to
    generate (so-called) logical proofs was the
    Spanish theologian Ramon Lull (1274)
  • William of Ockham (1285-1349) discovered the
    foundations for what were to become known as
    DeMorgan Transformations, which were described by
    Augustus DeMorgan some 500 years later.
  • The first mechanical calculator may have been
    conceived by Leonardo da Vinci almost one hundred
    and fifty years earlier than Pascal's machine
  • The first real logic machine, called the Stanhope
    Demonstrator, was invented in the early 1800s by
    the British scientist and statesman Charles
    Stanhope (third Earl of Stanhope).
  • In 1822, Babbage proposed building a machine
    called the Difference Engine to automatically
    calculate mathematical tables.
  • 1937 AD Alan Turing invents the Turing Machine
  • 1938 AD Claude Shannon's master's Thesis
  • Lotfi Zadeh publishes his seminal work on fuzzy
    sets in 1965 in which he detailed the mathematics
    of fuzzy set theory

RCICC Scope Computational Intelligence History
  • 1949 Hebb The Organization of Behavior
    Psychological learning.
  • 1958 Roseblatt, the perceptron convergence
  • 1963 Widrow and Hoff, LMS algorithm
  • 1982 Hopfield energy function, statistical model
    and information storage in dynamically state
    neural networks.
  • 1982 Kohonen, self-organizing maps
  • 1986 Rumelhart, Hinton and Williams, the
    back-propagation algorithm
  • Rumelhart and McClelland, Parallel Distributed
    Processing Explorations in the Microstructures
    of Cognition.

RCICC Scope Computational Intelligence
Deep Blue
RCICC Scope Computational Intelligence
M-5 Computer
The M-5 makes it impossible for it to be
disconnected. It becomes increasingly erratic, a
result of Dr. Daystrom's impressing his brain
engrams onto the computer. It attacks four other
Federation starships. Kirk convinces it that it
has committed the sin of murder and while the M-5
tries to commit suicide, they are able to
disconnect the M-5 unit.
RCICC Scope Computational Intelligence
I feel much better now, Dave.
RCICC Scope Systems, Man And Cybernetics
  • Promoting and advancing the theory, practice, and
    interdisciplinary aspects of systems science and
    engineering, human-machine systems, and
    cybernetics. It is accomplished through
    conferences, publications, and other activities
    that contribute to the professional needs of its
  • Development of systems engineering technology
    including problem definition methods, modeling,
    and simulation, methods of system
    experimentation, human factors engineering, data
    and methods, systems design techniques and test
    and evaluation methods.
  • Integration of the theories of communication,
    control, cybernetics, stochastics, optimization,
    and system structure towards the formulation of a
    general theory of systems.
  • Application at hardware and software levels to
    the analysis and design of biological,
    ecological, socio-economic, social service,
    computer information, and operational man-machine

RCICC Scope Systems, Man And Cybernetics
Dr. David Gow, of the Prosthetics Research and
Development Team at Princess Margaret Rose
Orthopaedic Hospital, made the first bionic arm
called the Edinburgh Modular Arm System (EMAS) in
RCICC Scope Systems, Man And Cybernetics
Imagine a prosthetic knee system so smart that it
automatically adapts to an individual's walking
style and environment, learning continuously and
optimizing control over time. The RHEO KNEE is
the world's first microprocessor swing and stance
knee system to utilize the power of artificial
intelligence. Capable of independent thought, it
learns how the user walks, recognizing and
responding immediately to changes in speed, load
and terrain. http//
RCICC Scope Systems, Man And Cybernetics
The PROPRIO FOOT thinks for itself, responding
beautifully to changing terrain and transforming
the approach to stairs and slopes, as well as
level-ground walking. Angling itself
appropriately, it also helps amputees to sit and
stand up easily and more naturally. The PROPRIO
FOOT also has a calibrated alignment control
feature. Overall, the effect is a feeling of
improved proprioception with a more balanced,
symmetric and confident gait with reduced wear
and tear on the back, hips and knees.
RCICC Scope Systems, Man And Cybernetics
  • 1700 James Watt's steam engine was equipped with
    a governor, a centrifugal feedback valve for
    controlling the speed of the engine.
  • Norbert Wiener used the term cybernetics to
    denote the study of "teleological mechanisms"
    popularized by his book Cybernetics, or Control
    and Communication in the Animal and Machine
  • The Biological Computer Lab at the University of
    Illinois, Urbana/Champaign, under the direction
    of Heinz von Foerster, was a major center of
    cybernetic research for almost 20 years,
    beginning in 1958.

RCICC Scope Systems, Man And Cybernetics
RCICC Vision, Goals
  • Chapter meetings/symposiums, etc.
  • Technical
  • Moral implications
  • Effects on society
  • Fundraising
  • Working with corporations
  • New membership
  • Educational outreach programs
  • pre-collage NGC
  • collage and post-grad
  • RCICC network
  • forming a coalition of robotics, ci and
    cybernetics groups
  • CLANN http//
  • Promotional ideas
  • t-shirts
  • videos and other media
  • Newsletter
  • Websites
  • http//

RCICC Vision, Goals Nanotechnology
  • CLANN http//
  • Dr. Tony Laviano
  • The Nanotechnology Center at LMU
  • The latest hot area in technology
  • Nanotechnology permits scientists to rearrange
    atoms and to build matter from the ground up
  • substance are rearranged with atomic precision.
  • any chemical structure that is not disallowed by
    the laws of physics can be rebuilt.
  • new building blocks can be created that produce
    materials with the exactly the desired
    properties, which are generally smaller, stronger
    and lighter than current technologies.
  • Has fostered many small start-up companies that
    are seeking funding to pursue their business
  • Now used in digital electronics, communications
    systems, et al.
  • MEMS nanoscopic mechanical mirrors used in
    packet switching
  • Other examples
  • nano tweezers that can pick up a molecule
  • tiny nano machines that can be injected into the
    blood stream via syringe to fight viruses

RCICC Vision, Goals Nanotechnology Carbon
Nanotubes, minuscule cylinders of carbon atoms
just a few nanometers across, are lightweight and
stronger than steel, and they can conduct
electricity. Sheets of nanotubes can now be
easily manufactured.
RCICC Vision, Goals Nanotechnology Carbon
nanotube cable
GEO 35,786 km 22,236 miles
elevator car
RCICC Vision, Goals Nanotechnology Carbon
Carbon nanotubes (the "pea pod" in this
illustration) can be used to make television
displays that have higher resolution, better
image quality, and more efficient operation than
the best liquid-crystal displays or plasma
screens on the market today.
RCICC Vision, Goals Nanotechnology Nanoscale
Nanoscale machines, such as the simple pump that
can be used to deliver chemicals or drugs shown
in this model from the Institute for Molecular
Manufacturing, in Los Altos, Calif., USA, would
be built atom by atom. The design target was an
effective, selective pump for neon.
RCICC Vision, Goals Nanotechnology
Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)
An electrically-driven motor smaller than the
diameter of a human hair
Ratchet Drive
RCICC Vision, Goals Nanotechnology
Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)
Optical Mirror
In Conclusion
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