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Title: Leonardo da Vinci Programme


1
Leonardo da Vinci Programme ETIV - EMAS Technical
Implementation and Verification CASE
STUDY IMPLEMENTATION OF EMAS IN METAL (copper)
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
Prepared by P12 IEM Ltd. Integrated
Environmental Management
2
This case study was prepared by IEM Ltd
Integrated Environmental Management, in the frame
of the Leonardo da Vinci project ETIV EMAS
Implementation and Verification, aiming to
support the EMAS Regulation and to provide
information about its implementation in a metal
(copper) industry and specifically in a copper
foundry. This project has been funded with
support from the European Commission. This
publication reflects the views only of the
author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of the
information contained therein.
3
This case study includes
  • A description of the basic stages of the
    production line in the copper foundry
  • A general description of the Environmental
    Management System, with implemented details for
    the environmental performance of the company
  • An indicative timetable for the EMAS
    implementation

4
  • Environmental Aims
  • Reduction of waste production
  • Minimisation of gas, liquid and solid waste
    emissions
  • Minimization of accidents related with production
    activities
  • Reduction of raw materials, energy and water
    consumption
  • Implementation of the best available techniques
    and integrated pollution control (BAT/IPPC) for
    human safety and environmental quality

5
  • Other Aims
  • Reduction of functional cost
  • Improvement of the working conditions for the
    companys employees
  • Improvement in the market-competition and in
    marketing issues
  • Improvement of the companys profile

6
  • EXPECTED RESULTS (1)
  • Establishing an integrated environmental
    pollution control system
  • Reduction of the waste production and the cost
    for the waste treatment
  • Reduction of raw materials, energy and water
    consumption
  • Minimization of any factor that can cause
    accident and emergency situation

7
  • EXPECTED RESULTS (2)
  • Improvement of the hygiene and safety conditions
    for the employees
  • Improvement of the companys relations with the
    customers and the local community
  • Improvement of the public image of the industry
  • Improvement in marketing issues

8
DESCRIPTION OF THE COMPANY
The company has more than sixty years experience
in the manufacture of copper and copper alloy
products, enjoys a leading position in the Greek
market and a dynamic presence in international
market. The company invests in modern equipment
and know-how, applies the latest production
methods and offers domestic and international
markets high quality products at competitive
prices. The companys casting facilities are
located 50 kilometers from Athens in an
industrial area.
9
DESCRIPTION OF THE COMPANY
  • The greatest part of the installations was
    constructed over the past five years and the
    following products are manufactured there
  • Copper billets
  • Copper wire
  • Thanks to the use of natural gas as a source of
    energy, gaseous emissions and particles releases
    into the environment are at minimum.
  • At the plant there is a unit for the collection
    of copper and copper alloy scrap for recycling

10
PROCESS DESCRIPTION
  • Generally the following routes are taken
  • Billets are mostly made from copper and copper
    alloys for the production of tubes or sections
    and rods.
  • Slabs and cakes are cast from copper and copper
    alloys for the production of sheets or strips.
  • Special processes are applied for specific
    products from copper and copper alloys Upcast
    process for wires and tubes, horizontal
    continuous casting for strip and sections,
    vertical strip casting and roll process for
    fabrication of copper tubes.

11
PROCESS DESCRIPTION
12
Melting processes (1)
Copper or copper alloys are melted in batches in
an electric or induction furnace. When high
melting rates are required copper is also melted
continuously in a shaft furnace. The fume
collection and abatement systems are chosen
according to the raw material and the degree of
contamination present. The gas collected from
electric furnaces is cleaned in cyclones followed
by fabric filters. For gas fired shaft furnaces
the control of the burners is a critical factor
to minimize the CO content of the gases emitted.
An afterburner followed by heat recovery systems
is in use if the CO content is high enough (e.g.gt
5 CO) fabric filters are also used for
de-dusting in shaft furnaces.
13
Melting processes (2)
Copper cathode and copper and alloy scrap is used
as the raw material and is normally stored in
open bays so that the different alloys can be
blended to produce the final alloy. This
preblending is an important factor to reduce the
time taken in preparing the melt, which minimises
the energy used and reduces the reliance on
expensive Master Alloys. With induction furnaces
scrap is cut into small sizes to improve melting
efficiency and allow easy deployment of hoods etc.
14
Melting processes (3)
Raw materials are also brasses or copper turnings
and borings and in this case are coated with
lubricants. Care is taken to prevent oil leaking
from the storage area and contaminating ground
and surface water. Similarly swarf dryers or
other furnaces and solvent or aqueous de-oiling
methods are used to remove lubricants and other
organic contamination. When brasses or bronzes
are melted, zinc is fumed from the furnace, good
control of the temperature can minimise this.
Fume is collected in the gas extraction system
and removed in a fabric filter. The zinc oxide is
normally recovered.
15
Casting (1)
Normally molten metal (copper) from the furnace
or holding section can be cast continuously or in
batches. Continuous casting uses either vertical
or horizontal modes but discontinuous casting
normally uses the vertical mode. Upcast
techniques are also used. Billets and cakes/slabs
are produced and are processed further. In the
case of the production of billets, slabs or
cakes, metal (copper) is melted and passes via a
holding furnace into a vertical billet caster.
Sections of billets are sawn off for further
fabrication.
16
Casting (2)
Figure Principle of continuous or
semi-continuous casting
17
DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S. (1)
The EMAS provides the framework for setting and
reviewing environmental objectives and
targets. The E.M.A.S. is worked out to keep up
to date ensuring that the system is consistent
with the requirements of EMAS regulation
- Environmental policy, objective goals and programs
- Administration and personnel Responsibilities, competence Communicated to all employees and training
18
IMPLEMENTATION OF EMAS IN METAL (copper)
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S. (2)
- Environmental Impacts Evaluation and estimation Recording impacts Recording legislation, regulations and other requirements External communication
- Control of operation Processes and Directives Conformation Corrective action
ETIV - EMAS Technical Implementation and
Verification
18
18
19
IMPLEMENTATION OF EMAS IN METAL (copper)
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S. (3)
- Keep records Documentation updating File of Environmental Impacts File of Legislation and directives
- Review of E.M.A.S. - Auditing
ETIV - EMAS Technical Implementation and
Verification
19
19
20
DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S. (4)
Structure and Responsibility The environmental
responsibilities / competences of the companys
members not only should be included in the flow
chart, but also in the already existing systems
of the companys management. At least two or more
members of the personnel should undertake the
environmental duties of the company. Personnel,
Communication and Training The personnel,
including all levels, should be informed for the
importance of conformity to the environmental
policy, the companys objective aims and the
implementation of E.M.A.S. The methods that are
more often used for the training are seminars,
lectures, presentations via video etc.
21
DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S. (5)
Communication The way of communication is
determined as well as the transfer of the
necessary information about companys
environmental performance to all levels of
administration inside the company and to
interested external institutions. Documentation
of Environmental Management This step includes
collection and classification of the elements (in
written and electronic form) that describe the
core elements of the E.M.A.S, the environmental
policy applied, the roles and the duties of the
personnel and the interaction between the core
elements of the system.
22
DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S. (6)
Control of Documents The documents and the
elements that are described to E.M.A.S. should be
reviewed and updated periodically, in order to be
used at any time. The revised documents should be
replaced whenever required. Control of
Operation Includes qualitative and quantitative
analysis of the activities that have significant
impacts to the environment. The company should
plan these activities according to the initial
plan that has been worked out with the
announcement of the environmental policy.
23
DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S. (7)
Preparedness and response in Emergency
Situations This stage includes the determination
of the departments of productive processes, where
probably an accident or a situation of emergency
might happen. Firstly the ways to prevent such
situation are specified and tested wherever
practicable.
24
PLANNING AND PREPARATION (1)
  • The foundry has established and maintains an
    environmental management system.
  • The general manager of the company has defined
    the organizations environmental policy which
  • includes a commitment to development,
    implementation, application and continual
    improvement of the system
  • includes a commitment to comply with relevant
    environmental legislation and regulations, as
    well as with other requirements which the company
    meets

25
PLANNING AND PREPARATION (2)
  • defines roles, responsibilities and authorities
    in order to facilitate an effective environmental
    management. The responsible person for applying
    the system should be experienced in the
    activities of the company and in the
    environmental issues
  • defines the work team by ensuring that everyone
    involved in the audit process (including
    auditors, administrators and personnel)
    understands his or her role and responsibilities
  • provides the framework for setting and reviewing
    environmental objectives and targets
  • defines the work plan and the timetable

25
26
INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS (1)
  • An initial estimation of the companys
    environmental performance is taking place, taking
    into account all the environmental issues related
    to the foundrys activities, products and
    services.
  • The points to be examined are the following
  • identification, control and limitation of the
    environmental impacts
  • selection, management and saving of energy used
  • selection, handling, management and saving of raw
    materials

27
INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS (2)
  • management and saving of water
  • reduction, recycling, re-use, handling and
    disposal of wastes
  • estimation, control and reduction of sound
    emissions
  • selection of BAT in production activities and
    evaluation of the existing methods
  • designing, packaging, use and handling of
    products
  • environmental records
  • prevention of environmental accidents emergency
    situations
  • training, awareness and competence of personnel

28
STRUCTURE OF EMS (1)
The implementation of an environmental management
system (EMAS) in a metal (copper) manufacturing
industry includes staff work, planning,
responsibilities, practices, procedures and
instructions for the development, implementation,
documentation, review and improvement of the
management system. The structure of EMAS is
based in 4 hierarchical levels having the
environmental policy of the industry on the top.
29
STRUCTURE OF EMS (2)

30
STRUCTURE OF EMS (3)
The Environmental Manual includes the
environmental policy of the industry and
describes briefly the procedures of EMAS. The
Procedures are based on the requirements of EMAS
2001 regulation and adapted to the needs of a
metal (copper) manufacturing industry. The
Instructions particularize, whenever needed, the
actions to be taken by the operators of EMAS.
The Forms are standard documents (tables) that
have to be periodically completed by industrys
personnel in order to be able to review the
environmental policy and performance of the
industry.
31
STRUCTURE OF EMS (4)
A list of all Foundrys existing Procedures
P-01 General Requirements
P-02 Environmental Policy
P-03.1 Environmental Aspects
P-03.2 Legal and other Requirements
P-03.3 Objectives and Targets
P-03.4 Environmental Management Program
P-04.1 Structure and Responsibility
P-04.2 Training, awareness and competence
P-04.3 Communication
32
STRUCTURE OF EMS (5)
P-04.4 EMS Documentation
P-04.5 Documentation Control
P-04.6 Operational Control
P-04.7 Emergency Preparedness and Response
P-05.1 Monitoring and measurement
P-05.2 Non conformance and corrective and preventive action
P-05.3 Records
P-05.4 Environmental Management System Audit
P-06 Management Review
33
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY (1)
The environmental policy should be documented,
implemented, maintained, communicated to
personnel and available to public. In this stage
the objectives and the actions to be taken for
achieving them are determined.
Figure Foundrys Environmental Policy
34
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY (2)
  • The environmental policy should be based on
  • compliance with legislation requirements
  • improvement of environmental performance with the
    application of economically viable BAT
  • employees awareness of their competence at each
    relevant function and level within the company.
  • estimation of environmental impacts from any
    process, activity, product or method.
  • estimation and valuation of the environmental
    impacts from all running activities in the local
    surroundings.

35
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY (3)
  • application of all necessary measures to prevent
    pollution, to minimise pollutants emissions and
    waste, and to save resources.
  • determination and application of the actions to
    be taken in order to comply with the
    environmental policy, of the measurements and
    trials whenever required, of the methods to keep
    the relative records informed.
  • evaluation and readjustment (e.g. maintenance) of
    the activities that have significant
    environmental impacts.

36
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY (4)
  • collaboration with the relative authorities, in
    order to determine and readjust the emergency
    processes for the minimization of the impacts
    caused by accidental waste emissions.
  • informing the public with the necessary
    information about the companys environmental
    performance by open discussions.
  • keeping informed the customers with the relative
    to environmental impacts directives for handling,
    use and disposal of the companys products.
  • keeping informed the constructors with the
    companys activities and relative environmental
    policy

37
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS (1)
The foundry has developed and established the
Procedure P-03.1 for the identification of the
environmental aspects and the evaluation of the
most significant ones. It is assured that every
time that a new activity is introduced or an
existing is modified, then the list of
environmental aspects is revised.
38
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS (2)
COMPLETED BY Env. Manager Env. Manager DATE DATE 20/5/2003
SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS PHASE OF PRODUCTION LINE PHASE OF PRODUCTION LINE CURRENT SITUATION CURRENT SITUATION
Steel lags Steel lags Storage area Production line Storage area Production line Selling as Iron Scrap Selling as Iron Scrap
Skimming Skimming Production line (furnaces) Production line (furnaces) Selling Selling
Copper oxides Copper oxides Production line Production line Selling Selling
Brass Powder Brass Powder Production line (furnaces) Production line (furnaces) Selling Selling
Copper scale Copper scale Production line Production line Selling Selling
Coal Powder Coal Powder Production line Production line Selling Selling
Plastic leaves Plastic leaves Production line Production line
Paper Board Paper Board Production line Production line
Zinc Powder Zinc Powder Production line Production line Selling Selling
39
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS (3)
LIQUID WASTES LIQUID WASTES LIQUID WASTES
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ACTIVITY CURRENT SITUATION
Used oil emulsions Production line
Bleed Production line
Water Water Softening
EMISSIONS EMISSIONS EMISSIONS
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ACTIVITY CURRENT SITUATION
Natural gas emissions Production line To environment
Lubricant emissions Production line To environment
Alcohol emission Production line To environment
Water vapor Production line
Furnaces emissions (Besides Natural Gas) Production line
40
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS (4)
WATER WATER WATER
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ACTIVITY CURRENT SITUATION
Water consumption Production line Offices
ENERGY ENERGY ENERGY
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ACTIVITY CURRENT SITUATION
Fuel consumption Production line Natural gas consumption
Energy consumption Production line Energy consumption meters
NOISE NOISE NOISE
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ACTIVITY CURRENT SITUATION
Noise Production line
41
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS (5)
When the list of the Foundry environmental
aspects has been made, then by using this
methodology, the most significant ones are
determined.
42
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS (6)


43
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS (7)
COMPLETED BY COMPLETED BY Env. Manager DATE DATE 13/6/2003
SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES
?/? ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT COMMENTS COMMENTS
1 Brass powder Brass powder Brass powder
2 Zinc Powder Zinc Powder Zinc Powder
3 Copper Skimming Copper Skimming Copper Skimming
LIQUID WASTES LIQUID WASTES LIQUID WASTES LIQUID WASTES LIQUID WASTES LIQUID WASTES
?/? ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT COMMENTS COMMENTS
4 Used oil emulsion Used oil emulsion Used oil emulsion
EMISSIONS EMISSIONS EMISSIONS EMISSIONS EMISSIONS EMISSIONS
?/? ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT COMMENTS COMMENTS

44
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS (1)
  • The organization has established and maintains a
    procedure (P-03.2) to identify and have access to
    legal and other requirements to which the
    organization meets, that are applicable to the
    environmental aspects of its activities, products
    or services.
  • This stage includes
  • determination of the informing legislation
    sources that should be kept up-to date
  • collection and valuation of the existing
    legislation frame in regard to the activities of
    the industry
  • record environmental regulations list including
    their requirements
  • definition of conformation acts if required

45
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS (2)
The environmental manager is responsible to
complete and update the legislation form in
regular basis (yearly and whenever there is any
new publication or replacement of the relevant
regulations, and change of any industrys
activity). In the next table a list of the
most important national environmental legislation
is shown.
46
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS (3)
?/? NATIONAL LEGISLATION ISSUES
1 KYA 19640/79 Wastewater rejection
2 ?? 1180/81 Industrial matters and environmental protection
3 ? 1650 modified by N. 3010/2000 Environmental protection
4 ??S 99/87 Air Quality
5 ??S 25/88 Air Quality
6 ?? 85/91 Noise
7 ??? 378/94 Classification of substances
8 ??? 69728/824/96 Solid wastes management
9 ?.? 82/2004 Used oil management
47
OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS
The procedure P-03.3 has been established and
maintained, for the determination, documentation
and the reviewing of the Foundrys Objectives and
Targets. The Environmental Council has the
responsibility to set the objectives and targets
in accordance with certain criteria. The
objectives and targets should be specific and
related to the significant environmental aspects.
When it is possible, they should be
measurable. For every objective and target, an
environmental management program is determined.
48
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (1)
The Foundrys Environmental Management Program is
based on the determination of objectives and
targets and includes the measures that need to be
taken, in order to improve the companys
environmental performance. The data used for the
constitution of the Environmental Program are the
results from the initial environmental analysis
and the determination of the acts to be taken to
improve the environmental behavior.
49
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (2)
  • Covers all activities / processes relative to the
    environmental analysis.
  • Determines objectives and targets for the
    improvement of the environmental system.
  • Determines the procedure to achieve the objective
    goals (e.g. measures)
  • Entrust duties / responsibilities for the
    achievement of the objective goals.
  • Determines timetable for each objective goal.
  • Is revised regularly.
  • Is recorded.

50
STRUCTURE AND RESPONSIBILITY
Environmental
Figure Foundrys Organization Chart
51
COMMUNICATION
With the P-04.3 Procedure of the Foundrys
Environmental System there has been an
establishment and maintenance of an internal
communication system amongst the different levels
and different operational groups of the company,
as well as of an external communication system
with interested parties.
52
EMS DOCUMENTATION AND DOCUMENTATION CONTROL
  • The documents of the Foundrys Environmental
    Management System are controlled according to
    Procedure P-04.5 so as to assure that
  • All documents in use are stamped as Controlled
    Copy
  • Superseded documents are removed from all places
    that have been placed or used
  • All documents are clear to read and have a date
    of issue or revision.
  • The Environmental Manager keeps a list of
    distribution, which he uses for the withdrawal of
    the superseded issues and their replacement by
    the revised ones.

53
NON CONFORMANCE AND CORRECTIVE AND PREVENTIVE
ACTIONS
In the P-05.2 Procedure of the Foundrys
Environmental System Non Conformance and
Corrective and Preventive Actions the
methodology for the reaction to non-conformances
that appear from internal audits is described.
54
REALIZATION OF INTERNAL ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING
(1)
The Internal Environmental Auditing is taking
place after the development of E.M.A.S. so as to
ensure that E.M.A.S is active, effective and is
applied in daily basis. It constitutes a
systematic auditing of E.M.A.S, where the
following are checked - if the E.M.A.S is
applied according to its initial development - if
the E.M.A.S is applied in practice The inner
environmental auditing should be Systematic and
periodical Objective
55
REALIZATION OF INTERNAL ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING
(2)
In addition, it should also evaluate the
companys environmental performance, the E.M.A.S
and the activities aiming at the environmental
protection. It should also include the actions
that took place in order to ensure that the audit
objectives are followed up. The audit cycle is
less than 3 years. It isnt necessary for all
areas / activities of the E.M.A.S of a company to
be checked at the same time or with the same
frequency, but they should be examined at least
once every 3 years.
56
REALIZATION OF INTERNAL ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING
(3)
  • The inner environmental auditing is designed
    and takes place in response to the requirements
    of the regulation and covers the following areas
  • Objectives and targets
  • Extent (covered individual sectors, activities to
    be controlled, and models of environmental
    records that are taken into consideration,
    covered control period).
  • Organization procedures and operation mechanisms.
  • Control activities
  • Documentation of audit results
  • Corrective action plan
  • Auditing frequency

57
MANAGEMENT REVIEW (1)
  • This Procedure (P-06) defines that at least once
    a year an Environmental Councils meeting is held
    where the following are discussed
  • The results from the internal audits
  • The achievement of the companys objectives and
    targets
  • Complaints from interested parties
  • Environmental impacts from emergencies
  • The results of the environmental management
    program
  • All the above are documented in the Form of the
    Environmental Management Review and are kept in
    the Environmental File of the Foundry, with care
    of the Environmental Manager.

58
MANAGEMENT REVIEW (2)
Period from ... to Period from ... to
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT REVIEW
Place          
Date       Time  
PARTICIPANTS PARTICIPANTS  
TITLE TITLE NAME NAME SIGNATURE
General Manager General Manager      
Technical Manager Technical Manager      
Plant Manager Plant Manager      
Environmental Quality Assurance Manager Environmental Quality Assurance Manager Environmental Quality Assurance Manager      
Health Safety Manager Health Safety Manager Health Safety Manager      
   
1) Agenda 1) Agenda 1) Agenda 1) Agenda 1) Agenda 1) Agenda
a. Internal Audits a. Internal Audits        
b. External Audits b. External Audits        
c. Complaints c. Complaints        
d. Emergencies d. Emergencies        
e.Environmental Aspects e.Environmental Aspects e.Environmental Aspects      
f. Environmental Management Program f. Environmental Management Program f. Environmental Management Program      
g. Preventive/ Corrective Actions g. Preventive/ Corrective Actions g. Preventive/ Corrective Actions      
h. Other topics h. Other topics        
Environmental Management Review Form
59
ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT (1)
The Environmental Statement constitutes the
environmental report of E.M.A.S. and is the way
to announce information to public about the
environmental performance of the company. The
environmental statement is compiled afterwards
the completion of each auditing cycle (at least 3
years). A simplified and briefly environmental
statement is compiled annually that includes
important changes and synopsis of numerical data
regarding related environmental actions.
60
ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT (2)
The Environmental Statement includes
  • Description of the companys activities
  • Evaluation of all the important environmental
    aspects that are related to the particular
    activities.
  • Synopsis of numerical data about pollutants
    emissions, waste production, raw material, energy
    and water consumption, noise level and other
    important environmental aspects depending on
    companys activities.
  • Other factors that concern the environmental
    performance.
  • Presentation of the policy, program and system of
    the environmental management system of the
    company.
  • The deadline for the submission of the next
    statement.
  • The name of the Accredited Environmental
    Inspector.

61
RATIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT
After the environmental management system is
applied successfully, external verifier
institution (Accredited Environmental Inspector)
examines if the implementation of E.M.A.S. and
the Environmental Statement comply with the
Regulation of E.M.A.S. and ratifies the
environmental statement.
62
REGISTRATION OF COMPANY IN EMAS
The company sends the ratified environmental
statement to the relevant governmental
institution and submits application in order to
be registered in E.M.A.S.
63
TIMETABLE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EMAS (1)
No. ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION DURATION (months)
1. PLANNING PREPARATION commitment of administration for the implementation and continual improvement of the system definition of work team work plan 01-01
2. INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS record existing production environmental issues identification of environmental impacts the existing reduction methods definition of future objectives for every impact 01-04
3. LEGAL REQUIREMENTS identification documentation of legislation frame of the industry definition of conformation acts if required 04-05
4. DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY definition of environmental policy of the industry commitment for continuous improvement determination of objectives and targets 05-07
5. DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM determination of the ways measures to improve environmental performance achieve goals definition of responsibilities 07-07
64
TIMETABLE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EMAS (2)
No. ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION DURATION (months)
6. DEVELOPMENT OF E.M.A.S EMAS focuses on environmental policy / objectives / programs environmental Impacts control of operation keep records review of EMAS Auditing 07-14
7. REALISATION OF INTERNAL ENVIRONMENTAL INSPECTION Internal Environmental inspection is taking place to ensure that EMAS is active / effective / daily applied systematic periodical objective and recorded 14-15
8. ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT Compile environmental report of EMAS that announce information to public about companys environmental performance 15-16
9. RATIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT Accredited Environmental Inspector examines the comply of EMAS implementation and statement with Regulation ratifies the statement 16-17
10. REGISTRATION OF COMPANY IN EMAS The company sends the ratified statement to the relevant governmental institution for EMAS registration 17-18
65
CONCLUSIONS
As environmental issues become more complex and
numerous, they need to be managed in different
ways. A systematic approach is vital. The
Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is a
voluntary scheme designed for companies and other
organisations that are willing to commit
themselves to evaluate, manage and improve their
environmental performance.
66
BENEFITS FROM THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EMAS (1)
  • There are many benefits for organisations
    participating in EMAS. Here are some examples
    from the implementation of EMAS in the Copper
    Foundry
  • Quality environmental management
  • Guarantee of full compliance with environmental
    legislation
  • Reduced risk of fines related to environmental
    legislation
  • Independently validated environmental
    information
  • Environmental risk management
  • Resource savings and lower costs

67
BENEFITS FROM THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EMAS (2)
  • Increased business opportunities in markets where
    green production processes are important
  • Better relations with customers, the local and
    wider community, and regulators
  • Improved workplace environment
  • Enhanced employee morale
  • Greater team-building capacity
  • Use of the EMAS Logo as a marketing tool
  • Added credibility
  • New business opportunities
  • Improved image and confidence

68
EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION (1)
The key to a successful implementation of the
Environmental Management System is the employees
participation. Involvement of all in the
environmental work is a chance and an opportunity
to work in a more effective way and is the
prerequisite for success. The active involvement
of employees in the process of continual
improvement of the organisations environmental
performance should not be seen as a burden.
69
EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION (2)
The work with the environmental issues must be
continuous. Without the active involvement and
participation of everybody (management and
employees) in an organisation this will not
happen. To have everyone in the organisation
involved in the work is also the right way to
keep a management system alive and fresh.
Experience has shown that management systems that
do not actively involve everyone tend to become
bureaucratic and do not function well.
70
EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION (3)
It is important to make the employees see the
environmental work, not as a threat but as an
opportunity to, among other things, improve
working conditions and create pride for working
in an environmentally good organisation. Experien
ce from the implementation of EMAS in the
Foundry, has shown that when all employees are
continuously and actively involved, and in
particular when their representatives are taking
an active part in the work, the outcome is
better. Experience has also shown that the
fatigue that can occur after a period of work
with systems like EMAS can be avoided by the
active involvement of employees.
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PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION
Melting
Phases of production line
72
PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION
Rolling (1)
Phases of production line
73
PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION
Rolling (2)
Phases of production line
74
Initial diffusion in IEMs website (
http//www.iem.gr/EN_ETIV.htm )
Presentation of the ETIV programme and part of
the proposed by IEM Case Study
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