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OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Updated- What You Need to Know to be in Compliance

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Title: OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Updated- What You Need to Know to be in Compliance


1
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Updated- What
You Need to Know to be in Compliance
  • Presented By Heather Stiner, SSPC

2
Introduction
  • This webinar will explain the importance of the
    OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 1910.1200,
    explaining how it differs from the past version,
    how to conform to the current version, and how
    the current standard improves quality and
    consistency of hazard information in the
    workplace, making it safer for workers and
    helping reduce trade barriers, resulting in
    productivity improvements for American businesses
    that regularly handle, store, and use hazardous
    chemicals

3
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 1910.1200
  • Ensures that the hazards of all chemicals
    produced or imported are classified, and that
    information concerning the classified hazards is
    transmitted to employers and employees.

4
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 1910.1200
  • On May 25,2012 the standard was updated to align
    with the UN Globally Harmonized System of
    Classification and Labeling of Chemicals

5
Global Harmonized System
  • Providing agreed criteria for classification of
    chemical hazards, and a standardized approach for
    labeling containers and creating safety data
    sheets
  • Based on major existing systems from around the
    world, including OSHAs Hazardous Communication
    Standard

6
Global Harmonized System
  • Provides harmonized classification hazard
    criteria for
  • Health
  • Physical
  • Environmental

7
Global Harmonized System
  • Standardized labeling of containers, providing
    appropriate
  • Signal Words
  • Pictograms
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements

8
Global Harmonized System
  • Standardized safety data sheets, specifying a
    format for presentation or order of information

9
Benefits of OSHA Making Modification
  • OSHA has modified the Hazard Communication
    Standard to adopt the Global Harmonized System
    to
  • Improve safety and health of workers
  • Standardized Labels
  • Ensures appropriate handling and safe use
  • Standardized Safety Data Sheets
  • Enables employers, workers, health professionals
    and emergency responders to access the
    information more efficiently and effectively

10
Benefits of OSHA Making Modification
  • Adoption of GHS improved information received
    from other countries
  • Benefit since US is both a major importer and
    exporter

11
When do I need to Comply?
Date Requirements to be Met Who it Effects
December 1, 2013 Train employees on the new labeling system and safety data sheet format Employers
June 1 2015 Compliance with all modified provisions except labeling Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributers and employers
December 1, 2015 Comply with GHS labeling Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributers and employers
June 1, 2016 Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards Employers
Note During transition period you may comply
with either 29 CFR 1910.1200 final standard or
the current standard
12
Importance of Training
  • OSHA is requiring training on labeling
    requirements and safety data sheet formats by
    December 2013
  • If receive label and safety data sheet consistent
    with the Global Harmonized System employees
  • Have familiarity of them
  • Understand how to use them
  • Can access the information effectively

13
Hazard Classification Changes
  • OLD WAY
  • Hazard determination provisions have definitions
    of hazard and evaluator determines whether or not
    the data on a chemical meet those definitions
  • Performance-oriented approach
  • Provides parameters for evaluation
  • Not specific detailed criteria

14
Hazard Classification Changes
  • NEW WAY
  • Has specific criteria for each health and
    physical hazard, along with detailed instructions
    for hazard evaluation and determinations as to
    whether mixtures or substances are covered
  • Establishes hazard classes and categories
  • Reflects the relative severity of the effect

15
Label Changes
  • Labels will be required to have
  • Pictograms
  • Signal Words
  • Hazard Statement
  • Precautionary Statement

16
Pictogram
  • Consists of a different symbol on a white
    background within a red square diamond frame
  • 8 different types
  • Health Hazard
  • Flame
  • Exclamation Mark
  • Gas Cylinder
  • Corrosion
  • Exploding Bomb
  • Flame Over Circle
  • Skull and Crossbones

17
Signal Words
  • Used to indicate the relative level of severity
    of hazard and alert potential hazard on label
  • Danger
  • More severe
  • Warning
  • Less severe

18
Hazard Statement
  • Assigned to a hazard class and category that
    describes the nature and degree of hazard
  • Associated with the Hazard Pictogram

19
Hazard Statement
  • Health Hazard
  • Carcinogen, mutagenicity, reproductive toxicity,
    respiratory sensitizer, target organ toxicity,
    aspiration toxicity
  • Flame
  • Flammables, pyrophorics, self-heating, emits
    flammable gas, self-reactives, organic peroxides

20
Hazard Statement
  • Exclamation Mark
  • Irritant, skin sensitizer, acute toxicity,
    narcotic effects, respiratory tract irritant,
    hazardous to ozone layer
  • Gas Cylinder
  • Gases under pressure

21
Hazard Statement
  • Corrosion
  • Skin corrosion/burns, eye damage, corrosive to
    metals
  • Exploding Bomb
  • Explosives, self-reactives, organic peroxides

22
Hazard Statement
  • Flame Over Circle
  • Oxidizers
  • Skull and Crossbones
  • Acute toxicity

23
Precautionary Statement
  • A phrase that describes recommended measures to
    be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects
    resulting from exposure

24
Updating Labels
  • Any significant changes regarding the hazards of
    a chemical shall be updated within 6 months of
    becoming aware of the new information

25
Example of Label Components
26
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
  • Revised Hazard Communication Standard requires
    the following 16-section chronological format
  • Section 1 Identification
  • Section 2 Hazards Identification
  • Section 3 Composition/Information on
    Ingredients
  • Section 4 First-Aid Measures
  • Section 5 Fire-Fighting Measures

27
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
  • Section 6 Accidental Release Measures
  • Section 7 Handling and Storage
  • Section 8 Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
  • Section 9 Physical and Chemical Properties
  • Section 10 Stability and Reactivity
  • Section 11 Toxicological Information

28
Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
  • Section 12 Ecological Information
  • Section 13 Disposal Considerations
  • Section 14 Transport Information
  • Section 15 Regulatory Information
  • Section 16 Other Information, Including Date of
    Preparation or Last Revision

29
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
  • Required Exposure Limit Data
  • Threshold Limit Values (TLVs)
  • PELs
  • Other Exposure Limits

30
Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
  • Carcinogen Classification
  • Classification listings of IARC and NTP
  • Makes classification easier and more consistent

31
Addition of Hazardous Chemicals
  • In the revised Hazard Communication Standard,
    OSHA has added
  • Pyrophoric Gases
  • Simple Asphyxiants
  • Combustible Dust

32
Pyrophoric Gases
  • Must be addressed both on container labels and
    SDSs
  • Designated Label Elements
  • Signal Work Danger
  • Hazard Statement Catches Fire Spontaneously if
    Exposed to Air

33
Simple Asphyxiants
  • Must be addressed both on container labels and
    SDSs
  • Designated Label Elements
  • Signal Word Warning
  • Hazard Statement May Displace Oxygen and Cause
    Rapid Suffocation

34
Combustible Dust
  • Must be addressed both on container labels and
    SDSs
  • Designated Label Elements
  • Signal Word Warning
  • Hazard Statement May From Combustible Dust
    Concentrations in the Air

35
Who Will be Affected and What Are the Costs?
  • Estimated that over 5 million workplaces in the
    United States will be affected
  • Sum of 4 major cost elements
  • Classifying chemical hazards in accordance with
    revised criteria
  • Training of employees to become familiar with new
    warning symbols and revised SDS format
  • Yearly required management for adoption
  • Printing packing and labels for hazardous
    chemicals

36
Updates to Global Harmonized Standard
  • Living Document
  • Must remain up-to-date and relevant
  • Standard reviewed every two years

37
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