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the middle East Geography

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THE MIDDLE EAST GEOGRAPHY GPS STANDARDS The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East). Locate on a world and regional political ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: the middle East Geography


1
the middle East Geography
2
GPS STANDARDS
The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East). The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East).
  Locate on a world and regional political-physical map Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip.
  Locate on a world and regional political-physical map Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip.
  Locate on a world and regional political-physical map Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris River, Suez Canal, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Gaza Strip.
  Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the nations of Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the nations of Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.
  Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the nations of Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the nations of Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.
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Crossroads of Continents
Africa Europe Asia
4
The Arabian Peninsula is primarily steppe and
desert climate.
5
The Arabian Peninsula is mostly desert
  • The Rub 'al-Khali, or "Empty Quarter" is a
    large desert in Saudi Arabia. It is the largest
    area of continuous sand in the world.

The climate is extremely arid. Few places
receive more than 7
in of rain a year, and
no permanent streams exist. Summer
temperatures reach as high as 130 F in some
areas.
6
Middle East Mountains
  • Taurus
  • Spreads across Turkey
  • Highest Point- Mt. Ararat-16, 583 ft., Biblical
    historians believe Noahs Ark landed here.
  • Zagros
  • Extend through southwestern Iran, and through
    northern Iraq
  • Highest point- Zard Kuh, 14, 921 ft.

7
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8
Water
  • Water is the most precious resource for this
    region of deserts and steppe areas.
  • Many areas (ex. Nile River Valley) dependent on
    seasonal floods.
  • The fertile soil around the river and the delta
    regions are especially good for farming.

9
OASES
  • Oasis is a place where water comes to the surface
    in desert area.
  • "oasis" is believed to come from an ancient
    Egyptian word, "wah," meaning "fertile place in
    the desert."
  • About 75 percent of the Sahara's population live
    in oases

10
Major Water Features
  • Mediterranean
  • Sea
  • Red Sea
  • Arabian Sea
  • Persian/Arabian
  • Gulf
  • Jordan River
  • Tigris River
  • Euphrates River
  • Strait of Hormuz

11
Sinai Peninsulalocated between Egypt and the
Arabian Peninsula
12
Suez Canal
  • The 101-mile waterway in Egypt that connects the
    Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
  • The Suez Canal is used to transport goods to and
    from all three continents.
  • The canal was built to make trade easier and
    faster from Europe to Asia.

13
  • Strait of Hormuz

14
Major Water Features
  • Tigris River
  • Euphrates River

15
The Fertile Crescent
  • Greeks called this region Mesopotamia, which
    means "between the rivers."
  • Many different civilizations developed in this
    small region.
  • -First came the Sumerians, who were replaced in
    turn by the Assyrians and the Babylonians.
  • -Today this land is known as Iraq

16
Major water features
  • Jordan River
  • Dead Sea

17
Jordan River
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DEAD SEA
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Dead Sea
  • Lowest point on Earth- 1,320 feet below sea level
  • Saltiest water in the world
  • You float in its waters!
  • Average of 330 days of full sunshine a year

20
Jordan River
Euphrates River
Tigris River
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