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Gustar and similar verbs

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Gustar and Similar Verbs (Gustar y verbos parecidos) Te gusta mi coche? S , me gusta mucho. Gustar = to be pleasing I like it. I like Spanish. I like Spanish. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gustar and similar verbs


1
Gustar and Similar Verbs
(Gustar y verbos parecidos)
Te gusta mi coche?
Sí, me gusta mucho.
2
  • Gustar to be pleasing

Gustar is used to express preferences, likes, and
dislikes however, gustar means to be pleasing,
and is constructed very differently from the
English to like.
Gustar is a completely regular -ar verb in its
conjugation.
gusto gustas gusta
gustamos gustáis gustan
3
Gustar to be pleasing
In Spanish, the thing or things that we like are
expressed as being pleasing to us.
. . . where it is the direct object.
  • I like it.

In English, we say . . .
In Spanish, it becomes the subject of the
sentence and we say instead . . .
Its pleasing to me.
I is then expressed as the indirect object
phrase to me.
4
Lets start by talking about something we all
like.
  • I like Spanish.

Following the format on the previous slide, we
would say . . .
Spanish
is pleasing
to me.
In Spanish, this would literally be . . .
me gusta.
El español
gusta
me.
But, of course, in Spanish, pronouns must be
placed before conjugated verbs.
Now, it so happens that, by convention, the
subject (in this case El español) is generally
placed at the end of the sentence with this type
of construction.
5
  • I like Spanish.

Spanish
is pleasing
to me.
me gusta.
Me gusta
El español
el español.
It turns out, then, that the sentence in Spanish
is exactly the reverse of that in English,
in its sense,
and also in its word order.
6
To express that others like Spanish, only the
object pronoun needs to change, since Spanish
remains the subject in all the sentences.
gusta el español.
Me
Te
Le
Nos
Os
Les
like Spanish.
I
You
He
We
You all
They
likes Spanish.
7
Since most of the things or people that please us
are expressed in third person, the two forms of
gustar that are used most commonly are gusta and
gustan
gusto gustas gusta
gustamos gustáis gustan
Nos gusta el flan que hace la abuela.
We like the flan that grandma makes.
No le gustan los huevos.
She doesnt like eggs.
8
Of course, it is possible to use other forms.
Gustas, for example is used frequently.
Me gustas (tú).
You please me. (I like you.)
When gustar is used with one or more infinitives,
only the third person singular is used.
Me gusta leer.
Me gusta leer, jugar fútbol y viajar.
9
  • The verb gustar is used exclusively with indirect
    object pronouns

me
nos
te
os
le
les
10
Gustar is used with indirect object pronouns
Me gusta ese restaurante.
I like that restaurant.
Te gusta el té helado?
Do you like iced tea?
Le gustan mucho las zanahorias.
He likes carrots a lot.
No nos gusta el yogur.
We dont like yogurt.
Les gusta cenar en casa.
They like to eat dinner at home.
11
Many other verbs function like gustar
These, too, are used with indirect object
pronouns.
aburrir
to bore to tire
encantar
to delight to be extremely pleasing
faltar
to be lacking or needed
fascinar
to be fascinating
interesar
to be interesting
molestar
to be a bother or to annoy
parecer
to seem
quedar
to be left to remain
12
Many other verbs function like gustar
Me aburre comer solo.
Eating alone bores me.
Les encanta comer fuera.
They love to eat out.
Les faltan servilletas?
Do you all need some napkins?
Nos fascina la cocina francesa.
French cuisine fascinates us.
13
Many other verbs function like gustar
Nos interesan los pingüinos.
Were interested in penguins.
Me molestan algunos clientes.
Some customers annoy me.
Nos parece caro este vino.
This wine seems expensive to us.
Te queda suficiente dinero para pagar la cuenta?
Do you have enough money left to pay the bill?
14
When we like something a lot (mucho) or more
(más) than something else, mucho and más
immediately follow the verb gustar
Me gusta mucho comer.
I really like to eat.
A different word order would convey a different
meaning
Me gusta comer mucho.
I like to eat a lot of food.
15
When we like something a lot (mucho) or more
(más) than something else, mucho and más
immediately follow the verb gustar
Te gustan más las naranjas o las toronjas?
Do you like oranges or grapefruit best?
Me gustan más las naranjas.
I like oranges best.
16
  • Again, the verbs gustar, encantar, etc. are used
    exclusively with indirect object pronouns

(for clarification or emphasis)
17
All the prepositional forms can be used to
emphasize the object pronoun form.
doesnt like beans but
Juan
I
do.
no le gustan los frijoles, pero sí me gustan.
A Juan
a mí
Notice that because Juan and I were stressed in
the above sentence in English, we added the
prepositional forms a Juan and a mí in Spanish to
reflect that stress.
18
Since the third-person pronouns le and les can be
ambiguous, they sometimes require prepositional
forms for clarification.
Les encantan las bananas.
Since les can represent a number of different
people, we may need to add a prepositional form
to avoid confusion.
A ellos les encantan las bananas.
A ellas les encantan las bananas.
A Luis y a Marta les encantan las bananas.
A Uds. les encantan las bananas.
19
FIN
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