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President George Bush

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President George Bush Exploring American History Unit VIII - 1970 s - Today Election of 2000 Election of 2000 Candidates: Republican- George Bush Democrat- Al Gore ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: President George Bush


1
President George Bush
  • Exploring American History
  • Unit VIII - 1970s - Today

2
Election of 2000
  • Election of 2000
  • Candidates
  • Republican- George Bush
  • Democrat- Al Gore
  • Campaign issues
  • abortion
  • campaign financing reform
  • defense
  • economy/energy
  • education
  • gun control
  • environment
  • Health care
  • taxes
  • Outcome- Closest in American History. Between
    Nov. 8 and Dec. 13 after the Supreme ordered no
    further recounts, there were various recounts.
    50,996,000 to 50,456,000 votes. 271-266 electoral.

3
President George Bush
  • 43rd President- 2001- 2005 - Republican
  • Who was he?
  • Domestic Policies
  • 1.6 Trillion tax cut- primarily to help wealthy.
  • Sept. 11 Terrorist attack on World Trade Center
    and the Pentagon have push emphasis on foreign
    affairs.
  • Office of Homeland Security
  • Slow response to financial scandals- Enron
  • Signed corporate-fraud bill - July 2002
  • 2003- cut taxes by 670 billion over 10 years.
    Over 1/2 benefits go to 10 richest Americans.

4
President George Bush
  • Foreign Policies
  • International Terrorism
  • Taliban in Afghanistan
  • Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda
  • Axis of Evil- Iraq, Iran, and North Korea.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom- March 19, 2003 and the
    capture of Saddam.
  • High Tariffs on steel.
  • Alienated many allies.

5
Election 2004 Bush v. Kerry
  • The Two Sides- Civil Rights
  • Republicans- Bush - Cheney
  • Has both opposed and supported affirmative action
  • Backs constitutional amendment banning same-sex
    marriage
  • Supports "don't ask, don't tell" policy
  • Opposes gay adoptions
  • Opposes expanding federal law to cover sexual
    orientation
  • Democrats - Kerry - Edwards
  • Supports affirmative action policies
  • Against gay marriage, backs benefits, rights for
    gay couples
  • Favors allowing gay men and women to serve openly
    in military
  • Supports adoption by gay men and lesbians
  • Expand federal hate crimes legislation, assure
    equal

6
Election 2004 Bush v. Kerry
  • The Two Sides- International Policy
  • Republicans- Bush - Cheney
  • Authorized war to oust Saddam Hussein regime
  • Initially opposed U.N. involvement now warming
    to idea
  • Announced new policy of pre-emption in June 2002
  • More than 1 billion proposed for reconstruction
  • Co-sponsored "Road map" plan for peace process
  • Democrats - Kerry - Edwards
  • Supported the war later said Bush misled nation
  • Involve other nations more in Iraqi rebuilding,
    security
  • Denounces threat of pre-emption would seek
    global consensus
  • Boost international efforts to secure peace, beat
    al Qaeda
  • Improve social, economic, political conditions in
    region

7
Election 2004 Bush v. Kerry
  • The Two Sides- Taxes and Spending
  • Republicans- Bush - Cheney
  • Supports investing some Social Security taxes in
    stocks
  • Allocated funds to help states pay increased
    security costs
  • Signed two tax cut bills so far more tax cuts
    unlikely
  • Reduce deficit by holding spending increases to 4
    percent
  • Says 2001, 2003 tax cuts have helped keep economy
    going
  • Democrats - Kerry - Edwards
  • Opposes privatizing Social Security
  • Give priority to giving states fiscal aid to
    resolve crises
  • Repeal tax cuts for wealthy increase child tax
    credit
  • Undo deficit trend with eye on corporate
    loopholes, spending
  • Assist small businesses train workers
    infrastructure jobs

8
Election 2004 Bush v. Kerry
  • The Two Sides- Social Issues
  • Republicans- Bush - Cheney
  • Opposes except cases of rape, incest or to save
    woman's life
  • Supports death penalty
  • Reduce illegal drug usage by 10 percent over two
    years
  • Protect gunmakers from lawsuits
  • Signed NCLB federal budget has not fully funded
    legislation
  • Has cited Clarence Thomas, Antonin Scalia as
    model justices
  • Democrats - Kerry - Edwards
  • Supports a woman's right to an abortion planning
    resources
  • Opposes death penalty
  • More police aggressively target traffickers
    fund treatment
  • Close gun show loophole require child safety
    locks
  • Bar vouchers fully fund NCLB, special ed.,
    school building
  • Appoint judges committed to law, civil and
    abortion rights

9
Election 2004 Bush v. Kerry
  • The Two Sides- Health Care
  • Republicans- Bush - Cheney
  • Supports reducing drug costs for low-income
    patients
  • Introduce private sector competition to reduce
    costs
  • Supports adding drug benefit to Medicare
  • Favors improving current system over
    government-based system
  • Would place limits on patient lawsuits against
    HMOs
  • Democrats - Kerry - Edwards
  • Close loopholes financial incentives to lower
    drug costs
  • Fund all health care by rescinding tax cuts,
    cutting waste
  • Tighten rules on drug companies focus on
    seniors, vets
  • Let people buy into govt. system, fund by
    reversing Tax cuts
  • Allow patients to sue HMOs, collect money for
    damages

10
Election 2004 Bush v. Kerry
  • The Two Sides-Energy and Environment
  • Republicans- Bush - Cheney
  • Favors opening refuge for gas and oil
    exploration, drilling
  • Proposed 1.7 billion to develop hydrogen-powered
    fuel cells
  • Supports market-based solution to improve air
    quality
  • Supports 1.5 mpg increase for SUVs, light trucks
    by 2007
  • Democrats - Kerry - Edwards
  • Opposes oil exploration in Arctic refuge
  • Promotes clean, renewable fuel sources,
    especially ethanol
  • Set goals, incentives to reduce dependence on
    fossil fuels
  • Push new gas requirements, hybrid cars, hydrogen
    fuel

11
  • The National Strategy for Homeland Security and
    the Homeland Security Act of 2002 served to
    mobilize and organize our nation to secure the
    homeland from terrorist attacks.
  • Critical Mission Areas
  • Intelligence and warning
  • Border and Transportation Security
  • Domestic Counterterrorism
  • Protecting Critical Infrastructures and Key
    Assets.
  • Defending against Catastrophic Threats.
  • Emergency Preparedness and Response.

12
Dept. of Homeland Security
  • Strategic Goals
  • Awareness -- Identify and understand threats,
    assess vulnerabilities, determine potential
    impacts and disseminate timely information to our
    homeland security partners and the American
    public.
  • Prevention -- Detect, deter and mitigate threats
    to our homeland.
  • Protection -- Safeguard our people and their
    freedoms, critical infrastructure, property and
    the economy of our Nation from acts of terrorism,
    natural disasters, or other emergencies.
  • Response -- Lead, manage and coordinate the
    national response to acts of terrorism, natural
    disasters, or other emergencies.
  • Recovery -- Lead national, state, local and
    private sector efforts to restore services and
    rebuild communities after acts of terrorism,
    natural disasters, or other emergencies.
  • Service -- Serve the public effectively by
    facilitating lawful trade, travel and
    immigration.
  • Organizational Excellence -- Value our most
    important resource, our people. Create a culture
    that promotes a common identity, innovation,
    mutual respect, accountability and teamwork to
    achieve efficiencies, effectiveness, and
    operational synergies.

13
The military objectives of Operation Iraqi Freedom
  • First, ending the regime of Saddam Hussein.
  • Second, to identify, isolate and eliminate,
    Iraq's weapons of mass destruction.
  • Third, to search for, to capture and to drive out
    terrorists from the country.
  • Fourth, to collect intelligence related to
    terrorist networks.
  • Fifth, to collect such intelligence as is related
    to the global network of illicit weapons of mass
    destruction.
  • Sixth, to end sanctions and to immediately
    deliver humanitarian support to the displaced and
    to many needed citizens.
  • Seventh, to secure Iraq's oil fields and
    resources, which belong to the Iraqi people.
  • Finally, to help the Iraqi people create
    conditions for a transition to a representative
    self-government.

14
Operation Iraqi Freedom Reasons
  • For
  • Generally, Hussein is a proven threat to
    international security, he is interested in
    developing chemical, biological, and nuclear
    weapons and has shown a willingness to use such
    weapons on Iraq's neighbors but also against
    Iraq's Kurdish population.
  • Alternatives to invasion won't solve the problem.
  • If Iraq were to acquire Weapons of Mass
    Destruction it could threaten regional stability
    and deter any potential military action against
    Iraq.
  • Winning the war would be easy and the costs would
    be minimal
  • Removing Hussein would be consistent with the
    goals of the war on terrorism.
  • The Iraqi people would support this action
  • Toppling Hussein will have little or no negative
    impacts the region.
  • If Hussein develops chemical, biological or
    nuclear weapons he could give the weapons to
    terrorist organization who could use those
    materials against the United States or its
    allies.
  • Against
  • Iraq is effectively contained.
  • Inspections will work and were successful in the
    1990s.
  • The United States' nuclear capability currently
    deters Hussein from using WMD on its neighbors.
  • The costs of this war could be prohibitive.
    Reports indicate that over 200,000 troops could
    be needed and that the war could cost 80
    billion.
  • Invading Iraq will hurt the war on terrorism. A
    US attack will alienate Muslim countries
    especially the Arab
  • The conflict between the Israelis and the
    Palestinians centers on cultural and territorial
    issues that transcend political systems.
  • Iran, fearing that it could be the next state to
    be attacked, could nuclearize.
  • Fears that Iraq would give WMD to terrorists lack
    credibility.
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