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Research Methodology A Personal View

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Research Methodology A Personal View Branka Vucetic Sydney University Sydney, Australia * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Presentation Outline Research as Career What It ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Research Methodology A Personal View


1
Research Methodology A Personal View
  • Branka Vucetic
  • Sydney University
  • Sydney, Australia

2
Presentation Outline
  • Research as Career
  • What It Takes?
  • Nature of Creativity
  • Research Sequence
  • Topic Selection
  • Research Planning
  • Literature Survey
  • Problem Formulation
  • How Extraordinary Creative Ideas Occur?
  • Stories of Extraordinary Creative People
  • A Neural Basis of Creativity
  • Nurturing Creativity
  • Verification of Theoretical Results
  • Communication of Research Results
  • Commercialization of Research Outcomes

3
Research as Career
  • Rewarding and satisfying career
  • Opportunities for life-long growth
  • ICT - exciting fields for innovation
  • Global career opportunities
  • Main reward in doing

4
What It Takes?
  • Creativity
  • Open mind
  • Curiosity
  • Patience
  • Persistence
  • Positive Attitude
  • Discipline and focus

5
Nature of Creativity
  • The ability of making something new
  • Originality
  • Utility
  • No correlation with intelligence
  • Nature and nurture both important
  • Creative personality

6
Research Sequence
  • Topic selection
  • Research planning
  • Literature survey
  • Formulating the problem
  • Creating new solutions
  • Verification of analytical results
  • Communication of results
  • Commercialization of research outcomes

7
Topic Selection
  • ICT problems - ranging from experimental to
    mathematical
  • Problem sources supervisor, industry, research
    papers, conferences, hot areas
  • Important problems lead to important discoveries

8
Research Planning
  • Time and resource planning
  • Planning of research processes
  • Planning of developing new skills
  • Planning of presentations

9
Literature Survey
  • Recognizing new problems
  • Important to read outside the area
  • Books, journal and conference papers
  • IEEE Internet Explore

10
Problem Formulation
  • Asking the right questions
  • Developing analytical models
  • Designing algorithmic descriptions
  • Discussions and brain storming with the
    supervisor and group

11
How Extraordinary Creative Ideas Occur?
  • Sudden spontaneous visions
  • Dreams
  • Cross-pollination from different fields

12
Stories of Extraordinary Inventors Sudden
Vision Discoveries
  • Tesla's idea of the rotating
  • magnetic field came to him
  • instantly while he was
  • walking in a park.
  • He drew a picture of the
  • rotating magnetic field in
  • the ground of the park. 

13
Stories of Extraordinary Inventors Sudden
Vision Discoveries
  • The great mathematician Gauss
  • proved in an instant a theorem on
  • which he had worked unsuccessfully
  • for four years. "As a sudden flash of
  • light, the enigma was solved. . . .
  • Similar accounts given by extraordinary creative
    people such as Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Poincare,
    Coleridge etc.

14
Stories of Extraordinary Inventors Dream
Discoveries
  • Frederick Kekule fell asleep and
  • dreamed of the benzene molecule
  • as a snake biting its tail.
  • Otto Loewi had a dream that led to
  • his discovery of the chemical transmission of
    nerve impulses.

15
Stories of Extraordinary Inventors
Cross-pollination
  • Trellis codes by G. Ungerboeck modem
  • designer
  • Turbo codes by C. Berrou electronics
  • expert
  • Viterbis algorithm dynamic programming
  • from computer science
  • Frequency hopping by
  • Hedy Lamarr - famous actress

16
A Neural Basis of Creativity
  • A human brain is
  • a self-organizing system
  • Brain centers specialized
  • for individual functions
  • The cortex contains neurons
  • Communications between
  • centers occurs via neural links
  • Creative activities occur
  • in the associative cortex
  • Creative people have rich
  • neural links in the associative
  • cortex

17
Creating New Solutions
  • Ordinary creativity consists of conscious
    activities, represented as linear processes
  • Extraordinary creativity involves unconscious
    mental processes consisting in interactions
    between various regions in the associative cortex
    bypassing consciousness

18
Nurturing Creativity
  • Exploring in depth a new area
  • Think creatively on a regular basis
  • Know when to work more deeply or to move on
  • Daily meditation
  • Practicing observation and describing
  • Practicing imagination

19
Supportive Environment
  • Critical mass of creative people
  • A competitive atmosphere
  • Inspiring mentors
  • Economic prosperity

20
Verification of Theoretical Results
  • Computer simulations
  • Hardware and field tests

21
Communication of Research Findings
  • Seminars
  • Conference papers
  • Journal papers
  • Theses
  • Books

22
Writing Papers
  • Focus on innovation
  • Paper structure
  • Make it readable and interesting
  • Where to publish?
  • Ethics and integrity
  • Quality counts more than quantity

23
Commercializing Research Outcomes
  • Intellectual property
  • Developing prototypes
  • Business plans
  • Venture capital
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