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Dissociative and Personality Disorders Module 50

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Dissociative and Personality Disorders Module 50 * Which of the following is an example of dissociation? Realizing that, although your eyes have been following the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dissociative and Personality Disorders Module 50


1
Dissociative and Personality Disorders Module 50
2
Which of the following is an example of
dissociation?
  1. Realizing that, although your eyes have been
    following the page, you have no idea what you
    just read because you were thinking about
    something else.
  2. Having a false belief that you are someone else.
  3. Developing symptoms of schizophrenia.
  4. Having emotional highs and lows.

3
Depersonalization Disorder
  • Conscious awareness becomes separated
    (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts,
    and feelings.

Symptoms
  1. Sense of being unreal.

2. Being separated from the body.
3. Watching themselves as in a movie.
4
Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative Fugue Sudden, unexpected travel
    away from home and assumption of a new identity
  • Occurs only in the presence of an extreme
    stressor
  • While in the Fugue State, the individual has no
    memory for his former identity.
  • After a period of time, (hours, days, years), the
    person may recover, and return to his former
    identity having no memory for time in the Fugue
    State.
  • Extremely rare, controversial, and poorly studied.

5
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
  • Is a disorder in which a person exhibits two or
    more distinct and alternating personalities
    formerly called multiple personality disorder.

Lois Bernstein/ Gamma Liason
Chris Sizemore (DID)
6
DID Critics
  • Critics argue that diagnosis of DID has increased
    in the late 20th century. Also DID has not been
    found in other countries.

Critics Arguments
  1. Role-playing by people open to therapists
    suggestion.

2. Learned response that reinforces reductions in
anxiety.
7
Which of the following is FALSE?
  1. Dissociative Identity Disorder was formerly
    called Multiple Personality Disorder.
  2. Dissociative Identity Disorder involves
    dissociating to an abnormal level, decreasing
    functionality.
  3. Dissociative Identity Disorder is controversial.
  4. Dissociative Identity Disorder is the same as
    Schizophrenia.

8
Personality Disorders
  • Characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior
    patterns that impair social functioning. Usually
    without anxiety, depression, or delusions.

9
Henrietta must be the center of attention, and is
constantly involved in emotional drama. If she
is this way most of the time and has been this
way for much of her adult life, her diagnosis is
probably
  1. Borderline Personality Disorder
  2. Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  3. Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  4. Histrionic Personality Disorder

10
Frank must wash his hand 8 hours a day. Hank
creates schedules for everyone else to follow and
must have everything his way. Which diagnoses
are correct?
  1. Frank OCPD Hank OCD
  2. Frank OCD Hank OCPD
  3. Frank DID Hank OCPD
  4. Frank APD Hank - BPD

11
Low levels of anxiety are most characteristic of
  • A. antisocial personality disorder.
  • B. dissociative identity disorder.
  • C. obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • D. paranoid schizophrenia.

12
Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Disorder in which the person (usually men)
    exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing,
    even towards friends and family members. Formerly
    called sociopath or psychopath.

13
Understanding Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Like mood disorders and schizophrenia, antisocial
    personality disorder has biological and
    psychological reasons. Youngsters before
    committing crime respond with lower levels of
    stress hormones than do others their age.

14
Understanding Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • PET scans of 41 murderers revealed reduced
    activity in the frontal lobes. In a follow-up
    study repeat offenders had 11 less frontal lobe
    compared to normals (Raine et al., 1999 2000).

Courtesy of Adrian Raine, University of Southern
California
Normal
Murderer
15
Understanding Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Probability of crime increases twice as much when
    childhood poverty is compounded with obstetrical
    complications (Raine et al., 1999 2000).
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