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Christianity

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Christianity Jesus = Joshua (Name) Jesus: a Jewish ... Mark, Luke, and John Part history, part faith testimony Not biography or contemporary journalism Apostles ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Christianity


1
Christianity
  • Jesus Joshua (Name)
  • Jesus a Jewish teacher (rabbi)
  • Christianity 32 of world population
  • 80 of U.S. (approximately 1/3 are non-practicing)

2
Gospels/Apostles
  • Gospels Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
  • Part history, part faith testimony
  • Not biography or contemporary journalism
  • Apostles messengers (Peter, Paul, etc.)

3
Bible
  • Christian Bible
  • Old Testament (39 books)
  • New Testament (27 books)
  • 66 Books in all

4
Early Christianity
  • Christians faced severe persecution from Romans
    in the early days
  • Torture, poverty, loss of property
  • While Christianity emphasizes love and
    forgiveness, the mysteries of interpreting Jesus
    led to violent internal conflicts

5
Fortunes Change
  • 312 C.E.  Roman General Constantine converted to
    Christianity to help him win a battle and then
    became Emperor of all of the Roman Empire
  • Outlawed persecution of Christians

6
  • Around 400 C.E. - Rome fell, leaving a leadership
    void in Europe. 
  • The Christian Popes filled the void and began to
    gain political power, not just religious
    authority

7
  • Schism a division with a church.  A schism
    developed between East West Christianity -  2
    separate Christian churches arose in 1054 C.E.
  • Latin Christianity (later called Roman
    Catholicism)
  • Eastern Orthodox

8
Crusades
  • Crusades military conflicts initiated by
    European powers (ordered by the Pope) in the 11th
    - 13th centuries.
  • Goal of Crusades gain control of lands where
    Jesus lived (modern-day Israel)
  • these lands were under Muslim control -
    proselytizing or murdering
  • Christians gained control of the lands in 1099,
    but were eventually repelled

9
  • Proselytize to induce someone to convert

10
Martin Luther Protestant Reformation
  • Luther opposed the excesses and luxuries of the
    clergy papacy.  He posted his complaints and
    suggestions (the 95 Theses) for reform on doors
    of churches.  The Protestant Reformation followed
    - the split between Catholicism and future
    Christian denominations (Lutheran, Calvinism,
    Presbyterian, Baptists, etc.)

11
  • Luther's revolutionary insistence on direct
    personal communication with God, unmediated by a
    Priest
  • Indulgence letter of pardon from Catholic Church
    - another motivating force of the Protestaant
    Reformation

12
Catholicism Protestantism
  • Catholicism Group Autonomy
  • Acknowledgement of and participation in certain
    sacraments baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist
    (communion), confession

13
  • Acceptance of the church as the complete source
    of divine revelation
  • Acknowledgement of the authority of the pope
    bishops (Jesus set forth the "apostolic
    succession" - the succession of popes, bishops,
    cardinals.)

14
Protestantism
  • Respect for individual experience
  • Lay believers (everyday members of the faiths)
    have the same access to God as the clergy

15
  • Most Protestant churches reject the notion of
    clerical celibasy
  • Justification (entry to heaven) does not come
    through good deeds or mediation of the church
  •             - it comes simply through faith in
    Christ and belief in the Bible

16
Christianity the Afterlife
  • Book of Revelation promises the Second Coming of
    Jesus
  •             - the Day of Judgment for all living
    and dead
  • Heaven - life's supreme reward
  • Hell - place for horrific punishment
  • Catholics believe in "purgatory"
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