Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder What? Please don t say, I already told you that. Tell me again in different words. Give me a signal. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


1
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
2
3 Varieties
  • Inattentive
  • Impulsive
  • Hyperactive

3
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4
Inattentive
  • Doesnt seem to listen
  • Cant concentrate
  • Easily distracted
  • Can appear demanding and self-centered
  • Seems lazy or rude
  • Loses interest in things quickly and searches for
    more interesting thing to do
  • Difficulty organizing tasks/activities
  • Avoids, dislikes or reluctant to engage in tasks
    that require sustained mental effort

5
Inattentive
  • Fails to give close attention to details or makes
    careless errors in schoolwork, or other
    activities
  • Does not follow through on instructions and fails
    to finish school work, chores or duties (not due
    to oppositional behavior or failure to
    understand)
  • Loses things necessary for tasks
  • Forgetful in daily activities

6
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7
Impulsive
  • Blurts out answers
  • Difficulty awaiting turn
  • Always doing something
  • Class clown
  • Never sits still
  • Doesnt think about the consequence of their
    behavior
  • Interrupts or intrudes on others
  • Risk-takers
  • Accident-prone

8
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9
Hyperactive
  • Constantly moving
  • Shifts or squirms in seat
  • Fidgets/restless
  • Leaves seat in classroom or other area in which
    sitting is expected
  • Has trouble with transitional times, especially
    when moving from unstructured (recess, lunch) to
    structured (science class)

10
Diagnosing ADHD
  • http//www.webmd.com/video/diagnosing-adhd

11
2-Step Approach
  • To qualify for special education services the
    following questions must be asked
  • 1) Is a disorder present?
  • 2) If so, does it affect educational progress?

12
2-Step Approach
  • If a students learning is not adversely affected
    by their ADHD, then accommodations are not
    legally required.
  • However, these students would more than likely
    benefit from adaptations being made.

13
  • To medicate or not medicate, that is often the
    question.

14
Positron Emission Tomography
  • In students with ADHD, PET scans show
    significantly less electrical activity which
    results in less blood flow to the frontal lobe of
    the brain especially the areas responsible for
    response to inhibition, attention and sensitivity
    to reward.
  • Stimulants are used to increase brain metabolism
    in the hope of increasing frontal lobe blood flow.

15
Non-ADHD brain top and bottom view
16
  • ADHD brain at rest

17
Without stimulant medication
With stimulant medication
18
EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS
  • Because children with ADHD do better when
    their lives are ordered and predictable, the most
    important things teachers can do for those
    children is establish a calm, structured
    classroom environment with clear and consistent
    rules and regular classroom routines.

19
20 TIPS TO TEACH KIDS WHO HAVE ADHD
  1. Display classroom rules. Classroom rules must be
    very clear and concise.
  2. Provide clear and concise instructions for
    academic assignments.
  3. Break complex instructions into small parts.
  4. Show students how to use an assignment book to
    keep track of their homework and daily
    assignments.
  5. Post a daily schedule and homework assignments in
    the same place each day. Tape a copy on the
    child's desk.

20
20 TIPS TO TEACH KIDS WHO HAVE ADHD
  1. Plan academic subjects for the morning hours.
  2. Provide regular and frequent breaks.
  3. Seat the child away from distractions and next to
    students who will be positive role models.
  4. Form small group settings when possible. Children
    with ADHD can become easily distracted in large
    groups.
  5. Find a quiet spot in the classroom (such as a
    place in the back of the room) where students can
    go to do their work away from distractions.

21
20 TIPS TO TEACH KIDS WHO HAVE ADHD
  • Train the student with ADHD to recognize "begin
    work" cues.
  • Establish a secret signal with the child to use
    as a reminder when he or she is off task.
  • Help the child with transitions between other
    classes and activities by providing clear
    directions and cues, such as a five-minute
    warning before the transition.
  • Assign tutors to help children with ADHD stay on
    task.
  • Focus on a specific behavior you wish to improve
    and reinforce it.

22
20 TIPS TO TEACH KIDS WHO HAVE ADHD
  1. Offer more positive reinforcements than negative
    consequences.
  2. Explain to the student what to do to avoid
    negative consequences.
  3. Reward target behaviors immediately and
    continuously.
  4. Use negative consequences only after a positive
    reinforcement program has enough time to become
    effective.
  5. Deliver negative consequences in a firm,
    business-like way without emotion, lectures, or
    long-winded explanations.

23
Remember
  • STRUCTURE
  • STRUCTURE
  • STRUCTURE

24
ADHD in Children
  • http//www.webmd.com/video/adhd-in-children

25
  • Bill of Rights
  • For a Child with ADD

26
Help me to focus.
  • Please teach me through my sense
  • of touch. I need hands-on tasks
  • and body movement.

27
I need to know what comes next.
  • Please give me a structured
  • environment where there is a
  • dependable routine. Give me an
  • advanced warning if there will be
  • changes.

28
Wait for me, Im still thinking.
  • Please allow me to go at my own
  • pace. If I rush, I get confused and
  • upset.

29
Im stuck. I cant do it!
  • Please offer me options for
  • problem-solving. I need to know
  • the detours when the road is
  • blocked.

30
Is it right? I need to know NOW!
  • Please give me rich and immediate
  • feedback on how Im doing.

31
I didnt forget it. I didnt hear it in the
first place.
  • Please give me directions one step
  • at a time and ask me to say back
  • what I think you said.

32
I didnt know I WASNT in my seat!
  • Please remind me to stop, think,
  • and act.

33
Am I almost done now?
  • Please give me short work periods
  • with short-term goals.

34
What?
  • Please dont say, I already told
  • you that. Tell me again in different
  • words. Give me a signal. Draw me
  • a symbol.

35
I know, it ALL wrong, isnt it?
  • Please give me praise for partial
  • success. Reward me for self-
  • improvement, not just for perfection.

36
But why do I always get yelled at?
  • Please catch me doing something
  • right and praise me for my specific
  • positive behavior. Remind me (and
  • yourself) about my good points,
  • when Im having a bad day.

37
Remember
  • Being positive,
  • Being consistent, and
  • Being patient
  • Will help these students be their best! ?
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