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American Government

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Title: American Government


1
American Government
  • Final Review

2
Theory behind US Government?
  • Social Contract

3
When People are the source of Power?
  • Popular Sovereignty

4
A Government based upon rule of law?
  • Limited Government

5
Division of power between State and National
Government?
  • Federal Government

6
Rule by the Many?
  • Democracy

7
Rule by one or a Few?
  • Dictatorship

8
Two Types of Democracy
  • Direct
  • Indirect (representatives)

9
What part of the Constitution expresses popular
sovereignty?
  • Preamble

10
Three Branches of Government?
  • Legislative (make)
  • Executive (enforce)
  • Judicial (interpret)

11
What keeps branches from becoming too powerful?
  • Separation of Powers
  • Checks and Balances

12
Separation of Powers
  • Legislative
  • Executive
  • Judicial

13
Powers given only to National Government
  • Exclusive Powers
  • (coin money, declare war)

14
These powers create most conflict between St. and
Nat. Government.
  • Implied Powers
  • (not expressly written in the Constitution)

15
Electoral Votes Needed
  • 270

16
When are electoral votes cast?
  • December of election year--counted in January.

17
Steps to become President
  • Primary/Caucus
  • National Conventions
  • General Election
  • Electoral Vote

18
Total of Electors?
  • 538

19
Minimum electors from each State?
  • 3
  • (two senators of representatives)

20
A Party Election is called what?
  • Primary

21
Purpose of National Convention?
  • Nominate Pres./VP. Candidates
  • Choose Party Platform

22
A simple majority?
  • 50 1

23
PARTY MEETINGS ARE CALLED?
  • CAUCUSES

24
When the candidate receives the majority of the
popular vote in a state?
  • Winner-take-all

25
Who runs most campaigns?
  • Candidate and his/her staff

26
What happens if no one wins enough electoral
votes?
  • The House selects President
  • The Senate selects
  • Vice President

27
T/F Popular vote winner can lose election
  • Electoral Vote winner, wins election--candidates
    must win in states that have most electoral votes

28
Voting Requirements in Texas
  • 18 years old, US citizen
  • registered 30 days prior to election
  • resident of state and county

29
Number of Texas Electors
  • 34
  • (2 Senators 32 Representatives)

30
An example of a Presidential check on Congress
  • Veto
  • Pocket Veto

31
Congressional checks on President
  • override veto (2/3 vote)
  • Senate refuses to ratify an presidential nominee
    or a treaty

32
Essays written to encourage ratification of the
Constitution
  • Federalist Papers

33
The Ultimate Umpire?
  • Supreme Court

34
Supreme Court check on Congress and the President
  • Judicial Review

35
The Elastic Clause
  • Necessary and Proper Clause that supports
    Implied Powers of our government

36
Formal Amendment Process
  • Proposal (by Congress)
  • Ratification (by States)

37
How are most changes in our Government made?
  • Informally--by custom and tradition political
    party practices Supreme Ct. decisions and acts
    of Congress and the President

38
The two Major Political Parties
  • Democratic Party
  • Republican Party

39
Roles of Minor Parties
  • Critics
  • Innovators
  • Spoilers

40
Role of Party out of power
  • Watchdog

41
An Organization with a focused opinion on a
single topic
  • Special Interest Group

42
One Trend in Voting
  • Split Ticket Voting

43
Main Source of Political Information
  • Television

44
This group favors extreme change
  • Radicals

45
This group believes government should be active
in change
  • Liberals

46
Motto of Liberals
  • Freedom over Order
  • Equality over Economic Freedom

47
This groups favors status quo
  • Conservatives

48
Conservative Motto
  • Order over Freedom
  • Eco. Freedom over Equality

49
A belief that women are more likely to favor
Dem. over Rep.
  • Gender Gap

50
Special Interest Group that is opposed to gun
control
  • NRA

51
Pork Barrel Politics
  • When members of Congress get federal funds for
    projects in their own districts

52
Drawing of district lines to favor the party or
race in power
  • Gerrymandering

53
Talking a Bill to Death
  • Filibuster

54
Taking care of constituents needs
  • Casework

55
Political Arms of special interest groups used to
raise campaign money
  • PACs

56
Committee used to settle differences of the two
houses
  • Conference Committee

57
What type of bill must start in the House of Rep.?
  • Money Bills

58
Which house is based on population?
  • House of Representatives

59
How many members are in the House of
Representatives?
  • 435

60
Which house has equal representation?
  • Senate

61
This means two houses
  • Bicameralism

62
Minimum or Reps. from each State?
  • One

63
To bring charges against an official in government
  • Impeach

64
Why do incumbents have an advantage?
  • more campaign money
  • better known

65
Main Function of Congress?
  • Lawmaking

66
Presidential Term
  • 4years can be elected 2xs--total ten years

67
Hierarchical arrangement of government doing
specialized tasks
  • Bureaucracy

68
Protections under 1st Amendment
  • free speech
  • freedom of religion
  • freedom of press
  • free to assemble and petition

69
Separation of Church and State
  • Establishment Clause

70
Reading of your rights
  • Miranda Rights

71
When illegal evidence is thrown out of court
  • Exclusionary Rule

72
Case that ended Segregation
  • Brown vs Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas

73
Term of a federal judge
  • Life

74
Methods used to prevent African Americans from
voting
  • literacy tests
  • poll taxes
  • grandfather clauses
  • white primaries
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