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Myths of the Heavens

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Myths of the Heavens Intro to Myth Background The Greeks and Romans were accomplished astronomers They knew of five planets and catalogued thousands of stars Almost ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Myths of the Heavens


1
Myths of the Heavens
  • Intro to Myth

2
Background
  • The Greeks and Romans were accomplished
    astronomers
  • They knew of five planets and catalogued
    thousands of stars
  • Almost all constellations and planets were named
    after the Greeks and Romans mythology

3
Planets
  • Mercury fastest moving planet named after the
    messenger of the gods (Hermes)
  • Venus brightest object besides sun and moon
    named after the goddess of beauty (Aphrodite)
  • Mars red planet, the color of war named after
    the god of war (Ares)
  • Jupiter largest planet named after the king of
    the gods (Zeus)
  • Saturn most distant planet named after the
    overthrown father of the gods (Cronus)

4
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5
Aries the Ram
  • Poseidon rescued the princess Theophane from her
    suitors by turning her into an ewe
  • However, he turned into a ram and seduced her,
    and their child was a ram with a golden fleece
    and the ability to fly
  • The golden ram went on to rescue two children who
    were in danger of being murdered
  • It left its fleece with one of the children and
    then went to live in the stars

6
Taurus the Bull
  • Zeus had an affair with a priestess named Io
  • One time, Hera walked in on Zeus and Io, so
    Zeus turned Io into a cow in order to hide her
  • Hera knew that the cow was Io, and so she asked
    Zeus to give it to her as a present
  • Zeus had to comply, and Hera set the monster
    Argus, who had 100 eyes, to watch over the cow
  • Zeus sent Hermes to kill Argus, but Hera
    continued to punish Io by sending flies to sting
    her and drive her away
  • Once she reached the Nile in Egypt, Zeus turned
    her back into a woman

7
Gemini the Twins
  • Castor and Pollux (Polydeuces) were the twin sons
    of Leda and either her husband, King Tyndareus,
    or Zeus
  • Castor and Pollux did everything together
  • When Castor was killed, Pollux prayed to Zeus
    that he would die as well
  • Instead Zeus decreed that the Twins would live in
    Hades half the time and in Olympus half the time,
    always together

8
Cancer the Crab
  • One of Heracles labors was to kill the Hydra in
    the swamp of Lerna
  • While he was fighting the Hydra, Hera sent a crab
    to attack Heracles
  • The crab pinched Heracles foot, but Heracles
    stepped on the crab, killing it
  • Hera put the crab in the stars to honor it for
    its devotion to her

9
Leo the Lion
  • Another of Heracles labors was to kill the lion
    of Nemea
  • The lion could not be harmed by any weapon, so
    Heracles had to strangle it to death
  • Zeus put the image of the lion in the stars to
    commemorate the great battle

10
Virgo the Virgin
  • Virgo probably represents Erigone, the daughter
    of the poor farmer Icarius
  • Icarius once hosted Dionysus, who came in
    disguise
  • As a reward, Dionysus taught Icarius how to make
    wine and commanded him to teach the skill to
    others
  • One group of men that he gave wine to believed
    that Icarius was trying to poison them, so they
    beat him to death with their tools
  • Erigone searched for her fathers body, with the
    help of her dog, and when she found it, she
    buried it and hung herself
  • Her dog stayed and watched over the bodies until
    it starved to death he was also put in the stars

11
Libra the Scales
  • Libra was a late addition to the Zodiac
  • In the Greek zodiac, Libra was Scorpios claws
  • The Romans changed the claws to the scales of
    balance

12
Scorpio the Scorpion
  • Artemis used a giant scorpion to kill Orion
  • Orion had offended Artemis either by killing her
    sacred animals or trying to pursue her
  • Zeus placed both Orion and the Scorpion in the
    stars

13
Sagittarius the Archer
  • Sagittarius probably represents Chiron, the
    centaur, who taught many of the heroes
  • Chiron was immortal but he was accidentally
    wounded by Heracles
  • Chiron begged Zeus to take away his immortality
    so he could die
  • Zeus agreed, and Chiron was placed among the
    stars

14
Capricorn the Goat
  • Capricorn may represent the goat-footed god Pan
  • Sometimes Capricorn is shown as half-goat and
    half-fish because Pan turned into this form to
    escape the monster Typhon
  • Capricorn may also represent the goat that nursed
    Zeus as a baby

15
Aquarius the Water Bearer
  • The prince Ganymede was the most beautiful boy
    alive
  • The gods decided that they wanted Ganymede to be
    their cupbearer
  • They gave many gifts to King Tros in exchange for
    his son
  • Ganymede then became immortal and lived on
    Olympus with the gods, and his image was put in
    the stars

16
Pisces the Fish
  • Aphrodite and Eros (believed to be her son at
    this point) were walking by the Euphrates River
  • The monster Typhon appeared suddenly, and the two
    gods changed into fish and leaped into the river
    to escape
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