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Water Quality Control Plans

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Water Quality Control Plans * * Develop a Memorandum of Understanding with the Department of Water Resources by December 2009 to establish the coordination necessary ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Water Quality Control Plans


1
Water Quality Control Plans
2
Water Quality Control Plans
  • Regional WQ Control Plan Basin Plan
  • 10 Regional Water Quality Control Plans
  • 9 Regions in CA
  • Region 5
  • Sacramento SJR Basins
  • Tulare Lake Basin

3
Basin Plan
  • Tell me about My Basin Plan
  • Tell me about The Statewide Plans
  • Tell me about the State Board Policies

4
Basin Plan
  • Tell me about My Basin Plan
  • Tell me about The Statewide Plans
  • Tell me about the State Board Policies

5
Basin Plan
  • Must conform with CWC 13000 (Vision)
  • The Legislature finds and declares that the
    people of the state have a primary interest in
    the conservation, control, and utilization of the
    water resources of the state, and that the
    quality of all the waters of the state shall be
    protected for use and enjoyment by the people of
    the state.

6
Basin Plan
  • CWC 13000 (Vision2)
  • The Legislature further finds and declares that
    activities and factors which may affect the
    quality of the waters of the state shall be
    regulated to attain the highest water quality
    which is reasonable, considering all demands
    being made and to be made on those waters and the
    total values involved, beneficial and
    detrimental, economic and social, tangible and
    intangible.

7
Basin Plan
  • CWC 13000 (Vision3)
  • The Legislature further finds and declares that
    the health, safety and welfare of the people of
    the state requires that there be a statewide
    program for the control of the quality of all the
    waters of the state that the state must be
    prepared to exercise its full power and
    jurisdiction to protect the quality of waters in
    the state from degradation originating inside or
    outside the boundaries of the state that the
    waters of the state are increasingly influenced
    by interbasin water development projects and
    other statewide considerations that factors of
    precipitation, topography, population,
    recreation, agriculture, industry and economic
    development vary from region to region within the
    state and that the statewide program for water
    quality control can be most effectively
    administered regionally, within a framework of
    statewide coordination and policy.

8
Basin Plan
  • What does our BP have to ensure our vision Must
    Conform with CWC 13240
  • Each Region must formulate and adopt a Basin Plan
    for all areas within a region
  • Basin Plan must be consistent 13000 and any
    State Policy
  • 13170 Adopted State Board Plans supersede
  • During the process of formulating such plans the
    regional boards shall consult with and consider
    the recommendations of affected state and local
    agencies
  • Shall be Periodically Reviewed and May be Revised

9
Basin Plan
  • Must Conform with CWC 13050 (j)
  • Water quality control plan consists of a
    designation or establishment for the waters
    within a specified area of all of the following
  • (1) Beneficial uses to be protected.
  • (2) Water quality objectives.
  • (3) A program of implementation needed for
    achieving water quality objectives.

10
Basin Plan
  • Must Conform with CWC 13050 (j)
  • Water quality control plan consists of a
    designation or establishment for the waters
    within a specified area of all of the following
  • (1) Beneficial uses to be protected.
  • (2) Water quality objectives.
  • (3) A program of implementation needed for
    achieving water quality objectives.

11
Basin Plan
  • (1) What are Beneficial Uses?
  • CWC 13050 (f) include, but are not limited to,
  • domestic, municipal, agricultural and industrial
    supply
  • power generation
  • recreation
  • aesthetic enjoyment
  • navigation and
  • preservation and enhancement of fish, wildlife,
    and other aquatic resources or preserves.

12
Basin Plan
  • Must Conform with CWC 13050 (j)
  • Water quality control plan consists of a
    designation or establishment for the waters
    within a specified area of all of the following
  • (1) Beneficial uses to be protected.
  • (2) Water quality objectives.
  • (3) A program of implementation needed for
    achieving water quality objectives.

13
Basin Plan
  • What are Water Quality Objectives?
  • CWC 13050 (h)
  • The limits or levels for
  • the protection of beneficial uses
  • or the prevention of nuisance within a specific
    area.

14
Basin Plan
  • Dart Board Method?
  • CWC 13241. Water quality objectives
  • Each regional board shall establish WQOs in Basin
    Plans as in its judgment will ensure the
    reasonable protection of beneficial uses and the
    prevention of nuisance however, it is recognized
    that it may be possible for the WQ to be changed
    to some degree without unreasonably affecting
    beneficial uses.

15
Basin Plan
  • CWC 13241. Water quality objectives
  • (a) Past, present, and probable future beneficial
  • (b) Environmental characteristics of the
    hydrographic unit
  • (c) Water quality conditions
  • (d) Economic considerations
  • (e) The need for developing housing within the
    region
  • (f) The need to develop and use recycled water

16
Basin Plan
  • Must Conform with CWC 13050 (j)
  • Water quality control plan consists of a
    designation or establishment for the waters
    within a specified area of all of the following
  • (1) Beneficial uses to be protected.
  • (2) Water quality objectives.
  • (3) A program of implementation needed for
    achieving water quality objectives.

17
Basin Plan
  • An Implementation Plan?
  • CWC 13242. Implementation
  • A description of the nature of actions which are
    necessary to achieve the objectives
  • A time schedule
  • A description of surveillance to determine
    compliance with objectives.

18
Basin Plan
  • Review my Basin Plan?
  • CWC 13240 requires periodic review of the
    Basin Plan
  • CWA 303(c)(1) requires a triennial review of
    Water Quality Standards.
  • Requires a formal action adopting the Review

19
Basin Plan
  • Tell me about My Basin Plan
  • Tell me about The Statewide Plans
  • Tell me about the State Board Policies

20
Statewide Plans
  • Three Statewide Plans
  • Ocean Plan
  • Thermal Plan
  • Bay-Delta Plan
  • Enclosed Bays and Estuaries Plan Sediment
    Quality Objectives

21
Statewide Plans
  • Ocean Plan
  • Applies to Ocean Waters as defined by
    California Law
  • Beneficial Uses
  • Objectives
  • Monitoring and Surveillance

22
Statewide Plans
  • Thermal Plan
  • Applies to Coastal and Interstate Waters,
    Enclosed Bays and Estuaries
  • Cold Interstate Waters
  • Warm Interstate Waters
  • Colorado and Lost Rivers
  • Coastal Waters
  • Enclosed Bays
  • Estuaries

23
Statewide Plans
  • Bay-Delta Plan
  • Applies to San Francisco Bay/Sacramento-San
    Joaquin Delta Estuary
  • Beneficial Uses
  • Water Quality Objectives
  • Implementation
  • Complimentary to Regional Board Basin Plans

24
Basin Plan
  • Tell me about My Basin Plan
  • Tell me about The Statewide Plans
  • Tell me about the State Board Policies

25
Plans Vs. Policy
  • Plans
  • Water Quality Objectives
  • Beneficial Uses
  • Implementation
  • Policy
  • Direction
  • Intent

26
Statewide Policies
  • Statement of Policy with Respect to Maintaining
    High Quality of Waters in California
    (Antidegradation Policy SWRCB Resolution No.
    68-16)
  • Administrative Procedures Update (Antidegradation
    Policy Implementation For NPDES Permitting APU
    90-004)
  • Policy for Water Quality Control for Ocean Waters
    (SWRCB Res. 72-45)
  • Water Quality Control Policy for the Enclosed
    Bays and Estuaries of California (SWRCB Res.
    74-43)

27
Statewide Policies
  • Water Quality Control Policy on the Use and
    Disposal of Inland Waters Used for Powerplant
    Cooling (SWRCB Res. 75-58)
  • Policy with Respect to Water Reclamation in
    California (SWRCB Res. 77-1)
  • Policy on Disposal of Shredder Waste (SWRCB Res.
    87-22)
  • Policy Regarding the Underground Storage Tank
    Pilot Program (SWRCB Res. 88-23)

28
Statewide Policies
  • Sources of Drinking Water Policy (SWRCB Res.
    88-63)
  • Pollutant Policy Document for the San Francisco
    Bay/Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Estuary (SWRCB
    Res. 90-67)
  • Policies and Procedures for Investigation and
    Cleanup and Abatement of Discharges Under Water
    Code 13304 (Containment Zone Policy SWRCB Res.
    92-49)

29
Statewide Policies
  • Policy for Regulation of Discharges of Municipal
    Solid Waste (SWRCB Res. 93-62)
  • Consolidated Toxic Hot Spots Cleanup Plan (SWRCB
    Res. 99-065)
  • Policy for Implementation of Toxics Standards for
    Inland Surface Waters, Enclosed Bays, and
    Estuaries of California (CTR Policy SWRCB
    Res. 2000-15)

30
Statewide Policies
  • Water Quality Enforcement Policy (SWRCB Res.
    2002 0040)
  • Policy for Implementation and Enforcement of the
    Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program, (SWRCB
    Res. 2004 0030)
  • Water Quality Control Policy for Developing
    California's Clean Water Act Section 303(d) List
    (SWRCB Res. 2004-0063)

31
Statewide Policies
  • Water Quality Control Policy for Addressing
    Impaired Waters Regulatory Structure and Options
    (SWRCB Res. 2005-0050)
  • Policy for Compliance Schedules in National
    Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permits
    (SWRCB Res. 2008-0025)

32
Using Our Basin Plan
  • CWC 13242(a) Requires a description of the
    nature of actions necessary to achieve the
    objectives. So how can we can use our Basin
    Plan?
  • Issuance of Waste Discharge Requirements (WDR),
    which also serve as National Pollutant Discharge
    Elimination System (NPDES) permits for discharges
    from point sources to navigable waters, including
    stormwater runoff permitting

33
Using Our Basin Plan
  • Issuance of WDRs for discharges to groundwater
    and to earthen containment intended to preclude
    discharges reaching groundwater (e.g., landfills,
    ponds, land application of treated wastewater,
    sludge disposal, etc.)

34
Using Our Basin Plan
  • Issuance of WDRs for discharges of irrigated
    agriculture return flows or Waiver of
  • Identification of background water quality
  • Establishment of water quality based effluent
    limitations

35
Using Our Basin Plan
  • Prohibitions of discharge and, if applicable, the
    criteria under which exceptions to the
    prohibitions may be granted (conditional/seasonal
    prohibitions)
  • Nonpoint source control programs including
    applicability and procedures for
    approval/acceptance of management practices
  • Establishment of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDL)
    with implementation plans

36
Using Our Basin Plan
  • Enforcement considerations
  • Policy and procedures for addressing specified
    types of discharges, including agricultural
    runoff, erosion control, and vessel waste
  • Policy and procedures for determining compliance
    with effluent limits and water quality objectives

37
Using Our Basin Plan
  • Policy and procedures for addressing specified
    programs, including wastewater reclamation,
    re-use and land disposal
  • State Board-adopted Policies and Guidelines
  • Listing, brief description, of cooperative
    agreements with other agencies for water quality
    control, such as MOUs and MAAs

38
Using our Basin Plan
  • CWC 13242(c) Requires a description of
    surveillance and monitoring
  • CWC 13267 Inspections Investigations
  • a RB may investigate the quality of any water of
    the State within its region.
  • In conducting an investigation RB may require
    technical or monitoring program reports of any
    discharger or suspected discharger
  • Recommend Reading entire Section
  • Very powerful Tool

39
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • Modifying the Basin Plan
  • Amendments
  • Total Maximum Daily Loads
  • Site Specific Objectives (SSOs)
  • UAA
  • Policies

40
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • Modifying the Basin Plan
  • Basin Plan Amendment
  • Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)
  • Maximum Amount (loading capacity) Waterbody can
    receive and still meet WQS.
  • TMDL SWLA SLA MOS
  • Implementation Plan

41
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • Modifying the Basin Plan
  • Basin Plan Amendment
  • Site Specific Objectives (SSOs)
  • Water Effects Ratio (WER)
  • A WER is a means to account for a difference
    between the toxicity of a pollutant in laboratory
    test water and its toxicity in local waterbodies.
  • Other
  • Species Recalculation Procedure
  • Combination
  • Residence Species Procedure

42
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • Modifying the Basin Plan
  • Basin Plan Amendment
  • Use Attainability Analysis (UAA) (Water of the
    US)
  • UAAs are a structured scientific assessment of
    the factors affecting the attainment of a use
    which may include physical, chemical, biological,
    and economic factors(40 CFR 131.10(g))
  • Regional Board action
  • Structured Scientific Assessment (Water of the
    State)

43
40 CFR 131.10(g)
  • Existing on or after November 28, 1975?
  • Six 10(g) factors that may provide a legal basis
    for changing or removing a designated use
  • (1) Naturally occurring pollutant concentrations
  • (2) Natural, ephemeral, intermittent, or low-flow
    conditions or water levels
  • (3) Human-caused conditions or sources of
    pollution
  • (4) Dams, diversions, or other types of
    hydrologic modifications
  • (5) Physical conditions related to the natural
    features of the waterbody (e.g., the lack of a
    proper substrate, cover, flow, depth),
  • (6) Controls more stringent than those required
    by Sections 301(b)(1)(A) and (B) and 306 of the
    Clean Water Act would result in substantial and
    widespread economic and social impact.

44
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • Modifying the Basin Plan
  • Basin Plan Amendment
  • Policies
  • New Direction/Intent
  • Compliance Schedule
  • Requirements vs. Recommendations

45
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • Examples
  • Los Angeles River Metals
  • Encourage Regional Solutions
  • Created Jurisdictional Groups
  • Malibu Creek and Lagoon Bacteria
  • Reference System/Antidegradation approach
  • Exceedance Days
  • Encourage Regional Implementation

46
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • Other Possibilities?
  • Encourage Low Impact Development (LID)
  • Allow more time to install/implement LID
    approaches
  • Natural Source Exclusion Language?
  • Policies to address pollutant sources outside of
    TMDLs
  • North Coast Water Board Sediment Policy
  • Regulate Impacts to Beneficial Uses
  • Nutrient Numeric Endpoints

47
Aligning Basin Plan with Priorities
  • What other possibilities are there?
  • Questions/Comments/Discussion

48
California Water Plan
  • Basin Plans Statutorily Part of California Water
    Plan (CWC 13141)
  • Water Plan Contains Resource Management
    Strategies
  • Matching Water Quality to use
  • Others
  • Strategic Plan envisions greater integration into
    California Water Plan

49
Water Board Strategic Plan
  • Develop MOU with DWR by December 09 to establish
    the coordination necessary for the development
    and incorporation of the California Water Quality
    Plan into the California Water Plan, which will
    identify the States integrated priorities for
    water quality and water supply.

50
Water Board Strategic Plan
  • Convene a statewide stakeholder group by October
    2008 to
  • (a) Assess statewide and regional needs for a
    statewide Basin Plan and Ocean Plan update
  • (b) Provide input and advice on the timing
    (related to the California Water Plan Update
    cycle), scope, and approach for future Basin Plan
    updates. Each Regional Water Board shall
    determine the need to convene a group of local
    interests as an element of this process.

51
Water Board Strategic Plan
  • Action 4.2.2. Use stakeholder group input and
    advice to develop a statewide Basin Plan format
    to guide future updates so that each plan is
    consistently organized, understandable, and both
    paper- and web-based.

52
Water Board Strategic Plan
  • Initiate a triennial review of the State Water
    Board's "Statement of Policy with Respect to
    Maintaining High Quality of Waters in California"
    (Resolution No. 68-16), beginning with the
    solicitation of public comments by October 2008
    on the need for revisions to the policy and its
    implementation methodology. The triennial review
    process will assist the State Water Board in
    evaluating whether and the extent to which the
    policy or implementation guidance should be
    revised.

53
California Water Quality Plan
  • Web Portal
  • Integrate all Basin Plans. Statewide Plans and
    Policies into one site
  • Geographical Navigation Tools
  • No Need to know Region
  • Pulls all regulations together

54
State of California
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
RESOURCES AGENCY
CALIFORNIA WATER QUALITY PLAN
Aquatic Ecosystem Health
Stressors Processes
Swimming
Home
Drinking
Eating Fish Shellfish
SWAMP
My Beach Today Recent Conditions Trends
Closures Postings Impaired Beaches
Improvements
Home ? Safe To Swim
Is It Safe to Swim In Our Waters?
Beach water quality monitoring and strong
pollution prevention measures are critical for
protecting beach goers from waterborne diseases.
Monitoring is performed by county health
agencies, publicly owned sewage treatment plants,
other dischargers, environmental groups and
numerous citizen-monitoring groups.
  • ? State Regional Water Boards
  • ? Water Quality Monitoring Council
  • Plans and Policies

QUESTIONS ANSWERED
? What TMDLs are effective? ? How clean was my
beach, lake, or stream during the past week or
month? ? What are the long-term trends at my
beach, lake, or stream ? ? Which beaches, lakes,
and streams are currently closed by county health
agencies? ? Which beaches, lakes, and streams are
listed by the State as impaired? ? Are the
problems getting better?
Ventura County ? TMDLs? ? Recent Information ?
Long-Term Trends ? Impaired Waters ?
Improvements
(links to page 3)
(links to page 5)
(links to page 6)
To view monitoring and assessment
information ? Click on a county or ? Select
from this pop-up menu
(links to page 4)
(links to page 8)
(links to page 9)
55
State of California
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
RESOURCES AGENCY
CALIFORNIA WATER QUALITY MONITORING COUNCIL
Aquatic Ecosystem Health
Stressors Processes
Swimming
Home
Drinking
Eating Fish Shellfish
SWAMP
My Beach Today Recent Conditions Trends
Closures Postings Impaired Beaches
Improvements
Home ? Safe To Swim ? Closures Postings
Which Beaches, Lakes, and Streams are Currently
Closed or Posted by County Health Agencies?
? State Regional Water Boards ? About
SWAMP ? SWAMP Tools
Ocean Beaches This interactive map provides
access to the most current information on
postings and closures. ? Postings Warnings to
avoid contact with the water. Monitoring
shows bacteria levels exceed standards. ?
Closures Restrictions on uses of water.
Imminent public health threats, such as
sewage spills. This information is updated daily
to weekly, depending on the county. View Posting
and Closure Information ? Click on a county
or ? Select from this pop-up menu Freshwater
Lakes and Streams A few county health agencies
provide creek and lake information along with
ocean beach information. Otherwise, lake and
stream information is currently unavailable
electronically.
SAFE TO SWIM LINKS ? Pollution Sources Health
Risks ? Laws, Regulations Standards ? Regulatory
Activities ? Enforcement Actions ? Research ? Mon
itoring Programs, Data Sources
Reports ? Browse by Geography ? Local
? State ? County ? National
County of San Mateo Health Department Beach/Creek
Posting Hotline (650) 599-1266 ? County
Website ? Earth 911 Website
(links to page 11)
(links to page 12)
56
State of California
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
RESOURCES AGENCY
CALIFORNIA WATER QUALITY MONITORING COUNCIL
Aquatic Ecosystem Health
Stressors Processes
Swimming
Home
Drinking
Eating Fish Shellfish
SWAMP
My Beach Today Recent Conditions Trends
Closures Postings Impaired Beaches
Improvements
Home ? Safe To Swim ? Impaired Beaches
Which Beaches, Lakes, and Streams Are Listed By
the State As Impaired?
? State Regional Water Boards ? About
SWAMP ? SWAMP Tools
This interactive map shows which of Californias
waters are impaired for contact recreation
related factors and which factors , such as
bacteria levels, are involved. View 303(d)
Listing and Impairment Information ? Click on a
water body or ? Type the water body name in the
box below Under Section 303(d) of the
federal Clean Water Act, states, territories and
authorized tribes are required to develop a list
of water quality limited segments. Waters on
the 303(d) list do not meet water quality
standards, even after point sources of pollution
have installed minimum required levels of
pollution control technology. These are
Californias impaired waters. Remedies often take
many years to complete. Under Section 305(b) of
the federal Clean Water Act, water bodies are
categorized based on the degree to which
beneficial uses are protected and data
availability. ? Statewide 303(d) List
Delta Waterways Stockton Ship Channel Impaired
for pathogens Water Quality Assessment Info ?
Pollutant Source(s) ? 303(d) listing ? 305(b)
category Solutions ? TMDL info
SAFE TO SWIM LINKS ? Pollution Sources Health
Risks ? Laws, Regulations Standards ? Regulatory
Activities ? Enforcement Actions ? Research ? Mon
itoring Programs, Data Sources
Reports ? Browse by Geography ? Local
? State ? County ? National
GO
Search
(links to page 12)
(links to page 11)
(links to page 12)
(links to page 12)
57
Study Question 1
  • There are nine Water Quality Control Plans (Basin
    Plans) in California.
  • True
  • False

58
Study Question 1
  • There are nine Water Quality Control Plans (Basin
    Plans) in California.
  • True
  • False
  • There are ten Basin Plans in California. Region
    5 has the Sacramento SJR Basin and the Tulare
    Lake Basin.

59
Study Question 2
  • Implementation provisions of CWC 13242 requires
    which of the following
  • A description of the nature of actions necessary
    to achieve the objectives
  • A time schedule
  • A description of surveillance to determine
    compliance with objectives.
  • All of the Above.
  • None of the Above.

60
Study Question 2
  • Implementation provisions of CWC 13242 requires
    which of the following
  • A description of the nature of actions necessary
    to achieve the objectives
  • A time schedule
  • A description of surveillance to determine
    compliance with objectives.
  • All of the Above.
  • None of the Above.

61
Study Question 3
  • The CWC 13240 requires a triennial review of
    the Basin Plan.
  • True
  • False

62
Study Question 3
  • The CWC 13240 requires a triennial review of
    the Basin Plan.
  • True
  • False
  • The CWC 13240 requires a periodic review of
    the Basin Plan while the federal CWA 303(c)(1)
    requires a triennial review of Water Quality
    Standards.

63
Study Question 4
  • Which of the following requires a Basin Plan
    amendment
  • A Total Maximum Daily Load
  • A Site Specific Objective (SSO)
  • UAA
  • policy
  • All of the Above
  • None of the Above

64
Study Question 4
  • Which of the following requires a Basin Plan
    amendment
  • A Total Maximum Daily Load
  • A Site Specific Objective (SSO)
  • UAA
  • policy
  • All of the Above
  • None of the Above
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