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The 1960

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The 1960 s A. Kennedy s Domestic Policies Plans: New Frontier Education Medical Care for the Elderly Urban Renewal Tax Cuts End Racial Discrimination Failures ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 1960


1
The 1960s
2
A. Kennedys Domestic Policies
3
Plans New Frontier
  • Education
  • Medical Care for the Elderly
  • Urban Renewal
  • Tax Cuts
  • End Racial Discrimination

4
Failures
  • Most not passed due to resistance in Congress
  • After his death Johnson is able to pass many of
    JFKs programs

5
Space Race
  • Americans were behind in the Space Race
  • Kennedy promoted 24 billion project to land
    Americans on the moon
  • 1969, Apollo 11 mission landed on the moon
  • Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong

6
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7
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8
B. LBJ Takes Over
9
The Assassination of a President
  • Nov 22, 1963
  • Kennedy is shot and killed
  • Lee Harvey Oswald is arrested

10
Warren Commission
  • Commission led by Earl Warren that investigated
    JFKs assassination
  • Concluded that Oswald was a lone gunman

11
The New President
  • Pledged to continue Kennedys policies
  • Got Kennedys Civil Rights bill (Civil Rights Act
    of 1964) and tax cut bill passed
  • One of the few Southern Democrats in favor of
    Civil Rights

12
C. The Election of 1964
13
Nominees
  • Barry Goldwater (Rep)
  • Wanted to abolish social welfare programs and use
    Nukes in Vietnam
  • Lyndon Johnson (Dem)
  • Promised a Great Society and would not cause
    Nuclear War

14
Campaign
  • Daisy Ad campaign highlights the belief that
    electing Goldwater would mean nuclear war
  • Goldwater not popular with moderate Republicans

15
The Results
  • Johnson wins by a landslide

16
D. The Great Society
17
The War on Poverty
  • 40-50 million Americans were considered poor
  • Attributed to loss of unskilled jobs
  • Office of Economic Opportunity (1964)
  • Job Training
  • Legal Services
  • Scholarships

18
Head Start (1965)
  • Pre-school program
  • Help disadvantaged children prepare for school
  • Programs also passed to aid elementary and
    secondary schools

19
Medicare Act of 1965
  • Health insurance for the elderly
  • Medicade health insurance for the low income

20
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • Provided low-income housing
  • 2.9 billion to urban renewal

21
Immigration Act of 1965
  • Undid National Origins Act of 1924
  • 1st come, 1st served
  • Precedence given to
  • Family ties
  • Skills necessary for the U.S.
  • Political Refugees
  • Did set limits
  • 120,000 from Western Hemisphere
  • 170,000 from Eastern Hemisphere

22
Impact of Immigration Act
  • Opened the floodgates
  • Latin America (esp Mexico)
  • Asia (Southeast Asia)
  • Caribbean
  • Sunbelt most
  • impacted
  • Increase in
  • illegal immigration
  • began

23
Johnsons Legacy
  • Achievements compared to FDRs New Deal
  • Poverty reduced from 22 to 13
  • Great Society overshadowed and under-funded
    because of Vietnam War

24
E. Election of 1968
25
Problems with the 1968 Election
  • LBJ decides not to run because of Vietnam

26
Assassination of MLK Race Riots
  • Killed April 4, 1968
  • Sparked race riots in major U.S. cities

27
  • Bobby Kennedy (Dem) is assassinated after
    California primary (June 1968)

28
  • Riot in Chicago at the Democratic Convention
    between police and anti-war activists

29
Nominees
  • Richard Nixon (Rep)
  • Promised to restore law and order
  • Hubert Humphrey (Dem)
  • Represented all of the problems of the country

30
  • George Wallace (Am. Ind)
  • Ran on a campaign of pro-segregation

31
Results
  • Nixon wins, but is a minority president

32
F. American Culture 1960s Version
33
Impact of Baby Boomers
  • ? affluent youth ? jobs requiring post-high
    school skills ? college students
  • 1950 - 1 million college students
  • 1968 7 million college students
  • Exposure to ideas that challenged traditional
    views

34
New Left
  • Influenced by the Beats of the 1950s
  • Liberal political movement of the 1960s
  • Wanted a participatory democracy, critiqued Am.
    values, and anti-conformity
  • Opposed The Establishment
  • Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
    epitomized this movement
  • Anti-war
  • Pro-Civil Rights
  • Free Speech

35
Counterculture
  • Grew out of the New Left
  • Was a way of life rather than just a political
    movement
  • Wanted a lifestyle of drug use, free love, and a
    rejection of adult authority

36
  • Hippies becames the most known counterculture
    movement
  • Fought for racial equality, women's rights,
    sexual liberation, relaxation of prohibitions
    against recreational drugs, and an end to the
    Vietnam War

37
  • Hippie culture was best embodied by the new genre
    of psychedelic rock music
  • The Grateful Dead, Jimi Hendrix, The Doors, The
    Rolling Stones, The Beatles, Bob Dylan, and Janis
    Joplin.

38
G. Societal Changes of the 1960s
39
Sexual Revolution
  • Challenged traditional values of pre-marital sex
    as taboo
  • Encouraged by mass marketing of birth control
  • Free Love separating sex from procreation
  • Became part of the youth rebellion

40
Breakdown of the Family
  • By 1965, divorce rates were on the rise
  • TV replaced parenting

41
Womens Rights
  • Eleanor Roosevelt began to highlight the
    inequalities women faced
  • Betty Friedan The Feminine Mystique (1963)
    explored how unfulfilling women found being
    housewives
  • The middle class suburban dream had become a
    nightmare
  • Began the Feminist Movement

The suburban home is a comfortable concentration
camp
42
  • National Organization of Women (NOW) founded in
    1966
  • Called for equal employment opportunities and
  • equal pay
  • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) began in 1967 but
    ultimately failed
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