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METHODS OF TEACHING

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METHODS OF TEACHING ... Generalization application J. Discussion Procedure Panel forum Symposium Debate Round tables conference K. Special Techniques Role ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: METHODS OF TEACHING


1
METHODS OF TEACHING
  • Dr. Nicolas T. Capulong
  • Assistant Schools Division Superintendent

2
I. Definition of Terms
  1. DEVICE is a little method, it is teaching aid
    or a toll facilitate instruction. Example
    Pictures, Flash cards. Etc. (Lardizabal)
  2. METHODS the teachers procedure an approach to
    instruction that has been systematically
    described and that can be applicable to a number
    of subject areas teachers. (Webster Dictionary)
  3. TECHNIQUE refers to the art or skill of
    performance. (Lardizabal)
  4. STRATEGIES a planned means to achieve change
    way of giving access. (Dictionary of Education)

3
II. Methodology
  • Importance
  • A key to success in teaching
  • It guides learning
  • B. Methods of Teaching Methods of Learning
  • Teaching and Learning are just two sides of the
    same coin
  • Methods facilitate learning there are different
    ways of learning, hence, there should be
    different methods of teaching.
  • Methods bridge the gap between the child and
    subject matter.

4
  • C. Factors that Determine Methods
  • The educational objective and the aim of the
    lesson.
  • Nature of the subject matter or the lesson
  • The nature of the learners
  • School equipment and facilities
  • The teacher
  • D. Characteristics of a Good Methods
  • There is no single best method
  • It makes use of the principles of learning and
    permits the operation of these principles.
  • It utilizes the principles of learning of
    doing.
  • It provides for individual differences.
  • It stimulates thinking and reasoning.
  • It provides for growth and development.

5
III. Types of Lessons
  • Development Lesson
  • Is one is which something new is presented or
    developed.
  • B. Review Lesson
  • It aims to renew study of the same subject matter
    or to recall what has been taken up in the past
    and view this again from a different perspective
    or point of view.
  • C. Drill Lesson
  • It is for automatization of certain facts,
    habits, or skills.
  • It aims to fix associations for permanency or to
    perfect a skill for mastery.
  • D. Application Lesson
  • It gives the child a chance to express or supply
    what he has learned.
  • E. Supervised Study
  • It aims to teach children how to study a given
    subject in the use and mastery of the best
    techniques of efficient study.
  • F. Appreciation Lesson
  • It is designed to lead the class to understand
    and enjoy something.

6
IV. Time Tested Methods
  • Inductive Method
  • A discovering method
  • Steps
  • Preparation
  • Presentation
  • Comparison and abstraction
  • Generalization
  • Application
  • B. Deductive Method
  • From a generalization to specifics
  • Steps
  • Statement of the problem
  • Generalization
  • Inference
  • verification

7
  • C. Type Study Method
  • An inductive procedure that examines one case
    only.
  • Steps
  • Selection of the topic
  • Appreciation and motivation
  • Statement of typical case/model
  • Study of details
  • Comparison of details with the model
  • Generalization
  • D. The Problem Method
  • It is the purposeful activity that will remove a
    difficulty or perplexity through a process of
    reasoning.
  • Steps
  • Recognition and statements of the problem
  • Statement of hypothesis
  • Critical evaluation of suggested solution
  • Verification of accepted solution

8
  • E. Project Method
  • It is a significant, practical unit of activity
    of a problematic nature planned and carried to
    completion by the student in a natural manner and
    involving the use of physical materials to
    complete the unit of experience.
  • Steps
  • Purposing
  • Planning
  • Exercising
  • Evaluating
  • F. Laboratory
  • A teaching procedure dealing with firsthand
    experiences regarding materials or facts obtained
    from investigating or experimentation.
  • Steps
  • Introductory step
  • Work period
  • Culminating activities

9
  • G. Demonstration or Showing Method
  • A teacher does the experiment before the class
  • Steps (same as laboratory)
  • H. Morrizon Technique
  • Often uses in the teaching of geography, history,
    government, economics
  • Steps
  • Explanation
  • Presentation
  • Assimilation
  • Organization
  • Recitation
  • Lecture Method
  • It is more of exposition
  • Steps
  • Preparation
  • Presentation
  • Comparison
  • Generalization
  • application

10
  • J. Discussion Procedure
  • Panel forum
  • Symposium
  • Debate
  • Round tables conference
  • K. Special Techniques
  • Role playing
  • Steps
  • Identify the problems
  • Establish the situation in which the action is to
    occur
  • Establishing roles and participants
  • Presenting the act
  • Playing the situation
  • Analyzing and evaluating the presentation

11
  • CASE STUDY
  • Presents specific situations on problems to
    stimulate discussion.
  • BUZZ SESSION
  • It involves group opinion, evaluation, planning
    or interaction.
  • WORKSHOP
  • It involves the use of the group process in
    activating
  • SEMINAR
  • Is held for the purpose of solving or attempting
    to solve a problem.

12
V. Improved Instructional Practices
  • Integrative
  • Discovery
  • Process
  • Mastery learning
  • Team teaching
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