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Advanced GCE in Religious Studies

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study the philosophy and/or ethics of religion ... Law can become ethically corrupt, as some totalitarian regimes have made it. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Advanced GCE in Religious Studies


1
Advanced GCE inReligious Studies
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What will I learn on this Advanced GCE
course? The AS/Advanced GCE in Religious Studies
offers you a choice of areas of study. Depending
on your choice of units, you can ? focus on one
or more world faiths ? study the philosophy
and/or ethics of religion ? undertake an in-depth
study of a selected area through coursework
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What kind of student is this course suitable
for? This course is suitable for you if you ?
have an interest in religion ? have an interest
in a specific faith ? wish to follow a
philosophical or ethical approach to religion.
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What examinations will I have to take to get my
qualification? Year 12 Unit 1 Coursework
(compulsory) An in-depth study of a religious
topic. Your piece of coursework will be about
2000 2500 words long. Unit 2 Philosophy of
Religion A study of the philosophical arguments
for the existence of God, the problem of evil and
suffering and philosophical debates about
miracles. Unit 3 Religious Ethics Ethics A study
of ethical theories, the relationship between
religion and morality and applied ethics
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Year 13 Unit 7 Philosophy of Religion A study of
the philosophical arguments for the existence of
God and concepts of proof, beliefs about life
after death and religious language. Unit 8
Religious Ethics A study of ethical theories
including emotivism, ethical language and
concepts in moral discourse and applied
ethics. Unit 12 Issues in Religion
(compulsory) You are required to study one topic
chosen from a range of topic areas. The study
should develop your knowledge and understanding
of the connections between elements of the area
of study selected. This will be assessed by a 1
hour 30 minute examination.
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What is Ethics?Ethics refers to standards of
behaviour that tell us how human beings ought to
act in the many situations in which they find
themselves.
  • Ethics is not the same as feelings. Feelings
    provide important information for our ethical
    choices. Some people have highly developed habits
    that make them feel bad when they do something
    wrong, but many people feel good even though they
    are doing something wrong.
  • Ethics is not religion. Many people are not
    religious, but ethics applies to everyone.
  • Ethics is not following the law. A good system
    of law does incorporate many ethical standards,
    but law can deviate from what is ethical. Law can
    become ethically corrupt, as some totalitarian
    regimes have made it.
  • Ethics is not following culturally accepted
    norms. Some cultures are quite ethical, but
    others become corrupt -or blind to certain
    ethical concerns.
  • Ethics is not science. Social and natural
    science can provide important data to help us
    make better ethical choices. Just because
    something is scientifically or technologically
    possible, it may not be ethical to do it.

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Five Sources of Ethical StandardsThe Utilitarian
ApproachSome ethicists emphasize that the
ethical action is the one that provides the most
good or does the least harm, or, to put it
another way, produces the greatest balance of
good over harm. The utilitarian approach deals
with consequences it tries both to increase the
good done and to reduce the harm done.The Rights
ApproachOther philosophers and ethicists suggest
that the ethical action is the one that best
protects and respects the moral rights of those
affected. This approach starts from the belief
that humans have a dignity based on their human
nature per se or on their ability to choose
freely what they do with their lives. The
Fairness or Justice ApproachAristotle and other
Greek philosophers have contributed the idea that
all equals should be treated equally. Today we
use this idea to say that ethical actions treat
all human beings equally-or if unequally, then
fairly based on some standard that is
defensible..The Common Good ApproachThe Greek
philosophers have also contributed the notion
that life in community is a good in itself and
our actions should contribute to that life. This
approach suggests that the interlocking
relationships of society are the basis of ethical
reasoning and that respect and compassion for all
others-especially the vulnerable-are requirements
of such reasoning. The Virtue ApproachA very
ancient approach to ethics is that ethical
actions ought to be consistent with certain ideal
virtues that provide for the full development of
our humanity. These virtues are dispositions and
habits that enable us to act according to the
highest potential of our character and on behalf
of values like truth and beauty. Honesty,
courage, compassion, generosity, tolerance, love,
fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and
prudence are all examples of virtues.
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Descartes Hume
Kant Kierkegaard
Russell Plato
Socrates
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