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??????????. ???:???. ??????????. http://web.ed.ntnu.edu.tw/~t04008 ... ??: thesis antithesis synthesis. Questioning Questioning ... Reflection Reflection ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: http://web.ed.ntnu.edu.tw/~t04008


1
??????????
???????? ???????
  • ??????
  • ??????????
  • http//web.ed.ntnu.edu.tw/t04008
  • ??2007?4?25? 1230-1430

2
The Nature of CT
  • Definition An autonomous person to think
    dialectically, through enquiry, reflection,
    emancipation, and reconstruction to make ones
    own life more reasonable.
  • ?? Reason Affection ?? thesis? antithesis ?
    synthesis Questioning ? Questioning
    Reflection ? Reflection

3
Why do we need critical thinking?
  • Human life should have a clarity purpose.
  • Purpose should be significant with good reason.
  • The significance must be set up by oneself with
    free will - autonomy.
  • A good life is constitute of two factors
    individual autonomy community harmony.
  • Everyone pursuing for a good life could face with
    problems.

4
The functions of CT
  • Critical thinking can get rid of our garbage data
    and ideas, and then deeply internalize powerful
    ideas. (????)
  • Successfully solve problems
  • a) Defining the problem precisely
  • b) Checking to ensure something you can control
  • c) Formulating possible solutions and may
    working out alternatives
  • Know-yourself better SWOT analysis

5
As a Critical Thinker
  • Recognize the quality of my life.
  • Identifying productive experiences.
  • Replacing garbage ideas with powerful ideas.
  • Maximizing the effectiveness of actions.
  • Minimizing the weaknesses.
  • Gearing up self-confidence.
  • Motivating to learn more continuously.

6
How to teach for CT?
  • Questions using
  • Socratic Questioning
  • Role-playing

7
3 types of Questions
  • Focus on the elements of thought purpose,
    concepts, assumptions, information, opinions
  • Focus on the standards of thought clarity,
    accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth
  • Distinguishing commonality differences

8
Socratic Questioning
  • Example ???????
  • Methods Truth, Meaning, Extending the breadth
    and depth of thinking.
  • Strategy
  • What do you mean?
  • Is your basic point A or B?
  • Why do you pick up this point?
  • How you get this decision?
  • Could you explain it further?

9
Socratic Discussion
10
Role-Playing
  • Facts
  • Beliefs
  • Judgments
  • Truths
  • ??
  • Discern the differences between the above
    concepts ? Proposing opposing views
  • ? Reconstructing new views

11
Set up a research theme
  • What meaning, contents, framework, resources,
    situations
  • Why motivations abilities , aims,
    contributions
  • How Methods designs
  • Is it significant In what way? To whom? How long
    (When)?---Vision

12
Literature Review critical reading
Abstract Concepts
List the topic sentences
List the main ideas
Transfer the ideas into figures
13
Standardizing Your Thougts
14
Methods for Critical Readings
  • Taking notes and preparing it for the convenient
    and effective use.
  • Grasping the main idea and its sub-ideas
  • ????????
  • Reorganizing the data.
  • Expending the idea via explanation,
    interpretation, gathering data, assess
    assumption, giving examples, application
  • Viewing the opposite points.
  • Proposing your critique on it, making strategies
    or suggestions.

15
Key Performance Indicators
  • Productivity
  • Quality of Work
  • Initiative
  • Ability to solve problems
  • Teamwork

16
Elements of thoughts and Domains
  • Different field
  • Changing field
  • Integrated field
  • New field
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