The Communist Manifesto: An Introduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Communist Manifesto: An Introduction PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: f170d-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Communist Manifesto: An Introduction

Description:

... of materialism; dialectics: thesis antithesis=synthesis(becomes the new ... Thesis (bourgeosie) Antithesis (proletariat) = Synthesis (socialism) Key Terms ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:97
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 11
Provided by: stephen87
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Communist Manifesto: An Introduction


1
The Communist Manifesto An Introduction
2
Why Study This?
  • Extremely Influential
  • Adds economic issues (distribution of wealth)
    to the concerns of 19th-cent. revolutions
  • Provides a set of questions we can (still) use to
    analyze social problems

3
Marx and Engels
  • Karl Marx (1818-83)
  • Father converts from Judaism
  • Marx studies history and philosophy
  • works as journalist
  • Friedrich Engels (1820-1895)
  • Father was an industrialist
  • Studied accounting practices in Manchester
  • Friend, patron, and partner of Marx

4
Key Terms
  • Class Consciousness not just objective
    membership in a particular class, but the
    subjective political awareness of one's class
    position result's in political behavior on
    behalf of one's class

5
Key Terms
  • Class Consciousness
  • Surplus Value the manner in which exploitation
    takes place under capitalism the working class
    produces a net product called a commodity which
    can be sold for more than they receive as wages,
    the surplus takes the form of profit for
    example
  • A raw materials and non-wage expenses like tools
    and machinery
  • B labor expenses or wages
  • C selling price of the commodity
  •  
  • C-(AB)Surplus (profit)

6
Key Terms
  • Class Consciousness
  • Surplus Value
  • Base and Superstructure an architectural or
    building-like metaphor for society the base is
    the economic foundation of society (capitalism,
    for example) while the superstructure, which
    rests upon the base, is the apparatus of the
    state and civil society (which would include all
    culture forms as well) a change in the base can
    result in a corresponding change in the
    superstructure and vice versa

7
Key Terms
  • Class Consciousness
  • Surplus Value
  • Base and Superstructure
  • Dialectical Materialism a theory of historical
    change that combines elements of two
    philosophies G.F. Hegel's (1770-1831)
    dialectics, a theory of change, and the
    Enlightenment conception of materialism
    dialectics thesisantithesissynthesis(becomes
    the new thesis) materialism assumes that what
    is important about being human is our connection
    to nature, providing for our existence, and
    engaging in meaningful work under our own
    control opposed to the idea that the human
    essence is thought (or idealism) example
  • Thesis (bourgeosie) Antithesis (proletariat)
    Synthesis (socialism)

8
Key Terms
  • Class Consciousness
  • Surplus Value
  • Base and Superstructure
  • Dialectical Materialism
  • Alienation there are different kinds of
    alienation for Marxists one of the most
    important is the idea that under capitalism the
    products (commodities) of the exploited working
    class are not manufactured and disposed of
    according to their own wishes a worker's product
    is alienated from him or herself because the
    worker is just a replaceable cog in a giant
    machine his or her labor is therefore alienated
    from his or her nature or being.

9
Lets Read The Communist Manifesto!
10
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com