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Presented by Kimberly L. McDaniel, Ph.D.

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California Department of Education ... Percent of Students Meeting NCLB AYP in Math California, 2002-2003 ... 26% of all students in California were English learners ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Presented by Kimberly L. McDaniel, Ph.D.


1
The California Picture Ethnic
Disproportionality in Californias Special
Education Programs
  • Presented by Kimberly L. McDaniel, Ph.D.
  • California Department of Education

2
Presentation Overview
  • Policy Context
  • California Demographics
  • Measuring Ethnic Disproportion
  • Statewide Actions

3

WHAT

4
Disproportionality
  • Disproportionality refers to the relationship
    between student representation in both general
    and special education.
  • Harry and Anderson, 1995

5
Contextualizing Disproportionality in California
  • Federal interest
  • No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
  • State Accountability (KPI)
  • History 2 Primary Lawsuits
    (Language/Misidentification)

6

WHO

7
Enrollment in Public Schools California, 2003-2004
Student Representation in GE and SE
8
Percent of Students Meeting NCLB AYP in Math
California, 2002-2003
9
Percent of Students Meeting NCLB AYP in ELA
California, 2002-2003
10
English Learners in California
  • In 2002- 2003
  • 26 of all students in California were English
    learners
  • 20 of all special education students were
    English learners
  • 41 of Hispanic students receiving special
    education services were English learners

11

HOW

12
Three Ways to View Concept
Risk Index
Odds Ratio
  • Composition Index

13
Risk Index
  • Risk Index Percent of students in a given ethnic
    group identified as receiving special education
    services
  • Sample/Example Statement In California, 16.01
    of African American students receive special
    education services

14
Odds Ratio
  • Odds Ratio Comparative index
  • Statement African American students have a 48
    percent greater likelihood of being assigned to
    special education than all students in California

15
Composition Index
  • Composition Index The proportion of all
    children serviced in special education from the
    ethnic group
  • Example/Sample statement African American
    students comprise 12.00 of all special education
    students

16
E-Formula is on the Record
  • EASqrtA(100-A)N
  • Emaximum percentage of enrollment allowed for a
    racial/ethic group
  • Apercentage of racial/ethnic group in total
    school enrollment
  • Ntotal number of students in special education

17

Action

18
Quality Assurance Process
  • Statewide Special Education District Review
  • Compliance and Educational Benefit Focus
  • Risk Index

19
(Special) Education Equity Implementation
Workgroup
Primary Goal Develop Work Plan
Secondary Goals Identify Partners Education
Inform Research
20
Recommendations Policy and Program Direction
Reducing ethnic overrepresentation is a matter
of creating a successful school environment for
all students and accurately distinguishing
disabilities from so-called cultural differences,
political influences, and socioeconomic factors.
We must realize that the causes of low academic
performance and challenging behavior do not
reside solely within the child or
family. -National Institute for Urban School
Improvement, 2001
21
Recommendations 5 Areas with Actions
  • 1 Focus on early intervention.
  • Action Provide universal screenings for
    kindergarten students.
  • 2 Improve the quality of the pre-referral
    process.
  • Action Implement proven pre-referral
    strategies.
  • 3 Strengthen state technical assistance capacity
    in the area of ethnic disproportionality in
    special education.
  • ActionTrain field staff in the area of ethnic
    disproportionality in special education.
  • 4 Create cross-systems relationships to
    facilitate access to services beyond special
    education.
  • Action Establish Interagency State Task Force.
  • 5 Pursue Scholarly Inquiry.
  • Action Conduct multivariate research.

22
Summary
  • Statewide ethnic disproportionality data
  • Multiple measures
  • Current state efforts
  • Cross-systems solutions
  • Research role

23


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