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Title: Chapter 5 Chapter Review


1
Chapter 5Chapter Review
  • Ms. Lemon
  • Ancient India

2
What did the Buddha teach about material goods?
  • The Buddha believed that suffering came from
    people desiring material goods that they did not
    have, and that they should learn to overcome this
    desire.

3
How did Asoka work to spread Buddhism?
  • Asoka sent missionaries around Asia to teach
    people about Buddhism, and he had columns built
    that were carved with Buddhist teachings.

4
What did Hinduism teach about karma and the caste
system?
  • According to Hinduism, a person who lives a good
    life builds up good karma and can be reborn into
    a higher caste.

5
What were some of the major accomplishments of
the Gupta period?
  • During the Gupta period architecture became more
    complex, great paintings and sculptures were
    created, and new ideas in math and medicine were
    developed.

6
In what ways did the geography of India influence
the development of civilizations?
  • The flooding of the Indus River Valley created
    fertile areas where farmers could settle. The
    Himalayas protected early civilizations from most
    invaders.

7
Jainism was a __________________ Hinduism. (study
of/reaction to)
  • Reaction to

8
Advancements in mathematics from ancient India
are _________today. (still important/hard to
understand)
  • Still important

9
The stupa was a kind of __________________________
__(temple/sacred text)
  • temple

10
___________________________was based on the
writings of the Vedas. (Brahmanism/The caste
system)
  • Brahmanism

11
Siddhartha Gautama found enlightenment by
______________(meditating/traveling)
  • meditating

12
Gupta society ____________________after the rule
of Candra Gupta II. (began to decline/adopted
Hinduism)
  • Began to decline

13
A persons caste was ___________________in
Buddhism. (important/not important)
  • Not important

14
Flooding along rivers created good________________
_____ (farmland/trade routes)
  • farmland

15
The __________________invaded the Indus valley
from the west. (Harrapans/Aryans)
  • Aryans

16
___________________was an important influence on
Asokas method of ruling. (Religion/Alexander the
Great)
  • Religion

17
A military leader who seized control of northern
India______________
  • Candragupta Maurya

18
The study of the stars and planets_______________
  • astronomy

19
The most important language of ancient
India_________
  • Sanskrit

20
The force created by a persons actions__________
  • karma

21
The numbers we use today_____________
  • Hindu-Arabic numerals

22
A Mauryan emperor who converted to Buddhism______
  • Asoka

23
The science of working with metals____________
  • metallurgy

24
A religion based on the teachings of Buddha_______
  • Buddhism

25
The largest religion in India today_____________
  • Hinduism

26
The focusing of the mind on spiritual
ideas________
  • meditation

27
The avoidance of violent actions __________
  • nonviolence

28
The division of Indian society into
groups_________
  • Caste system

29
Injecting a person with a small dose of a
virus_____
  • inoculation

30
Seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry
seasons______
  • monsoons

31
A major river flowing out of the Himalayas________
  • Indus

32
Going without food_____________
  • fasting

33
A state of perfect peace__________
  • nirvana

34
A large landmass, smaller than a continent_______
  • subcontinent

35
The process of a soul being reborn in a new
body_____
  • reincarnation

36
People who want to spread their religious
beliefs______
  • missionaries

37
Which of the following events took place last?
A. India divided into smaller states.B. The
last Mauryan king was killed.C. Mauryans fought
for Asokas throne.D. Asoka died in 233 BC.
  • A. India divided into smaller states

38
The fierce attacks of the Huns drained the Gupta
Empire of its power and wealth. Which of the
following best describes the relationship between
the Vedic texts and the Vedas?A. Vedic texts
were a collection of thoughts about the Vedas.B.
The Vedas described how Aryans should use the
Vedic texts.C. The Vedas were based on the
teachings in the Vedic texts.D. Vedic texts
contained the same sacred hymns as the Vedas.
  • A. Vedic texts were a collection of thoughts
    about the Vedas.

39
Where is the most famous Buddhist cave temple
located?
  • Ajanta

40
What led to development of Hinduism?
  • People from Central Asia brought their religious
    ideas to India.

41
Name one effect of Asoka Maurya becoming a
Buddhist?
  • He swore to not fight any more wars.

42
The mountains of northern India are called
_______.
  • Himalayas

43
What does Jains consider the most worthy goal in
life?
  • To never kill or injure another living thing

44
What were the greatest concerns of Siddhartha
Gautama?
  • Finding ways to eliminate human suffering

45
Hindus believe that all of their gods are part of
a universal spirit called_______.
  • Brahman

46
What would happen if the Buddas followers had
not gathered shortly after his death to review
his teachings? (make a prediction)
  • Buddhism would probably not have spread to other
    lands

47
The Indus River Valley became ideal for farming.
Which events took place first? A. Himalayan
snows meltedB. Heavy snows fell in the
Himalayas.C. Flood waters left behind silt.D.
The Indus River flooded.
  • Heavy snows fell in the Himalayas

48
The Gupta kings believed the strict social order
of the Hindu caste system would strengthen their
rule. The highest priority to them wasA.
Changing the roles of womenB. Spreading the
Hindu religionC. Restoring personal freedomsD.
Preserving their power
  • The Guptas highest priority was preserving their
    power

49
Which of the following supports the idea that the
Guptas supported religious beliefs other than
their own?A. They built many Buddhist
templesB. They continued the Hindu caste
systemC. They created fine works of artD.
They built many Hindu temples
  • A. The Guptas built many Buddhist temples

50
Compare the Sudras to the Kshatriyas. Which of
the following best describes how they were
different?A. The Sudras were rulers while the
Kshatriyas were servantsB. The Sudras were
servants while the Kshatriyas were warriorsC.
The Sudras were priests while the Kshatriyas were
tradersD. The Sudras were farmers while the
Kshatriyas were workers
  • B. The Sudras were servants while the Kshatriyas
    were warriors.

51
Aryans believed that the most important thing in
life was warfare. If this statement is true,
which of the following facts best supports it?A.
Sometimes rajas joined forces to fight a common
enemy.B. Some Aryan writings describe the Aryan
invasion of IndiaC. Aryans fought each other
nearly as often as they fought outsiders.D. The
Aryans were mainly nomadic sheep and cattle
herders.
  • C. Aryans fought each other nearly as often as
    they fought outsiders.

52
Hinduism taught that women were inferior to men.
What inference can you make about Hinduism from
this fact?A. The creators of Hinduism were
probably women.B. Hinduism was the same as the
Aryan caste system.C. Hinduism was probably a
religion created by men.D. The sacred texts of
Hinduism were authored by women.
  • C. Hinduism was probably a religion created by
    men.

53
Compare the Aryan system of government to the
Harrapan system. In what way did they differ?A.
The Aryan system was based mostly on family
connections.B. The Aryan system did not allow
leaders or kings.C. The Aryan system was lead by
scholars who could write.D. The Aryan system was
based on a strong central government.
  • A. The Aryan system was based mostly on family
    connections.

54
Which Indian piece of literature contains the
passages called the Bhagavad Gita?A. The
PanchatantraB. The RamayanaC. The
SiddheswanaD. The Mahabharata
  • D. The Mahabharata

55
Make a prediction Which of the following would
most likely have happened if Indian farmers had
not learned how to irrigate their fields?A.
Rajas would not have claimed Indian lands.B.
Villages would not have grown along the
rivers.C. Aryans would not have invaded
India.D. Towns would not have had indoor
plumbing.
  • B. Villages would not have grown along the rivers.

56
Both Harrapa and Mohenjo Daro were well-planned
cities. What inference can you make about the
people of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro from this
statement?A. They wanted the cities to be
identical.B. They had difficulty completing
tasks.C. They were intelligent and talented.D.
They knew how to deal with the monsoon.
  • C. They were intelligent and talented.

57
Over time, the Indus River Valley became ideal
for farming. Which of the following events took
place first?A. Himalayan snows melted.B. Flood
waters left behind silt.C. Heavy snows fell in
the Himalayas.D. The Indus River flooded.
  • C. Heavy snows fell in the Hinalayas.

58
In which language did Aryans write their poems
and hymns?A. SanskritB. IndianC. VedicD.
Harappan
  • A. Sanskrit

59
Which of the following led to the development of
Hinduism?A. Vedic scholars gained new insights
from the Upanishads.B. The Hindu people from
Persia took control of Aryan society.C. Aryan
religious leaders recognized that Brahmanism was
flawed.D. People from Central Asia brought their
religious ideas to India.
  • D. People from Central Asia brought their
    religious ideas to India.

60
Hindus believed that all of their gods are part
of a universal spirit called a. Gupta b.
Siva c. Brahman d. Vishnu
  • C. Brahman

61
Which of the following was of greatest importance
to Siddhartha Gautama? a. Meditating under a
tree to gain more wisdom. b. Encouraging
followers to give away their money. c. Helping
people worship God on a daily basis. d.
Finding ways to eliminate human suffering.
  • D. Finding ways to eliminate human suffering.

62
The guiding principles at the heart of Buddhism
are called a. The Four Noble Truths. b.
The Truths of Life. c. The Rules for
Living, d. The Enlightened Path.
  • A. The Four Noble Truths.

63
The most famous Buddhist cave temple is located
at____ a. Delhi b. Stupa c. Ajanta d.
Kalidasa
  • C. Ajanta

64
Who was the first Gupta emperor? a. Candra
Gupta I b. Candra Gupta II c. Candragupta
Maurya d. Asoka Maurya
  • A. Candra Gupta I

65
. In which ways were Asoka Maurya and Siddhartha
Gautama similar? a. Both men were against
violence b. Both men were raised in
poverty c. Both men were leaders of
empires d. Both men supported the caste system
  • A. Both men were against violence.
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